They’re easy to confuse – so when should we use them? Finn and Catherine explain in this week’s 6 Minute Vocabulary.
6 Minute Vocabulary: -ing and -ed adjectives Transcript Video
Both –ing and –ed adjectives help us to talk about our feelings.
The main difference is that –ing adjectives are usually used to talk about the person, place or thing that is making us feel a certain way:
Yawn! This lecture is really boring!
But –ed adjectives are used to talk about how we feel:
I’ve been listening to him for hours – I’m so bored.
Be careful: If you say I am boring – it’s grammatically correct, but it means that you make other people feel bored!
Here are some common pairs of -ed and -ing adjectives:
exciting and excited – We have seen some exciting developments in technology recently.
We are excited about our new range of smartphones.
surprising and surprised – It is surprising how little we know about our oceans.
My whole family was there for my party – I was so surprised!
annoying and annoyed – I hate popup adverts on the internet – they’re annoying!
I’m sorry, I know you’re annoyed – I won’t make that mistake again!
relaxing and relaxed – Some people find listening to classical music very relaxing.
Doing yoga makes me feel more relaxed.
confusing and confused – I couldn’t understand the story in that film – it was too confusing.
If too many people are talking at the same time, I get confused.
More BBC 6 Minute Vocabulary
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs and context
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Re- pre- and pro-
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Silent letters
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: honk, buzz, bleep…
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Multi-word verbs
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: -ic and -ical
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Strong adjectives
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Male and female job words
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: New words
- 6 Minute Vocabulary: Weather words
More BBC 6 Minute English
- 6 Minute English – Giving away your fortune
- 6 Minute English ’14 – When does adulthood start?
- 6 Minute English ’11 – Witches
- 6 Minute English – How would you like to pay?
- 6 Minute English ’14 – Glass half full
- 6 Minute English – How do you like your tea?
- 6 Minute Business English ’13 – Arranging meetings
- 6 Minute English – The commute
- 6 Minute Business English ’14 – Misunderstandings
- 6 Minute English – Are we afraid of food?
More from the BBC
- L1: BBC How to … with transcript videos
- L1: BBC Short and Easy Dramas with transcript videos
- L2: BBC 6 minute English with transcript videos
- L1: BBC 6 Minute Vocabulary with transcript videos
- L1: BBC The Flatmates
- L1: BBC The English We Speak with transcript videos
- L3: BBC Words in the News with transcript videos
- L1: BBC English at Work with transcript videos
- L3: BBC The Reading Group
- L3: BBC Better Speaking
- L2: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Easy AudioBook
- L3: CNN Student News with transcript
- L2: My Australia
- L1: Living English Video Series
- L2: A.A. Milne – Winnie the Pooh AudioBook
- L1: extr@ English with subtitles
- L3: The Business of English Video Series
- L2: Study English – IELTS Preparation
- L2: The Secret Garden AudioBook
- L3: Pride and Prejudice AudioBook
Source: BBC Learning EnglishMore Series for You: