In this week’s 6 Minute English – Retirement:
Footballers do it in their 30s while most of us have to wait until our 60s. When is the right time to stop your job and retire? Perhaps when you’re too old to carry on working, or maybe when you’ve just had enough?
Neil and Finn look forward to retirement and teach some interesting expressions connected to stopping work.
This week’s question:
What is the official retirement age in Japan?
Listen to the programme to find out the answer.
Neil: Hello, I’m Neil. Welcome to 6 Minute English from bbclearningenglish.com. Finn is with me today. Hi Finn.
Finn: Hello Neil.
Neil: Let’s begin with a question. It’s about retirement and I would like to know what the official age of retirement is in Japan.
Finn: I know the Japanese have a reputation for working hard, so let’s say c) 70.
Neil: I will let you know the answer later on. I was asking that question because today we are talking about when it is time to stop working – another way of saying to stop is to quit – quitting work.
Finn: Neil, the official word for stopping work is retiring. People take retirement when they reach an age when they cannot or do not want to work anymore. Are you thinking about retirement Neil?
Neil: No, not yet, like many of us, we still have many years of work still to do. Giving up work – or retiring – is usually a financial decision.
Finn: You mean you can only do it if you have enough money to live your life without having to go to work? When would you like to retire Neil?
Neil: I would like to retire at the age of 60, I think. Then I can get my pension – a regular payment from savings I make each month. And later I will get a state pension – a payment from the government. How about you Finn?
Finn: It’s not really about the money for me – I just want to work forever. I get job satisfaction and as long as I enjoy it, I’ll keep doing it.
Neil: Job satisfaction – that is a good reason. I know many people who do their job for the love of it – but sometimes you have to say enough is enough – you have done your best and you can’t carry on anymore.
Finn: In sport you would say it is time to hang up your boots. In fact there is one very popular sportsman who retired after a long time in the job. He was the manager of Manchester United football club, Sir Alex Ferguson.
Neil: Yes, he was manager for 26 years! So, why did he decide to ‘hang up his boots’ and retire – was he too old?
Finn: He was 71 years old – but is 71 too old to be a football club manager? Let’s hear from Alex Ferguson talking about some of the reasons that made him think about retirement. How does he describe his health at the moment?
Sir Alex Ferguson: As you get older you’re not guaranteed your health, no one is when you get into your seventies. But touch wood that my health remains for a long time yet. At the moment everything is hunky-dory but you never know.
Neil: He has a very strong Scottish accent. He said that as we get older our health is not guaranteed – so we cannot be certain of how long we will stay healthy for.
Finn: Ah, but he says at the moment, his health is hunky-dory! That is a strange expression. It means it is good and without problems.
Neil: And he said ‘touch wood’ it will remain good for a long time. Why does he say ‘touch wood’?
Finn: It is an informal phrase meaning ‘with luck’ and is said to avoid bad luck. Some people actually touch a piece of wood when they say it.
Neil: Well, touch wood, we all have good health. So, Sir Alex’s reason for retirement is to enjoy life while he has good health. A good reason.
Finn: And recently, another person from the world of football said he was retiring. It doesn’t mean he is never going to work again. Instead, he is giving up playing professional football.
Neil: You are talking about David Beckham! He’s not really that old is he?
Finn: No – at 38, he’s younger than you! But at that age it’s a level of competition he feels he can no longer take part in. He’s had a good career and is one of the world’s best-known footballers. What do you think of him Neil?
Neil: He was good but not the world’s best. He was probably better known for being a celebrity. Anyway, he just felt the right time in his career to stop.
Finn: But what about people who are in positions that they just can’t give up?
Neil: Such as members of the royal family? Being a king or a queen is not a job they choose to do – it is hereditary – so something passed on from parent to child.
Finn: So, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands – after 33 years as Queen she recently decided to retire – or a royal way of saying this is to abdicate. Speaking through an interpreter, this is what she said. What has she been given since she announced her retirement?
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands: Since I announced my intention to retire, I have been struck by overwhelming expressions of heartfelt sympathy. This was accompanied by a broad understanding for the desire to now hand over my role to the Prince of Orange.
Neil: So, since she announced her abdication, she has been struck by overwhelming expressions of heartfelt sympathy. Now it’s time to give you the answer to today’s question. Earlier I asked what the official age of retirement is in Japan.
Finn: And I said 70.
Neil: You were wrong. The answer is 60, which was option a)
Neil: Thanks for joining us. Please do listen again to another 6 Minute English.
Vocabulary and definitions
retirement: the time when you stop working, especially because you have reached the age when you are officially too old to work
a financial decision: a choice based on how much money you have
pension: a regular payment from a company of the government, paid to someone who has reached an age where they officially stop working
job satisfaction: a feeling that you are enjoying your job
enough is enough: a time to stop because you have achieved what you want to
to hang up your boots: to give up playing (usually football)
hunky-dory: good or going well
to resign: to officially give up your job
to abdicate: to give up power
6 Minute English – Retirement Transcript Video
More BBC 6 Minute Business English
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Misunderstandings
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Socialising
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Punctuality
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Using technology at work
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Describing sales
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Asking personal questions
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Pay rise
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Rules
- 6 Minute English – Business English: New colleagues
- 6 Minute English – Business English: Asking permission & polite requests
More BBC 6 Minute English
- 6 Minute English – Giving away your fortune
- 6 Minute English ’14 – When does adulthood start?
- 6 Minute English ’11 – Witches
- 6 Minute English – How would you like to pay?
- 6 Minute English ’14 – Glass half full
- 6 Minute English – How do you like your tea?
- 6 Minute Business English ’13 – Arranging meetings
- 6 Minute English – The commute
- 6 Minute Business English ’14 – Misunderstandings
- 6 Minute English – Are we afraid of food?
More from the BBC
- L1: BBC The Flatmates
- L1: BBC Drama – Frankenstein with transcript videos
- L1: BBC The English We Speak with transcript videos
- L2: BBC 6 minute English with transcript videos
- L1: BBC How to … with transcript videos
- L3: BBC Words in the News with transcript videos
- L1: BBC Drama – The Race with transcript videos
- L1: BBC Short and Easy Dramas with transcript videos
- L1: BBC Face Up to Phrasals with transcript videos
- L3: BBC The Reading Group
- L2: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Easy AudioBook
- L2: Study English – IELTS Preparation
- L3: Pride and Prejudice AudioBook
- L0: EFU English Elementary Level
- L1: Living English Video Series
- L3: The Business of English Video Series
- L2: A.A. Milne – Winnie the Pooh AudioBook
- L1: extr@ English with subtitles
- L2: The Secret Garden AudioBook
- L2: My Australia
Source: BBC Learning EnglishMore Series for You: