CNN Student News with transcript August 25, 2014: Earthquake in California; Five Things to Know about Earthquakes; ISIS in Historical Context of Other Terror Rulers; Mo`ne Davis Groundbreaking Success at Little League; TV Screens Removed from Planes
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: CNN STUDENT NEWS is kicking off its third week of the 2014-2015 school year. I`m Carl Azuz, and we are all glad you are
First up, parts of Northern California are in recovery mode, and the governor has declared the state of emergency, delegate money and help
flowing to a region rattled by a 6.1 magnitude earthquake. It hit early on Sunday injuring dozens of people, knocking out power to thousands and
causing breaks in water mains and gas leaks. The total damage cost could exceed $1 billion, and the tremors may not be over.
Here are five things to know about earthquakes.
One, aftershocks. Smaller quakes typically follow. Dozens have followed this one. Another significant quake could come this week. Two, on
average, there are more than a hundred tremors between 6 and 6.9 every year. Three, the most powerful quake on record was a magnitude 9.5 that
struck Chile in 1960. Four, the deadliest quake on record shook Haiti in 2010, killing hundreds of thousands of people. Five, a one point increase
in earthquake magnitude represents a ten-fold increase in ground movement.
We might have put a man on the Moon in 1969 but we`ve got a long way to go for Mars. SpaceX is a privately funded space exploration company that
hopes to lead the way. This is its Falcon 9 reusable rocket – well, it was. Something has gone wrong during the launch over Texas, so a system
designed to destroy the rocket in case of emergency did its job.
No one was hurt, this was just a test of the F9R. At $54 million, it`s a lot cheaper than NASA`s shuttles which used to be the way Americans got on
orbit. The next step might have just taken a step back, but as the head of SpaceX tweeted on Friday, rockets are tricky.
Through airstrikes and sending troops as advisors to Iraq, the U.S. has been supporting the fight against ISIS. This is a terrorist group that
President Obama characterized as a JV-Team six months ago. But it`s taken much more seriously after ISIS took over large parts of Iraq and Syria.
ISIS wants to create a theocracy based on its own interpretation of Islam. It`s killed hundreds of people, civilians, minorities, Christians, other
Muslims. At one point in Iraq, 30,000 Iraqi soldiers ran away from 800 ISIS terrorists. Why? Fear.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: ISIS in many ways is something we`ve never really seen before, a really large, well-organized, well equipped
terrorists` army, but they are lifting significant parts of their playbook from bad actors in the past who also relied on terror to help them rule.
For example, the Vikings, way back in the 8 Century were known for such frenzied and vicious attacks on the villages they went after that often
people would simply lay down their arms or run away to try to avoid annihilation. Vlad the Impaler in the 14 Century was known for his cruelty
to the degree that his legacy remains today far beyond Romania. All of us would know it is the inspiration for Dracula.
In World War II, of course, Adolf Hitler`s Nazis were feared for the cruel efficiency of their military attacks, the blitzkrieg among them, and, of
course, the slaughter of millions of Jews.
Then, Joseph Stalin killed hundreds of thousands of his own people. And then the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s had a similar reign of terror against
their own people.
In each case, this groups fostered the public fear of their cruelty, the sense that they were simply terrorizing people who had to be feared and had
to be obeyed.
And now ISIS is doing the same thing through these videos being carefully placed on social media sites and shared around the world, so that they will
be seen by policymakers and the public alike.
Here is the weakness in terrorism, however. It only works if the victims are complicit. And by that I mean it only works if the public will watch
the videos, will agree to be terrorized, will leave in fear. If the public doesn`t do that, the significant weapon of the terrorist is diminished
AZUZ: See if you can I.D. me. On determinant of a sports league, that`s been around for 75 years, I`m held every year in Williamsport, Pennsylvania
where my organization was started. Japan has won three of my last five events. I`m the Little League World Series. Some other recent winners are
from California and Hawaii.
But not this year. Yesterday afternoon, it all came down to South Korea, and the Jackie Robinson West All Stars. This is a team made up entirely of
African American players. It`s from Chicago, and this was the first time in its 31 years that Jackie Robinson West made the finals. South Korea
took home top honors, though, beating Jackie Robinson West eight to four. It was South Korea`s first championship victory since 1985.
Another headline from the baseball series had nothing to do with the boys of summer.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: 13-year old Mo`ne Davis throws like a girl, all right? A girl who can throw a 70 mile an hour fast balls and that made to
Philadelphia pitcher. A serious threat at this year`s Little League World Series.
Mo`ne captured global attention after throwing a no hitter, a first for a female in Little League World Series history and Twitter went crazy. Major
League pitcher David Price said Mo`ne Davis is a stud! The NBA`s Kevin Durant wrote, “This youngster is striking out everybody as she`s a girl.”
And talk show host Ellen DeGeneres tweeted, “Talk about groundbreaking.”
But with all the hype surrounding the 8 grader, her message was clear.
MO`NE DAVIS: Let up everyone know the inner city kids can make a big difference in the baseball and to shoot.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And that she did. Mo`ne attracted the largest audience ever for the series, as she`s the first Little Leaguer and the
youngest person, by the way, to be on the cover of “Sports Illustrated.” However, the baseball phenom and honor roll student says that she`s better
at basketball. She hopes to play in the WNBA one day.
And although her team fell short of making it to the championship game, her impact on Little League girls and diversity is certainly long lasting.
“Sports Illustrator” may put it best for this game changer. Mo`ne Davis, remember her name as if we could ever forget.
AZUZ: Let`s see who`s watching. Schools we pick for our daily roll call come from our transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com, so here are three
requests from Friday`s transcript.
From Chickasha High School in Chickasha, Oklahoma, we`ve got the fighting chicks watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. From Leyton High School in Delta,
Nebraska, hello to all the warriors out there. And from St. Anthony High School in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, there`s a whole Rome and a legion (ph)
online. These mascots are awesome.
If you did any flying when you were a little kid, you might remember the telephones that were embedded into the seatbacks. That was cutting edge
technology back then. But as they continuingly update their planes, airlines are continuingly updating the technology they offer passengers.
And slowly but surely, seat back TV screens are going the way of the phones and the dodo. What will be left?
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It seems that a lot of new planes are missing an item we`ve come to expect: seatback TV screens.
Well, there`s a reason for the disappearing act. It turns out, those screens are expensive. Expensive to install, expensive to maintain, and
expensive to fly around all the extra weight.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I like the inflight entertainment, and it`s kind of upsetting that they are thinking about getting rid of it.
CRANE: And they are also becoming less needed, because about three quarters of us board a plane with a screen in hand.
Carriers like United are skipping the screens, opting for no seatbacks on more than 15 new long range jets. Instead, there`ll be a special server on
board loaded with hundreds of movies and TV shows that passengers can stream directly to their gadgets. Delta`s trying something similar, called
the Delta Studeler (ph). The airline maintains they are still installing screens on their new planes, they are simply giving their passengers both
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think it`s an interesting idea, but you know, you always see the people like sitting on the floor trying to charge. So, like
how we are going to charge our devices?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I`ll definitely miss the on-flight entertainment if it`s not available.
CRANE: It looks like the sit back TV is going to suffer the same fate as the airplane telephone. I guess we`ve truly entered the era of BYOD.
Bring Your Own Device.
AZUZ: If you`ve ever seen a one-year old in a smashed cake, you expect to see a mess. But at this one-year old`s party, held at the National Zoo,
there was shockingly little pandemonium, at least at first. Bao, the giant panda seemed more interesting in the leaves and in climbing the number one
on top of her cake then actually eating it. But eventually she came around, gaveling up the frozen fruits and sweet potatoes that adorned her
Fortunately, the crowd was patient. Nobody bambooed her. They didn`t want a panda creature on her own bear`s day. That would have been unbearable.
I`m Carl Azuz, we`ll bear back tomorrow with more CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News August 26, 2014: Breaking the Chain of Ebola Transmission; Gaza During War; Building Boats for Inner City Children in New York
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: From NHK TV in Japan to the city of Chickasha, Oklahoma, we welcome our viewers from all over the world.
First up on commercial free CNN STUDENT NEWS we are taking you to Africa. The Ebola outbreak we`ve been following this year has mostly been limited
to West Africa. But new cases of the hemorrhagic fever are turning up in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in Central Africa. It appears to be a
different strain of the virus, meaning it`s a separate one from the outbreak that`s killed 1500 people in West Africa. But doctors are
scrambling to contain it, because Congo borders nine other countries, and an outbreak there could be catastrophic. There`s no cure. Ebola kills
many of those who get it. Though people can survive, if they are treated quickly with fluids, medicines and nutrients.
One big question, though, how do you stop it?
SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Ebola outbreak in Africa has left hundreds dead and many more infected. To halt even more infections,
finding and treating all the patients is key. But just as important as finding and monitoring all the people who had close contact with those
patients. These people, they may have slept in the same house, they may have come in contact with the patients` body fluids. And not all of the
patients` close contacts are going to get sick. But those who do can then expose even more people to Ebola. It`s called a chain of transmission. I
want to give you a real world example from an Ebola outbreak in the early 2000s.
A young woman from Uganda didn`t know she was sick with Ebola. She had closed contacts with six people. Her baby and father in law, they both got
sick. The baby then got his grandmother sick and she had contact with two more people as well. The father in law had close contact with 12 people.
Out of that, his brother and cousin both got sick. The brother then had close contact with four more people, and the cousin had close contact with
five more people, including another brother who`d used his blanket and also got sick. That`s how Ebola can spread. From one generation of disease,
all the way around to another generation and then another.
Breaking this chain of transmission is crucial. And one way to do it is do something known as contact tracing. Basically, disease detectives use
every source they can find to find people who may have had contact with the person sick with Ebola. And then for 21 days they monitor each person
looking for signs and symptoms like a fever. And if it looks like someone who`s starting to get sick, they are asked to go to an isolation ward.
Now, in previous person outbreaks this contact tracing has been pretty effective at halting new transmissions. But the current outbreak is
unprecedented in size and scope. The World Health Organization says it`s so far more than 8500 of those close contacts have been identified. And
just imagine that. How daunting it would be to follow for 21 days more than 8500 people in the region of the world with fewer resources and then
remote locations. If you miss even one exposed individual and they get sick, the virus keeps spreading. And this outbreak won`t be over until
there`s been 42 days with no new cases.
AZUZ: Moving east of the African continent now to the region of the Middle East. Rockets and airstrikes have brought explosions to Israel and Gaza.
Hamas is the group that controls the Palestinian territory of Gaza. Israel and the U.S. label Hamas a terrorist organization. It recently admitted to
kidnapping and killing three Israeli teenagers in June. That set off the new flare up of an old conflict. A Palestinian teenager was killed in
early July. Rocket attacks from Gaza and airstrikes from Israel have been on and off ever since.
Thousands, mostly Palestinians have died, and parts of Gaza have become a war zone. A CNN producer describes what its` like to travel there.
JON JENSEN, CNN PRODUCER: So, I was lucky enough to get the call to be a producer for Ben Wedeman, and I say lucky because if you`re going to go
into Gaza at the time of conflict, there`s no better reporter to be there with. He`s covered the story for more than two decades, he speaks fluent
Arabic, he knows the streets of Gaza like the back of his hands.
The minute I crossed into Gaza there were two explosions on either side of me, a few hundred meters away. Rocket fire or artillery incoming, and it`s
loud. It`s – it shakes the air around you, and I think if you are not scared, there`s probably something wrong with you.
Every time I go in, I`m always constantly surprised at just how small the place is, it`s, you know, from top to bottom 40 kilometers, around 25 miles
long, which means, you know, when you`re in Gaza City on the top of a building, in a couple directions you can see Israeli border.
You are all more aware of the close proximity in the time of conflict, when there`s artillery and bombs coming in and rockets going out.
AZUZ: From Monday`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com, here are three of the schools that requested a mention on today`s “Roll Call.” We`ll start
in Costa Rica, with the Lincoln School. It`s great being part of your day in Santo Domingo de Heredia. Next, we are jumping up to Parowan Utah.
We`ve got the rams roaming in Parowan High School. And over in Chillicothe, Illinois, we see a stampede of Mustangs. They are at
Chillicothe Junior High School.
The average school start time across the U.S. is 8 a.m., but the American Academy of Pediatrics says it needs to be later. Why? So you can get more
sleep. It says teenagers` health, safety and grades, all depend on sleep, and specifically, sleeping later. It says going to be earlier won`t solve
the problem because teenagers` brains are programmed to fall asleep later and stay asleep later.
So, it`s recommending that schools delay their start times to 8:30 or later.
A couple of problems with that, though. One involves bus schedules. Many buses start early to make several trips to different schools. Adding buses
and routs adds costs and many districts can`t afford that. Another reason – afterschool activities. If school started later, students in band or
sports might not get home until after dinner.
You know that expression, slow news day. Friday, April 18, 1930 was quite possibly the slowest news day ever. On that day, the BBC announced
“there`s no news. And then they played piano music. Now, that`s random.
Hunts Point is one of the toughest parts of the Bronx. That`s a borough in New York City. According to New York`s government, only about 42 percent
of students in Hunts Point graduate high school. They routinely walk through streets ridden with crime, drugs and danger. But a CNN hero is
turning Hunts Point into a jumping off point for some students` success.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Bronx River is really one of the most hidden gems of New York City. If you look in one direction, you`ll see very industrial
sites. If you look at another direction, you`ll see tons of birds and fish and all kinds of native plant life.
I grew up in New York City, which is an island surrounded by water, but I wasn`t the boater at all.
I ended up volunteering in Ageera (ph) High School in East Harlem when we`ve built a little eight foot dingy (ph). I benefited just as much as
any other students did from the sense of oh, wow, I can put my energy into something and actually see a result.
(on camera): Make your own .
(voice over): That experience inspired me to create this organization Rocking the Boat.
(on camera): You want a good check for that? Just drop this on.
(voice over): Our kids come from the south Bronx, one of the poorest places in the country. Their block is all they`ve ever known.
The kids learn how to build boats, they are sailing and rowing. They are restoring a river.
(on camera): Here you go.
(voice over): We`ve opened kids up to new possibility as really to become someone they would never be – otherwise.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: the program has taught me that I can take on any challenge and apply so many of the skills that I learned here. Now, I`m
going to a good college. I wouldn`t have got there if not for Rocking the Boat.
(on camera): And what do you guys see in high tide?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s pretty awesome.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (voice over): They can really go anywhere and do anything.
They`ve already got what it takes (INAUDIBLE) and put it to work.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILDREN: Rock the Boat!
Before we go,
AZUZ: Before we go, well, this is just a prettiest little implosion you`ve ever seen. The city of Albany, New York, decided it was time for this
hotel to go. But demolition crews sent it off in style. First came fireworks, than explosions and red-white blue smoke. The structure had
been there since the 1920. Then it`s been abandoned (INAUDIBLE), so to make way for a new convention center, there was a cascade of color
culminating in a calculated collapse. Maybe not the most constructive way to end a show, makes our finish a little flat. It seems like we`re just
dropping off, but it gives us something to build on. Grounds us on from footing and provides a solid foundation on which we can stack more stories
and punch tomorrow. See you all then.
CNN Student News August 27, 2014: American Aircraft in the Skies over Syria; Devastating Drought in Guatemala; Warnings for Earthquakes; Monkey Business in New Delhi
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: American aircraft in the skies over Syria. The U.S. has given that the green light, and it`s the first story we`re
covering today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to the show.
This week, President Obama authorized U.S. planes to take surveillance over Syria. Why? The same reason he authorized them to attack in parts of
Iraq. ISIS, the extreme terrorist group whose name stands for Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. That`s what they want. And because they`ve been
murdering people who don`t share their extremist beliefs, the U.S. is getting involved in fighting them.
This is especially complicated in Syria, though, because the nation is in the middle of a civil war. The U.S. doesn`t support Syria`s government,
but both governments are against ISIS terrorists.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: U.S. reconnaissance flights could begin over Syria at any time, according to U.S. officials, using possibly drones, U2 spy planes
But Pentagon is drafting options to strike inside Syria, but the U.S. won`t warn the Syrian government who says carrying out airstrikes without their
consent would be a breach of its sovereignty and the act of aggression.
It`s unclear, however, how much the president`s top military adviser, General Martin Dempsey supports immediate U.S. military action.
A spokesman confirmed, Dempsey is preparing options to address ISIS, both in Iraq and Syria with a variety of military tools, including airstrikes.
But the lack of action so far is prompting critics like hawkish Republican Senator Lindsey Graham to charge the White House is trying to minimize the
threat we face in order to justify non-changing a failed strategy.”
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Before any bombs could fall, the U.S. has to get fresh intelligence.
REAR ADM. JOHN KIRBY, PENTAGON PRESS SECRETARY: Well, we don`t talk about reconnaissance and intelligence matters, but in general, when you are
thinking about conducting operations like that you certainly want to get as much of a view on the ground as you can.
AZUZ: Connecting Mexico with Central America is the nation of Guatemala. It`s about the size of Tennessee and its government has declared the state
of emergency. Drought, one of the worst in decades is killing crops and cattle. If Guatemala`s legislature approves the emergency request, money
will be provided to help farmers who`ve lost crops. Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America. More than half of its 14.6 million
people live below the poverty line. And while one percent of the U.S. economy is based on agriculture, in Guatemala it`s 13 percent.
So, you can see how an agricultural crisis here can have a dramatic impact on a nation. Things aren`t much better in other parts of the region. The
drought has left hundreds of thousands of people hungry throughout Central America.
From yesterday`s transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com, here are three of the schools that requested a mention on our “Roll Call.” Idea College Prep
Donna. We`re looking at some titans today. They are watching in Donna, Texas.
Hello to the Huskies. Good to see the students of Hightower Trail Middle School. They are in Marietta, Georgia. And from Halifax, Virginia where
you`ll find Halifax County High School, take a look up at the Comets.
No one was killed by the 6.0 magnitude earthquake that shook northern California on Sunday, but more than 200 people were injured. And one
question being asked, is whether an advanced earthquake warning system could keep people safer. One proposed system would cause California $80
million. But if we can`t predict earthquakes, how would it work?
CHAD MYERS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: If you in the epicenter of an earthquake, you are going to get no warning. There`s no time for that. The warning
depends on the distance you are to the earthquake epicenter.
Early warning system for earthquakes is expensive and also complex. Part of the problem is, we don`t have a system that can predict the earth is
going to move. Our warning system is based on the fact that the earth is already moving and then if you are farther away from that epicenter, we can
give you some time to prepare. Some minor time, but some time.
Unlike a tornado warning where Doppler radar can see the rotation and issue a warning before the tornado, an earthquake warning happens when the earth
is already shaking.
Another limitation is how close the sensor is to the epicenter. If the sensor is ten miles away from the epicenter, it takes five seconds to get
to that sensor. So, the more sensors we get, the better the lee time will get as well. If we get ten seconds notice of an earthquake that`s
happening, especially a big one, you can open up the elevators on the nearest floor. You can stop trains. You can stop all those things that
are moving before the shaking gets there. This entire system works because the speed of light or the speed of the warning going down the line, is
186,000 miles per second. The earth as it`s wiggling and shaking along, is going at 2 miles per second, so if you are 30 miles away, your warning
could be 15 seconds.
It`s 15 seconds I could save her life.
AZUZ: Time for a shoutout. Which of these animals is not an ape. If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it a chimpanzee, baboon, orangutan or
gorilla? You`ve got three seconds, go. Unlike the apes mentioned here, baboons have tales. And that`s one of the characteristics that separates
monkeys from apes. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
And it`s monkeys, not apes that are running wild in the streets of New Delhi. Parts of the Indian capital are overrun with rhesus macaques.
They`ve taken over roads, houses, parks. They often carry rabies and they`ve been known to attack people. They are not endangered, but the
government can`t simply relocated or hunt them. That would violate India`s largest faith.
SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There`s “The Planet of the Apes.”
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Apes.
UDAS: And then, there`s New Delhi`s own primate problem. They are everywhere, tens of thousands terrorizing residents, wreaking havoc.
“They snatch our food and belongings, they bit people, get into our water tanks and bathe in it. They are such a nuisance,” he says. He loves
because well, the monkeys are really just being themselves. Looking for food and some fun. But not everyone is amused.
“We get so many complaints on our helpline, we`ve hired 40 people to chase monkeys away,” this government official says.
When calls come in, they deploy monkey chasers. Yes, that`s actually a job like this.
Pramod Gamar (Ph) is mimicking the sounds of a langur, this longtail black and white Simens (ph) whom the smaller rhesus macaque breed apparently
“Langurs are much bigger and more vicious,” he explains. For ten years Kumar and his langur roam the streets of Delhi. He says even the presence
of one langur could scare away hundreds of monkeys. But officials recently enforced the ban on the use of langurs after animal rights groups
protested. Ever since Kumar and his colleagues have had to act like langurs instead.
“It used to be so much easier with langurs,” he says. They could climb up trees and scare the other monkeys away, now all we have is a stick and this
catapult and our voices. What used to take one hour, now takes four hours,” he says.
Monkeys cannot be captured or killed in India, but that`s not the only reason there are so many around. Take a look at this. Hindus actually
worship the half-man, half-monkey god Hanuman, so feeding them is actually deemed auspicious.
Officials admit they haven`t figured out a long term solution yet. Before now, they are rough for doing whatever it takes to keep the monkey business
at bay. Sumnima Udas, CNN, New Delhi.
AZUZ: “Batman,” shuffleboards, soft ball and ice hockey, all part of a sports program in Canada for people who are over 55 years old. You
probably wouldn`t think that someone over 100 would be competing. And you probably wouldn`t think it would be in track and field. Well, why not?
Florence Storch, who`s 101, by the way, says edge is just a number. That`s why nothing stopped her from picking up a javelin for the first time back
in her 90s. This sprightly centenarian has already speared the title of oldest competitor at the games. She`ll be sporting victory no matter what
happens and we`ll be throwing more news your way tomorrow. I hope to see you then.
CNN Student News August 28, 2014: Everything about Hurricanes; Civil War Hero Awarded Medal of Honor; Burger King`s Becoming a Canadian Company
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Big storm brewing. And it`s bringing waves and danger to America`s West Coast. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.
Let`s go to California.
Look at this. Massive swells off southern California. Forecasters say they could crest as high as 15 feet. One surfer has been killed by the
waves. Buildings too close to shore are in danger of getting damaged. And people are being warned about strong rip currents which can drag swimmers
out to sea.
It`s all brought to the region by Hurricane Marie. Last night this was a category two storm, which normally can cause some damage and flooding. But
Marie isn`t expected to come anywhere near land. Forecasters say it will swirl and dissipate in the Pacific Ocean.
Still, several beaches have been closed as dangerous waves are expected through Friday.
IVAN CABRERA, CNN METEOROLOGIST: When tropical cyclone is an area of low pressure that forms in the tropical regions of the world.
Cyclones are actually very important, even though, of course, they can be deadly, they help essentially balance out the temperature across the globe.
They are an equalizer, so they take the heat energy from the tropics, and they translate that where we need it into the colder climates.
The generic term for it is a tropical cyclone. That can refer to any cyclone that has a closed center of circulation anywhere in the world, like
in the Atlantic when they get strong enough to a certain wind speed, we call them hurricanes. But if you are in the Western Pacific, a hurricane
is called the typhoon. There`s no difference between a hurricane and a typhoon except in the name. They are both tropical cyclones.
The naming system is based on the World Meteorological Organization. There`s a list of names. Depending on the basin, in the Atlantic basin, we
recycle the names every six years. If a storm becomes particularly intense or is devastating for a coastline, or has a lot of casualties associated
with it, we retire the name and don`t use it again. For example, Hurricane Katrina. That name will be used again.
Once a tropical storm become a hurricane, we use what we call the Saffir- Simpson scale. Saffir-Simpson scale categorizes the hurricanes from category one, which is the weakest, to a category five. A category one
minimal hurricane has to have winds in its center of 74 miles an hour. As the storm continues to gather strength and becomes more intense, if it
reaches 96 miles an hour, that`s a category two. A category three has winds of a 111 miles per hour. If it continues to intensify, that is a
deadly category four storm, and then the strongest of hurricanes, category five. That is pretty devastating stuff.
Definitely, heed the warnings and get yourself a preparedness kit. Know what you are going to do in the event of a cyclone. Are you going to
evacuate? And again, heed those warnings.
AZUZ: See if you can I.D me. I was established for the U.S. military during the Civil War. I`m an award for gallantry above and beyond the call
of duty. I`m America`s highest military decoration.
I`m the Medal of Honor. And I was established for the U.S. Navy in 1861 and the U.S Army in 1862.
It was an 1863. During the Civil War the White House says Alonzo H. Cushing earned his Medal of Honor. He was 22 years old, the first
lieutenant for the Union Army. He was facing a confederate charge at the battle of Gettysburg, and even though Cushing was wounded in two parts of
his body, he refused to evacuate for medical treatment. And he continued to direct his artillery unit until he was killed by a confederate bullet.
Historians say Cushing helped ensure the confederate defeat at Gettysburg. President Obama will present his award more than 150 years after Cushing`s
death. That`s the longest span of time between a military act and a Medal of Honor awarded for it.
So, we`ve got this segment called “Roll Call.” It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There`s now only one way to submit a
request, and you need to be at least 13 years old. Go to cnnstudentnews.com. Click words says “Roll Call” and leave a comment at
the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript. You can make one request every day, but spamming will
not help you. Please tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.
All right, quick. Think of all the fast food chains that sell hamburgers. McDonald`s probably comes to mind first. But in second place, with about
12,000 stores around the world, is Burger King. And until now, it`s been based in the U.S. It pays U.S. corporate taxes. But most major
corporations want to minimized those taxes. One way some of them do this is through inversion, when they basically decide to move their base to
Canada, for instance, has lower corporate taxes than the U.S. And when your factor in its lower sales and property taxes, moving there could save
a food company some serious bread.
CRISTINA ALESCI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: When you think of Burger King, you think America.
UNIDENTIFIED PEOPLE (singing): Happy joy – at Burger King.
ALESCI: But now, the iconic American brand and investor are teaming up to relocate the fast food chain outside of the United States. Here`s the
deal. Burger King announced it`s buying Canadian donut house Tim Hortons, and moving the combined company headquarters north of the border. That
creates an opportunity for the company to write off some of its U.S. corporate taxes and avoid paying U.S. taxes on earnings abroad. Burger
King is the most recent and biggest brand name company to attempt moving its headquarters. The U.S. is often criticized for having one of the
highest corporate tax rates of the world, but companies often find ways to offset their bills to the government. Just to put this into context, last
year corporate taxes were 1.6 percent of GDP, less than half of what they were 50 years ago. Burger King`s own executives say the deal classifies as
an inversion, but they also say, it won`t trim (ph) their tax bill. With many Americans still feeling the staying of the recession, it`s no surprise
this is a political issue.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: It`s not fair. It`s not right. The lost revenue to Treasury means it`s going to be made
up somewhere, and that typically is going to be bunch of hardworking Americans.
But before we get too patriotic, it`s important to remember, while Burger King may be an American brand, it has locations in 98 countries.
Its international growth is key. And the Brazilian investment firm owns most of the company. Cristine Alesci, CNN Money, New York.
AZUZ: Today`s “Roll Call” schools are in two hemispheres, but they all made a request in yesterday`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com. We`ll
start at Brazil. A big welcome to everyone watching at the International School of Brazil. It`s located in Curitiba in the state of Parana. To the
Pacific now, in the 50th U.S. state, hello to the warriors of Kapa`a High School. Great to see you in Kapa`a, Hawaii. And moving north to the 49
state, we`ve got more warriors watching. Bethel Regional High School in Bethel, Alaska. Thank you for watching.
Call her Catherine, call her Sisi, call her CB, whatever you pick, you picked a winner. Catherine Bellis just became one of the youngest American
women to win a match at the U.S. Open. She`s 15 years old. She`d only competed in 13 professional matches. And she beat the 13 top ranked player
in the world for the upset. Just for perspective, Catherine`s ranking is 1208. After her win, the home schooled teenager said she felt amazing,
speechless and in shock. Her next match was schedules for this morning at 11, even if she doesn`t win that, though, she`s already served up once
It`s usually a compliment when someone tells you you are one in a million. This luminous lobster is one in 2 million. Because it`s blue, and not
because it thought it was going to get eaten. Lobster expert say a genetic defect causes the cool crustacean coloration. It was pulled up by a 14-
year old high school freshman off the coast of Main. I know her family owns a lobster restaurant. This colorful catch will chill in an aquarium
instead of on a plate. She could have also thrown it back, but she would have lobst her chance to help. After all, avoiding lobster traps is kind
of a shell game. This animal will never sing the blues, he`s being donated to a good clause with aquarium life. A happy ending for this tale.
I`m Carl Azuz. We`ll have a fresh catch of stories for you tomorrow. It`s just the commercials that won`t hold water on CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News August 29, 2014: Tracking ISIS Threat; Russia Supporting Separatist Rebels in Ukraine
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are all something we can appreciate. In less than nine minutes, you`ll see just how much we`ve appreciated them
through the years. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.
First up, the U.S. is looking for support in fighting ISIS, it`s a brutal terrorist organization that`s taking over about a third each of Iraq and
Syria. ISIS has murdered scores of people who don`t share its extreme Islamic views. It wants to create a country based on those views and
declare war on the Western world. Iraqi forces have been fighting ISIS with support from U.S. airstrikes. President Obama has authorized
surveillance flights in Syria. That`s expected to lead the U.S. airstrikes there, too. Yesterday, the White House held a meeting to discuss other
ways to take on ISIS.
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Let`s start with this sobering thought. ISIS is not just a local Iraqi or Syrian problem. Because in addition to
the massive amounts of territory it has captured in Iraq and Syria, it is now already threatening Saudi Arabia. Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. And as
Americans, the great concern is that they also have their sites set even further afield.
Intelligence officials believe that there are about 1,000 Westerners fighting for ISIS in Iraq and Syria, among them, about 100 Americans. And
it`s a belief of U.S. intelligence officials that they are being trained and encouraged to carry out attacks when they return home.
In fact, it`s belief that ISIS veterans have already carried out two attacks in Europe. The fear is that they will carry out many more going
Now, U.S. intelligence and counter-terror officials are tracking ISIS veterans as best as they can when they attempt to go home. The trouble is,
even they will admit that this is happening as U.S. intelligence capabilities are declining. For one, human intelligence, known as humint
in the intelligence community has declined, virtually non-existent in Syria and it`s decreased in Iraq after the U.S. withdrew U.S. forces from Iraq.
Much of the intelligence done there by the U.S. military.
Two, what`s happening is, what`s called SIGINT, signals intelligence is declining as well. In the post-Snowden era, terrorists don`t communicate
the way they used to, on cell-phones, or by email, on Internet websites, and that`s also decreasing the ability of intelligence agencies to track
their movements. Iraq and Syria are just two failed states that are now home to terrorist group with international aspirations. There are others
in Libya, in Yemen and Somalia. And when I speak to U.S. intelligence officials, they say that nothing keeps them up at night more than the
threats emanating from there.
AZUZ: Another conflict U.S. officials are watching is in Ukraine. It`s a nation divided between East and West. On one hand, many Ukrainians want
closer ties with the European Union, the West. Their new government sees that as the future of Ukraine. But other Ukrainians, especially in some
eastern regions are aligned with Russia. Some have been fighting for independence from Ukraine. Western leaders accuse Russia of supporting
these rebels with troops and weapons. Russia`s denied that repeatedly. But the U.S. officials says as many as a 1,000 Russian troops cross the
border into Ukraine Thursday, to fight alongside the rebels.
The U.S. is warning Russia of new sanctions, economic penalties if it doesn`t pull back.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Putin`s annexation of Crimea and his support for the pro- Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine has raised his popularity with
the Russian people. His ratings haven`t been so high since he went to war with another former pro-Western neighbor, Georgia, in 2008. For years,
Putin has made keeping Ukraine from joining the European Union and NATO, a major strategic goal. But the recent ouster of pro- Russian president,
Victor Yanukovych, has really weakened his influence there. One way to stop Ukraine from joining the West is to make it too unstable by keeping
this insurgency running.
But sticking with the separatists brings Putin problems on the international front. There`s no smoking gun against Russia for the downing
of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17, but the Western world says Putin`s support for the separatists has led to this tragedy.
The U.S. and the Europe have already imposed sanctions against Russian companies. Entire sectors of the Russian economy could be next. It`s
already been tittering on the brink of recession for months, and the damage done to Russia`s world image from the conflict will take years to undo.
In the choice between appeasing the Russian public and antagonizing the West, it appears Vladimir Putin has no good options.
AZUZ: For more than seven weeks in the Middle East, explosions have been almost constant in Israel and Gaza. Relative silence settled over the
region in the past few days. No missiles from Israeli airstrikes, no rockets from the Hamas-controlled territory of Gaza. It`s a truce, and as
of last night, it was holding. The most recent flare up between Hamas and Israel killed about 2200 people. Previous cease-fires have come and gone.
One thing that sets this one apart is that it`s open-ended, there`s no expiration date.
It doesn`t resolve any major issues between the two sides, but they both agreed to negotiate in the days ahead.
From northwest to southwest, it`s time to see who`s watching on the CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call.” From Tacoma, Washington, we`ve got the Koats
(ph), with the K. Hello to our viewers at Keithley Middle School. We`ll make a quick stop in the land of 10,000 lakes at Washburn High School in
Minneapolis, Minnesota. Good to see the Millers. And at Hagerman Municipal Schools in Hagerman, New Mexico, it`s the Bobcats who round out
today`s roll. Thanks to all of you who made a request on Thursday`s transcript page.
All right, charging stations. They popped up in officers, airline terminals, parking lots for electric cars. MIT workers in the research
company had been developing technology that merges a charging station with a park bench. It`s not cheap. While an everyday bench is anywhere from
160 to 900 bucks, these could sell for thousands.
Here`s a look at an early project that eventually led to a new kind of bench. One that`s giving folks a charge around Boston, Massachusetts.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SANDRA RICHTER, MIT MEDIA LAB VISITING SCIENTIST: I`m Sandra and I live in the city of Boston. We are here at MIT media lab. We made the future for
every park bench, a connected solar powered charger. Cities of the future need to be designed around the human being, around us. We are seeing more
and more efforts for sittable (ph) cities.
We hacked a lot of things together that normally don`t make sense. We took six solar panels, three lithium ion batteries, a waterproof plug, and then
we have batteries sensing. So, what does it mean, we actually noticed when and how many people are charging off of solar energy and we can communicate
that into the cloud. So, the bench right now is actually connected to the Internet.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Before I was the anchor of CNN STUDENT NEWS, I was a news writer. And I always thought that when I got on air, one thing I`d say regularly
was how I felt about Fridays. Here`s how that turned out in the years that followed.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Great? No. Excellent? No. Stupendous? Not quite. Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
You know what`s not as awesome as Fridays? Stagnation.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are totally sweave (ph).
If I may quote myself.
Fridays are awesome.
I`ve got a special message, Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are acceptable.
Fridays are awesome.
You know why Fridays are awesome?
You`ve made it to Friday. Awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays may be awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
It`s the most awesome day of the week.
Pretty awesome. Not as awesome as Fridays.
You know it.
Fridays are always awesome.
It`s almost as awesome as Fridays.
Oh, it`s Friday all right.
Fridays are awesome.
You guys are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
We know that Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
Even when they are freezing, Fridays are awesome.
Fridays are awesome.
All right, forgive Fridays, that was awesome.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Of course, some don`t think so. Shrimp, fish, chicken and catfish all hate Fridays. Many vegans won`t touch fried eggs, and if you hate
ghost stories and horror movies, you are not going to like fright days. But even those of you who hate puns, love Fridays because they mean too
more days until pun days. Though next pun day are Monday, we will not be on the air. We`ll be off for the Labor Day holiday. So, hope you enjoy
it, and we`ll see you on Tuesday our next news day. What? I`m Carl Azuz.
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