CNN Student News with transcript April 14, Wildfires in Chile; Outbreak of Ebola in West Africa; New Device for Hockey Players to Help Recognize Concussions
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Thank you for taking ten minutes on this Monday April 14th for CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. Here to get you up to speed on current events. That includes what`s happening in Chile. We`ve reported on earthquakes that have struck near the long South American country this year. Now, part of Chile is dealing with wildfires. Officials don`t know yet what caused this. But the wind has made it worth. The fires have burnt about 200,000 acres in the Pacific Coast city of Valparaiso. At least 16 people have died, according to police, and hundreds of homes have been lost. Chile`s president has declared a state of emergency and that allows members of the armed forces to get involved in helping firefighters and evacuating people. 10,000 Chileans have had to leave their homes.
Doctors in West Africa have been scrambling to contain the deadly outbreak of Ebola. The virus surfaced earlier this year in Guinea and it has spread to at least one neighboring country. Health officials say so far there are at least 180 suspected or confirmed cased of the hemorrhagic fever, and more than 100 people have died. So you can see how lethal it is.
DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CHIEF MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: They think Ebola comes from forested areas like these ones that you are looking at now. Pathogens, leaving inside of animals that somehow get into humans. And it`s so scary because Ebola is a swift, efficient and very bloody killer. In fact, in some cases nine out of ten people who become infected actually die from this.
It can take anywhere between two and 21 days for someone to start to get sick after they`ve been exposed. That`s called the incubation period. And during that time, they can travel. They can travel around the country or even between countries. That`s the concern. But here`s a little bit of good news. And that is that you are really not contagious. You are not going to spread the virus to other people until you are sick yourself. That`s when the virus is in your bodily fluids, and you`re going to actually be able to spread it. When you are sick, you are down. You`re unlikely to be moving around. You`re unlikely to be getting on a plane. But even after you`ve recovered, in some cases you can still transmit the disease for a period of time after that for up to six weeks. The symptoms here can often start off looking like the flu. You get a headache, people have fever. They start to feel unwell, tired. But after that, it gets unpretty. People actually start to develop significant diarrhea, then they start to vomit, but what really is a hallmark of this, is that it becomes bloody. The body starts to be unable to clot, and as a result you see bleeding on the outside, but it`s the bleeding on the inside that`s the most concerning and it can often cause death.
It`s a difficult thing to test for and that`s part of the problem. IN the beginning of outbreaks like this, nobody knows what`s happening and that`s when people become careless, that`s when health care workers start to get infected, and that`s how something like this starts to spread.
AZUZ: All right. There are a number of precautions that health care officials take, when they are in the areas of disease outbreaks. You might have seen the full body suits worn by them or workers at the CDC. Doctor Gupta is actually in Guinea right now, he shows us how some preparation is in the bag.
GUPTA: What you`re looking at here is a go-bag. It`s what we journalists carry whenever we cover a risky situation, whether it be a combat zone or a natural disaster or an infectious disease outbreak. One of the mandatory things we are always going to have, some sort of first aid kit. We carry that wherever we go. But after that it becomes a little bit more specific. For example, here in Guinea, one of the concerns is malaria, typhoid fever. So we make sure, for example, we have a Deet, simple Deet, we cover ourselves with that. And also, medications for malaria which we started taking a few days before we cover the story. Also, we may find ourselves all set in outside, staying in a tent, so we have something like a mosquito net to protect us that way.
When it comes to Ebola, there are some specific concerns. We know it`s not airborne, but it does spread through bodily fluids, and we know the person who is spreading it is typically very sick before they become contagious. So, the vicinity of people who are already sick we take special precautions besides a mask, for example, we have gloves, to cover up our hands. We have a suit like this to cover up all of our skin, even goggles to protect our eyes. And we`ll wash our hands before and after. These are simple steps, but they can make a huge difference. The key is to do your homework, to make sure you are not taking any unnecessary chances and to make sure you have a go-bag like this to stay prepared.
AZUZ: If you are wondering what other challenges journalists might face when they are in places where diseases and disaster strike, you are already thinking in terms of media literacy. Teachers, we provide a free media literacy question of the day every day. It`s on the transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com.
There are some jaguars roaming the Pacific Northwest specifically they are in the state of Oregon, and they are watching CNN STUDENT NEWS from Stoller Middle School in the Oregonian city of Portland. From there we are swooping down to Gilbert, Arizona. It`s where we found some hawks. They are on the wing at Highland High School. And if you`ve ever wondered what the difference is between a hawk and a warhawk, well one is that the warhawks are in Georgia. They are soaring over Veterans High School in Kathleen.
Two religious ceremonies to tell you about. For Christians, yesterday was Palm Sunday, also known as Passions Sunday. It`s the first day of the Holy Week that precedes Easter. The reason it`s called Palm Sunday is because it commemorates when Jesus Christ entered Jerusalem and the Bible says that crowds took branches of palm trees as they went out to celebrate his arrival.
And today is the beginning of Passover. It`s a Jewish holiday that lasts seven or eight days. Passover celebrates the time when God liberated the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. According to religious scriptures it`s called Passover because on the night when God struck the Egyptians he passed over the homes of the Israelites allowing them to leave.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See, if you can I.D. me. I`m a sport nicknamed the fastest game on Earth. I`m played out over three periods of 20 minutes each. My championship cup was donated by Lord Frederick Arthur Stanley. I`m ice hockey, and I`ve been played internationally since the 1800s. Ice hockey has also been called the most violent sport. Sure, there is the routine fighting you know about in the NHL, but you don`t need a fight to take a hit in hockey. From checking the collisions to just hitting the boards, it`s no wonder why those who are concerned about concussions aren`t just thinking of football. What can be done to help players keep their heads safely in the game?
ALEXANDRA FIELD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: In the rough world of ice hockey, a sport where concussions have become all too common, players tough out too often.
JUSTIN STANLICK, HIGH SCHOOOL HOCKEY TEACHER: There`s definitely in the stigma. Fight through it, work through it.
FIELD: But could new technology be a game changer? This is one of several products to hit the market that claims to indicate and keep track of the impact and number of blows to a player`s head.
Researchers are testing a range of this products, questioning how effective they are.
PAUL DAVIS, REEBOK, CHECKLIGHT PROGRAM DIRECTOR: You wear it on your head, and it`s basically feeding information to electronic module.
FIELD (on camera): You are measuring acceleration in rotation.
DAVIS: We are looking for rapid changes in both of those features.
FIELD (voice over): Concussions can happen when the brain moves back and forth or rotates inside the skull because of an impact. According to a study in the American Journal of Sports Medicine, concussions account for 22 percent of injuries in boys` high school hockey. But players who take a hit aren`t always willing to sit out and to check light.
DAVIS: It`s a flexible electronic device, worn in your hat for impact indication.
FIELD: A Reebok product equipped with technology that they say could help players check the upright and get potential injuries checked out.
The skull cap with a sensor placed inside it, is worn under a helmet.
(on camera): It`s really up to other players to notice what`s going on back there.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s correct.
FIELD (voice over): What`s visible outside the helmet is a small LED panel that lights up when a collision occurs. Yellow from moderate blow, red for a more significant impact. Researchers testing this and similar products say it is unclear what force causes products to trigger after an impact or worse – not to trigger. And that more testing needs to be done to determine just how accurate this devices are. But Reebok says the lights are triggered based on an algorithm that calculates the severity of the impact.
(on camera): Some people are going to wonder if check light can be abused if you are going to see, you know, teenage boys thinking it`s a good idea to light each other up. Are you seeing that?
STANLICK: It kind of goes away after the first, you know, first little bit of getting used to having the technology they stop that .
FIELD (voice over): If check light or similar technologies are proven to be effective, the hope is that in a rough game tough players won`t be left with permanent damage.
AZUZ: 78-years old and she`d never set foot on a rollercoaster. Now, think back. Do you remember your first ride? Were you this excited or just plain terrified? And after things really got going, did you find that this is hysterically funny?
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (LAUGHING)
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Thanks to YouTube. We can all watch Ria Van den Brand, the grandmother from the Netherlands rock-n`-rolling her maiden coaster voyage. Didn`t scream a bit. She was too busy laughing.
It was for an ad campaign so the ride didn`t coast her a penny. It also didn`t seem to roll her nerves or throw her for a loop. Maybe all the twists and turns just felt funny. She clearly thought the whole thing was a gasp, and at the end, we know who got the last laugh. This train is leaving the station. I hope your Monday goes well.
CNN Student News April 15, 2014: Instability in Ukraine; Bostonians Preparing for Marathon While Remembering Last Year`s Terrorist Attack; Lunar Eclipses Causing Blood Moon Effect
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. It`s great to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. This Tuesday, we are starting in Ukraine, a very unstable country. Some Ukrainians want closer ties to Russia. Others want to align themselves with Western Europe. The crisis is getting worse. Protesters aligned with Russia have taken over Ukrainian government buildings in certain cities. Ukraine`s government set deadlines for those demonstrators to leave or to be forced out by Ukraine`s armed forces. But these deadlines have passed without action by either side.
Ukraine and its allies including the U.S. blame Russia for stirring up instability. They`re concerned Russia may be trying to take over more of Ukraine after an annex the pro-Russian region of Crimea last month. Russia accuses Ukraine of war against its own people and says it`s the West that will determine whether civil war in Ukraine is avoided.
From Ukraine we are crossing land and sea, arriving in Boston, Massachusetts. It was a city shocked and in many ways strengthened after a terrorist attack at the Boston Marathon exactly one year ago. As runners and spectators prepare for the 2014 Marathon next Monday, CNN caught up with a runner who was affected by two terrorist attacks on U.S. soil.
ALEXANDRA FIELD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A freshly painted finish line and with it a new beginning for 36,000 runners ready to cross it.
SALLY DUVAL, RUNNER: April 15th last year was the hardest day I`ve had since, you know, the fall of 2001, the emotions and feelings came crashing back.
FIELD: When the bombs went off at last year`s marathon, Sally Duval`s husband, a runner, had just reached mile 25. He was unharmed but she quickly became determined.
DUVAL: I knew pretty much right away after last year`s bombings that I was going to run no matter what and there was nothing that could stop me from being a part of it. It was such an emotional, crazy time.
FIELD: For Duval, it was all too similar to that September day almost 12 years before. Her brother, Teddy Maloney, who worked at the World Trade Center, never came home.
DUVAL: I think that I feel very strongly that they can`t keep us down, and these kind of events, these terrorist acts that keep happening, you know, we need to rise above them.
FIELD: This year, running the Boston marathon will still be a feat for the elite, but also a job for runners with unfinished business and an opportunity for anyone who saw the devastation and wants to help heal the heartbreak.
JOANNE POMODORO, CLINICAL SOCIAL WORKER: This being my first marathon, I`m really thinking I`m overwhelmed at times, but then I say I have to practice what I preach so I`m healing myself.
FIELD: Joanne Pomodoro is a clinical social worker at Massachusetts General Hospital and a first time marathoner. She`s busy training, but also coaching other athletes for the mental hurdles they could face this year at every mile.
POMODORO: PTSD doesn`t come up until probably three months to six months after an event and many times if people don`t work on what the issue is, then they may re-experience it, so not being at the course, not training again on the course, and then all of that might become a flooding experience, with too many emotions.
FIELD: Putting one foot in front of the other, Duval has spent years learning how to move forward in the face of devastating loss. This year, she may help show others the way.
DUVAL: I think that you just have to stick with your routine and breathe in and breathe out every day, and the anniversary will come and be very, very emotional, but you move through it and you feel a sense of relief as you get past that day.
AZUZ: Ladies and gentlemen, start your engines. Today, CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call” is raving up in Dearborn, Michigan with the thunderbirds of Edsel Ford High School. From there, we are rolling east, at NHS school, Carlisle. We are saying hello to the bulldogs in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. And in the Orange State, it`s all about the Eagles. Parkland, Florida is where Stoneman Douglas High has made our roll. Today is tax day in America. It doesn`t sound like a holiday, and it`s not. For a good reason. It`s the deadline for Americans to file their income taxes with the government. About 146 million people share this deadline. It can`t be extended, if needed, but if Americans don`t pay their taxes, they could get in trouble with the IRS at best. And worse, they could land in jail. The 16 Amendment gives the government the power to collect income taxes. And here is what it does with them. Nearly a quarter of the revenue goes to Social Security, 22 percent to health and medical care programs, 19 percent funds national defense, and 12 percent is for safety net programs that help the poor. Veterans programs, interests on the national debt, research and education all factoring as well.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” What is an ambra? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it a shadow, pigment, cover or bird? You`ve got three seconds, go!
An ambra is a shadow. You often hear about ambras during an eclipse. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Such as the one people in North and South America were able to see last night. It`s called the blood moon – that sounds kind of creepy. What happened is a total lunar eclipse, the Earth was between the Sun and the Moon, so the Moon was in the Earth`s ambra or shadow. The result, NASA says, made the Moon appear to be a burnt reddish orange color, hence – blood moon. Last night`s observers had to be up really late or really early. It wasn`t scheduled to start until around 2 a.m. Eastern time. The red color wasn`t expected until around 3 a.m., and that was supposed to last an hour, visible only if there were no clouds in the way.
If you missed it, no problem. You`ve got another chance. Though these things occur pretty randomly, by the luck of the draw, scientists expect we`ll see four blood moons over the next year and a half.
When you`ve seen news coverage of disasters, you`ve heard of assistance by the Red Cross, but you probably haven`t heard of Red Paw. You`ve seen shelters set up for people, but you probably haven`t seen one set up for pets. It`s something Jen Leary saw as a problem she could solve. She`s a CNN hero who`s helping people by helping their animals.
JEN LEARY, CNN HERO: I was firefighter in Philly for seven years. You get to a fire scene and the firefighters are there to put out the fire. The Salvation Army and the Red Cross assist the people once the fire is out. But there just wasn`t anyone there to help the other part of the family.
I would see how upset the people were about their animals. Now, where is my pet, and then where is it going to go? These are people`s children. They`ve just lost everything. They shouldn`t then be forced to lose their pets as well.
(on camera): We have a dog displaced by a fire, a Chihuahua. I`m headed to the scene now.
(voice over): We respond 24-7, 365 days a year. We do for pets what the Red Cross does for people.
Now, we went into the basement, found the dog hiding behind something.
Once the fire is under control, we are able to look for the animals and bring them out.
(on camera): Hi, baby. Come here.
(voice over): Red Paw headquarters is my house.
(on camera): High now.
(voice over): We`ve helped close to 1,000 animals. She`s been in my house, and the owner said she was pregnant. Everything that the animal needs .
(on camera): You are hungry?
(voice over): We`ll handle for free for them.
When we reunite the families, it`s a good thing. It`s like this void has now been filled.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Hey, chocolate!
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Welcome home!
LEARY: My hope is that it`s a fresh start that they can move forward together. After going through such a sad thing, it`s so good to have a happy ending.
AZUZ: You might have read about the celebrated jumping frog of Calaveras County, the Mark Twain classic. The race at this event in Alabama – not as safe. It`s a rattlesnake rodeo. They are not particularly fast at crawling, which is actually a good thing. They are sure not as safe to handle as frogs, but those who do handle them, say safety is key as is education. This event aims to teach people how to react if they have a close encounter with a rattler. So, this is a rodeo on a whole different scale. Maybe they didn`t all want to race, but there were no reports of a strike.
Onlooker thought it was really some fang else. Some might have even called it venomenal. Now that we`ve left our crawling card, we`ll sleep away from now and hope to see you Wednesday for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News April 16, 2014: Boston Remembers the Marathon Bombing; Checking for Pathogens of Ebola in Guinea; Mapping Indian Ocean`s Floor in Search for Flight 370
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: FAFSA sounds kind of like a soft drink, but it`s more relevant to financial literacy and it`s coming up later today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to the show.
First up today, a tribute. Yesterday was the first anniversary of the terrorist attacks in the Boston Marathon. Three people died in the bombings, scores were injured, police say an officer was killed later by the bombing suspects. But the city soldiers on. From a moment of silence at the races finish line to sound of church bells ringing and the raising of the American flag. The ceremony embodied the slogan Boston Strong. Thousands of people gathered in the rain, from first responders and the vice president to runners and injured victims. One man who had shrapnel in his leg said that last year he was on the ground at the finish line, this year he`ll be running across it.
Is this legit? There`s a vaccine for the Ebola virus? Not legit. There is no known cure or vaccine for Ebola. Avoiding close contact with Ebola patients is crucial.
One unique thing about Ebola is that unlike some other viruses, people don`t tend to spread it, until they actually get sick with it. So, it`s only when they are feverish that they are contagious. Once they are, it spreads very easily and kills more than half of those who get it. It`s never infected humans in the U.S., but for scientists researching and trying to stop Ebola`s spread in Guinea, taking extreme precautions is just part of the job.
SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A simple blue box, potentially carrying one of the most dangerous pathogens in the world on its way to be tested. In less than four hours we`ll find out whether it contains the Ebola virus. The fate of three patients depends on what`s inside. Simply getting the blood samples is a life threatening job. One of these workers told us, he has a nine-month old baby at home. They`ll do everything they can to protect themselves. Three pairs of gloves, booties and layer after layer of gowns. They go in to see the patients. Every single inch of their body covered. Impermeable suits, nothing in, nothing out. You see, even a drop of the Ebola virus that gets through a break in your skin can infect you. And we all have breaks in our skin.
This is the painstaking detail in process you have to go through to be able to interact with these patients with Ebola. This is as close as we can get. They are decontaminating themselves, but they`ve taken the blood samples and put them in this blue ice chest over here and it`s highly suspicious that contains Ebola.
WHO lab technicians suit up next. They`ve just been hand-delivered the blue boxes. Now, it`s their job to test a sample for the deadly virus. They are going to have the results just two hours from now. But a few years ago being able to test for Ebola on its own turn was impossible. Precious blood samples had to be taken out of remote forested areas in Central Africa and flown to the CDC in Atlanta or the WHO in Geneva. Pilots would sometimes refuse to fly the dangerous pathogens. And even if they did, it could take days or weeks to get the results.
8 p.m. We get the call.
UM: So, two of these are positive.
GUPTA (on camera): So, two of the three patients .
GUPTA: Now have confirmed Ebola.
(voice over): Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN, Conakry, Guinea.
AZUZ: We are 16 days in the financial literacy month, and we have a new term for those of you who are thinking about higher education. It`s FAFSA. Yes, that is fun to say. But it has to do with financial aid that can help with the cost of college. If you`re applying for that aid, the U.S. government requires you to fill out a form. It`s called the free application for federal student aid or FAFSA. The government uses this form to determine whether you need help paying for college and how much help you are eligible to get. Many colleges and universities require this as well when deciding the terms of their scholarships. And if you need financial aid for more than a year, you`ll likely have to apply again. FAFSA can come up several times throughout your college education.
Another event happening in April is National Library Week. It runs from the 13 through the 19 and in honor of it, cnn.com asked viewers to submit their I-report photographs of their favorite libraries. The results are beautiful. In some cases, astounding. According to the American Library Association, the week-long observance has been around since 1958. It includes all kinds of libraries, public, school, academic. And it celebrates the contributions of libraries and librarians. In a Pew research study released last year, 94 percent of Americans said that having a public library improves life in their community. Though just over half of those polled said people don`t need public libraries as much as they used to.
Still, it appears the use of public libraries has gone out in the past decade. You`d be welcome to join in, just please keep your voice down.
In the case of a missing Malaysia Airlines planes, weeks of searching the ocean surface for clues or wreckage have come up with nothing. In fact, the search for floating debris is wrapping up. Now, the focus is on what`s under the waves. And though no new pings or underwater signals have been heard recently, new maps are being drawn.
ANGUS HOUSTON, JOINT AGENCY COORDINATION CHIEF: This is an area that is new to man.
JEAN CASAREZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: With no pings since last Tuesday, the search had strayed down to the ocean floor with what is known as an AUV, the autonomous underwater vehicle Bluefin 21. And to say this is uncharted territory is putting it mildly.
HOUSTON: The sort of imagery I`ve seen it`s not sharply mountains or anything, it`s more flat and almost rolling.
CASAREZ: Side scan sonar will produce a high resolution three dimensional map while searchers are hoping to spot evidence of Flight 370, oceanographers want to take this chance to learn as much as they can about this part of the ocean.
ARNOLD GORDON, PROFESSOR OF OCEANOGRAPHY: We know so little that we will learn something about the seafloor there. It`s mythology, the hills and valleys and how rough it is.
CASAREZ: Arnold Gordon is a professor of oceanography at Columbia University. Oceanographers are on site offering their knowledge of the deep and potentially benefitting scientifically from a multimillion dollar operation with an unprecedented focus on an otherwise overlooked part of the ocean.
GORDON: We talk about millions of dollars to do this work, and obviously, if one wanted to do this from a scientific perspective, we would not get the funding.
CASAREZ: One potential obstacle for those looking for the plane, deep layers of silt at the bottom of the Indian Ocean could yield valuable new information for oceanographers.
GORDON: You can learn where it came from, what`s the source of the sediment in that area. You would learn something about the ocean bottom currents that move the sediment around.
HOUSTON: We are actually gathering information about the search environment all of the time, and that`s spectered (ph) into the analysis.
CASAREZ: While so much about Flight 370 is shrouded in mystery, scientists hope to gain knowledge for the future. Jean Casarez, CNN, New York.
AZUZ: We cover news from all over the world. We are happy to have viewers all over the world. This worldwide Wednesday, we are saying hello to Lin Tran Junior High School. It`s in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Across the Pacific, happy to see you in Woodstock, Ontario, Canada. They are online at Spring Bank public school. And in Marche-en-Famenne, Belgium, thank you for watching it, Institute Sal-Horant (ph). Glad to be part of your day.
(INAUDIBLE) of your parents say you`re growing up too fast. Here`s proof. It`s a time lapse that a Dutch filmmaker made of his daughter from when she was a newborn to her 14th birthday. The original YouTube video lasts four minutes. This is sped up even more. The man says he saw his daughter changing so quickly that he needed to document the way she looked. And the British newspaper says the girl like her dad is proud of the project.
Of course, it took some time to put together, but it`s certainly grows on you. It`s something that family can watch year after year clocking the differences, seeing how time flies. This was truly a video for the ages. Our ten minutes is up. I`m Carl Azuz. We hope you`ll make time for us again tomorrow.
CNN Student News April 17, 2014: Passenger Ferry Capsized in South Korea; Al Qaeda Massive Gathering in Yemen; T-Rex`s Bones for Smithsonian Museum; Remembering Jackie Robinson
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz. It`s good to see you this Thursday. First up, people around the world are praying for South Korea. On Wednesday, there was an accident on a ferry headed for a resort island. It was carrying 459 people. The weather was good. The seas were calm. But witnesses say that around 9 a.m. the ship started to list. At some point, there was a loud bang. It`s unclear whether that was before or after the ship began tilting. People were told over a loudspeaker to stay where they were, that it`d be too dangerous to move, but over the next couple of hours, the ship capsized, and the passengers many of whom were high school students, were in desperate need of rescue. Paula Hancocks reported on this in the hours after the accident.
PAULA HANCOCKS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It`s a heartbreaking scene here, just outside Jindo auditorium on the southwest tip of South Korea. This is really the staging area for where the rescued had come earlier this morning, but now where the parents of those who are still missing are congregated desperately waiting for any news of their children.
There is a list behind me, which is basically of the people who have been rescued and the names of the hospitals if they have been taken to hospital. We are seeing families arrive in a desperate state, looking through those names, pouring over the list and breaking down when they see that their child`s name is not on that list. Now, we now that the majority of the passengers on this ship were high school students. They were on their way to Jeju Island, just size of South Korea, but hundred kilometers south. It`s a tourist area. They were on a full day field trip. We know at this point almost 300 people are still missing. Now, as you can see darkness has fallen and, of course, with it hopes are falling as well of finding many more survivors. We do know that the search and rescue operation is still very much underway. Helicopters are trying to see if anyone is in the water. We know that Navy divers have been trying to get inside the sunken ship, throughout the day. It`s unclear whether or not they were able to. We know they were having difficulty because of strong currents. There`s also a USS Navy ship from the U.S. Seventh Fleet trying to lend their hand as well. A desperate situation as the search continues for those who are still missing. But of course, these waters are cold of South Korea, and we are hearing from the coast guard that the expectation of survival really is no more than two hours.
Paula Hancocks, CNN, Jindo, South Korea.
AZUZ: Next story today concerns the Middle Eastern nation of Yemen. It`s not just what it shows that troubles the Central Intelligence Agency and the Pentagon. It`s also whom it shows. This is believed to be the largest gathering of terrorists in years. They are affiliated with al Qaeda, the terrorist group responsible for this September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States. And they are meeting out in the open, blatantly risking a possible strike by a U.S. drone. In the video, the group`s leader acknowledges this risk and calls on terrorists to attack America again.
Experts say the CIA and the U.S. military either didn`t know about the meeting, or they couldn`t get a drone there in time to attack. But after its recent appearance on militant Islamist Websites, U.S. officials are analyzing every frame.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. My history can be traced back to an English scientist named James Smithson. But most of my buildings are located in Washington, D.C. I`m the world`s largest museum and research complex. I`m the Smithsonian Institution comprising 19 museums and galleries and the National Zoo.
AZUZ: One of those museums, the Museum of Natural History houses 30 million insects, 7 million fish and one big old Tyrannosaur Rex. Except unlike the other animals, the T-Rex is a fake. It`s a replica. In a way, it`s been sort of a placeholder since 1999, but its days are numbered. A real T-Rex or at least a fossilized one has migrated east in 16 crates.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The brand scull in Bozmon (ph), Montana, is a symbol of this story. Way back in 1988, a rancher made an unexpected discovery. Not a Hollywood-style dinosaur like in “Jurassic Park”, but a nearly pristine skeleton of one of history`s most infamous prehistoric predators embedded in federal land.
KIRK JOHNSON, SMITHSONIAN NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY DIRECTOR: And it lay in the ground much as it died on the shores of a stream in Montana just over 66 million years ago.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The skeleton is one of the largest in most complete specimens every discovered. It was excavated, and remained in Montana until now. Thanks to the Army Corps of Engineers, the dinosaur was divided into shipping crates, than packed into a FedEx truck and sent to Washington.
LT. GEN. THOMAS BOSTICK, ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS: Bringing the nation`s T- Rex to the nation`s capitals where it can educate and inspire future generations.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The animal`s massive femur bone was unveiled for the crowd at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Tuesday, which is closing the dinosaur hole that has existed here since 1911 or renovations.
But visitors will be able to watch as the stuff unpacked catalogue and photograph, the fossils in the new temporary Rex room.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And this specimen was one of the first ones discovered that had an intact arm.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There are also banana-sized teeth, a glimpse of which will have to suffice until the fully reconstructed skeleton is unveiled in a new exhibit in 2019.
After 66 million years, perhaps impatient paleontology fans can bare to wait just five more. In Washington, I`m Stacy Cohen reporting.
AZUZ: When we say today`s “Roll Call” is going cross country, we mean it`s continental. First school is in Haines, Alaska, the glacier bears are watching there are Haines High School. Deeping South East, we`ve got some lions in Tennessee. It`s good to see you, guys, at Concord Academy. It`s in Memphis. And back up north, in the pine tree state, we are waiting to the wild cats of Presque Isle High School. They are watching in Presque, Isle Main (ph).
If you are a baseball fan like I am, you might have noticed that on Tuesday, everyone playing in the major leagues were number 42. That was the number of Jackie Robinson, the first African American player in the major leagues. His first game, on April 15th, 1947. That was a year before the U.S. military was integrated. Seven years before the Supreme Court ruled that schools had to be integrated as well. The Brooklyn Dodgers` infielder and outfielder played for almost ten years, and the number 42 was eventually retired from all of Major League Baseball. That means from here on out, no one will wear it again. Today, about 8.5 percent of Major League players are African American.
All right, next story today. They may be on scholarship, having the cost of higher education covered. They may be in championships, having their faces broadcast to households nationwide. Some may even become pro- athletes, but some of them are not getting enough to eat. For months, the National Collegian Athletic Association, the NCAA, has been discussing ways to change its rules concerning meals for athletes.
ANDY SCHOLES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The NCAA approved a proposal on Tuesday to expand the meal plan for college athletes. Under this new proposal, anyone who plays in the Division One sport including walkons (ph), will be given unlimited meals and snacks.
Previously, schools were allowed to provide three meals a day to only scholarship athletes, and this topic has been debated for months, but it was thrust into the spotlight during the NCAA tournament when UConn star guard and the final four`s most outstanding player Shabazz Napier said, that some nights he goes to bed hungry
SHABAZZ NAPIER, UCONN BASKETBALL PLAYER: We definitely (inaudible) a scholarship to our universities. But at the end of the day, that doesn`t cover everything, you know. We do have hungry nights that we don`t have enough money to get food and sometimes, you know, need a money – money is needed. So, you know, but I don`t think – you know you should stretch it out to hundreds to thousands dollars for players, you know, because that`s not – you know, a lot of times God knows (ph) how to handle – for money. So. But I think – you know, (INAUDIBLE) has idea, and you see – see where it goes.
SCHOLES: The new meal plan comes on the heels of the decisions by the National Labor Relations Board in Chicago. There are football players in Northwestern University qualify as employees and are allowed to unionize. Now, those Westerners appealing that decision unlike the NCAA maintain that players are students, not employees. The new mill proposal still must be approved by the Board of Directors, which means April 24. From the CNN center, I`m Andy Scholes.
We are wrapping things up today, with a World War One era love story. The owners of a home in Indiana were remodeling recently. As a contractor pulled away some insulation in the attic, pages appeared. Letters, written in 1918 from a man preparing this ship off to war, to his sweetheart back home. It`s a mystery how they ended up in this attic. Though, the soldier does have modern day relatives leaving in the same town. The letters were returned to the family. The soldier who wrote them eventually married the woman he sent them to. So, you can see what made this roman tick. It`s clear he did the right thing, even if he didn`t letter alone. His actions composed the kind of story. We just love to tell. I`m Carl Azuz, for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News April 18, 2014: Rebuilding of West, Texas; Demonstration of Recovering Things from Deep Waters; Car on Empire State Building`s Roof
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: It`s April, 18, Good Friday for millions of people worldwide. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of commercial-free current events. Our first story today takes us to a Texas town named West. Yesterday was exactly one year after an enormous explosion destroyed a fertilizer plant there.
That gives you a sense of how powerful it was. It started with the fire, and while first responders were fighting it, the explosion occurred. 15 people were killed. The accident is still under investigation, but some effects on the landscape remain. 120 homes were destroyed. Another 200 were damaged. The blast registered as a magnitude 2.1 earthquake, shaking houses 50 miles away. In a town of about 2800 people, everyone in West was affected in some way. But residents have started to rebuild. The process described as being brick by brick, shingle by shingle, prayer by prayer.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: In West it is a new day. Street by street, block by block, house by house, the town`s mayor Tommy Muska likes what he sees.
TOMMY MUSKA, WEST, TEXAS MAYOR: It`s a smile on my face. And we lived with dumpsters for a while. Dumpsters is progress. That humming is progress.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The town recently hired the same economic development consultants who helped New Orleans and Galveston start over after Hurricanes Katrina and Ike. And for the first time since the town`s darkest day last year, folks who live here are beginning to ask a painful question: should a new fertilizer plant be built in West?
MUSKA: That`s a hard pill. That`s going to be a hard pill to swallow for some people.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: With the West plant gone, the mayor says farmers must travel up to 30 miles away to get the fertilizer they need.
MUSKA: You know, it`s a needed industry. Somewhere in this area. Is it right here in West? I don`t know. Will it be zoned where people won`t build around it? Hopefully, hopefully we`ve learned the lesson there. Will it be safe? You bet!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: While the mayor looks toward the future, he says he will never forget the 15 people who lost their lives that day. Mostly first responders, some of who`ve volunteered with him at the Fire Department. As we drove around town, Mayor Muska spotted the two flags flying over the ambulance sheet. Someone lowered them to half-staff after the explosion and they`ve remained that way ever since. The powerful symbol for the town.
AZUZ: Might seem hard to believe that in some areas what`s killing more Americans than violent crime and car crashes is the illegal drug heroin and other opiate narcotics. These are highly addictive drugs. They are easy to overdose on. They cause violent withdrawal symptoms. Despite that, there`s been a recent surge in heroin use in the U.S. Experts say one reason might be a nationwide crackdown on prescription painkillers. That`s leading addicts to turn to heroin. U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder says the issue seemed to sneak up on government officials. That it used to be thought of as a regional problem, until statistics showed it was nationwide. Holder`s been criticized, though, for pushing for more lenient treatment of non-violent drug offenders.
Tracking across the United States, today`s CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call starts in the Tar Hill state. We found some hawks soaring over Kernersville, North Carolina. They are online at Kernersville Middle School. (INAUDIBLE) from there will make (INAUDIBLE) in Laurel, Mississippi, the Mustangs of West Jones High School are watching from the Magnolia State. Mustangs will come up later today. And on the West Coast, in Bakersfield, California, we are shouting out the bull dogs. Great to see you at Golden Valley High School.
An underwater drone has spent hours at the bottom of the Indian Ocean scanning for wreckage of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. It disappeared last month with 239 people aboard. No sign of it has been found. But if something is, getting a view at a place without light where any quick movements could stir up too much silt to see through will make a recovery very difficult.
MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It is a pretty amazing scene. We are inside of a submersible. Now, I`ll stress, not the kind of submersible that could go to the depths of, say, where they believe the airliner is, but it`s a perfect way to demonstrate some of the challenges as well as the abilities. If you take a look back here, let me just demonstrate how extremely tight these quarters are. Our pilot has to sit all the way directly behind us here in the dark, and he is the man in control. He is guiding this vessel. Meanwhile, the two of us up here, Phil Newton who is the expert on underwater recovery works. He`s been doing this for decades, is going to show us how manipulating this arm at this depth of retrieving a black box. It`s one we set out there, but it`s a way to give you a good example of just how even in this murk that you can begin to evaluate the tricky circumstances. So, Phil, if you would – we`ve already glassed it with the mechanical arm that you`ve got here, right?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (INAUDIBLE) bring it over and get in the basket. Now it`s easy as one I suppose.
SAVIDGE: And so there you can see the black box is going to be retrieved by the claw. It`s no easy thing, just finding it in the gloom, but then the next step is it`s got to get into the basket because that is the way it`s going to be transported to the surface. And again, we point out to you at this step, it would be totally done. We are using very bright lighting up, there`d been – even then you can see the gloom. On top of that, manipulating this arm is not as easy as using your own hand to try to grab something under the water.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” What was the tallest building in the world back in 1931? If you think you know it, shout it out! Was it, the Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, Willis Tower, or Eiffel Tower. You`ve got three seconds, go!
When the Empire State Building was completed in 1931, it was the tallest manmade structure on the planet. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
So, no surprise there was a ton of publicity throughout its construction. And the Empire State Building has been used in a number of publicity stunts. Consider, if you will, a car company looking to generate a lot of buzz for a new model. So much so, that it`s willing to cut it in the pieces, carry it up 86 floors and rebuild it outdoors on an observation deck.
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Down there on the street is where cars are supposed to be, not up here. 86 floors above New York City atop the Empire State Building. The out of place 2015 Ford Mustang had tourists wondering.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The first thing was, how in the name of God did they get it up here?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Maybe by the copter?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A helicopter or something?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I throw (INAUDIBLE) the helicopter.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It basically rode the elevator just like you and I did.
MOOS: Not just like you or I. We wouldn`t have to get chopped up into pieces. The Mustang was cut up into five pieces, small enough to fit in the smallest Empire State Building elevator.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We only have an elevator that`s 36 inches wide.
MOOS: They actually built a mock elevator back at the Ford shop to make sure everything would fit. This wasn`t` the first time a Ford Mustang rode these elevators. Back in 1965 then newly introduced Mustang made the same trip and was photographed on the observatory. This latest elevation of the Mustang was meant to celebrate its 50th anniversary, and weather, though, didn`t cooperate. Snowflakes were flying as they assembled the Mustang high above Manhattan. It had to be done overnight when the observation deck was closed. And the car had to be put together in a six hour window. Here`s the process sped up. Despite the weather they met their deadline.
Ford wasn`t actually first to raise a car in new heights, maybe they got the idea from Chevy.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Chevrolet 1964.
MOOS: They did use a helicopter to lift car and model atop this sandstone tower in Utah.
AZUZ: Getting the car up there is certainly a tall order. With that Mustang, there was no room for horsing around, but if you have the drive, you can afford to stunt your building publicity. You`re really trying to give a brand a lift? Well, this can be an ingenious idea. But it`s a tight fit, and you must angle it just right. I`m Carl Azuz. My shift is up. We are hitting the road back in the driver seat on Monday.
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