CNN Student News with transcript August 11, 2014: The Worst Crisis in the Middle East, Global Concern about Ebola Outbreak
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. We bring commercial free current events to middle and high school classrooms and today, we are kicking off our 2014-2015 school year. Awesome. My name is Carl Azuz. Let`s get you some news.
There`s been a lot going on over the summer, including conflicts, plural in the Middle East. One involves Hamas and Israel.
Hamas is a political party, and what the U.S. and some other countries consider a terrorist group. Hamas controls the Palestinian territory of Gaza. It`s been blamed for firing numerous rockets into Israel. Israel has launched air strikes and a ground operation to destroy Hamas`s secret tunnels. Officials estimate that hundreds of Palestinian militants and even more civilians have been killed. Israel says 64 of its soldiers and three of its civilians have been killed.
The two sides accepted a temporary ceasefire yesterday, but previous ones have fallen apart.
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Even seasoned Middle East experts and diplomats I talked to say that crisis in the Middle East now is the worst they`ve ever seen, and one of the reasons is that there are multiple crises happening in the same time.
Let`s start with Israel and Gaza. This is, of course, a years old, a decades old conflict, but there are new complications. One is, economic desperation inside Gaza, in part because of the economic blockade, the blocking of smuggling tunnels, really no money is coming in there, no trade, and that puts Hamas in a desperate position, which some believe makes it have much less to lose with a military conflict, even when it`s outmatched by Israel.
More broadly, a lot of the traditional mediators in this conflict just don`t have the same influence they used to have in the path. The U.S. with somewhat less involvement in the region than in the past, but also Arab nations, for one, Egypt much less sympathetic to the Hamas cause, same goes for other Arab leaders who in the past might have been much more publicly critical of Israel`s offensive there. This time they haven`t been, because they are so much against Hamas. So, who is going to broker a peace deal? It`s difficult to find mediators who all sides consider trustworthy.
While Israel is facing Hamas in Gaza, several other countries in the region, at the same time are facing ISIS, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, which now calls itself simply the Islamic State. It, of course, started in Syria as one of the several rebel groups that was fighting the regime of Bashar al-Assad, but then from there it spilled over into Iraq and now it`s making enormous progress there, taking over virtually a third of the country, the north and west of the country. As it expands, it`s threatening other countries. It has reached the border of Turkey, the border of Jordan, the border of Saudi Arabia. And these countries are very concerned about spillover.
Saudi Arabia sent 30,000 new troops to its border with Iraq to keep ISIS out, and we even saw ISIS expand into Lebanon, taking over a town there.
AZUZ: ISIS or Islamic State in Iraq and Syria concerned so many people in the region, partly because it`s a brutal terrorist organization. It aims to kill anyone who doesn`t practice its strict interpretation of Islam. ISIS has been accused of murdering hundreds of civilians including children throughout the Middle East. The U.S. is particularly concerned about the situation in Iraq. The last American combat troops from the U.S. -led war there left in 2011. Now, the American military is once again involved in Iraq. President Obama has authorized air strikes against ISIS targets.
The intent is to protect civilians, including Iraqi minorities and Americans in Iraq from ISIS.
The Obama administration blames a weak Iraqi government for the quick advance of ISIS in the country. The U.S. wants to see political reform in Iraq.
DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: They think Ebola comes from forested areas like these ones that you are looking at now. Pathogens living inside of animals that somehow get into humans. And it`s so scary because Ebola is a swift, efficient and very bloody killer. In fact, in some cases nine out of ten people who become infected, actually die from this. It can take anywhere between two and 21 days for someone to start to get sick after they`ve been exposed. That`s called the incubation period. And during that time, they can travel, they can travel around the country or even between countries. That`s the concern. But here`s a little bit of good news, and that is that you`re really not contagious. You are not going to spread the virus to other people until you`re sick yourself.
That`s when the virus is in your bodily fluids, and you are going to actually be able to spread it. But when you`re sick you`re down. You are unlikely to be moving around, you are unlikely to be getting on a plane. But even after you`ve recovered in some cases, you can still transmit the disease for a period of time after that for up to six weeks.
AZUZ: The World Health Organization says there`ve been almost 1800 cases of Ebola in the latest outbreak. It`s the worst one in the 40 years that scientists subtracted. And almost 1,000 of those who`ve gotten the virus have died. The hemorrhagic fever, meaning it comes with severe bleeding started earlier this year in West Africa. So far, it`s spread between Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone, and it`s infected some of those who came to help. For example, a doctor and an aid worker, both Americans who worked with Christian charities. They were flown to Atlanta, Georgia, earlier this month after getting Ebola in Africa. The transfer has been criticized with some fearing the disease could spread in the U.S., but doctors at Emory University Hospital are confident that won`t happen.
GUPTA: This is the CDC`s emergency operation center. Think of it as the never center of its response to the Ebola outbreak. Just a few minutes after I walked in, phones and BlackBerries started buzzing everywhere.
(on camera): While we were here, the activation level just went up to level one. Just in these last couple of minutes. What does it that mean?
STEPHAN MONROE, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION: What that means is just more people and more resources dedicated to the response.
GUPTA (voice over): In that room, you could feel like quiet determination and a sense of urgency.
What you are looking at, is what the CDC looks at, a map of the world, trying to figure out what infectious disease are happening and where they are happening. As you might imagine, a lot of focus on Ebola right now. You are tracking that as well, real time. They`ve been doing it since March, take a look in here. This really jumped out at me. Mid-May, they thought things were basically under control. But then look what happened in the beginning of June. Everything takes off. This is on its way to becoming the worst Ebola outbreak in history.
Dr. Stephan Monroe is helping lead the CDC Ebola response. Not an easy task at all.
(on camera): Was there mistakes made? I mean is there a reason why this outbreak is worst than any other outbreak in history?
MONROE: The initial event, the lightning strike, if you will, was right in this corner between three countries in a very remote part of each of those countries. And so, it quickly spread across the borders.
GUPTA (voice over): Here in the United States, different questions: for example, if Ebola is not airborne, then why were there such extraordinary precautions taken for Dr. Kent Brantly and Ms. Writebol? It turns out it was more an abundance of caution, rather than a necessity.
MONROE: We are pretty confident that any large hospital could handle an Ebola case, if one were to show up at their doorstep, using traditional isolation rooms with negative pressure room and with traditional droplet and respiratory precautions.
And while I suited up in multiple layers when I was in Guinea just earlier this year.
MONROE: That can be worn – worn by healthcare workers when they come into contact with patients.
GUPTA: The CDC says a mask, goggles, face shield, a protective gown and gloves can provide all the protection you need for most situations.
I should point out that the World Health Organization also declaring this now a public health emergency of international concern. That`s going to have an impact on airline travel, and also screenings at airports. They are also advising all the nations where they have Ebola currently to declare a state of emergency.
AZUZ: So, we`ve got this segment called “Roll Call.” It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There`s now only one way to submit a request, and you need to be at least 13 years old. Go to cnnstudentnews.com. Click words says “Roll Call” and leave a comment at the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript. You can make one request every day, but spanning will not help you. Please tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.
We are going to leave you today with the cattle call. It seems some bovines have also heard that song “Royals by Lord” and for a Kansas farmer, the tune is instrumental in getting the cows to come home. Well, that and the molasses they get is a sort of royal treat. Watch this and count on us being back tomorrow.
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CNN Student News August 12, 2014: Crisis in the Middle East; Global Concern about Ebola Outbreak
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to ten minutes of commercial free current events. I`m Carl Azuz. And this is CNN STUDENT NEWS. Hope your Tuesday
is going well.
Today`s show starts with the dramatic rescue out of Iraq. ISIS, or Islamic State is the name of a brutal terrorist group that`s fighting for control
of Iraq. It`s been murdering civilians who don`t practice ISIS`s strict interpretation of Islam. That includes the Yazidis, a group whose religion
is older than Islam. ISIS trapped tens of thousands of Yazidis on Mount Sinjar northwestern Iraq. Conditions are so bad for these civilians that
about 20,000 of them fled to Syria, a country currently at civil war. A CNN reporter was aboard a helicopter delivering supplies, diapers, food,
shoes. When the aircraft landed, a desperate group of people pushed children, the injured, the elderly, about 20 in all aboard the chopper for
Despite being shot at by ISIS fighters on these flights, Iraqi forces have been able to rescue about 100 to 150 people a day like this. But dozens of
Yazidis have died on this mountain. They are facing hunger, thirst and extreme temperatures.
We mentioned yesterday that so much had happened over the summer. Another nation at conflict is Ukraine. On one side, there`s the relatively new
Ukrainian government. Its present was elected in May, a couple of months after Ukraine`s previous leader was forced out. The new government has
(INAUDIBLE) itself and signed the trade deal with the European Union. It also has the support of the United States. On the other side, separatists
who want Ukraine to have closer ties with Russia.
They are fighting for control of areas in eastern Ukraine and the U.S. accuses Russia of helping these rebels. It has increased sanctions,
economic punishments on Russia for its alleged role in Ukraine. As the fighting between Ukrainian forces and separatists flared over the summer, a
Malaysia Airlines plane, flight MH-17 was apparently shot down as it flew over eastern Ukraine. All 298 people aboard were killed.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I would like to welcome our viewers here in the United States and around the world. There is breaking news at this moment.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: Obviously, the world is watching reports of a downed passenger jet near the Russia Ukraine
NOAH SNEIDER, FREELANCE JOURNALIST: There`s bodies (INAUDIBLE) these fields, everything rained down in bitsy pieces.
NAJIB RAZAK, MALAYSIAN PRIME MINISTER: Malaysia is unable to verify the cost of this tragedy.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The U.S. has now concluded the plane was shut down, a senior U.S. official tells CNN.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Unknown to the world, pro-Russian rebels secretly moved a heavy arsenal of weapons into place days ago. A surface to air
missile system had been turned on in a separatist controlled area in eastern Ukraine.
SAMANTHA POWER, U.S. AMBASSADOR TO THE U.N.: We cannot rule out technical assistance from Russian personnel in operating the systems.
VLADIMIR PUTIN, RUSSIAN PRESIDENT (through translation): No one should have the right to use this tragedy to achieve selfish political objectives.
SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R) FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE: Vladimir Putin is literally getting away with murder.
CHRIS CUOMO, ANCHOR, CNN`S NEW DAY: This is the final resting place of MH- 17. It literally crash-landed in a middle of a battlefield.
OBAMA: Unfortunately, the Russian-backed separatists who control the area continue to block the investigation.
JOHN KERRY, SECRETARY OF STATE: Today we have reports of drunken separatists piling the remains of people into trucks.
JOSH EARNEST, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: We are talking about a wide range of investigators and experts who are on the scene and we need the
thugs who are toting guns, who are backed by the Russians to give them the access. They need to do their job.
AZUZ: Next story today takes us to Ferguson, Missouri. To town with the population of about 21,000 people. And on Sunday night, the mayor said
Ferguson lost control.
It started when a police officer shot and killed an 18-year old African- American man on Saturday. One officials said Michael Brown was accused of stealing something from a store. Witnesses to the shooting say Brown was
unarmed, had his hands up and appeared to be surrendering to police when he was shot. The police say Brown assaulted the officer, then tried to get
the officer`s gun before the shooting.
What started as a visual for Brown on Sunday, turned into chaos? Some of the protesters smashed windows, looted stores, set a convenience store on
fire. The town`s mayor called for calm as the FBI opened an investigation into the shooting.
It`s time for the CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call.” Let`s see who is watching today. In California, we`ve got the Mustangs of Pioneer High School
leading off our role. You`ll find them in San Jose.
In Arizona, it`s the roadrunners of Holbrook High School. They are online in Holbrook. And in Wabash, Indiana, it`s night time, the nights of
Southwood Junior Senior High School round out today`s roll. You can request a mention for your school on our Website, cnnstudentnews.com.
Should college athletes be paid? The National Collegiate Athletic Association oversees and makes the rules for most college sports in the
U.S. And until now, NCAA rules said players couldn`t be paid salaries, though many do get scholarships that can help with the cost of education.
Times they are a change in, though. A federal judge has ruled that top tier athletes should be allowed to make money, but only in college
basketball and football and only if the universities they play for make money by using the athletes` names or pictures.
ED O`BANNON, FORMER UCLA BASKETBALL PLAYER: I love the fact that student athletes are standing up for themselves.
SARA GANIM, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Glenn Marquez (ph) started with Ed O`Bannon, a former UCLA basketball player who sued after he was surprised
to see himself in the videogame.
O`BANNON: I just said to myself, you know, something – how – why, why wasn`t I asked? You know, they used my face, they used my likeness.
GANIM: They used his likeness, but they didn`t pay him for it. Now, the NCAA can no longer ban universities from paying players for the rights to
their images. Starting in 2016, universities will be allowed to pay players up to $5,000 a year for use of their image.
The money will be held in a trust fund until they leave the school.
SONNY VACCARO, FORMER NIKE EXECUTIVE: Everybody. Basically, everybody made money, except the kid who gave them the opportunity to make the money
on what he did.
GANIM: Sonny Vaccaro is the former Nike executive who basically invented athlete endorsements. He`s also the driving force behind the O`Bannon
VACCARO: There`s no television sports, there`s no making of T-shirts and Gatorade and anything else without the athlete.
GANIM: The NCAA has argued that this will ruin college sports. But the judge rejected that argument saying that fans come for tradition, not for
O`BANNON: I wanted to stand, you know, stand up and say, no, this isn`t right. And so far, you know, mission accomplished.
GANIM: Now, the NCAA has promised they will appeal, but this really wasn`t a complete loss for them. When the judge capped the amount at $5,000 per
athlete per year, well, that guarantees that multimillion dollar contracts will stay out of the hands of college athletes. Sara Ganim, CNN New York.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” Which of these was an Olympic sport in 1912? If you think you know the answer, don`t be shy,
shout it out! Was it table tennis, trampoline, volleyball of tug-of-war? You`ve got three seconds, go.
In 1912 Sweden, the country that also hosted those Olympics wrote in the tug-of-war gold medal. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: No longer an Olympic sport, but these folks sure put in an Olympic effort. All boat traffic on the Mississippi River stops in early August
for the Great River Tug Fest. Why? So teams from Illinois and Iowa can grab hold of a 2700 foot rope and try to drag competitors they can`t even
see well toward the river. Including this year`s event, Illinois leaves the overall tug tally with 17 wins to Iowa`s 11. The two teams could
actually see each other and things could get tugly. They could get knotted up, but it`s just a friendly rivalry, after all, a river (ph) do it. Some
of you will think our puns are kind of in drag, but they really help pull our show together. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS and we ought (ph) to
see you again tomorrow.
CNN Student News August 13, 2014: Experimental Drugs to Fight Deadly Ebola Outbreak, Counting New York Pedestrians To Serve City Better; Remembering Robin Williams; Tim Howards of Team USA
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: It`s good to have you back for more commercial free CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. And you are ten minutes away from being
updated on current events. That includes what`s happening concerning Ebola.
The death toll from this year`s outbreak in West Africa is now higher than 1,000. And partly because there`s no cure for the often deadly virus. The
World Health Organization decided it`s ethical to use experimental drugs to try to fight Ebola.
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DR. MARIE-PAULE KIENY, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION: This is an opportunity to right a wrong law of history that it is only a relatively recently in
the last decade that research have begin investigating interventions for Ebola. Now is the time to catch up.
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AZUZ: This is significant because experimental drugs haven`t been tested or approved for use in people. Two American missionaries with Ebola got
treated with one such drug. They appear to be recovering. But a Spanish priest who got the same drug died yesterday morning.
If you`re spending any time on social media or watching life news Monday night, chances are you heard about the death of Robin Williams. The
renowned American comedian and Academy Award winning actor was found dead in his home on Monday morning. It appeared he committed suicide. Mourning
and memories welled up around the world for the man who was the voice of Aladdin`s Ginny, of Ramon in “Happy Feet”, who played Teddy Roosevelt in
“Night at the Museum”. When he wasn`t performing on stage or screen, Williams gave a lot of his time, money and endorsements to charities,
UNICEF, Amnesty International, the USO. You might have seen this commercials for St. Jude Children`s Research Hospital. It said Williams
never charged a fee for his work with them.
Williams media representative said the actor had been battling severe depression recently. He`d been in rehab for drug treatment earlier this
So, we`ve got this segment called “Roll Call.” It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There`s now only one way to submit a
request and you need to be at least 13 years old. Go to cnnstudentnews.com, click word that says “Roll Call” and live a comment at
the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript. You can make one request every day, but spamming will
not help you. Please tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. I`m home to more than two percent of the U.S. population. I`m a century`s old city made up of five
boroughs. I was once known as New Amsterdam, but I was renamed in 1664 after an English Duke. I`m New York City, home to 8.4 million people.
AZUZ: That makes it America`s most popular city. And one way, officials, police and business can track those people is through surveillance cameras.
They have numerous benefits, as you`re about to see, and they bring up numerous privacy concerns. Activists ask what if the technology`s abused,
what if it`s used to inappropriately follow people. One company says it has a way to address that.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Americans spend roughly $37 billion a year waiting in lines. At the grocery store, for a hamburger, at their favorite
restaurants. Imagine if you didn`t have to. That may soon become a reality in New York where they are embracing new recognition technology
that will count every pedestrian in the city.
NICHOLAS O`BRIEN, NYC OFFICE OF DATA ANALYTICS: Every neighborhood din the city walks. We really need to have an understanding of what that activity
looks like so that we can serve New Yorkers better.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Over 60 percent of commuters in New York City travel by foot or public transit. For a city of 8.4 million that`s a lot of
people to count.
O`BRIEN: The Department of Transportation counts pedestrians around the city and they send a few people, they go twice a year and they just sit
there with umpire pitch counters. It doesn`t really give us a view of what it`s like day in and day out through different seasons.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A startup called Placemeter is trying to change that. By providing a real time picture of New York`s pedestrian traffic using
hundreds of existing video feeds around the city.
ALEX WINTER, CEO AND FOUNDER, PLACEMETER: We leer in computer vision algorithm that actually makes it possible to detect and count people.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Using online traffic video feeds, Placemeter currently counts about 10 million people a day. They can even count how
many people are inside a building. The city`s already using the data, providing pedestrian counts to small business owners in the city`s online
business atlas. And there`s promising potential for data integration with consumer apps.
FLORENT PEYRE, COO AND CO-FOUNDER, PLACEMETER: If out data was instead of Yelp or Google Maps, you could set up an alert telling you that restaurant
you always wanted to try, but is always packed. Right now, is the right time to go.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Today, the company only covers about 25 percent of the city. To help count the rest, Placemeter`s offering to pay residents
to stream video from their own windows using an old smartphone.
WINTER: Today we count different kinds of equals on pedestrians, tomorrow we are going to start detecting and classifying gender. Then age, then we
are going to start detecting people with strollers or with bags, and things like that.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: With detection technology rapidly improving, an obvious concern is whether their systems will be able to track the details
of our daily lives.
WINTER: What we do is turn video feeds into a data. Video feeds by nature are a little creepy. Just somebody looks at them. In our case, a computer
looks at them. So, whenever one frame gets through our system, we process it, turn it into some data and then we delete it.
O`BRIEN: I think there`s a lot more things we can do if we have better understanding of the pedestrian activity in the city. When we have to go
schedule trash pickup, how many police we need to deploy to a particular area. The better information you have on a place, the better you are going
to be able to manage it.
AZUZ: Who`s watching CNN STUDENT NEWS today? We find out, on “The Roll Call.” The Hiram High Horniza Hovering. Easy to see what the buzz is
about in Hiram, Georgia. We are also online at Campbell Junior High School with the Cardinals. They are flying high over Winchester, Kentucky.
And what about the Warriors? Washington High School in Sioux (ph) Falls, South Dakota, thank you all for watching.
The U.S. Secretary of Defense is Chuck Hagel. But if you asked U.S. soccer fans who it was over the summer, they would have told you Tim Howard. The
American goalkeeping great set the record for most saves ever in a World Cup match. 16 saves. And though Belgium eventually won the game, knocking
out the U.S., and though Germany eventually won the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Howard`s defense won him worldwide recognition. No surprise those who knew
him in high school.
CAROL COSTELLO, CNN ANCHOR: He is the anchor of team USA. At age 35, Tim Howard is still at the top of his game, and at his New Jersey high school,
no one is surprised.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I remember that. I remember that.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You see a goalie in him, and like he could anticipate where the ball was going to be.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He was watching his eyes the whole time. Yes.
EDDIE BERHENEY, NORTH BRUNSWICK H.S. HEAD BASCKETBALL COACH: Nothing Timmy does surprises me. That`s the thing about it. When he`s working as hard
you see Timmy Howard doing all things right the U.S. team – U.S.`s coach say, hey, I`m going up my game and I`m going to try to match what he`s
COSTELLO: Howard played basketball and soccer at North Brunswick High School. His year book quotes senior year “It will take a nation of
millions to hold me back.” He went on to major league soccer and at 23 he was recruited by one of the best known sports teams in the world.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: When Tim got the call for Manchester United it was like a win for all of us. That was like all right, our guy made it. And it was
really cool to see.
COSTELLO: For Howard, fame also meant responsibility, and turned a very personal struggle into advocacy. Faith Rice is the executive director of
the New Jersey Center for Tourette Syndrome.
FAITH RICE, EXEC. DIRECTOR NEW JERSEY CENTER FOR TOURETTE SYNDROME: Tim called us one day and said he wanted to volunteer with the organization.
COSTELLO: Howard had been diagnosed with Tourette as a child, when he joined Manchester United, British tabloids ridiculed the goalie for the
disorder. But he told CNN in 2011 it was an obstacle he never let stand in his way.
TIM HOWARD, GOALSKEEPER, U.S. MEN`S SOCCER TEAM: I may not make it, you know, as a professional footballer, but I don`t want the reason to be
Tourette`s syndrome, and so, you know, it`s something that I live with every day and for me now, and my life, it`s like breathing to me. You
know, if I woke up one day and didn`t have Tourette`s syndrome it would feel weird.
COSTELLO: Howard has done work with children and their families for the New Jersey center and is lending his name to its brand new Tim Howard
RICE: It`s really important for these kids to have a hero, someone who has dealt with all of the things that they`re dealing with, and has survived.
COSTELLO: And to the kids at North Brunswick High Howard is a role model, too.
LOU EMMANUEL, NORTH BRUNSWICK H.S. ATHLETIC DIRECTOR: The same hallway that that kid is walking is the same hallway that Tim walked in. That
locker may be Tim`s locker. So, all these kids have a direct connection, they could see what hard work can do and it`s right there on TV, every
AZUZ: Every dog may have his day, but not every dog has a day as mayor. Conorad, Minnesota has elected perhaps the hairiest leader in North
America. The town of 12 people picked Duke by a landslide. Now, this isn`t just someone`s pet project. Duke is credited with helping slow
traffic in the town. His owner says when drivers see him, they slow down. Duke`s getting always – looked the part. He spent five hours in the beauty
parlor, because after all, every mayor can use a little grooming, especially before going snouting about, trying to kill to gather support as
a (INAUDIBLE) politician. I`m Carl Azuz. We hope you`ll elect to watch CNN STUDENT NEWS again tomorrow.
CNN Student News August 14, 2014: Perspectives of Further U.S. Involvement in Iraq; NASA`s New Telescope to Hunt for Black Holes; Microhomes for City Dwellers
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: It`s out birthday. Perfect for throwback Thursday. That`s what we looked like when we first launched 25 years ago under the
name CNN Newsroom. It`s not all that`s changed. We`ll have more on our history about nine minutes in the future. I`m Carl Azuz. Today, CNN
STUDENT NEWS coverage starts in Iraq.
We`ve talked about how a terrorist group named ISIS or Islamic State has violently taken over parts of Iraq hoping to establish a government based
on ISIS`s severe interpretation of Islam. Less than three years after the last U.S. combat troops left Iraq, the U.S. government is deploying about
130 Marines and Special Operations forces there. They`ll be working as advisors joining hundreds of other Americans already in Iraq to advise
Iraqi troops. And some experts are warning about something called mission creep. When a military operation unintentionally gets bigger than its
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Here, the aftermath of a devastating U.S. air strike on ISIS fighters in northern Iraq. The Obama administration
insists attacks from the air like this one, are the limit of America`s combat role in Iraq. But several veteran Iraq commanders we interviewed
say mission creep is inevitable.
COL. PETER MANSOOR (RET.) CNN MILITARY ANALYST: I think this is the first toe in the water, and eventually this administration will have to confront
how to destroy this Islamic state.
SCIUTTO: When you look at the capabilities, or rather the lack of capabilities of the Iraqi military that the U.S. is going to have to be
more involved going forward. Do you think that that`s a reasonable assessment?
MAJ. GEN. JAMES WILLIAMS, U.S. MARINE CORPS. (RET.): You need an organization whether it`s United States or coalition forces to come in and
provide them with professional military advice, and eventually if U.F. forces are not on the ground, I don`t see how we are going to keep ISIS at
SCIUTTO: For now, the administration has defined U.S. objectives very narrowly: one, protect tens of thousands of members of Iraq`s Yazidi
minority from an impending massacre. And two, protect hundreds of American diplomats and military advisers stationed in Irbil and Baghdad.
However, even the Pentagon conceives those goals as strictly defined do not address ISIS itself.
LT. GEN. WILLIAM MAYVILLE JR., DIR. OF OPS FOR THE JOINT CHIEFS: These strikes are unlikely to affect ISIL`s overall capabilities or its
operations in other areas of Iraq and Syria.
SCIUTTO: In fact, since the president first announced U.S. military action last Thursday, the U.S. has already expanded its military support. Sending
weaponry to Kurdish forces and now increasing the number of U.S. military advisors on the ground. Today, Secretary of State John Kerry categorically
ruled out U.S. ground troops, though crucially he set the stage for further military support for Iraq`s new government.
JOHN KERRY, SECRETARY OF STATE: The U.S. does stand ready to fully support a new and inclusive Iraqi government, particularly in its fight against
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” What celestial object is believed to be created by a collapsed star? You know how this works, if
you think you know it, shout it out! Is it an accretion, black hole, corona or dwarf star? You`ve got three seconds, go.
Scientists believe that when a star collapses, a black hole is created. That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout.
AZUZ: Scientists can`t see a black hole with a telescope, and for that reason, there are a lot of theories, sometimes contradicting ones about
what exactly black holes are. NASA has a telescope in orbit that`s been hunting for black holes. It`s called Newstar. And what it does is collect
x-rays from a suspected black hole that`s about 324 million light years from Earth. Yes, that`s a long way. This is an artist`s rendering of what
Newstar detected. Scientists believe that areas around supermassive black holes shine brightly in X-rays. So, NASA is saying that is this particular
black hole draws in the light around it, scientists are able to absorb that light through the x-rays collected by Newstar. They are hoping this helps
them better understand and solve the mystery surrounding black holes.
Every day we pick three schools that are watching for our “Roll Call.” We get them from each day`s transcript page, so please feel free to make a new
request daily until we call you. Today, we are hailing the Hurricanes of West Harrison High School. Great to see you all in Gulfport, Mississippi.
Rosemary Clarke Middle School, we`ve got the sharks, thank you for watching in Pahrump, Nevada. And across the Pacific, hello to the students of
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. They are watching in Yongin City, South Korea.
If an old woman could leave in a shoe, than a parking space sounds far more spacious. But when we are talking about a home, that`s only about 130
square feet, smaller than a dorm room at college, it`s not for people seeking ample closet space or a garden. Savanna College of Art and Design
came up with an idea that`s a tight, but sustainable fit.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You have 78 million Millennial. Over 80 percent of them want to leave in center cities. They don`t mind living in smaller
spaces, because they really see their home as just a part of their lifestyle, the city is where they live.
CHRISTIAN SOTTILE, DEAN, SCAD SCHOOL OF BUILDING ARTS: We are returning to urban areas at an unprecedented rate. And we are reexamining how we are
using space in our cities.
We spend the 20th century leaving our cities and in fact, in many cases building parking structures where once building stood. So, what we inherit
today as we head into the 21 century is a lot of structured and our center cities that are overbuilt many times in the best locations. At the same
time, we have these assets in place, and the question is, what do we do with that?
So, scad (ph) pad, six two, ask a question about how we might reinvent, how we might model an immediate strategy for sustainable adaptive reuse?
The greenest building is the one that`s already built. So, in the case of our prototype community we gave each unit one private space for the
scadpad, one courtyard that was adjacent. So, every unit had two parking spaces. Each unit is eight feet by 16 feet. So, 135 square feet. They
are sized to fit into a standard parking space. Each scadpad is built on a mobile platform. So that it can be repositioned anywhere within a parking
structure or can be relocated to any other structure, virtually worldwide. This microhome incorporates all the things that you need for a full
lifestyle, so there`s a sleeping area, a food preparation area, this is small, bathroom with all the services and there`s open space for multiple
scenarios, whether it be dining, or whether it be working, setting up a desk, the onsite 3D printer allows residents to immediately customize the
unit around their individual tastes and needs. That hook that you might want in the kitchen for a particular utensil can just be printed on site
and brought back into your space, positioned anywhere you want. So, every inch of the space was thought of. And that became the departure for the
art and the technology that would then become the next phase of the design process. Each scadpad has a smart glass film applied to all of its
windows. So, if you want privacy, you can just dam the windows. And then when you are ready to look out, the windows are open. So, at the touch of
a button, you can move from a private space to an open space, expanding your sense of envelope outside of the unit out of the city`s skyline
beyond. All that happens, again, at the level of the skin of the building.
An entirely new possibility for a new generation of dwellers.
AZUZ: All right. So we look a little different now than when CNN first launched a commercial free news program for classrooms.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BRIAN TODD, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to CNN NEWSROOM. I`m Brian Todd.
CASSANDRA HENDERSON, CNN ANCHOR: And I`m Cassandra Henderson. Here are some of the stories we have coming up.
Anchors were still awesome, graphics were still awesome. And our mission was the same to bring award winning current events coverage to a student
audience. It`s because of you and especially your teachers that we are celebrating our 25 birthday today. So, thank you for being the most
important part of CNN STUDENT NEWS.
Of course, the puns came a little later, what some of you would call the punishment, and others call punny punchlines. There`s certainly a punusual
tradition for a new show, going without them today would be punthinkable, mainly because they are punstoppable. It helps to be punflappable because
saying them on air is often punfunny. I`m Carl Azuz. I hope to see you tomorrow.
CNN Student News August 15, 2014: Ferguson Protests; Russia`s Trying To Keep Its Zone of Influence; Maryam Mirzakhani Getting Highest Award in Mathematics; Panama Canal Is 100 Years Old
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to our week ending edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.
First up, the police chief of Ferguson, Missouri says the small town`s a powder keg. Protesters have been photographed lighting up Molotov
cocktails. They`ve set fires, looted stores. Police have thrown tear gas and smoke bombs and fired rubber pellets at protesters.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: There`s never an excuse for violence against police or for those who would use this tragedy
as a cover for vandalism or looting. There`s also no excuse for police to use excessive force against peaceful protests or to throw protesters in
jail for lawfully exercising their First Amendment rights.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: The town has been on edge since a police officer shot and killed 18- year old Michael Brown last Saturday. He`d been accused of stealing cigars from a convenient store. When the officer confronted him, police say Brown
tried to grab the officer`s gun. Witnesses say Brown had his hands in the air and was trying to surrender when he was shot. Some of the protests
like the one on Wednesday night have not been peaceful.
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: Overnight, Ferguson erupted, perhaps the most chaotic protest and police response yet. Angry crowds throwing bottles at law
enforcement and police firing tear gas and flash bangs to disperse them. A TV news crew on the scene runs for cover after a tear gas canister lands
directly in front of them.
UDENTIFIED MALE: There come – they are now firing on to the crowd.
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: Stop them!
UDENTIFIED MALE: They are firing rubber bullets.
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: Dramatic video shot by a reporter on the ground captures out of chaos. Police advanced on the protesters sending them
running in fear.
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: Stop doing (INAUDIBLE)
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: As officers fire rubber bullets and smoke grenades in this residential neighborhood. At least 18 arrested overnight, including
two journalists detained while police attempted to clear out a local McDonalds.
TIFFANY MITCHELL, EYEWITNESS: He was trying to get away from him. Why did he continue to shoot at him?
PLAGET CRENSHAW, EYEWITNESS: Exactly.
MITCHELL: As they don`t get their party at all. Like why was he killed trying to get away from the officer?
CRENSHAW: And even when he (INAUDIBLE) around and put his arm from the air he was there overkilled. Shot multiple time.
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: Multiple witnesses tell us similar story while police maintain Brown assaulted the officer in his car and tried to take his
UDENTIFIED MALE: An officer involved shooting out of Ferguson. 2190 just said that they just had some more shots fired in the area.
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: The police chief now says the officer suffered injuries to his face during the altercation and was taken to a local hospital.
CHIEF THOMAS JACKSON, FERGUSON POLICE DEPARTMENT: He`s very shaken about what happened that day and the aftermath.
UDENTIFIED FEMALE: Earlier Wednesday, police had asked that all protest be held during the day time, but Wednesday night`s protests continued as
scheduled and police responded with force.
AZUZ: 280 Russian trucks were headed toward the border with Ukraine yesterday. They hadn`t crossed that border by the time we put this show
together. But officials from several countries were keeping close tabs on them. Russia says the trucks are carrying supplies, food, medicine,
sleeping bags on a humanitarian mission to help civilians in war-torn Ukraine. The Ukraine`s government thinks it might be an attempt by Russia
to smuggle weapons in to help the rebels who are fighting Ukraine`s government. Russia took over Crimea, a part of Ukraine earlier this year.
The U.S. and other international officials are concerned that Russia will try to take over more of its neighboring country.
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The renewed focus on Russia`s military started with its annexation of Crimea in southern Ukraine, but you should
really look back six years ago to 2008 when Russia invaded another former Soviet state, Georgia. There`s a view in Russia that that`s when the world
started taking Russia seriously again, because for years Russia had seen itself as being far behind, hopelessly behind the West in military terms,
and that`s a problem that Russia`s leadership wanted to correct.
In recent years Russia started what many military analysts call “a massive rearmament.” 730 billion U.S. dollars over ten years. In military terms
we are talking about 100 new warships, 600 new war planes, 100 new helicopters to go along with what remains the largest nuclear arsenal in
the world, larger even than the U.S.
Now, the focus is not on another Cold War necessarily, really, on what Russia calls “the near abroad.” Those are the former Soviet republics like
Ukraine, like Georgia that Russia wants to expand, re-assert its influence once again, and it feels it needs in order to do that to expand its
But you have to put this in a larger context. Today, Russia`s military is about a fifth the size that it was during Soviet times. In terms purely of
soldiers, there were 2 million soldiers in the Soviet Army, there are about 800,000 in the Russian military today, but it has the intention of adding
to those ranks, setting a goal of adding about 400,000 troops to the Russian military. What does this mean for U.S.-Russian military relation?
Will it change the relationship? Very likely, and that is the risk that U.S. officials and the administration and the State Department and
elsewhere are wrestling with today.
AZUZ: From Europe we are headed to the Far East where a particularly prestigious prize has been awarded. Some of you mathletes might have heard
of the Fields` medal. It`s basically the Nobel Prize for mathematics, and for the first time since it was established in 1936, a woman has won it.
37-year old Maryam Mirzakhani who was born in Iran, educated at Harvard and employed by Stanford, was among four people who received the medal in South
Korea this week. As a child, she`d wanted to become a writer, but discovered a passion for math in high school. She says it`s like solving a
puzzle or a detective case. Stanford University says Mirzakhani won the medal for her understanding of the symmetry of curved surfaces.
So, we`ve got this segment called “Roll Call.” It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There`s now only one way to submit a
request, and you need to be at least 13 years old. Go to cnnstudentnews.com. Click words says “Roll Call” and leave a comment at
the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript. You can make one request every day, but spamming will
not help you. Please tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.
UDENTIFIED MALE: See if you can I.D. me. When I was completed in 1914, I was a historic fit of engineering. I`m about 40 miles long and filled with
locks. I`m located in Central America and I join the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. I`m the Panama Canal, a manmade shortcut for ships through the
nation of Panama.
AZUZ: It`s still considered one of the greatest engineering accomplishments of the 20th century. The Panama Canal opened on this day
100 years ago. It took more than three decades to build and tens of thousands of people died doing it from diseases like malaria to accidents,
landslides, mudslides. Because the U.S. oversaw its construction, it controlled the Panama Canal from 1914 until 1979. Panama took over
complete control in 1999. Ships sailing from the U.S. East Coast to the West Coast save about 8,000 nautical miles by using the canal. They don`t
have to round the rough waters of Cape Horn in South America. Sailors from Europe to Asia save about 2,000 miles, but travelers have to pay a toll to
Well, you know, how to get on “Roll Call,” now we are going to look at who is there? Tigers are online this Friday. They are on the prowl in
Medford, Oregon, hello to Central Medford High School. Soaring to the southeast, we found some Eagles over Huntsville, Alabama. They are
watching from Columbia High School. And flying northeast, the Eagles of Ellicott City, Maryland are on the wing. Good to see you at Centennial
Before we go, a literal interpretation of taking the plunge. A Minnesota couple recently scubed it up the chance to get hitched beneath the waves in
shark-invested waters. They weren`t in too much danger, as this wasn`t the wild old Atlantic. It was the Mall of America. And it was reportedly the
second wedding conducted at sea life where couples fishing for something different apparently liked getting hooked. I guess they figured that
traditional weddings are for land lovers. If your feelings are so deep that on open airmony would barely scratch the surface, and you are willing
to dive in to take your spouse`s breath away – well, what are you waiting for? Every diver loves a good wetting. We are hope your weekend is
awesome. Thank you, and join us again on Monday for a new week of CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.
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