They’re easy to confuse – so when should we use them? Finn and Catherine explain in this week’s 6 Minute Vocabulary.
6 Minute Vocabulary: -ing and -ed adjectives Transcript Video
Both –ing and –ed adjectives help us to talk about our feelings.
The main difference is that –ing adjectives are usually used to talk about the person, place or thing that is making us feel a certain way:
Yawn! This lecture is really boring!
But –ed adjectives are used to talk about how we feel:
I’ve been listening to him for hours – I’m so bored.
Be careful: If you say I am boring – it’s grammatically correct, but it means that you make other people feel bored!
Here are some common pairs of -ed and -ing adjectives:
exciting and excited – We have seen some exciting developments in technology recently.
We are excited about our new range of smartphones.
surprising and surprised – It is surprising how little we know about our oceans.
My whole family was there for my party – I was so surprised!
annoying and annoyed – I hate popup adverts on the internet – they’re annoying!
I’m sorry, I know you’re annoyed – I won’t make that mistake again!
relaxing and relaxed – Some people find listening to classical music very relaxing.
Doing yoga makes me feel more relaxed.
confusing and confused – I couldn’t understand the story in that film – it was too confusing.
If too many people are talking at the same time, I get confused.
More BBC 6 Minute Vocabulary
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs and context
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- 6 Minute Vocabulary: -ic and -ical
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Strong adjectives
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Male and female job words
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