CNN Student News with transcript May 19, 2014: Devastating Flooding in Balkans; Air Force Fighting California Wildfires; Tracing White Shark; Linguistic Diversity in the United States
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Thank you for kicking off a new week with CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of current events with no commercials. I`m Carl Azuz at the CNN Center. First up today, disaster in the Balkans. This is a region of Europe, east of the Adriatic Sea. And the nation of Serbia is dealing with its worst flooding since people started keeping records 120 years ago. Rain and rising rivers are the reason why more than 24,000 people have been evacuated in Serbia. But one rescuer says, many more need to get out. They just don`t want to leave their homes. Several people have died in Serbia, as well as in neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnian officials say one town got two months` worth of rain in less than two days. More than 10,000 troops have been helping with rescue efforts in the region. Other nations from Russia to Israel are sending supplies.
The West Coast of the U.S. has been dealing with another sort of disaster, but since last week, officials in California have made a lot of progress in containing wildfires. The weather shifted. Cooler winds and moist air from the Pacific Ocean helped firefighters get a handle on most of the blazes in southern California. One of them scorched the chunk of land the size of Manhattan. And fire season is just beginning, but crews have a lot of tools to deal with it.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A wall of flames closing in on a Marine air strip, a military base under siege.
COL. WILL HOOPER, 3RD MARINE AIRCRAFT WING: I watched as this thing marched from about a half a mile away, almost within 200 meters of us, and I could feel the heat on my face, as this thing approached.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Enter the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing and 22 helicopters ready to battle the flames. On this flight, we are headed for a lake on the base with the 300 gallon bucket in tow. Our chopper is guided by a crew chief, many (INAUDIBLE) the chopper floor. From our window, you can see the delicate balance is other choppers low toward the lake. Our pilot does the same – lowering the bucket till it submerged. Once it`s full, we head for the fire line.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Right now, we`re flying directly over the fire line. You can actually see how badly burned this area is after these fires.
The crew chief spots the right moment to make the drop. On his signal, the water is released. In all, these choppers made over 900 drops, at the fire`s peak, Captain Bradley Gibson pulled it off with zero visibility.
CAPTAIN BRADLEY GIBSON, PILOT: You see your lead aircraft going to smoke and it just disappears. You don`t know if it`s going straight ahead. You don`t know if it`s coming out to the left. You don`t even know if it got its bucket dropped off or not, so – the best you can do is hope.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The smoke so intense it cut off the main water supply on the base, forcing the crews to look elsewhere.
This video shows a Marine chopper hovering over the Pacific Ocean.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Actually reassuring to see my neighborhood.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: These Marines don`t just fight fires on Camp Pendleton, but in nearby communities.
In some cases, water drops like this are to protect even their own homes.
ERIC LANDBLOM, PILOT: You know, you confidence. And I can – I can call home and call the wife and say, hey, (INAUDIBLE) looks good.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The water drops these Marines could have make in 2003, when the massive cedar wildfire killed 20 people. Today, new policies have united the Marines with local firefighters.
AZUZ: New Smyrna Beach on Florida`s East Coast has been called the shark attack capital of the world.” No one has ever been killed by a shark by there, but attacks are pretty common. There`ve been several this year including one last week. Make come as no surprise that Katharine the Great White Shark was recently tracked not too far away.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This shark is named Katharine by Kat customers in honor of Katharine Lee Baits (ph).
ALINA MACHADO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We are taking a stroll at the Sebastian Inlet Park about a 140 miles north of Miami. Researches tagged this 9300 pound great white shark all the way up in Cape Cod Massachusetts back in August. They spent about 15 minutes with her, they did an ultrasound, they measured her, they even got a blood sample, and they put this special tracking device so they can keep tabs on her not just for right now, but also for the next five years. So far, this shark has traveled more than 3600 miles.
And the reason they are doing this is because they are trying to unravel the mystery behind the great white shark in the Atlantic Ocean. They want to figure out where and when these sharks are breeding, and also where their nurseries are located so they can protect these areas.
Now, the cool thing about all of this for you and I, is that we can actually keep tabs on this research real time and we are all waiting to see where Katharine will head next.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” After English and Spanish, what`s the most widely spoken language in U.S. homes? If you think you know it, shout it out!
Is it French, Chinese, German or Arabic? You`ve got three seconds, go!
An estimated 2.8 million people in the U.S. speak Chinese at home making that your answer. And that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Now, that`s for the U.S. as a whole. It has no official language, though English is spoken by more than 82 percent of people in the U.S. And it is official in 28 states. When you take each state, though, you break down what`s spoken after English and Spanish, you`ll see an incredibly diverse linguistic landscape.
FAREED ZAKARIA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Other than English, Spanish is the most spoken language in almost all U.S. states. But watch what happens when you remove Spanish from the equation. Now there is the melting pot. In Michigan, Arabic clocks in as the third most commonly spoken language. In Minnesota, it`s Hmong. In Oregon, it`s Russian. It`s Vietnamese in four states, Texas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Washington. It`s a Filipino language called Tagalog in Hawaii, California and Nevada. In four states, it`s Native American languages, it`s French in 11 states and in 16 states it`s German.
If you`re surprised at that number, according to recent Census measures of countries of ancestry, people of German heritage outnumber all other groups in the United States, even Irish. Remember, until the First World War by some accounts, German was the second most widely spoken language in all of the United States.
AZUZ: We appreciate the thousands of schools that have requested a mention on our “Roll Call” this year. Today, we are starting with one in the Golden State. Temescal Canyon High School, it`s the home of the Titans. They are online in Lake Elsinore, California. In the Sunflower state, it`s the Falcons that are soaring over Pomona, Kansas. They are watching from West Franklin High School and in the Yellow Hammer state, hello to the leopards of Blount High School. Good to see you not too far away in Eight Mile, Alabama.
Finishing a triathlon, scaling China`s Great Wall, hiking the Grand Canyon. Project “Athena” is a program that helps women do things like this after they`ve had a traumatic injury or medical setback. The project gives grands, covering travel, equipment, coaching, whatever`s needed for its adventure. It`s founder is a firefighter, an Iron Man competitor and inspiration. She`s also a CNN Hero.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: (INAUDIBLE) hurt in 2005. I had 46 surgeries in attempts to salvage the leg. I finally decided on amputation.
A lot of people view as a loss, but I got my life back.
ROBYN BENINCASA, CNN HERO: Very often, people are saying, OK, I survived, but now what? And we want to be that now what?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Good job, ladies!
I was a world class adventure racer. In the world championships I hit the deck. And the doctor said you`re never going to run again. I`ve had four hip replacements. After my first, I said, I`m just going to put something on my calendar, so that I`m still training for something. It just makes you realize it`s not about the setback, it`s about the comeback.
So, I thought, let`s do that for other women.
UNIDENTIFIED PEOPLE: Latina (ph)!
BENINCASA: I started an organization that helps survivors of medical or traumatic setbacks live an adventurous dream as part of their recovery.
You`re strong kid, Elli girl!
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I was in the place of such uncertainty, so finding the Website was such a message of home to me.
Here with group of women who understood it on a different level?
BENINCASA: Athena girls! Yeah, baby!
Being an Athena, you are not just a survivor. You are an adventurer. We give them a different label to put on themselves and it`s something they become on the way to the finish line.
AZUZ: It`s graduation tradition to toss your cap in the air. One graduation speaker recently tossed a football.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
PATON MANNING: I`m truly humbled to be here today to help you celebrate this remarkable time in your lives.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: That`s Super Bowl winning quarterback Paton Manning and fortunately for some graduating seniors at the University of Virginia, he didn`t throw as hard during Saturday`s event as he typically does in the NFL. There were no dropped passes, no YouTube infamy for the receiving graduates, just a chance to have a ball in the pro.
A lot of people would pay tons for that experience, receiving a pass and some advice, running back to you, see, without going on the defensive. Very few would pass on that, Manning. I`m Carl Azuz. We`ll kick off another show on Tuesday.
CNN Student News May 20, 2014: Blackshades Malware Affecting Cyber Security Worldwide; Pentagon Uses Zombie Fighting Scenario for Training Students; The Largest Dinosaur Remains Found in Argentina; Media Consolidation Wave Can Break Antitrust Laws; NASA`s Testing New Unmanned Spaceship Morpheus; Rubik`s Cube Turning 40
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Blackshades, creepware, ominous names, associated with the worldwide computer hacking scandal. It`s where we start today`s edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
PREET BHARARA, U.S. ATTORNEY: Once installed on a victim`s computer, the Blackshades (INAUDIBLE) allowed users to remotely and secretly gain access to everything on the victim`s computer. Including private photographs and documents, and even passwords to online accounts.
It could even record every key stroke entered on a victim`s keyboard to speedily steel credit card and other sensitive information.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: One of the creepiest parts about Creepware like that is that many of its victims didn`t even know it was on their computers. We are talking more than half a million people worldwide. Creepware is a form of malware, something that can harm or take control over a computer, and more than 90 people linked to the Blackshade`s creepware are now behind bars around the world. It`s because of one the largest global cybercrime crackdowns ever. And though the damage has been done from extortion to bank fraud and blackmail, the FBI has shut down a site where Blackshades was sold.
If there`s a zombie apocalypse – I know, just roll with it for a second. The Pentagon has a plan in place to keep Americans safe. But haven`t helped you if you live outside the U.S.
OK, now here`s the deal: the U.S. military has plans for dealing with all kinds of disasters. Natural events, catastrophes, military or terrorist attacks. So, worked up a document for dealing with the flesh-eating invasion by the walking dead. Why? Training. It`s a fictional scenario, of course, but it will be used to help students understand how the military plans and coordinates during disasters. Where personnel should go, how to restore the rule of law after the Zombies are taken out. It`s not a strategic command plan, but it is a teaching tool, and one that is sure to get attention.
Today, the biggest animal on land is the African elephant. It can grow to be 13 feet high, and weigh 14,000 pounds. That`s nothing when you compare it to Titanosaur. Scientists believe this thing was as long as two tractor trailers and weigh 180,000 pounds. They recently got some perspective on how big that is from fossils in South America.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Godzilla is back on top of the box office, and while this gigantic lizard is just a fiction, this may have been the real Godzilla of its day. Small by movie standards, but likely the biggest dinosaur to ever roam the planet.
JOSE LUIS CARBALLIDO, PALEONTOLOGIST (through translator): This is the largest femur known from any animal that has walked on Earth.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This giant thigh bone, a part of an amazing discovery in Argentina where paleontologists say they`ve uncovered the fossilized remains of a new species of Titanosaur. A gigantic dinosaur that lived some 95 million years ago, had a long neck and long tail, worked on four legs and ate plants. Scientists call it a truly colossal creature weighing the same as 14 elephants.
CARBALLIDO: This animal measured up to 40 meters long, and with the head upright would have measured 20 meters tall. Equivalent to a seven-story building, which is surely the height at which they ate.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Paleontologists say that Titanosaur was found in a massive field of fossils, a virtual dinosaur cemetery. They found at least seven more sets of remains and hundreds more bones. Some of which are now on display at a nearby museum.
Experts are related calling the discovery a treasure trove of information providing new insights into an ancient chapter of earth history.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. I`m a U.S. government agency that was established in 1934. My rules apply to everything that gives up a radio frequency from Wi-Fi to garage door openers. My job is to regulate communications including cable, satellite and TV. I`m the FCC, the Federal Communications Commission.
AZUZ: Along with the Justice Department, the FCC will be looking at a new merger between two massive media companies. AT&T is planning to acquire DirecTV. We say, “planning” because the merger is so big and it would give AT&T a lot of control over the pay TV market. So, the government will have to approve the merger for it to go through.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Nearly $50 billion, that`s the hefty price tag AT&T agreed to pay for DirecTV. America`s largest satellite TV provider. This deal just the latest in the wave of media consolidation. Comcast revealed its plans to buy Time Warner cable for $45 billion in February, and Sprint parent company Softbank has been expressing its interest in sealing a deal with T-Mobile. The inevitable concern, this new Internet and video power houses could take more control over your screens, all of them.
MICHAEL WEINBERG, VICE PRESIDENT, PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE: With that consolidation and that reduction of competition, we see fewer things happening and prices mostly going up for consumers and subscribers. Potentially good for consumers, AT&T and DirecTV say the acquisition could mean new bundles that would bring TV and Internet options across all of your screens, even those in cars and airplanes. The fate of this new alliance, rests in the hands of the FCC.
SEN. AL FRANKEN (D) MINNESOTA: There is a proper role for the Department of Justice to look at this as an antitrust matter and for the FCC to look at this as in the public interest.
Lantana, Carlton, Tomah, the three communities of the three schools, and today CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call. First one in Florida, where the chiefs of Santaluces High School are on today`s roll.
Next, we are jetting up to Michigan where the jets are flying high over airport high school. And finally in Wisconsin, howl low to the Timberwolves of Tomah Middle School.
The U.S. Government currently spends about $17.5 billion a year on NASA, and the National Aeronautic and Space Administration uses that money on everything from weather and communication satellites to exploring space. Here`s the issue with that last part. It isn`t cheap. And it isn`t safe. Project Morpheus aims to address these problems with a sort of drone.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Our galaxy is a 100,000 light years wide, with roughly 200 billion stars, and there are entire planetary systems still to be discovered. Exploring that is costly. The U.S. has spent 1.5 trillion on space activity since 1959, and 14 astronauts have lost their lives. So, how do we continue to reap the rewards of space without the huge costs?
Enter Morpheus, NASA`s unmanned planetary lander and flying test laboratory. About the size of a Chevrolet suburban, its modest $13 million price tag gives it unparalleled freedom to push the boundaries of space.
Morpheus is fueled by liquid methane and liquid oxygen, which is significant because these propellants can actually be manufactured in space, meaning a craft using this fuel could conceivably refuel on a distant planet and continue deeper into space.
Another key technology being tested in Morpheus is an ultra-advanced navigation system. This positioning system allows Morpheus to take off land and avoid hazards on its own. Meaning a future unmanned craft using this can touch down on distant moons or planets without risk to human life.
Despite its potential, project Morpheus has had some setbacks.
NASA lost one test vehicle, but has since completed 11 successful flights. Morpheus isn`t (INAUDIBLE) to leave our atmosphere any time soon. It`s still in testing, but these project is another milestone in mankind`s dream to explore strange new worlds.
AZUZ: You and I and CNN weren`t around in 1974 when this thing was invented, but the fact that many of you know what it is, proves the success of the iconic Rubik`s Cube. Some numbers for you: this is said to be the one best-selling toy of all time, with more than 350 million sold worldwide. It`s celebrating its 40 birthday. There are more than 43 quintillion ways to scramble it, and it took Erno Rubik a month before he could solve his own invention. That`s still faster than I can do it, and I`m kind of a square. I guess it`s easier if you are up on the geometric system. If you can block out the time for it, if you don`t get sticker shock, you could say its difficult squared. I say it`s difficult cute. We are resolved to bringing you more news and puns on Wednesday.
CNN Student News May 21, 2014: Military Taking Over Thailand over Civil Unrest; Controversial Commercialization of 9-11 Memorial Museum in New York; Army and Hollywood Symbiosis
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Midway through the week, welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for making us part of your day. A first report involves martial law. This is when military forces take over a country, usually in an emergency. And this is what`s happened in Thailand. Tensions there had been building for months. People are strongly divided over Thailand`s former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and his sister, current Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra. A coup kicked Thaksin out of power in 2006. He is now living in exile. Many of those who oppose Thailand`s government think Thaksin is still calling the shots through his sister, but there are many who support him and want him back in power. And these two sides have been fighting each other in violent protests.
Well, after a lawsuit brought by senators who oppose the current leadership, Yingluck Shinawatra was removed from government earlier this month. The instability that followed is why the army says it imposed martial law. It says this could last a few months until things come down, but it also says this is not a coup. That the military is not forcing a change in government and that people should continue business as usual.
Yesterday, in the town of Moore, Oklahoma, a bell, a prayer, a remembrance of 24 people killed by a tornado one year ago. It was an EF5, the most powerful classification of twister. It was a mile wide in some places, and it left a 17-mile long gash in the landscape. There were scenes of unbelievable destruction. Block after block where only foundations were visible. City officials had to make new street signs so rescuers knew where they were going. 353 people were injured. A school, a medical center, businesses were lost, but for those who`ve chosen to stay, ground has been broken and rebuilding has begun.
Today is the public opening of the 911 Memorial Museum in New York. It centers on remembering a dark chapter in American history and honoring the ways Americans overcame it. But that`s not the only thing that distinguishes it from some other museums. Unlike the Smithsonian, for instance, the 911 Memorial charges a fee for the general public to get in. And another source of its revenue, which is accepted at other museums, is controversial here.
JASON CARROLL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Praise for its beauty and dignity, there is growing criticism of high admission fees, $24 to get in, and the sale of souvenirs at the gift shop.
JIM RICHES, LOST SON ON 9/11: I think it`s a revenue generating tourist attraction.
CARROLL: Jim Riches shares the same sentiment shown in these “New York Post” headline titled “Little Shop of Horror.” On sale, items such as silk scars with images of the Twin Towers, bracelets and stuffed animals. It`s not the way Richard says his son Jimmy should be remembered, a firefighter killed on that day.
RICHES: Basically, to make a money off my son`s dead body, I think that`s disgusting.
JOE DANIELS, PRES., AND CEO 9/11 MEMORIAL AND MUSEUNIDENTIFIED MALE: What we know is it`s the right thing that when visitors come here, they want to take a keepsake away.
CARROLL: Joe Daniels is president and CEO of the September 11 Memorial and Museum. He had spent the last eight years developing the site, which will cost an estimated 65 million per year to run.
The museum receives no government funding and relies on donations, revenue from tickets and money from that gift shop.
(on camera): Should you be extra-sensitive about what you sell there?
DANIELS: You know, the truth is this is the United States of America, and the number one thing is, if you don`t like what we are selling, don`t buy it. The number one seller in our gift shop is a book called The Place of Remembrance, which talks about the building of the memorial.
LEE IELPI, BOARD MEMBER, 9/11 MUSEUM AND MEMORIAL: Do I expect to say that everything we`ve done here is absolutely, 100 percent right? There`s always bumps in the road.
CARROLL (voice over): Lee Ielpi lost his son Jonathan who was a firefighter here, and while not perfect, Ielpi says the 9/11 Memorial Museum is like the USS Arizona Memorial in Perl Harbor or the Oklahoma City National Memorial and Museum, which are also located at sacred sites and have gift shops.
IELPI: Somebody has to pay for these things, regardless how powerful it is. For Ielpi, feeling he has for his son when he sees his name at the reflecting pool, far outweighs any controversy.
IELPI: It`s reflecting absence, it says as if their souls are falling into the water.
CARROLL (on camera): A fitting tribute for Jonathan?
IELPI: For all of them. Yes. Absolutely.
CARROLL (voice over): Jason Carol, CNN, New York.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” What was the occupation of the person who designed the current American flag? You know what to do. Was it, seamstress, Marine, student or senator? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Robert G. Heft was the 17-year old high school student who designed the flag for a history project. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: He got a B minus on the project, because his teacher reportedly thought it was unoriginal. But when the design was accepted by the U.S. government, the grade was changed to an A.
You`re going to see a lot of those Robert G. Heft-designed flags across the U.S. this weekend. Monday`s Memorial Day when America remembers its fallen service men and women. Whether you know anyone who served in the U.S. military, chances are you`ve seen troops portrayed in movies. It`s part of a long-standing partnership between Hollywood and the armed forces.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Whether it`s launching a coordinated attack on Godzilla, using precision aim to take out pirates in “Captain Phillips” or killing Osama bin Laden in “Zero Dark 30,” America`s favorite blockbuster hero is America.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: See, it looks like I`m back in the movie today.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: From the patriotism of World War II to the special effects of modern day, the U.S. military has long had a symbiotic relationship with Hollywood. In many of these films, the Pentagon offers its expertise, equipment and locations in exchange for some oversight as to its big screen portrayal.
HELENA ANDREWS, THE WASHINGTON POST: When it comes to the movie industry, they want authenticity, it`s much cheaper for Hollywood to go through the military than to stage something like that, completely on their own.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: By glamorizing the Armed Forces in this theater, the Department of Defense hopes to bolster its ranks in the military theater, while boosting moral for those already enlisted.
ANDREWS: It`s about portraying the military in a positive way. You know, spit shining their image. We talk about retention, it`s making people in the military feel proud of what they do, and it`s almost like, you know, campaign video.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The practice of using the military for film Cameosis, not without its critics, such as former Navy SEAL Harry Humphries.
HARRY HUMPHRIES, FMR. NAVY SEAL: It`s gotten out of hand. There`s entirely too much being discussed about a community that lives on the fact that it`s a group of folks that thrive on the concept called “Silent Pride.”
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: After all, movies like Godzilla make glorify enlistment for young fans, but obviously, it`s far from the true bore of real battle.
Still after more than ten years of war, the line between America`s movie stars and war heroes continue to blur.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (INAUDIBLE).
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: In 2012`s “Act of Valor” real Navy SEALs portrayed themselves.
While last year, “Lone Survivor” parade (ph) actor Mark Wahlberg with Navy SEAL Marcus Luttrell to tell the story of Luttrell`s real brush with death in Afghanistan.
(on camera): How close is it to what happened?
MARCUS LUTTRELL, FORMER NAVY SEAL: Oh, I`d say it`s as close as you can possibly without having to have killed some of these guys up on the mountain filming it.
MARK WAHLBERG, ACTOR: I`ve never been more proud to be a part of a project like this. Through the news and different various – you know, media outlets, you don`t really get the same kind of impact on understanding of what these guys do for us.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Whether the film industry helps or hurts that understanding, one thing is certain, the villains in this films do not stand a chance.
AZUZ: We are taking roll from around the globe today. It`s Worldwide Wednesday on CNN STUDENT NEWS. In New Brunswick, Canada, great to see you all the students at Beth Middle School watching. In Bucheon, South Korea, we are happy to be part of your day at Sunville (ph) Middle School. And in Cairo, Egypt, thank you for watching at the American International School of Egypt.
A high school football wide receiver says his whole life changed in five seconds. Here`s what those five seconds showed.
He was just playing around, really, decided to throw himself a pass, a long one, he sprinted fast and far enough to catch it and the cell phone video his friend took, went viral. It made national news. Garry Haynes dreams of playing college ball, playing in the NFL. He`s going to make this move part of his daily practice. With skills like that, you can see how his catch caught on. It`s a good thing he did the pass of the pigskin, and didn`t pass on the pigskin because just throwing something out there received a lot of attention and made for one field good story. We`ll be quarterback to business tomorrow, on CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.
CNN Student News May 22, 2014: Veterans Affairs Hospitals Investigated by Government; U.S. Troops Headed to Chad to Help Rescue Kidnapped Nigerian Schoolgirls; Ghost Town around Fukushima Nuclear Plant and Radiation Contamination in Japan; Nose Strips for the Horses Competing at Races; Famous People Giving Commencement Speeches
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Happy to deliver your Thursday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. Thanks for watching. There are 26 Veterans Affairs hospitals currently being investigated by the U.S. government. Accusations recently came to life that some veterans nationwide have had to wait too long for treatment. Last month sources told CNN that 40 veterans had died waiting at a V.A. hospital in Phoenix, Arizona. Yesterday, President Obama made his first public comments about this. He called the idea dishonorable and disgraceful.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: Our veterans deserve to know the facts, their families deserve to know the facts. Once we know the facts, I assure you, if there`s misconduct, it will be punished.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: But no one is being punished yet. Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki still has his job and President Obama says he needs more time to review what`s happening at V.A. hospitals before punishing anyone.
Critics say that president`s not doing enough to hold people accountable and to start cleaning things up at the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Next story takes us to Chad, a nation in central Africa. The White House announced yesterday that 80 U.S. troops are headed there. Chad is right next to Nigeria where more than 200 schoolgirls were recently kidnapped by a terrorist group last months. Officials think the girls might have been taken to Chad or neighboring Cameroon. The U.S. Armed Forces will be operating a drone aircraft in the region, gathering intelligence that`s hoped to lead to the girls rescue.
President Obama informed Congress of the deployment yesterday. U.S. war powers are divided between the government`s executive and legislative branches. So, president has to tell Congress whenever he sends troops potentially in a harm`s way.
Next up today, we are crossing land and see to get to Japan. There`s an eerie sort of ghost town in the northern part of the country. It`s a city named Fukushima. And its residents had to leave after an earthquake and tsunami in 2011. In addition to killing almost 16,000 people and destroying parts of the Japanese coast, the water damaged the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, and the danger that will linger for decades is of a kind you can`t see.
WILL RIPLEY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Lifeless, decaying, desolate – Fukushima is virtually untouched since that awful day three years ago when people living here had just hours to take what they could and go.
Fields once full of crops now full of black bags with contaminated soil.
Right now we are on the bus heading towards Fukushima Daiichi. We just passed the police checkpoint, which stops anybody from coming in, and what we are seeing along this road are so many empty homes, empty businesses.
A senior scientist and his research team at Fukushima University just published a study claiming the power plants operator Tepco grossly underestimated the amount of radioactive poison, Caesium 137 released during the meltdown.
This material has already gone into the ocean, it`s already there. He`s especially worried about contaminated fish in a country where most meals come from the sea. His research team says caesium spewed into the air during the meltdown and later fell into the water contaminating the North Pacific Ocean and the Japanese mainland. Tepco says the company`s radiation estimates come from the best information they have, but a spokesperson admits nobody really knows for sure.
This is my first time going inside one of the most dangerous places on earth, wearing special suits to protect us from radiation, we pass through security, board the bus and go to the heart of the Fukushima nuclear plant.
Piece by piece workers are trying to safely take it apart.
Even under normal conditions this is slow ruling (ph) work. This is reactor four, this reactor is relatively intact. But reactors one, two and three melted down. There`s a lot of damage, a lot of contamination and the cleanup is expected to take decades.
Outside, buildings battered by the 50 foot wall of water during the 2011 tsunami. Inside, a reactor control room with walls turned into makeshift notepads when the plant lost power. Water level measurements from workers trying to prevent the meltdown.
The invisible danger from Fukushima is why these town will continue to seat empty for years, as crews try to contain the slow moving catastrophe that turned their homeland into this wasteland. Will Ripley, CNN, Fukushima, Japan.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” What was the name of the last horse to win the Triple Crown? If you think you know it, shout it out! Was it Affirmed, Secretariat, Man o` War or Seabiscuit? You`ve got three seconds, go!
It`s been 36 years since Affirmed won the Triple Crown. He was the most recent horse to do it. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Not easy for a horse to do. The Triple Crown is considered the most prestigious prize in horseracing. It`s winning three major races, the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes, all in the same year. 11 horses have done this 1919. This year, California Chrome has a shot. He`s won the Derby and the Preakness. The Belmont is set for June 7 in New York. It is the longest race of the three Triple Crown`s classics. A mile and a half around the track. It tested durance as well as speed, and there`s been controversy over nasal strips. California Chrome wears them in the races. The Belmont previously banned this from the race. But officials changed their minds this week.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is the very soft part of the horse`s nose right here. When you follow the pad down – very soft part. So that part is what you want to open up.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK, basically we are talking about a breeze right for the horses.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s the same thing you see football players wear it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And it doesn`t seem to bother Lacota (ph)?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: No. It`s not really pulling on him, it`s not offensive to them or anything.
The whole concept is to open up the nostrils to open them up to enhance the airway. That`s essential thing for a race horse.
Hopefully, it`s doing something for them. There`s not an exact science to it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The idea that California Chrome would want to keep it on after winning the Derby and the Preakness that makes sense, right?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Absolutely. You don`t` want to change anything when you are on a roll like that.
AZUZ: We`ve also got some horses on today`s CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call” galloping from East to West, we are starting with the Mustangs. They are watching from Myers Park High School and you`ll find that in Charlotte, North Carolina. In the Evergreen State, it`s great to see the pioneers. Omak High School in Omak, Washington is on our roll. And even farther west, in the Aloha state, hello to everyone at Wai`anae Intermediate School. The Sea Riders are on line in Wai`anae, Hawaii.
Is there a formula for a successful commencement speech? Does humor, plus advice, plus wisdom equal a job well done or do you just keep it short and sweet? As many of your seniors gear up for commencement, we are sharing some highlights of speeches made by American celebrities.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
STEVE JOBS, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, 2005: Stay hungry, stay foolish. Your time is limited. So don`t waste it leaving someone else`s life.
CONAN O`BRIEN, DARTMOUTH COLLEGE, 2011: Staff out there should be patient. But if you accept your misfortune and handle it right, your perceived failure can become a catalyst for profound reinvention.
PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY, AMERICAN UNIVERSITY, 1963: Every graduate of this school who despairs of war and wishes to bring peace should begin by looking inward by examining his own attitude towards the possibilities of peace.
WILL FERRELL, HARVARD UNIVERSITY, 2003: I received a degree from the school of Hard Knox (ph). And our colors were black and blue, baby.
JON STEWART, THE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM & MARY, 2004: So, how do you know what is the right path to choose to get the result that you desired? And the honest answer is this: you won`t.
ELLEN DEGENERES, TULANE UNIVERSITY, 2009: I don`t know if president (INAUDIBLE). I didn`t go to college at all. Any college. And I`m not saying you wasted your time or money, but look at me, I`m a huge celebrity.
ERIC SCHMIDT, BOSTON UNIVERSITY, 2012: The digital ties that bind our humanity together are not possible without technology, but it`s also not possible without you, without a heart. You have the heart. And the future will not beat without you.
OPRAH WINFREY, SPELMAN COLLEGE, 2012: Surround yourself with people who are going to fill your cup until your cup runs over, so when people say you are so full of yourself, you can say, yeah!
BILL COSBY, UNIVERSITY OF SAN FRANCISCO, 2012: You have this education, you have this expectations. There are parents waiting for you to move out.
AZUZ: Whether or not you do, your speaker always has an address. They are usually trying to end things on a key note. Sometimes it gives people something to talk about, sometimes it leaves them speechless. How they react really depends, but you could argue that any kind of speech at a graduation is well worth the tussle. I`m Carl Azuz and I hope to speak to you again on Friday.
CNN Student News May 23, 2014: Deadly explosion at Chinese Market; How Hurricanes Are Being Predicted; Why E. Coli is Dangerous; Astronaut Answering Students Questions from Space
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Kicking off CNN STUDENT NEWS on this Friday, May 23, I`m Carl Azuz at the CNN Center. Welcome to the show. First up today, an attack in China. It happened in a market in Xinjiang. This is a region of Northwest China. It`s a place that`s seen the series of attacks recently.
This one involved a number of explosions, Chinese news media say two SUVs crashed into the market on Thursday morning. Explosives were thrown out of the vehicles, which eventually exploded themselves. At least 31 people were killed, more than 90 were wounded, China called this a serious act of terrorism and President Xi Jinping said the people responsible would be severely punished. It`s not clear yet who that is, but China has blamed some previous attacks in this region on Islamic separatist group that lives there.
We are less than two weeks away from the official start of the Atlantic Hurricane season. These storms can form at any time, but they are most likely to spin up between June 1 and November 30. Predicting them is like predicting the weather. It`s not an exact science.
This is what Superstorm Sandy looked like as it approached the North Eastern U.S. in 2012. It made landfall there late in that season. On October, 29. 2012 was very active for Atlantic storms. There were almost twice as many of them as experts predicted. This time around, NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecast things to be relatively quiet, but ..
CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: The news is that there will be hurricanes. And I can`t tell you where it`s going to hit or how many will hit, but the number is three to six. Three to six hurricanes in the water, in the Atlantic. The average is 6.4. Last year we had two. So, major hurricanes wandered to – you should have two to seven, last year zero.
Let`s go back to 2012. This number was 19, 10 and one. That`s the real number -one, what was that number one? Sandy. So, you only technically need one storm to make a big season, and there will be at least one.
Near normal, 40 percent chance, below normal, 50 percent chance, above normal about ten percent chance of that.
So there is where the number has come from, it doesn`t matter whether we get one or a dozen, it matters which one hits land and what land it hits.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” Which of these is typically a foodborne illness? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it Mersa, Ebola, E. coli or Influenza? You`ve got three seconds, go!
E. coli is a type of bacteria found in the stomach and intestines. It can be dangerous when it enters the food supply. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: That`s because certain strains of E. coli when they contaminate food can cause abdominal cramping, serious intestinal problems, fever or kidney failure. And estimated 265,000 Americans get infected from this every year. A dangerous strain of E. coli might have made its way in the beef products sold in nine states. 11 people are thought to have gotten sick from it, ten of them ate at restaurants that received contaminated meat. The U.S. Department of Agriculture says 1.8 million pounds of ground beef have been recalled. An officials says it`s currently being removed from store shelves, but some it has already sold. Dr. Sanjay Gupta tells, you what to look out for.
DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDEN: If you have any ground been in your freezer that says 2574B, that`s the lot number that`s of concern. You want to throw that out. Don`t take any chances.
E. coli is a particularly – the strains of it is a particularly nasty player. Just 100 cells can make somebody ill, and if left untouched it will double the number ever 15 to 20 minutes. So, you can get to billions of cells, you know, fairly quickly. And that`s why people are really, really – being very cautious about this. Don`t take any chances. Even if you don`t have this ground beef, even you`ve thrown it away, it`s Memorial Day weekend. If you are grilling, use a thermometer. That could be the best advice I give you all weekend. Use a thermometer, take a look at the numbers there. That`s what you`re going to be shooting for. I use the thermometer. It helps keep me and my family safe. You should do the same thing.
AZUZ: While grilling out is one thing associated with Memorial Day in the U.S., it`s observed next Monday, but the holiday wasn`t always called Memorial Day. Back in the late 1860s, it was knows as Decoration Day, recalling when flowers were placed on the graves of those who died in the Civil War. Over the decades and conflicts that followed, it became Memorial Day, a time to honor and remember all U.S. service men and women who died in wartime. Church services, parades, speeches, a wreath laying at the tombs of the Unknowns, these are some of the events that take place every year on the last Monday in May. Symbolically, it`s also seen as the beginning of summer in the U.S.
From South to North, here are three of the schools watching us today. It`s time for “The Roll Call” starting in the Volunteer state. Oak Ridge High School, great to see you watching in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. It`s the home of the wild cats. In the show-me-state, show-me the warriors. We see them at Fox High School in Arnold, Missouri. And the lumberjacks are online, in the land of 10,000 lakes. At Bemidji High School in Bemidji, Minnesota, thank you for watching.
Space travel is expensive. It`s dangerous. And it`s fascinating. Fewer than 600 people have ever done it. That is nothing considering the billions who`ve inhabited Earth since Yuri Gagarin first went into orbit in 1961. So there might be some questions you have about it. That`s the thinking behind the CNN I-Report project that asks students what they`d ask an astronaut.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: CNN. This is mission control, Houston.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (INAUDIBLE) CNN, how do you hear me?
STEVE SWANSON, ISS COMMANDER: I hear you lung (ph) clear. My name is Steve Swanson, I`m a NASA astronaut. Right I`m living aboard the International Space Station, which is in the orbit around the Earth, about 250 miles up. One, it`s a fun experience. It`s go like – a rollercoaster ride in the way, and that begin a rollercoaster ride over. You are going up that steep (INAUDIBLE), click, click, click, click. And it`s a little tension builds. It`s great and then boom, you go. You can feel the acceleration of the engines. Just pushing you down into the seat as you take off. And the whole thing lasts about 8.5 minutes, and after 8.5 minutes we are going 70,500 miles an hour, and we are up in the Earth orbit spinning around.
Exercise is different up here, we don`t have gravity. We have three different types of equipment. We have a treadmill, we have an exercise bike, and we have a resistive exercise device, which is like lifting weights back on earth.
We do have that planned out. We will be using commercial craft like SpaceX or possibly Boeing. Sierra Nevada also – in Sierra Nevada, there`s a reusable vehicles, so there`s one right now. It`s on the dry board. It has plans, and it`s a possibility that is reusable. The (INAUDIBLE) space craft at NASA is building, is not reusable also, it`s another capsule. Then, of course, we are relied on the Russians until we get one of ours done. But I do hope in the near future we`ll have at least U.S. vehicle and then after that, I do believe going back to some sort of reusable water will help bring the costs down and will help make it affordable for everybody else to come up here.
I`m not really scared. Most of us aren`t (ph) scared. We know there`s a danger involved, but we`ve also been trained to handle all the possible scenarios that have come up.
The number one thing, we all like to do is look out the window. It`s such a beautiful thing to do, and looking down on Earth is just a fantastic way to spend your time. Thank you.
AZUZ: Square footage, number of bedrooms, features – things people ask about whenever they buy a home. You don`t usually hear numbers or see curb appeal like this: yep! It`s a castle. And it`s for sale in Kentucky. Square feet – 12,000. Averages around 2,000. Bedrooms, yes, double digits, features – it`s got those two. The honors putting it up for sale because the ultra-luxury market is said to be in ultra-high demand right now.
The price, $13 million, that`s not easy money, but it buys a real estate. Perspective owners would have to mind their manner, but anyone with that kind of dough can get an honorable mansion. I`m Carl Azuz. One thing we have to mention – there will be no show Monday on the Memorial Day holiday. We`ll see you next Tuesday on CNN STUDENT NEWS.
More CNN Student News
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 8, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 7, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 6, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 5, 2015
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 49, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 47, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 46, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 45, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 44, 2014
- CNN Student News with transcript Week 43, 2014
- L3: BBC Words in the News with transcript videos
- L3: The Business of English Video Series
- L3: BBC The Reading Group
- L3: Pride and Prejudice AudioBook
- L3: VOA News transcript videos
- L3: CNN Student News with transcript
- Documentary Films with English Subtitles
- L3: Skins (TV-Series) with English Subtitles
- L3: Luke’s English Podcast
- L3: The Inbetweeners (TV-Series)
Source: CNNMore Series for You: