Jan 022013

The human body is made up of many millions of cells containing genes. Genes hold the information about how the body should grow and develop. If you have had a virus, it can be detected in your genes.
In this week’s 6 Minute English William and Helen talk about how some ancient viruses have survived in our genes.

How many genes do human beings have?
a) between 10,000 and 25,000
b) between 100,000 and 250,000
c) between 1 million and 2.5 million



genes: molecules in our body which tell our bodies how they should grow and develop
traces: small signs that something happened
a virus: a very small creature that spreads infectious diseases
an ancestor: a person or plant that is related to someone or something today but that lived earlier
to evolve: to change and adapt slowly over a long time
a micro-organism: a very small creature
to thrive: to prosper, to develop or live well
detection: noticing something

6 Minute English – Ancient viruses Transcript Video


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Source: BBC Learning English

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