CNN Student News with transcript March 24, 2014: Obama`s Trip Abroad; Scotland`s Possible Secession from Britain Can Change the British Flag; Major Landslide near Seattle, Washington; Search for Flight 370 Intensifies in Southern Indian Ocean; CPR-Certified High School Boy Saving Umpire During Baseball Game
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: This is your commercial free news source for the classroom. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.
First up this Monday, President Obama headed overseas last night on a week- long trip. His first stop in Amsterdam, the capital of Netherlands. He`ll attend the summit on nuclear security there and touch base with a group of leaders from Asia before he travels to that region next month. Then, he`s on his way to Brussels, the capital of Belgium. He has a speech scheduled there on Wednesday. A major focus of this trip will be the crisis in Ukraine. President Obama wants more sanctions against Russian for annexing Crimea, making that region part of Russia.
But European leaders depend on Russia for some of their energy resources. They might be hard to convince.
The president is also visiting Rome, Italy and touring the Coliseum. He`ll meet with Pope Francis, the leader of the Catholic Church. The president has praised the pope for some of the topics he has addressed, but the Obama administration has clashed with the church on other issues.
Last stop is Friday in Rhyiad, the capital of Saudi Arabia. Possible topics of discussion include everything from Iran`s nuclear program to Syria`s civil war. A lot of ground and Syria`s subjects to cover.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” Whose flag is this? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it the flag of Scotland, Finland, Greece or Guam? You`ve got three seconds, go!
This is the flag of Scotland, which is part of the United Kingdom. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Scotland has been part of the United Kingdom since the U.K. was created in 1707. But that might change in September. That`s when Scottish voters will decide whether to remain part of the U.K. or to make Scotland independent once again.
British Prime Minister David Cameron wants Scotland to stay as it is. He says this will give Scotts security and strength as part of the U.K., but the Scottish National Party, which supports independence says the vote for it will mean a better and fairer life for Scotts. The British government agreed to the vote, but the U.K., doesn`t have a written constitution to guide this process.
One other questions, wouldn`t independent Scotland still recognize Queen Elizabeth II as its queen? The monarchy is mostly ceremonial, of course, but it`s popular. A second vote may be needed to determine that.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
FAREED ZAKARIA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: In six months the people of Scotland will cast their votes on secession from the U.K. If they vote for independence, Scotts have been warned that they risk losing the pound as their currency. London could lose some control over oil and gas in the North Sea, but they might also have to say cheerio to something more symbolic, the beloved Union Jack. You see, the current flag which hasn`t changed in over 200 years is a mix between England`s cross of Saint George, Scotland`s Cross of St. Andrew and Ireland`s cross of St. Patrick. If Scotland leaves the union, would St. Andrew`s cross get the boot? People send ideas for alternatives to the U.K.`s national flag charity, and the guardian experts to choose from 12 options. Should Britain incorporate the Welsh flag of Saint David, slide the Welsh national flag into the corner, what about adding the royal coat of arms to a modified Union Jack? The winner, this one. Well, the Brits are nothing if not traditional. Scotland`s blue has simply been replaced with black, perhaps to mourn the loss of Scotland. Luckily, many say this won`t be necessary, after all what would happen to all the British overseas` territories and a few countries for that matter, that include the Union Jack in their national flags.
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AZUZ: In the small town north of Seattle, Washington, a landslide struck on Saturday night. The region has gotten a lot of rain over the past month. Officials say, the ground got so saturated that it just gave way. The governor of Washington State said he`d never seen devastation like it. About a square mile was affected. At least three people were killed and several others are still missing.
There are a couple of challenges for rescuers here. One, getting the people who might be trapped behind or underneath mud that`s like quicksand. Emergency officials say it`s 15 feet deep in some places.
Two, the ground is still highly unstable in some areas. There is still the threat of flooding, so rescuers can`t search everywhere they need to. At least six houses were destroyed in this, and many more were damaged.
China says its satellites might have located some debris from a missing Malaysia Airlines plane. Satellites images from Australia, from France, also indicate possible large objects. Search planes are continuously scouring parts of the Indian Ocean where floating objects were detected, but so far nothing has been recovered. No sign of the aircraft, no sign of the 239 people aboard more than two weeks after it vanished.
There are two major search areas over 23,000 square miles of ocean.
BARRY SCHIFF, FORMER TRANS WORLD AIRLINES CAPT.”: The ocean is huge. I don`t know that all the ocean has been looked at yet, I kind of doubt it. They will find pieces of this airplane somewhere soon.
BARBARA STARR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This is a vast area to search, but they believe now that they have some information, at least this plane may have flown up to four or five hours out into the Indian Ocean.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: 9,000 miles searched, but nothing to show for it. For five planes scouring the vast waters of the Indian Ocean.
DAVID SOUCIE, CNN SAFETY ANALYST: Overtime, those pieces of aircraft can continue to sink, especially on – rough sea as it is out there.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It takes the search planes roughly four hour to fly to the search zone. Each plane will have only two critical hours to comb the area before making the full (INAUDIBLE) our journey back.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We really don`t know where the aircraft might be, so the area of uncertainty is much bigger than what it was (INAUDIBLE).
TONY ABBOTT, AUSTRALIA PRIME MINISTER: It`s about the most inaccessible spot that you could imagine on the face of the earth, but if there`s anything down there, we will find it. We owe it to the families of those people to do no less.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: East Coast, West Coast, (INAUDIBLE) cross country roll call starting in Warminster, Pennsylvania – we call roll and heard from the Panthers.
They are on the prowl at William Tennent High School. The Long horns are a foot in Meeteetse, Wyoming. Hello to the students of Meeteetse High School. And in the Pacific Northwest, Edna, Washington, that`s where the Pirates are at Edna High School.
CPR stands for cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. It`s a lifesaving technique that can be used after everything from near drownings to heart attacks. Thanks in part to a high school baseball player who knew CPR, the young umpire calling his game survived it after a collapse. The story from a school east of Atlanta, Georgia, is the subject of today`s character study.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: 16-year old Alex Norwood and his baseball coach looked on as Newton County`s varsity team played Saturday afternoon. Vivid memories of what happened just hours earlier on Friday night.
ALEX NORWOOD, HIGH SCHOOL JUNIOR: It was in between innings and between the second (INAUDIBLE). Newton was on the field, throwing the warm up pitches. And the umpire just collapsed.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Norwood said his instincts kicked in, and he ran over to help the umpire who was suffering from some sort of medical emergency. This is video of the umpire from an iPad just moments before the incident.
NORWOOD: He`d gotten someone to call 911 and he said, doesn`t anybody know CPR and I got certified a little while ago, so I went out there and I started doing – I checked for a pulse and started doing compressions.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Norwood had just become CPR-certified two weeks ago.
NORWOOD: I didn`t think I`d ever really need to use it, but I`m really glad that I know how to do it now, and this is – this is why it`s important to know how to do it.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Jarrid Harris coaches Norwood`s team at Rockdale High School.
JARRID HARRIS, ROCKDALE HIGH SCHOOL COACH: I thought I was going to turn around and see a professional. I mean I thought I was going to see any MT worker. That`s how confident the voice behind me was, and when I turned around I saw Alex.
NORWOOD: I feel like I really didn`t do that much, I feel like I only got it started, but I really didn`t` do that much before the MT got there, and I feel like it was more the coaches and the MT that really did it.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Not only that, Harris says this incident is an important reminder.
HARRIS: Really speaks on the importance of not only being CPR-certified, but that anybody can do it.
AZUZ: Before we go, it`s said that American crocodiles are pretty shy, unless something is edible. Unfortunately for the new owner of this go-pro camera, the crock thought it was edible. Big Boy, that`s the name of the crock, he lives in a wild life preserve in Florida. A worker there built a special case for his new camera to get some underwater footage of Big Boy. But the moment the camera hit the water, the crock attacked and destroyed. What`s funny is, the store allowed the camera to be returned, which is excellent crockstomer service, especially, after it went snap crock-o-pop. There must have been crocks in its armor, or it just couldn`t compete with the chumpion. Anyway, it`s a good thing few people try this. Return wraps would just tear up. They`d be so swamped. I`m Carl Azuz. And we`ll see you later, alligator.
CNN Student News March 25, 2014: Fate of Flight 370 Now Known; Candy Crush IPO; Ebola Virus in Guinea
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. We`re glad to see you this Tuesday. I`m Carl Azuz at the CNN Center.
Malaysia`s government made a tragic announcement yesterday: all lives are lost. It ended many people`s hopes that there could have been any survivors aboard Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which vanished more than two weeks ago. Grieving families expressed everything from anguish to doubt to anger. One woman left the news briefing asking where`s the proof. Malaysia says information from a British satellite company and (INAUDIBLE) investigators indicates that plane crashed somewhere in the Southern Indian Ocean. As of last night, no parts of it had been recovered, though international planes and ships were combing the region.
One main search area is about 1500 miles west Perth, Australia. So, victims` families will be given the opportunity to travel there if and when the wreckage is recovered.
Our next story today concerns Ebola. It`s a very deadly virus that was first identified in 1976. It causes hemorrhagic fever. Symptoms are external and internal bleeding and organ failure. Most outbreaks including the most recent in Guinea have been in Africa. But because it spreads easily through contact with bodily fluids, officials are taking no chances.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Ebola seen here under the microscope. It is one of the most highly contagious and deadly viruses known to man. The name alone elicits fear and brings (INAUDIBLE) images of doctors in hazmat suits. Now, people in Guinea are battling the West African countries first ever outbreak of the disease.
DAMANTANG CAMARA, GUINEA GOVT. SPOKESMAN: We immediately sent samples to two laboratories specializing in tropical disease. The health ministry waited for the laboratory to determine the nature of the virus involved, and then we got confirmation. It was Ebola.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The virus has killed dozens of people in the southern region of the country. And there are fears Ebola may now spread to the capital of Conacry.
DR. CE MAOMY, PHYSICIAN (through translator): Listening to the news and to see the effects of what is happening in the forest. It`s true that a mysterious fever is striking people. It`s scaring us.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): I`m scared. I`m scared because it affects me.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Government officials say samples from several suspected cases in the capital have tested negative for the virus. But Doctors without Borders is proactively flying in tons of medical aid and equipment to fight the epidemic.
GEMMA DOMINQUEZ, MEDICINS SANS FRONTIERS (through translator: In Conakry, there`s an alarming situation and a little panic. In other places, they are a bit more used to it where it`s endemic. That`s not easy either, because people are afraid of this epidemic because it`s very deadly. But at least they are a bit used to it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There have been sporadic incidents of Ebola in other African countries in recent years, but with the fatality rate of up to 90 percent, and no known cure, there`s concern that in Guinea, a poor country with a weak medical infrastructure, a widespread Ebola outbreak could be devastating.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” What`s the term for a company`s first sale of stock to the public? If you think you know it, shout it out!
Is it IPO, open interest, S&P or SEC?
A company`s first sale of stock to the public is an IPO. It stands for initial public offering. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: So, if you buy shares of a public company on the stock market, you can profit if the stock goes up and lose money if it tanks. The maker of Candy Crush saga is going public offering an IPO. The immensely popular game is a freemium, free and premium. It`s free to download, but it can cost you to keep playing. What do you think its chances are of sweet stock market success?
SAMUEL BURKE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Candy Crush has become a global craze and the games` masterminds are cashing in.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Delicious.
BURKE: Here on Wall Street investors are getting their opportunity to taste Candy Crush and parent company King Digital. But to understand just how popular Candy Crush is, you have to go underground to the New York City Subways.
In the tunnels of Gotham City, Candy Crush where users line up colored candies to win points appears to be the go to game.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Is this, you know, trying to occupy my time, you know, on my commute.
BURKE (on camera): How often do you play it?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Pretty much every day when I`m on the train.
BURKE (voice over): King says almost half of the people who play Candy Crush in the U.S. do it on subways, trains and buses. And the minutes definitely add up.
(on camera): Do you play Candy Crush?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yeah, all the time. I had to delete the app because it`s taking over my life.
BURKE (voice over): Megan Rose Dickie follows online gaming for Website business insider. Even she has issues.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I`ve spent like hundreds of dollars playing the game like …
BURKE (on camera): Hundreds of dollars? Literally?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Literally.
BURKE (voice over): Players like Megan spend big bucks on tools that get them to higher levels. That`s how to propel King to a profit of over $560 million last year. Most games juggle to turn any profit. King could become one of the hottest Internet IPOs this year. Still investors might want to think twice.
Gamers are fickle. Zinger`s Farmville was once the hot Internet game, but Zinger`s shares have fallen dramatically since its IPO. Even angry birds have struggled to maintain the buzz.
With so many IPOs on tap this year, investors have felt like kids in a candy shop. Life maybe sweet for Candy Crush now, but in the fierce world of social gaming, investors might want to settle for a less intent sugar rush. Samuel Burke, CNN, New York.
AZUZ: Mark Bergel spends most nights sleeping on the coach. He could get a bed if he wanted one. He just wants everyone else in America to have one first. Bergel founded the charity that gives furniture and life skills coaching to impoverish people in Washington D.C. where more than 18 percent of residents are poor. Bergel`s efforts to help thousands are why he is a CNN hero.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I`m very emotional right now. I`m excited. I`m so glad things are starting to turn around. For like five years me and my kids have had no way to go.
We just had to go from place to place. We slept in (INAUDIBLE). We moved in here with nothing.
When I see my children on the floor going to bed, it hurts me.
(on camera): Hi!
MARK BERGEL, CNN HERO: There is no stability and there`s no dignity when you live in apartments that have nothing in them.
(on camera): So, how this works? OK. Anything this that you want in here – you put your sticker on, and that`s why you guys will take home.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK.
BERGEL (voice over): Once we get the homes furnished, they have a chance to just take a breath and start to create a different life.
We pick up the furniture and other home goods from people who have more than they need and we distribute them free of charge to people who have nothing.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I like this table. This family who could sit down and who can just eat.
That`s something to sit on, something to lay on. Now, we come back on track.
Now, my kids can pursue their dreams.
BERGEL (on camera): This is a good start? Right?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes. Yes. It is.
BERGEL: It`s a good start.
(voice over): I help people to find the hope that was missing from their lives.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Love you. Good night.
BERGEL: And the opportunity they didn`t know was before them.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Forecast for todays` “Roll Call” is storming. We are starting with the storm of Sauk Rapids-Rice High School, they are watching from Sauk Rapids – Minnesota, and they are first on today`s roll.
Glad to see the Patriots, too. In Galub (ph) New Mexico. Hello to our viewers at Miyamura High School.
And on the Gulf Coast watch out for the buccaneers. They are sailing from Harvey, Louisiana at West Jefferson High School.
If someone tells me a hamburger costs two fifty, I will make sure the decimal is after the two. In this burger, there is no decimal. Just $250 worth of beef and toppings. And just ordinary beef and toppings. It`s cobe (ph) beef, topknot stuff from Japan, and heirloom tomato because it costs as much as an heirloom, foie gras because why add salt when you can have liver? Beluga caviar, pangetta and the white truffle? It`s truffle of flavor, truffle of expense. You can only get it rare to medium rare like its perspective buyers. Most would call the price beef fuddling. Even a hamburger that couldn`t call it a steal, but for those who think it`s worth it, this burger is king. I`m Carl Azuz. And we`ll move on tomorrow.
CNN Student News March 26, 2014: Fatal mudslide in Washington State; Michelle Obama Promoting Students Studying Abroad; College Athletes Fight for Their Rights
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Time for ten minutes of commercial free current events. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.
Our first today centers on the landslide in Washington State. The governor has declared the state of emergency and hopes for finding survivors are fading. This happened on Saturday night affecting two rural communities north of Seattle. It covered a square mile and killed at least 14 people. Officials say more than 170 others are still unaccounted for, though that doesn`t necessarily mean they are all victims. At least 50 homes and buildings were damaged or destroyed.
How does this happen?
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JENNIFER GRAY, CNN METEOROLOGIST: What happens when you get more rain than you should right around this mountain ranges. It becomes very, very heavy and the soil begins to soak and gravity just pulls it down and when you get those very steep slopes, too steep to support it, the slope falls and that`s where you get your mudslide and that`s exactly what has happened.
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AZUZ: U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama has gotten a lot of attention over the years for her efforts to fight childhood obesity in America. She promotes another cause involving young people. She wants them to study abroad. Right now she`s in China where she discussed exchange programs yesterday with Chinese and international students. But she recently sat down with CNN I-Report to answer some viewers` questions about studying abroad.
MICHELLE OBAMA: Hi. I`m First Lady Michelle Obama and I`m here to answer your I-Report questions.
WILL JAMES, ATLANTA GEORGIA: Hi, Mrs. Obama. My name is Willie James. I`m from Atlanta, Georgia. And I studied abroad in Kyoto, Japan, for one year, back in 2008-2009. My question to you is what advice would you give to young American students going abroad for the first time?
MICHELLE OBAMA: Number one, be open. Try to enter the experience with no preconceived notions about the country you`re going to or the people in that country. You`ve got to try to shake the fear. You know, you can`t approach this opportunities thinking that everything is going to feel good and comfortable and you`ll get everything right. You probably are going to make a lot of mistakes, but you know what, that`s life.
In other parts of the world that you go to, they will appreciate your effort, your energy as long as you come into the experience respecting the people and the culture that you`re coming into.
APRIL THOMPSON, ACCRA, GHANA: Hi, Mrs. Obama. My name is April Thompson. And I`m currently in Accra, Ghana. My question for you is where did you receive your first passport stamp and how that experience impact the person that you are today?
MICHELLE OBAMA: Our sophomore class had an opportunity to spend a week for break in France, and initially, I was nervous about taking that week. I didn`t want to ask my father to pay for that trip. It felt like an extravagance. And I remember breaking down in tears feeling guilty about even asking him if I could go. He wanted me to have all the experiences that he didn`t` have. And he didn`t blink an eye in paying for that trip.
So, I got on a plane with some of my classmates and we stayed in a youth hostel and spoke a lot of bad French and learned a lot.
AZUZ: You heard the First Lady mention cost there, and while studying abroad can unlock a lot of cultural and educational doors for students, it`s usually done at an additional fee, and not everyone can afford it. Student loans might help, but as things stand now, the average debt for college graduates who got student loans is more than $27,000.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ALISON KOSIK, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Undergraduates, you`ve got some company. You`re not the only one leaving school with a mountain of debt. And, in fact, graduate students are taking out even bigger loans. More than $57,000, to be exact. That`s the median debt load for a student with the graduate degree, anything from an NBA to a master`s and medical or a law degree. And that 57,000 is up from 40,000 in 2004. A 43 percent increase according to the New America Foundation. There are a few factors at play: schools have raised prices partly because they are getting less aid from state governments. Some people lost their savings in the recession and have to borrow more these days. Also, many undergraduates are having a hard time finding work, so they are going back to school for a higher degree. That could add to an already existing debt load. But some say, it`s worth it because in the long run, there`s a return on investment in the form of higher earnings, and many students believe grad school will give them a leg up when they start looking for a job. I`m Alison Kosik in New York.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” Which term best describes an organization that`s formed to ensure certain wages and benefits for its members? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it merger, union, allotment or junction? You`ve got three seconds, go!
A union, specifically a labor union focuses on working conditions and pay for its members. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: But that`s for paid employees in the workforce. What would it look like on a college campus if football players try to unionize? They are not paid in wages, though many of them get scholarships, they are not guaranteed medical benefits for injuries, though they have a choice about whether to play. These are questions and arguments that could be settled in court.
SARA GANIM, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It was Jafiar Bros (ph) childhood dream to play college football.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And this is my best season.
GANIM: But it could cost him a lifetime of pain.
(on camera): You were (INAUDIBLE) fastest guys in the Stanton (ph) High School.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.
GANIM: And now you can`t run.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I can`t run.
GANIM (voice over): He fractured his legs while playing, and now has metal rods in both. He can`t afford the surgery to have them removed, because there is no financial help for former college athletes. A big burden for someone with chromic injuries like his.
(on camera): But this would cost a significant amount of money, if you were to take this out.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. Over $20,000. Between $20,000 and $30,000 to take it out.
GANIM: But then it would all be on you.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: All on me.
GANIM: No one else will pay for that?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. All on me.
GANIM (voice over): Medical coverage is just the beginning of the criticisms against the NCAA and how they treat their college athletes. But never before have current players been so vocal and standing up for themselves. That is not until now. Last month the members of the current Northwestern Football Team got together and they decided they are going to try something. Something that could revolutionize the way the NCAA works.
KAIN COLTER, FORMER NORTHWESTERN QUARTERBACK: I would like to take the Northwestern .
GANIM: They are trying to form a union, an incredibly bold move, given the tight control over athletes in a multibillion dollar industry of college sports.
COLTER: Athletes don`t have a voice.
GANIM: The idea came from former Northwestern quarterback Kain Colter. Ironically, he got it during a college course. Almost all of his teammates back him.
COLTER: The current model resembles a dictatorship.
GANIM: Now, they are taking their fights before the National Labor Relations Board.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: One, two, two, three!
GANIM: But the team is up against their own university, which has applauded their leadership, but said, “Student athletes are not employees, but students.”
And the NCAA added that “their participation in college sports in voluntarily.” While there is growing public support for NCAA reform, some question whether this is the right approach.
RICHARD EPSTEIN: I think it`s just very risky .
GANIM: Labor law professor Richard Epstein is no fan of the NCAA. He`s called it a cartel. But he doesn`t think a union is the solution.
PROF. RICHARD EPSTEIN, NEW YORK UNIVERSITY: Generally speaking, putting a union opposite an industry cartel creates more instability than it eliminates.
GANIM: But Yarboro (ph) says he`s never been more proud to be a wildcat than the date those players stepped up and essentially said enough.
So, this hearing boils down to this: whether or not the judge agrees that these athletes should be considered employees. The university says no, they are students first. But the athletes say football dominates everything they do. There`s a lot of testimony about the rigorous of their schedule, the amount of hours they put in, the classes that they simply don`t have time to take. And if the judge agrees with them that they are, in fact, employees of the university, then they can move forward and unionize.
Sara Ganim, CNN, Chicago.
AZUZ: Today`s Roll Call is going global. Why? Because it`s worldwide Wednesday and you`re going to love it. We are starting with Grace Christian Academy. Great to see you on the island of Saipan in the Northern Mariana Islands. Then we are saying hello to the overseas family school. They are online and watching CNN STUDENT NEWS from the island nation of Singapore. And from there, we`ll travel to Bangladesh. Where we`re glad to have viewers at the University of Dhaka, the Bangladeshi capital.
People can appreciate a good magic trick. The coin is there, it`s gone. Whoopi! Not as fun for dogs. A magician recently made a treat disappear right in front of dogs` noses. He wanted to know if dogs like magic. The answer – nope, not fun. Some would call this a doggone shame (ph). To be fair, the dogs were given treats right before and after the trick. So, while they might have been confused by the empty hand, they weren`t confounded with an empty stomach. So, they didn`t` have to hound in for a one more treat, though some thought (INAUDIBLE) tease. Some might have wanted to pick and ease into his bag of tricks, and mastiff his intentions were good. Or if he had plotted against them all along. Hey, at least they got something to chow. And while I love the terrier I know the puns pug some of you. We`ve had a voilat (ph) of them. Just how many more canine think of? I wish someone could pointer me in the right direction. They don`t appear by magic, then I wouldn`t have to caleave you just yet and say good bye for shnouzer. We`ll retreat more news and pun for you tomorrow.
CNN Student News March 27, 2014: President Obama`s Visit to Rome; Search for Debris of Flight 370; The Decision that Could Change College Sports; Helping Salmon Survive in California Drought
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: One day away from Friday, five days away from April. Welcome to this March, 27 edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz working in Atlanta. U.S. president is working in Europe. Yesterday, President Obama met with European leaders in Brussels, Belgium, one of the stops on his weeklong trip through Europe and the Middle East.
Ukraine and Russia dominated the discussion. The president and several European leaders don`t like the fact that Russia recently annexed Crimea, a former part of Ukraine. That happened after Crimeans voted to become part of Russia. The U.S. supports Ukraine`s new government, opposes Russia`s move to annex Crimea and warns Russia not to annex any more of any other country.
From Brussels, President Obama is headed to Rome. The leader of the U.S. will meet with the leader of the Roman Catholic Church, the largest denomination of Christianity.
WOLIF BLITZER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: For more than 200 years, the politician behind the desk in the Office and the bishop seated on the throne of Peter have marked history together. On Thursday, President Obama and Pope Francis will open a new chapter at the Vatican. In 2009, President Obama brought his family to the Vatican for his meeting with Pope Benedict.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: Sasha was still pretty young at the time. And they see the Sistine Chapel and they are going through these various chambers, and each time, you know, she`d see somebody dressed up in the clothan (ph), she`d say, is that the Pope? Is that the Pope? How about that guy over there? And they would say, no, no, you`ll know when it is finally the pope.
BLITZER: Joshua DuBois was President Obama`s director of faith, paste and neighborhood partnerships during his first term.
(on camera): So, you think there`s a little shift going on from the relationship with the former pope and the current pope?
JOSHUA DUBOIS, AUTHOR, THE PRESIDENT`S DEVOTIONAL: Well, I think they have a deep mutual concern for issues related to the poor, economic inequality and making sure that people can leave lives of dignity.
BLITZER: But there are differences and there are sensitive issues, in which these two men will disagree.
DUBOIS: President Obama is pro-choice, Pope Francis is pro-life. President Obama supports marriage equality, Pope Francis does not. However, these are the type of men who are not going to let disagreement on two issues, even those two very important issues prevent them from collaborating on many other things including addressing economic inequality in the United States and around the world.
BLITZER: The meeting also takes place while Catholic groups in the United States are fighting the administration in court over the contraceptive mandate in the Affordable Care Act. They say it violates their faith.
NEWT GINGRICH: Pope Francis is a very, very clever man. He`s pretty good at dealing with politicians. There are very, very big differences between the Obama administration secularism and where the pope is. But my guess is, though, I have a positive friendly meeting. This is – this is the pope who said – (INAUDIBLE) I want to love you and witness to you, not yell at you.
BLITZER: Like the history of meetings before between popes and presidents, there will be no shortage of topics when the doors close on their private meeting.
AZUZ: Next, up, the best lead so far in the search for a passenger plane that vanished on March 8. A satellite picked up 122 objects floating in the southern Indian Ocean. They could be debris from Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. They were scattered over an area the size of Denver, Colorado, but the images were from Sunday, and when planes searched this area yesterday, they found nothing. Could the debris have drifted? Likely. One main search area is in the roaring 40s. Between latitudes of 40 and 50 degrees in the Southern Hemisphere. There are gale force winds year round. And this part of the Indian Ocean there is no land to block those winds. Imagine searching in this. If something is located, and searchers think they are close to underwater wreckage, they have a unique tool to help find it.
ROSA FLORES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, this device dives into the ocean several miles and it creates a map of the ocean floor. It`s called an AUV, an autonomous underwater vehicle. And it uses side scan sonar. You can see it right here to create that picture. It`s also equipped with a GPS system. You can see it right over here. And of course, that lets the crew know where this probe is at any point in time. Now, just go ahead and start launching. In the case of MH-370 what a probe like this would be able to do, is it would be able to narrow the debris field, it would help narrow the search, which, of course, is one of the daunting tasks that we`ve been talking about in the Indian Ocean.
So what we are seeing here is this probe is going to go into the water, now for demonstration purposes it`s tethered. That would not be the case, of course, in the Indian Ocean. It would be untethered, it would go several miles deep into the ocean, and then it would start creating this picture of the ocean floor. Now, once this launch is onto the water, you`re going to see it – it kind of floats, it`s buoyant, but again, it goes deep into the ocean. Now, in a control room, there are crew who would be programming the mission for this device. In the case of MH-370 a piece of equipment like this would scour the ocean floor, looking for any oddities (ph), looking for anything that looks like a debris field. Anything that looks like the wreckage of MH-370.
AZUZ: Football players in Northwestern University are a step closer to forming a union. Yesterday, we told you why they wanted to unionize. Yesterday afternoon, the Regional National Labor Relations Board in Chicago ruled that they could. The board decided that the players are like employees, saying they get scholarships, work a certain number of hours per week and generate money for their schools. The school says they are students, not workers, and that it will appeal this decision. If it`s upheld, it could change how college sports are governed or lead some schools like Northwestern top scale back their sports programs.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. I`m part of the U.S. Department of the Interior. In 1940, I was a combination of the Bureau of Fisheries and the Bureau of Biological Survey. My mission is to conserve and protect America`s wildlife, plants and fish. I`m the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and I do everything from enforce wildlife laws to restore fisheries.
AZUZ: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is trying to protect and land a helping fin to salmon in California. Part of the state had been parched by extreme drought. And with water levels low, the fish have slimmer chances of surviving their annual migration up to Sacramento River. The tracking project you`re about to see costs half a million dollars, and it comes with a bit of risk. The salmon might not know where to swim back to when it`s their turn to spawn.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In the quiet of the morning, more than 400,000 three to four months old Chinook salmon are loaded into three tanker trucks embarking on a four hour journey. You can see their small silver bodies make their way through the clear tubes. Here`s project manager Scott Hamelberg.
SCOTT HAMELBERG, PROJECT LEADER: We`re just getting them closer to the ocean for their release.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s a 300 mile trip. The young fish hauled from the fish hatchery in Anderson to the west delta in Rio Vista. A route they usually swim. But this year things are different. It`s no secret California`s scathing drought conditions have created low water levels, a situation the Department of Fish and Wildlife believes could be detrimental to the millions of migrating salmon at the mercy of predators. So, they are getting a ride.
HAMELBERG: In hopes that they`ll survive better, contribute to the ocean fishery better in three years. As opposed to having poor survival had we released them on station.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And eventually, contribute to the large lucrative California salmon industry. Tuesday`s fish haul is part of a much larger state and federal effort transferring millions of salmon down river over the course of two months.
HAMELBERG: There`s 12 million that will come from our facility and then an additional 18 million that will come from four other state facilities.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s the process the U.S. Department of Fish and Wildlife believes is crucial.
HAMELBERG: We do what we need to do to get the job done.
AZUZ: Call it the Great Lake state, the Wolverine state. On today`s roll call it`s the bearcats state. Talking about Michigan. That`s where the bear cats from Battle Creek are watching in Battle Creek Central High School. Over to Ohio now, in the city of Ashtabula, right on Lake Erie, it`s great to see the warriors of Edgewood High School. And on Florida`s fantastic gulf coast in the city of Sarasota, we are happy to have the barracudas of Brookside Middle School.
What`s the record for Girl Scout cookie sales? If you think you know it scout it out! OK, we`ll tell you. It`s 18,107 boxes and this girl did it. A sixth grader from Oklahoma City who says she wants to break the 20,000 mark by the end of the month. She says selling cookies is fun and has three ingredients: time, commitment and asking everyone she sees if they want to buy cookies. Her family has an SUV that can hold loads of them, and if they run out, they can just feel it up with some more (ph). Her mom is a driver, she tags along, and while all those sales mean no short bread, they also bring lots of smiles and delights to buyers. These puns are getting pretty thin. I`m having trouble minting new ones. I guess that`s just the way the cookie crumbles. Thanks a lot for watching. I could say thank you berry much, and we`ll scout out more for you tomorrow.
CNN Student News March 28, 2014: President Obama, Pope Francis Agree to Concentrate on Poverty; Devastating Fire in Historic Neighborhood of Boston; Rising Price of Breakfast; Difficulties of Searching for Missing Plane
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of current events with no commercials. I`m Carl Azuz. Today`s show begins in Europe. A leader of the free world and a leader of a worldwide religion met for the first time yesterday. Relations between President Obama and Pope Francis have been strained over disagreements concerning issues like abortion and certain aspects of Obamacare. So, the two heads of state focused mainly on the things they do agree on like helping the poor and fighting human slavery. They met in private for an hour after exchanging gifts. The president gave the pope seeds to plant, and a custom-made timber box. The pope gave the president two medallions symbolizing peace between hemispheres and a copy of the Pope`s book “The Joy of the Gospel.”
In the historic neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, a fire broke out Wednesday in a four story building? A fire chief said in his thirty years of service, he`d never seen a blaze travel so fast, escalate so quickly and cause so much damage in so little time. This was a nine alarm fire, a measure of the number of firefighters who got involved. More than 150 of them arrived to help, and two of them died after rushing into the burning building and saving several people who`d been trapped on the upper floors.
New England Patriots Quarterback Tom Brady saw the fire and discussed it and the heroes who fought it on the radio.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TOM BRADY: I feel so badly for the family of the two firefighters that were lost and, obviously all the men that were associated with fighting that fire yesterday, losing, you know, one of their close friends. So. I mean we as athletes think – that were here, that when you witnessed firsthand, you know, what I saw yesterday, you realize who the real heroes are in this world.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
It`s been a frustrated and incredibly difficult search. Almost three weeks after a Malaysia Airlines passenger plane vanished with 239 people aboard. Nothing has been recovered. Satellites` sightings of suspected debris are being reported daily now, focused on the southern Indian Ocean, but search planes have yet to pinpoint anything so that ships can recover it.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The fleet searching the southern sector to find this missing airplane, is really quite impressive. There are 11 aircraft, five ships from these various countries out here. They are scouring the water, but all you have to do is look at the map to realize why this remains a difficult job. Look at the distance from Perth where they are flying out – the planes, and where these objects were spotted in the latest satellite images. That`s 1600 miles. That means the tremendous amount of energy and times spent (ph) just getting back and forth every single day.
Here`s another way to look at it. If you consider the overall southern search area, of some 621,000 square miles, by the time they handle all this travel, and get into position and look around for a while. Basically, what they can search is about five percent of the zone every day. That means, in perfect weather, with perfect equipment, everything going right and we take them 20 days to get through this sector.
Even if you narrow that down, even if you say we are not doing the big sector, we are just doing the small area up here, which is described as being about the size of Denver. So, 12.5 miles by 12.5 miles. That`s what the math works out to here.
Imagine taking off from Washington, D.C. in the morning with a search crew, and you have to fly all the way across the country, out here across the Great Plains to Colorado and then when you land in Colorado, you have to move on up to Denver, and then in Denver you have to fly over the city and you have two or three hours to try to spot a particular mailbox or trashcan or car And if you do not spot it, you have to turn around and fly all the way back to Washington D.C. to get more fuel and a little sleep and come back and do it again the next day. That`s why this remains such a daunting task.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” What is the translation of the terms El Desayuno, La Colazione and Petit Dejeuner? You know what to do. Is it – animal, breakfast, currency or desire? You`ve got three seconds, go.
If you`re taking a class in Romans language, you`ll know that these are terms for breakfast. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Breakfast has been called the most important meal of the day, and chances are you`ll be calling it more expensive in the days ahead. The price of many of the things we eat for breakfast is going up. There are tangible direct reasons for this. Such as a virus that has killed millions of pigs in the U.S. Other reasons, will combine to make breakfast prices harder to digest.
ISA SOARES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: For some talking (ph) into a fry-up is the perfect way to start the day. Full of fat and grease, they have satisfied customers for years. But this English staple could be under threat from higher prices.
Take this full English breakfast, for example. Everything on this plate – with the exception, perhaps, of the – being just actually increased. But even if you decide you don`t want this, you want something light or something like toast or cereal, well, that`s going up, too.
Market on (INAUDIBLE) sausages and bacon have jumped more than 40 percent this year, after deadly U.S. fire has caused a decline in the nation`s pig herd. And if you want to soak it all up with toast, well, prepare for some geopolitical indigestion. Wheat prices have soared 17 percent so far this year, impacted by the crisis in the Ukraine.
KONA HAGUE, HEAD OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES RESEARCH, MACQUARIE BANK: They are the largest – one of the largest corn producers and one of the largest wheat exporters as well. So, when we look down and we realize Crimea alone, which is part of the – accounts for about ten percent of Ukraine`s exports, that could potentially be disruptive should the political situation escalate.
SOARES: Even if you just want liquids, well, that may also leave you with a bitter taste in your mouth.
Well, coffee is up almost 59 percent this year alone, following one of the worst ever droughts in Brazil. The world`s biggest coffee producer.
The dry weather has also impacted the orange harvest. With orange juice up ten percent so far this year. And cocoa is up 12 percent, as the world braces for the El Nino weather phenomenon, which brings heavier rains to places like South America and India and drought conditions in Australia.
JONATHAN PARKMAN, HEAD OF AGRICULTURE, MAREX SPECTRON: The difference between supply and demand in any given year is relatively tight at the moment, cocoa prices have risen by roughly 50 percent during the last 12 months. And any – any weather threat comes along at the moment could have a dramatic effect on further increasing prices.
SOARES: Perhaps, then, best to stick to water.
AZUZ: We always welcome your feedback. If you are on Facebook, we are at Facebook.com/CNN STUDENT NEWS. If you are on Twitter, we are at CNN STUDENT NEWS and at CarlAzuzCNN. And if you are at least 13 years old, you can comment on our transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com.
Some of yesterday`s comments: Evan says he agrees with Northwestern University football players who want to unionize. “As an athlete”, he says, I`d like to have full coverage by the college due to an injury. Gemetria disagrees, saying “They are not employees. They are students who get an education. And also, employees pay taxes and students don`t. Ms. Lewis says, “The video of how choppy and rough the seas are in the Indian Ocean really got through to her students about why it`s so hard to find the missing Malaysia Airlines plane. Matt said the fish and wildlife story about the transfer of salmon by truck, was something he`d never really heard of before.
And Eric predicted that the Girl Scouts member who broke the record for most cookie boxes sold will be a great business person someday.
Some viewers in the hawk eye state lead off today`s CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call.” Le Mars Community High School, the bulldogs are hunkered down in Le Mars, Iowa. Same mascot as my college alma mater. Then, it`s south to Laredo, Texas. The Panthers are stocking CNN STUDENT NEWS. Good to see you online at United South High School. And no man is an island, but many live on Rhode Island, and that`s where we are saluting the Centennials of Smithfield High School.
How old do you think Batman is? I don`t mean Christian Bale or George Clooney. I mean Batman the character. Believe it or not, the caped crusader has been saving lives and vanquishing villains for 75 years. It all started in May of 1939 with detective comics number 27. The book cost ten cents then. A vintage copy in good condition recently sold for more than a million dollars. The next film is in the series, which also involves Superman, is scheduled for 26. So, that`s when Batman returns, which ironically came out before Batman begins. I wonder if they`ll be making sequels of Batman forever. The difference between some of them is like day and night. But these puns are robin us of all our time. I`m a bit of a joker, but certainly no comic. We`ll say good bye now. Penguin again Monday and we hope you`ll book ten minutes for us.
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