CNN Student News with transcript April 7, 2014: High Voters` Turnout in Afghanistan Presidential Election; Unprecedented Scope of Search for Flight 370; Worldwide Celebration of Shakespeare`s Anniversary
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: CNN STUDENT NEWS starts now. Hi, I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS. We are happy to see you. It`s Monday, April 7 and we are going all over the world today starting in Afghanistan. There was a big election there on Saturday. One that would determine the country`s next president. Afghanistan`s been led by President Hamid Karzai since 2001. That`s when the U.S.-led coalition kicked out Afghanistan`s former rulers, the Taliban who were protecting terrorists. The Taliban threatened voters in the run up to this election with violence. At least 20 people were killed by insurgent attacks across the country, but that combined with bad weather couldn`t keep people from the voting booths. There were a couple frontrunners for the title of president. Preliminary results will be announced at the end of the month, but some say that no matter who wins, the people will.
ANNA COREN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Standing in the rain, some waiting for hours, the people of Afghanistan lined up, each holding their voting card, their ticket to democracy.
Um: We vote for him to win the future, we want to build the future for this man.
COREN: It was hope for the President Karzai would provide that future during his 12 years in office. But it`s now his successor who this Afghans are banking on.
(on camera): How does it feel to be here tonight?
SHUKRIA BARAKZAI, AFGHANISTAN PARLIAMENT MEMBER: Fantastic. Proud. Happy. Successful. I feel really good because I believe today is my day. Today is the day, which is people of Afghanistan can go and vote it freely.
COREN (voice over): Following weeks of high profile attacks and Taliban threats to disrupt this elections, the capital was unlocked down. Every man, woman and child searched before entering the polling station. Inside voters queued again, this time to deep their forefinger into the ink, before being given the ballot papers.
UM: Today I came here to select my next president and I hope to be a good person and to help the people and to survive the people and to bring change in Afghanistan.
COREN: Voter turned out exceeded expectations. Well and 50 percent of eligible voters cast their ballot. Remarkably, one third of them were women.
Several polling stations ran out of ballots and voting hours were extended by an hour, due to heavy turnouts.
The resilience of these people is truly inspiring. Despite all the attacks and threats of violence, Afghans have turned out in encouraging numbers to cast their vote in polling stations around the country. They strongly believe that after so many years of war, they too deserve a peaceful and brighter future.
AZUZ: Democratic elections are also taking place in what`s known as the world`s largest democracy. India is officially a federal republic. Its population is 1.2 billion people, the second highest population in the world. And because more than 814 million of them are eligible to vote, the election that starting in India today is being called the biggest election the world`s ever seen.
Opinion polls show that the political party that`s led India for the last ten years could be in trouble. The economy has slowed down, there`ve been some high profile scandals involving corruptions. And about 30 percent of the population leaves in poverty, so change is in the air. But with so many people voting this election happens in phases. The last one of those ends on May 12, and the results should be in by May 16.
The plane hasn`t been found, but the mystery about what happened to Malaysian Airlines Flight 370 has gotten deeper. A Malaysian government official says after the plane`s transponders stopped sending tracking information, the jet flew a wayward path around Indonesian airspace. Was it taken this way intentionally to avoid radar? As investigators consider that, two search ships might have picked up a signal over the weekend. They were in two different search areas in the Indian Ocean. What they heard might have been the ping that flight data recorders sent off after a plane goes down.
The ships can`t confirm, this is what they picked up and the batteries powering the signal only last a month or so. The flight disappeared on March 8. More ships are headed to this area`s west of Australia to listen in. The search has been massive, the cost of doing it massive.
CHRISTINE ROMANS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The search for Flight 370 will likely rank as the most expensive in history. Think about it. The scope unprecedented. 21 nations, 80 ships, 61 aircrafts. Now, most of the money coming from military training budget. Think about it, that makes sense. You`ve got all of these countries usually spending money doing mock exercises. This is something real. So money are coming from those training budgets. Also, some from humanitarian budgets. And for the U.S., the money is now shifted, it`s coming from Navy operations in some cases. So, the Pentagon originally allocated $4 million for the search. 3.2 million spent between the 2nd of March and the 24. One source the military telling us, this general rule cost about $100,000 a day, this operation. Some of these aircrafts, think about it, cost $10,000 an hour to operate.
Now, other countries are pitching. And these are the big Seven. The big seven here: the Australians taking the lead, officially taking the lead of the investigation ending the week. The prime minister there saying, everyone paying their own cost right now. They are not keeping track, quite frankly. They are really trying to get out there and solve this mystery. So, if you do the back of the envelope math, based on what the U.S. is spending, we can estimate the search probably costing more than $21 million per month. So, how does that compare with other aviation disasters? Air France Flight 447 two years search after that crash in 2009. That was about $50 million. TWA Flight 800, that was about 40 million, 1996, one of the longest investigations the NTSB ever conducted. Swiss Air 111. This went down off the coast of Nova Scotia, in 1998. Search recovery investigation took four years and cost $39 million.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” In which Shakespearean play would you find the famous quote “All the world is stage, and all the men and women merely players.” If though knowst it, shout it out! Is it, “As You Like It,” “Much Ado about Nothing?”, “Twelfth Night” or “All`s Well That Ends Well.” You`ve got three seconds, go.
This is a tough one, but the quote is from Shakespeare`s comedy “As You Like It.” That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
AZUZ: Quick look at William Shakespeare by the numbers. We just named four of his 37 plays. He wrote more than a million words and made up more than 1000 of them. He was born 450 years ago this month, and his work has been translated into more than 80 languages. It`s been performed in places and in front of audiences far beyond the globe theater in London.
FAREED ZAKARIA, CNN ANCHOR: This month marks William Shakespeare`s 450th birthday and people around the world are celebrating from Stratfordians to Syrians. Yes, Syrians. 100 Syrian children have just performed an adaptation of King Lear in one of the world`s largest refugee camps located in Jordan. The Zaatari Camp is home to over 100,000 Syrian refugees over half of whom are under the age of 18. Many of the children are not educated and have never read or seen any of Shakespeare`s work, but they are no strangers, of course, to the tragedy of the human condition. And this particular play, a story of exile, a land divided by rival groups, a tale of human cruelty seems especially relevant. While the refugee camp may seem like the unlikeliest of places to discover Shakespeare, the playwright himself might not have thought so. After all, mentioning faraway places was common in his place. In both Macbeth and Otello, in fact, Shakespeare mentions the Syrian city of Aleppo. Another reminder that Syria is one of the oldest centers of human civilization, which makes the current violence there seem even more tragic.
AZUZ: North, south and east – it`s a tridirectional roll call today. In the land of 10,000 lakes we`ve got the Spartans on the roll. They are watching at Rocori High School in Cold Spring, Minnesota. In the South, right near Mobile Bay, Alabama, great to see the trodgents (ph) of Daphne High School in Daphne. And northeastern New Jersey at Schalick High School, hello the Cougars watching in Pitts Grove.
When the game of Tetris came out in 1984, no one had a 65-inch HDLCDTV to play it on. But even if someone did, this is better: a Drexel University Associate professor worked with the Tetris company to make this happen in Philadelphia over the weekend. People played the game from half a mile away. LED lights were placed on the glass facade of a 29 stories skyscraper to make it possible to game on. Don`t know yet if they broke their record, but when all the pieces fall together like this, the sky scrapers the limit. There`s no question it was a blockbuster, it brought delight with delights and made for one fine Gameboy. That`s our show for today, I hope the rest of yours is a great one. I`m Carl Azuz.
CNN Student News April 8, 2014: Pro-Russian Protests in Eastern Ukraine; Royal Visit to New Zealand and Australia; CNN Hero Sarah Ramirez Helping Low-Income People Get Fruits and Vegetables; Letters to Future
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Divisions have deepened in some parts of Ukraine, and in today`s show we are starting with the unrest that`s causing it. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. We`ve told you how Ukraine is the nation divided. Some people there want to be more closely associated with Europe, to Ukraine`s west. Others want closer ties with Russia, to Ukraine`s east. Protests by the pro-Europe side earlier this year led to the removal of Ukraine`s former president. But in several cities, there are no protests by the pro-Russia side. And yesterday, some demonstrators took over Ukrainian government buildings, raised Russian flags and said they wanted a new government. Ukraine`s current leaders blame Russia for this. They say Russia is stirring up these protests so it can annex more areas of Ukraine, like it did in a pro-Russian region of Crimea last month. Russia says Ukraine`s government is acting irresponsibly, that it should listen to its people and quit blaming Russia for its problems.
A royal visit to the Southern Hemisphere. Britain`s Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, more commonly known as William and Kate, arrived in New Zealand yesterday. Along with their baby boy, Prince George, they`ll be spending three weeks in New Zealand and Australia. Because Princes William and George are second and third in line to the British throne, they need to beget special permission from the queen to travel on the same plane. And the excitement about their trip extends from their home in Britain to the nations it once ruled. New Zealand and Australia are now independent countries. But they are part of the commonwealth, linked to Britain by history, modern day cooperation and the symbolic monarchy, of which William, Kate and George are a part.
A new island has popped up in the Pacific, south of Japan, and it`s made friends with an older one to form an even bigger chunk of land. Here`s the new guy busting through the ocean surface last year. It`s a volcano that appeared in November. It was basically a stone throw away from its neighbor. Another volcano that last erupted 40 years ago.
Over the past few months, the new one spewed plenty of steam and ash and grew(ph). It had reached out and touched the older one by late December, and today the combined island is now more than six tenths of a mile across. It`s pretty hot stuff, so you don`t want to move there. But the bigger it gets, the longer it will take to erode in the Pacific. So, as long as it`s growing on the Pacific ring of fire, it`s growing more likely to stay around.
Time to take roll. And today we are calling out the Mount Rushmore state, the Hawk eye state and the tar hill state. In Sioux Falls South Dakota, we`ve got the Wolverines watching. Hello to everyone at William Middle School.
In Lisbon, Iowa, it`s the lions who were stuck in CNN STUDENT NEWS. Great to be online at Lisbon High School. And in Pfufftown, North Carolina check out the radars. Good to see our friends at Reagan High School.
April is autism awareness month in the U.S. The event aims to get people talking about the disorders to help the public better understand them. Autism rates continue to climb in America. It` believed to affect one in 68 children today. It was one in 88 children two years ago.
Experts aren`t sure why rates are increasing, and they don`t know what causes autism. But children who have the disorders are generally affected in three certain areas: the use of language, their behavior or how they interact with other people.
The extent of the disorders varies dramatically. One child with autism may be severely affected. Another symptoms may be more mild. And some children seem to outgrow some symptoms as they get older. So, each person with autism is unique.
By the amount of food we throw away in the U.S. some estimates put that at 40 percent. You wouldn`t think millions of Americans are going hungry. They are. And one reason – food`s wasted, is because many supermarkets won`t take imperfect-looking produce. Because many shoppers won`t buy it.
Sarah Ramirez rescues some of that food, gives it to people in need and earns the title of CNN Hero.
SARAH RAMIREZ, CNN HERO: Pixley is a small community located in the central park of California. We are in this agriculturally rich area, and yet people who live here and work here, are hungry, are impoverished. Some are working in the fields that feed the entire country. And then they don`t have the resources to support them and – it`s heartbreaking.
You can`t just watch that and not wonder if there`s something more that we could do.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Thank you.
RAMIREZ: What we do is we clean mostly from backyards. Today, we are looking at a glean of about 6400 pounds. And that`s incredible.
My husband and I grew up in Pixley. My parents, they worked in the fields. I had family members who died at very young ages due to chronic diseases like diabetes.
(on camera): And those of you that are high school students.
(voice over): Looking at these issues of poverty and obesity, we were trying to figure out how do we provide our resources for our community and our home.
We also have a component in our garden that`s a you pick area. If your household needs some fruits and vegetables.
We really try to teach how to use what we are growing.
(on camera): Peach and cucumber.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Wow.
RAMIREZ (voice over): I want to grow old, and I want to grow old in the healthy way, and I want that for everybody.
(on camera): Thank you!
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. I`m a year in the late 20th century, Bill Clinton was the U.S. president and John Paul II was the pope. There`s no World Series due to a strike in Major League Baseball. And Dallas won the Super Bowl. And Arkansas won the NCAA men`s basketball championship.
I`m 1994. Also, the year that “Friends: debut on TV.
AZUZ: Of course, it`s hard to imagine what your life will be like 20 years from now. But the teams you are now following, the shows you`re watching. Maybe even a new story you`ve seen, we`ll all be part of your history in 2034. What would you tell your future self in a letter? A teacher in Canada is making sure his students get a look back at themselves from themselves.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Last week, a trip to the mail box was a trip back in time for Scott Fulton. Back to 1994 when he wrote a letter to his future self.
SCOTT FULTON: November 30, 1994. Dear Scott – myself. Hey, how are you? I`m fine. Do you remember why are you getting this letter?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It was an assignment from his grade nine English teacher Bruce Farrow.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This one I wasn`t allowed to read. Confidential.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He started it back in 1961. The assignment – write a ten page letter to your future self.
BRUCE FARRER, RETIRED TEACHER: The motivation to write it – look at where you are going and decide OK, what is it I want to do with myself? And so, they would write about where they wanted to end up. Then, 20 years later, Farrer tracks down his former students. Over the years, he`s mailed out more than 1000 letters. Fulton is humbled by Mr. Farrer`s dedication and the expectations of his 14-year old self.
FULTON: So, anyway, are you married? To whom? I`ve always wondered if would get married to someone that I already know or someone I`ll meet later on in life. Not married.
So, I`m assuming you have some children right now? No.
FULTON: Did you find anything really surprising in your life, that you .
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: On this day, teacher and student reunite. And even though Fulton didn`t imagine it, he is now a teacher, too. And he just gave this same assignment to his students.
FULTON: Yeah, I have no regrets on my life so far for my vantage point, and if I was to, you know, talk to my 14-year old self, I think – I think we`d high five one another.
FARRER: Gwen – Oh, I remember, her.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: As for Mr. Farrer, he`s been retired for 12 years, but he`s still fulfilling his promise. And that`s not an easy assignment.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: 20-26. That`s when he`ll mail his last letter.
AZUZ: It`s a fight, a brawl, a mob scene, where no one gets hurt. And while some people get into it more than others, everyone gets pelted with pillows. It`s International Pillow Fight Day. When you take the place, you lay your head to smack the head of someone else. Why? Well, why not. It`s a harmless way to express frustration from a sleepless night, and if Kong Fu pillow fighting gets you tired, you`ll have a soft place to land in hand. With that many people, there is no way you`ll get pillow only. These events stuffed with participants. It`s simply cut ton of them. Everyone`s down went down. Everyone`s on the case, even if they all get batten. Birds of a feather fight together. All right, that`s enough fluff. We`ll bring you more hard and maybe some news on Wednesday.
CNN Student News April 9, 2014: Obama Signs Equal Pay Executive Orders; Hope Fades for Finding Malaysia Flight 370; Boston Marathon Victims Strong One Year Later; Electrical Stimulation Helps Paralysis Patients Move
CARL AZUZ, HOST: You`re halfway through the week, nine days into April and ten minutes away from being up to speed on current events. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.
First up, President Obama signed two executive orders yesterday concerning equal pay. Basically, the orders are intended to make it easier for people to find out how much money others are making so they can decide if they`re being paid fairly. The president says this will help women earn similar pay to men. But like all executive orders, they`re limited: they only apply to companies that do work for the U.S. government. Broader action would require Congress.
Laws requiring equal pay have been around since 1963. The Equal Pay Act prohibits businesses from paying people differently because of their gender. Still, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, American women working full-time today earn about 82 cents for every dollar men earn.
This can depend on the type of job. Full-time female lawyers, for instance, earn about 79 cents to every dollar male lawyers earn. But among pharmacists, the pay is about equal between women and men. Women are also more likely to work part-time and take time off to care for their families, so these things factor into the gap, as well.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” What is measure in fathoms? If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it distance in space, nautical speed, audio frequency or water depth? You`ve got three seconds. Go.
(SFX: Clicks, bell ringing)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A fathom is a measurement of six feet, primarily used in measuring water depth. That`s your answer, and that`s your “Shoutout.”
AZUZ: Optimism is fading for discovering what happened to Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. It disappeared more than a month ago, and though several ships in the Indian Ocean, which is thousands of fathoms deep, might have detected a ping, a signal from an aircraft`s flight data recorder, nothing has been heard since the weekend. And officials aren`t even sure if what was detected was from the missing plane.
This would be a difficult search even if the ping were pinpointed.
ANGUS HOUSTON, JOINT AGENCY COORDINATION CENTRE: Now I stress, this is very deep water.
JEAN CASAREZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Very deep and very mysterious. Search vehicles may have to travel two and a half miles down to try and find aircraft wreckage. And much about the ocean floor is unknown.
CHRISTINE DENNISON, PRESIDENT, MAD DOG EXPEDITION: It is a mystery. It`s very — we know it`s deep. It`s 4,500 meters.
CASAREZ: Christine Dennison is an ocean explorer. She says what adds to the mystery is the terrain.
DENNISON: You have valleys. You have gulleys. You have mountain ranges. It`s very much an area that will mimic what we have topside.
CASAREZ (on camera): This is what searchers are trying to find with acoustic events, or pings: the black box. In air, sound travels in a straight line. But it`s not like that in the sea. It can angle and bend up to 90 degrees.
(voice-over): That means you can`t be exactly sure where the sound is coming from.
PETER LEAVY, JOINT AGENCY COORDINATION CENTRE: Acoustic energy, sound through the water, is greatly affected by temperature, pressure and salinity.
CASAREZ: If Ocean Shield hears another ping and is able to fix the position, it will likely lower the autonomous underwater vehicle Bluefin-21 into the water and attempt to find wreckage on the sea floor. If wreckage is located, though, one aspect of the deep-sea conditions may work in investigators` favor: very low temperatures.
DENNISON: Cold water does preserve everything much, much better than shallower, warmer temperatures.
CASAREZ: The search for Flight MH-370 continues.
AZUZ: It`s World Wide Wednesday on the CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call.” It`s when we head to countries like Italy to recognize the students at Lycee Chateaubriand de Rome in the Italian capital. Thanks for watching.
Next, in the U.K., where we`re happy to be online at Lockley (ph) Heath Middle School. That`s in England, United Kingdom.
And across the Atlantic, good to see our Canadian viewers in Ajax, Ontario. They`re checking out CNN STUDENT NEWS from Alexander Graham Bell Public School.
Monday, April 21, less than two weeks from now, the city of Boston will host its annual marathon. Thirty-six thousand people are expected to run, a symbolic victory in itself a year after two terrorist bombings at the race`s finish line killed three people and injured more than 260.
One victim, a dance instructor who lost part of a leg, has been able to walk and dance again, leaning on the support of her city.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And now, we welcome back the inspiring couple who embody the phrase “Boston Strong,” Adrianne Haslet-Davis and United States Air Force Major Adam Davis.
ADRIANNE HASTLET-DAVIS, BOMBING SURVIVOR: One, two, three. Play ball!
ADAM DAVIS, BOMBING SURVIVOR: Play ball!
HASTLET-DAVIS: Since the marathon, I`ve had a huge outpouring of support from Boston and beyond.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Adrianne Haslet-Davis.
HASTLET-DAVIS: We got to go through the tunnel at the season opener at Gillette Stadium for the Pats. I was invited to wave the flag at the Bruins play-off game. It was a “Boston Strong” flag.
DAVIS: The city lifted us up, and the city almost bent over backward to do whatever they could for us. And then just also other sense of community. I mean, it — we`ve met some great people after this who have been — just opened their hearts to us.
HASTLET-DAVIS: Red Sox, woo!
Just being able to be in that Red Sox parade, it feels like we won the World Series. I feel like we, as a city, won it. It wasn`t just the guys on the field. It felt like all of us were on the field when they won. And I think that can only happen in Boston.
DAVIS: It just really hit home with Boston, to say yes, we`ve got the attacks that happened to us, but we`re not going to let that define us. It`s going to be our recovery that`s going to be the defining moment.
HASTLET-DAVIS: “Boston Strong” means just how a group of people can come together and fight back with kindness and generosity and outpouring of support. And what you`ll get from that, what I`ve received from that, is pretty — pretty incredible.
AZUZ: Another thing that helped Adrianne Haslet-Davis, a customized bionic leg developed at MIT. It`s one example of medical research helping someone recover.
Another involves electrical stimulation, a potential breakthrough for people who have been paralyzed. It has its limits: It won`t help people walk again, at least not yet. But it does allow for voluntary movement, where previously, there was none.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Dustin Shillcox is paralyzed from the chest down.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK, try to move your leg.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He can`t move even a tiny bit.
DUSTIN SHILLCOX, PARALYSIS PATIENT: No.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: But doctors implanted this device, sending electrical stimulation to his spine. And when Dustin turns it on,
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There you go.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Oh, my gosh.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He can move on demand.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK, right leg back.
SHILLCOX: And then forward.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That`s amazing.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When the stimulator`s turned off, Dustin can`t even sit up, because his torso muscles don`t work. But turn it on, and Dustin can sit up without any support at all.
SHILLCOX: The first time I turned it on, it was exciting and emotional for me at the same. Emotional because I was told that I`d never be able to walk or move my legs again.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Dustin is one of four patients in a new study published Tuesday. Despite their gains, none can walk on their own. The device works by activating one leg at a time.
It`s not the first time electrical stimulation has helped paralyzed patients. But experts say this technique may become an important tool in the toolbox.
SUSAN HARKEMA, NEUROSCIENTIST, UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE: I think that what`s incredibly exciting is that we`ve opened up a realm of possibilities of what we can do now with people who are paralyzed. And we`ve just scratched the surface.
AZUZ: Even if you don`t tend to put things off, it`s hard to avoid the temptation of procrastination. A new study out of the University of Colorado, Boulder, says the tendency to procrastinate may be in our genes, part of it, anyway.
Researchers found that habitual procrastinators, people who do this all the time, can to some extent blame their parents. But that only accounts for about half the reason for procrastination. The other half could involve stress, an overbooked schedule, or slacker friends.
The study also found that those who procrastinate tend to be more impulsive, possibly prone to sudden, sometimes rash decisions.
Ways to avoid procrastinating: break down big projects into smaller ones. Set aside time on paper for everything you have to do. And reward yourself for finishing tasks on time.
We would have told you about all this earlier in the show, but we put it off.
Before we go, some pretty fancy camerawork, though we`re not exactly sure how to describe it. A German photojournalist took six GoPro cameras. He attached them to his bike in such a way that they would give a 370- degree view. Then he took a ride through a park. The result is what looks like a miniature world scrolling all around him. The video from all six cameras, all stitched together, makes the view complete.
He had to experiment with the idea before making it work, and he had no sphere of failing. It`s a pretty well-rounded concept. It makes a world of difference for people who play around with video. You know, they all share a certain camera-derie.
We hope you enjoy the view, though we`re bike-ginning to run out of time.
We`re CNN STUDENT NEWS, and we`ll see you around.
CNN Student News April 10, 2014: Stabbing Spree in Pennsylvania School; Obama Taking Part in Memorial Service in Fort Hood; Lyndon Johnson`s Role in Passing Civil Rights Act; Brampton Bikes Going Worldwide
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to Thursday`s edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s good to see you. I`m Carl Azuz at the CNN Center. First up, at least 20 people were injured yesterday at a high school in Pennsylvania. Some of them very seriously, and one student is being held by police. They say it was a stabbing attack by a male student. A school principal and a resource officer were somehow able to stop and handcuff the attacker. As investigators work to figure out why this happened, stories of rescues are already coming out from Franklin Regional Senior High School. At one hospital, were victims were taken, a doctor said, because a female student acted quickly and applied pressure to the wounds of a male victim, she might have saved his life.
President Obama arrived at Fort Hood yesterday. Last week, the military base in Texas saw its second mass shooting in five years. And yesterday`s event was a memorial service for the victims of that.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: Today, four American soldiers are gone. Four Army families are devastated. As commander-in-chief, I`m determined that we will continue to step up our efforts. To reach our troops and veterans who are hurting, to deliver to them the care that they need, to make sure we never stigmatize those who have the courage to seek help.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Our next story today, the world`s biggest automaker is making a big recall, five of them, actually. We are talking about Toyota. 27 models are affected by this, from the Camry, Corolla, Matrix and Highlander, to the Subaru Trezia and Pontiac Vibe, which were built by Toyota. This includes cars made between 2004 and 2013, a total of more than 6 million vehicles around the world, 2 million of them are in North America.
There are several parts, Toyota plans to inspect and possibly replace. Seat rails, engine starters, windshield wiper motors, airbag cables. The Toyota says it doesn`t know of any crashes or injuries caused by problems with these parts. This is Toyota`s second major worldwide recall this year.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” Which U.S. president signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law? Was it John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon or Gerald Ford? You`ve got three seconds, go.
President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law using at least 75 different pens that he handed out to civil rights leaders and supporters. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
AZUZ: It`s the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act. It`s goal to end discrimination based on someone`s race, religion, what country they came from or what gender they were. And that extended from businesses in schools to voting boots and even bathrooms. The act was passed after one of the longest debates in Senate history. In the 1960s it was as controversial as it was historic.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The nation was in turmoil. Young, predominantly black protesters against public discrimination on buses, in bathrooms and at lunch counters were beaten and hosed down in the South. America`s very democracy was at stake. And then President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. Lyndon Baines President was sworn in and decided to stake his early presidency on passing the Civil Rights Act.
LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON: No memorial oration or eulogy could more eloquently honor President Kennedy`s memory .
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: But the politics was nasty on Capitol Hill as the prejudices on the streets of the South. Southern Democrats who felt their way of life was being threatened, threw up hurdle after hurdle in the House. Across the capital, senators like Robert Byrd and Strom Thurmond filibustered, trying to talk the bill to death.
Richard Goodwin worked in the White House for Kennedy and then for President Johnson.
RICHARD GOODWIN, FORMER JOHNSON SPEECHWRITER AND ADVISOR: He was from the South and he had seen firsthand, of course, the poor blacks and the poor Mexican Americans and other who were not getting a fair break (ph) of the society.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: LBJ not only supported the bill, he also knew how to get it passed on Capitol Hill.
ANDREW YOUNG, CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER: Johnson had – he was the master of the Senate. And as majority leader, he knew where all the bodies were buried, he knew what all – everybody`s weaknesses were.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So, the new president worked the phones calling all sides.
YOUNG: He would be on the phone with Dr. King. Then he would call Governor Wallace. Then he`d call Senator Dirksen. And then he`d be on the phone with Richard Russell. And he was pulling out every stop.
DORIS KEARNS GOODWIN, PRESIDENTIAL HISTORIAN: He`d call them in the morning, he`d call them at night. I mean there`s a story of calling a senator at two in the morning and he said I hope I didn`t wake you up.
GOODWIN: And the senator said no, I was just lying here on the bed hoping my president would call.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Johnson`s armtwisting worked. The bill fought its way through a congress. The filibuster was broken by Republicans and Democrats.
With his signature, LBJ made the Civil Rights Act of 1964 the law of the land following a groundswell of public support after violence and hate had tested the nation.
AZUZ: Financial literacy month. OK, it might not sound like the most exciting month-long event to some of you. But this April we are working to make it relevant. The terms we`re giving you in our coverage will matter to many of you who are college-bound. Consider, if you will, APR, annual percentage rate. It applies to car loans and home mortgages, but it also factors in the college loans. If you get one of those, you don`t just pay back the money you borrowed. You pay it back with interest. And the annual percentage rate includes that interest in any other fees as a percentage. That`s the cost of the loan that`s tacked on to the money you owe.
Schools from three states, all connected, share today`s roll call. We`ll start at Union Kentucky with the Jaguars. This cats are watching from Randall K. Cooper High School. One state east in West Virginia, we`ve got the generals making the roll. They are online in Winfield. And more state over in Morganza, Maryland, it`s all about the Braves. They are checking us out from Chopticon High School.
The Greek philosopher Plato is credited with the phrase necessity is the mother of invention. And that`s not always done from scratch. Sometimes it`s born out of looking at something in everyone`s garage, like a bicycle and asking how can we reinvent this to make it easier to take to work. That kind of inventive thinking helps keep a British company rolling.
ISA SOARES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: From bike-higher schemes to cycle super highways, London offers plenty of incentives for pedal-powered commute. The number of those cycling to work here has more than doubled in the past decade. And that hasn`t gone unnoticed by the U.K.`s top bike maker. Brompton bicycle has spent 25 years cornering a unique market. For those wanting the wheels without the baggage.
WILL BUTLER ADAMS, MANAGING DIRECTOR, BROMPTON BICYCLE: Handle up pops up like that, saddle comes up, a bit of flick, and off you go.
SOARES (on camera): Less than ten seconds?
BUTLER ADAMS: Less than ten seconds. Easy-peasy.
SOARES (voice over): The managing director Will Butler Adams is leading a massive company expansion. He`s taking this once more family-run firm to 44 countries, and they can`t get enough of this foldable bike. The business has been growing 20 percent year on year, generating sales of $44 million. Most of that demand is from overseas markets, and it seems they don`t mind the hefty starting price.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (on camera): How important is innovation to your brand?
BUTLER ADAMS: If you with your experience and with the advantage that you had from being the first do not leverage that advantage. Do not use that knowledge to keep moving faster you will be consumed by the competition. The only way you can beat that is by using your brains, using your knowledge and your experience and your understanding to out innovate. And if we don`t do that, we will not be here in ten years` time.
SOARES: Isa Soares, CNN, London.
AZUZ: I had a Chihuahua growing up. It was a doggone great pet. Unfortunately, a home buddy. You can`t really say that about Speedy. Oh he looks small and slow here, but he once ran away from his owner`s house and it took two years for Speedy to come back. After being spotted near college campus, some students took him to a shelter where his microchip revealed where he should have been. Another woman believes she might have cared for him in the interim. So his story is really a tail of two Speedys. He`s as cute as his owner says he is, so it`s clear why she huahuanted him back. I`m not going to top that one today, even if the pawssiblities were endless. We`ll yup to you again on Friday`s show.
CNN Student News April 11, 2014: Difficult Search for Malaysian Airline Plane; Masters Golf Tournament at Augusta Club
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: The forecast. Relatively quiet with the chance of hurricanes – that report leads of CNN STUDENT NEWS. Fridays are awesome. Here`s the deal. Forecasters from Colorado State University are looking at conditions for the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season. It officially runs from June 1st through November 30th. Though hurricanes can form at any time. This year, meteorologists expect things to be relatively calm with nine possible tropical storms and three likely hurricanes. On average, there are 12 tropical storms and seven hurricanes. One reason for a calm forecast is El Nino. It`s a natural climate pattern that means warmer water in parts of the Pacific that can have a calming effect on Atlantic weather. But forecasts are far from an exact science. In 2012, there were almost twice as many storms than experts expected. Last year, there were two hurricanes when nine were expected.
Satellites, planes, ships and sonobuoys like the one you see in this YouTube clip drop from above diving into the ocean listening for anything that could be a signal from a Malaysia Airlines passenger plane. It vanished more than a month ago. No trace of the plane has been recovered. Signals have been heard beneath the Indian Ocean waves by several different listening devices on several different occasions. But to understand why it`s so hard to pinpoint the plane`s possible whereabouts, you have to go deep.
ED LAVANDERA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Plunging to nearly 15,000 feet below sea level is a journey into a mysterious abyss, a journey few humans can even comprehend. The Boeing 777 is about 200 feet wide, 242 feet long. And possibly, so deep under the Indian Ocean that you`d pass the Statue of Liberty, the Eifel Tower and the tallest building in the world in Dubai on the way down. And still be only a fraction of the way to where the plane wreckage might be resting. Keep plunging, and you`ve entered a place sunlight can`t reach. The pinger locator is being told well below that, 4600 feet below the surface.
Marine biologist Paula Carlson says at these depths marine life is unlike anything most people have ever seen.
PAULA CARLSON, THE DALLAS WORLD AQUARIUM: And then the deeper you go, you find less and less. They have to be very cold tolerant, they have to have – they might not even have eyes, they might be blind because they don`t need to see. There`s no light down there.
LAVANDERA: Keep going towards the ocean floor, and at 12,500 feet below sea level is where you`d find the wreckage of the Titanic. Which took some 70 years to discover and where it`s still rests today. And if it were turned upside down at 14,400 feet is where you`d hit the iconic pick of Washington State Mount Rainier. Only after all that, would you reach the spot where search teams believe the pings from the flight data recorder are coming from. 148000 feet into the abyss.
If that doesn`t capture the magnitude of this search, than imagine what one oceanographer described for us. He says, picture yourself standing on top of one of the highest picks in the Rocky Mountains looking all the way down and trying to find a suitcase. In the dark.
The pressure at nearly 15000 feet is crushing, and very few manned submarines can even withstand it.
SYLVIA EARLE, OCEANOGRAPHER, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC: There are only half a dozen of that can go to basically half the ocean depth with a number of countries having that capability.
If it gets to the point of collapse, it basically implodes. It just crushes.
LAVANDERA: Finding the plane is daunting, bringing it back from the deep even more difficult. Ed Lavandera, CNN.
AZUZ: You might have had Sriracha before. It`s a hot sauce. On the Scoville scale, which measures spiciness, it`s about half as hot as tabasco. But a California city council is turning up the heat on the factory that makes it declaring the factory a public nuisance. This is all because of how it smells. People in the community of Irwindale, California, say a Sriracha plant that`s close to town, gives off spicy fumes. So spicy that residents say it`s giving them asthma, heartburn, teary eyes and nosebleeds. Since it opened, the plant has brought new jobs to Irwindale. And the company says it has state of the art air filters to prevent pollution. But because of complaints, the city has given the plant 90 days to clean up its act or representatives are threatening to make changes themselves.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” Winners of what sporting event are awarded a green jacket? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it, the U.S. Open, Kentucky Derby, Masters Tournament or Indianapolis 500? You`ve got three seconds, go.
The Masters Tournament played at Augusta National Golf Club is synonymous with the famed green jacket. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
AZUZ: Jack Nicklaus has worn that jacket six times as champion of the Masters. His first swim was in 1963. His last in 1986. The tournaments going on right now. It`s been held for 80 years. It`s one of those sporting events with both history and mystique. And it`s not just because of the way Augusta, Georgia looks in the springtime.
STEVE EUBANKS, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR, PGA.COM: Masters is the first major gulf event of the year, and it`s the unofficial start of spring.
The Masters is much different than everything else because it`s held at the same gulf course every year. Augusta, national The reason they tournament is so exclusive is it`s still an invitation, it`s very much like getting invited to the member guest at your local club that bring people from all over the world to play in this thing, and it`s the greatest invitation that you can get in the game.
The course changes almost every year. The course that they play in the 1930s bears no resemblance to the course they are playing today. Every year something it tweak, something is changed.
President Eisenhower was one of the most famous members of the Augusta National. And he always had difficulty with the big pine tree to the left of the 17th fairway. Ike was a slicer, and he started that ball right at the tree and most of the time it got it hung up in there. He threatened to chop it down, and Clifford Roberts told him that he might have freed the world, but that tree was remaining.
The Masters is the most sold after ticket in all of sports, because there is no place to go buy it. The tickets that have been around, people have had them for decades and in some instances, generations. You can get on the lottery program for either practice rounds or the part three tournaments. But to get in, it`s a very, very special treat.
Perhaps the two most significant events in golf: where Jack Nicklaus`s win in 1986 still considered perhaps the greatest gulf tournament of all time. When the golden bear came charging back and became the oldest Masters` winner. The other was in 1997. When Tiger Woods burst on the scene as an amateur and became the youngest Masters` winner.
Setting a record for margin of victory at an event.
The green jacket was originally established so that people would know who the members were at the club. They wanted the members to all be wearing something distinctive, so that if a spectator or they call them patrons of the Masters had a question, they would know who to walk up to and to ask.
First winner to receive a green jacket was Sam Snead in 1949. It was an idea that Bob Jones would make the tournament a little more special and set it apart.
AZUZ: For our last roll call of the week, we are going to start out west and make our way cross country to the golden state in Temecula, California. Always glad to see some bulldogs watching. We`ve got them at Vale Range Middle School.
In Circle, Montana, the eastern part of big sky country, there are some wild cats watching. They are at Circle High School. And on the East Coast, in the Granite State, the Panthers are poised at Three Rivers School. We found them in Hebron, New Hampshire.
Growing up, I used to hate mowing the lawn. Then again, I never head this: oh, yeah. If you need a full-fledged motorcycle helmet to ride it, chances are, it`s for the best yard chore ever. Honda recently broke the lawn mower speed record with this. It weighs 308 pounds. It`s got 109 horsepower from a motorcycle engine. It gets to 60 in four seconds. That`s faster than you cousin`s Camaro. And it`s just the lawn mower speed record at 117 miles per hour. The previous record of 88 miles per hour just doesn`t cut it. It`s like they looked at that speed and knew they could do more. Technology was their motivation. The record was the grastification. They`ve got their golds and gear, kept their speed on the ground and sliced through that record with great zoizha (ph). We`ll have mower on news for you on Monday. Have a great weekend, you.
More CNN Student News
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 8, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 7, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 6, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 5, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 49, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 47, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 46, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 45, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 44, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 43, 2014
- L3: BBC Words in the News with transcript videos
- L3: The Business of English Video Series
- L3: BBC The Reading Group
- L3: Pride and Prejudice AudioBook
- L3: VOA News transcript videos
- L3: CNN Student News with transcript
- Documentary Films with English Subtitles
- L3: Skins (TV-Series) with English Subtitles
- L3: Luke’s English Podcast
- L3: The Inbetweeners (TV-Series)
Source: CNNMore Series for You: