CNN Student News with transcript September 15, 2014: Volcano Eruptions in Iceland Create Pollution; U.S. Continues Military Campaign against ISIS; Solar Storms Affecting Electronics; Your Online Information Becomes Part of Big Data
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Iceland is where we begin today`s commercial free show. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Volcanologists are
people who study all things volcanic, they`ve been keeping a close eye on a rural area of eastern Iceland, because it`s been a hot spot for earthquakes
and volcanic activity. It`s been going on for nearly a month now. We`ve talked about the Bardarbunga Volcano, it`s the largest volcanic system in
Iceland. Here`s what it`s been doing. Volcanic ash has not been a major problem yet, though volcanologists are warning it could become one. The
immediate effects are lava fissures and gas. Miles away, children and people with the respiratory problems have been told to stay indoors with
the windows closed.
Sulfur dioxide from the eruption is polluting the air in some Icelandic cities. And this isn`t limited to the island country of Iceland. Even
across the Norwegian Sea, there`s a nasty smell in the air. Experts say the stench of sulfur is drifting from Iceland to Norway and Finland.
The U.S. military has been sending surveillance flights over Syria as it prepares expected airstrikes against the ISIS terrorist group. Over the
weekend, ISIS murdered a British citizen who was captured in Syria saying it was Britain`s alliance with the U.S.
President Obama says he will not send U.S. troops into Syria to fight ISIS. But critics say his current strategy won`t be enough to defeat the
Congress is debating whether to support President Obama`s plan to arm Syria`s rebels. They are fighting both ISIS and Syria`s government in the
civil war. It`s a complicated situation, especially when it comes to Syria.
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The Obama administration is comparing military action against ISIS to other ongoing operations against al Qaeda
in the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen and against al Shabaab in Somalia, and there are similarities. Both of those campaigns taking place largely from
the air, no real U.S. presence on the ground, and also both of those campaigns taking place in largely lawless countries like you`re seeing in
But the planned operations against ISIS have differences. For one, they are more ambitious. Just in the last month in Iraq the U.S. has carried
out more airstrikes than it`s carried out in year in Yemen or in Somalia. And there are particular problems in Syria that make the campaign against
ISIS more difficult.
For one, the civil war in Syria is particularly confusing. The enemy is ISIS, but ISIS`s chief rival, the Government of Bashar al-Assad is also an
American enemy. What happens if and when the battle against ISIS is over? Because the U.S. go after Assad then as well.
The U.S. also has very difficult allies on the ground. In Syria, the moderate Syrian rebels there have not proven very effective in fighting
ISIS on their own.
In Iraq, the Iraqi Army as well has not made any significant gains against ISIS and if they are own problems, in fact, running away, dropping their
uniforms when ISIS first advanced. Will those allies in both Syria and Iraq prove to be reliable allies going forward?
Another challenge here is what is the endgame? The president has said his goal is to degrade and destroy ISIS. The U.S., for instance in Afghanistan
has been going after these groups for 13 years and al Qaeda still survives.
In Yemen, AQAP still survives. Al Shabaab is Somalia. After years of military action, we`ll that be the same with ISIS in Iraq and Syria, that`s
still an open question.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the Shoutout, which of the following objects is 93 million miles away from you? If you think, you know it, shout it
out! Is it the International Space Station, the Sun, Mercury or Moon. You`ve got three seconds, go.
It`s the Sun. It`s so far away that its light takes more than eight minutes to reach your eye. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: So, should you be concerned about something that happens some 93 million miles away? 100 years ago the answer was no, today the answer kind
of depends. Do you use electronics? There are often storms on the Sun, there were some over the weekend. They were linked to solar flares that
send magnetic gas flying toward Earth. A NASA scientist says no one on the ground was in any danger, but they could have affected some of the things
we use every day.
In March of 1989, a solar storm knocked out power for the Canadian province of Quebec. It took 12 hours for the lights and everything else to come
back on. What else could happen?
CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: Now, the Sun has always been out there, there`s always been a solar wind, there`s always been solar flares, but now
that we are so dependent on satellites, on GPS, on the power grid, now we`re worried about what the Sun is doing out there.
Well, the solar flare comes out very quickly and it can really disrupt radio communications, especially high latitude radio communications. But a
coronal mass ejection, when it comes toward the Earth, it is sending plasma, electrons, protons, the big solar wind that will energize the
magnetosphere and possibly even energize the Earth itself and that`s what we`re concerned about. Obviously, solar flares and CMEs have been hitting
the Earth for billions of years, but we have now the technology in place that can be damaged by these CMEs, the satellites in place, the power grids
in place. With a big CME or coronal mass ejection, we could lose the power grid. We could lose satellites, we could certainly lose GPS.
You know, we think of geomagnetic storms as being fun because we get to see the northern lights, the aurora borealis, but there`s more to it than that.
It can power the grid, it can make brown-outs in our electrical grid. It can turn our satellites off and maybe we even have to manually turn them
off if there is too much energy coming at them. So, think of a world at least temporarily without satellites, without GPS, without communication.
A lot of things could shut down with a big CME earth directed.
AZUZ: Who`s watching CNN STUDENT NEWS? Here are three of the requests we`ve got in Friday`s transcript, we are feeling patriotic about Liberty
High School in Henderson, Nevada. Why? Because it`s home of the Patriots. Two states East in Florence, Colorado, we`ve got the Huskies on our roll
today. And in Greenville South Carolina at Wade Hampton High School the generals are in command.
From “Roll Call” a bit of a wake-up call. It`s likely that most of your activities online are being tracked. Everything every publicly tweeted is
on file at the Library of Congress. Yes, your tweets. The websites you visit, they are helping companies try to sell you more stuff. If you have
an expectation of privacy for what you do online, maybe you shouldn`t.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So, did you know that you are a commodity? Yes, you are a product being bought and sold. So, the digital age means that
everything you do online can be tracked, measured, stored. All of this information is called Big Data. So we are talking about the websites that
your browse, for example, the surveys that you take every time you apply for a loan, and we are not kidding when we say the word big. To think
about all those photos you keep posting on Facebook every ten minutes. So, to keep up with all of that information Facebook has actually built three
massive data centers and it has another one on the way.
So, you cost any leading behind all of these (INAUDIBLE) digital bread crumbs, but the thing is, it`s not Hansel and Gretel skipping them up, it`s
the government, it`s companies, it`s bank. They (INAUDIBLE) big data to learn whatever they find about you. So, it`s how Target, for example,
knows woman is pregnant even before she told her family and it`s how Amazon and Netflix make recommendations. And it`s why Edward Snowden sounded
alarmed on the NSA. Companies say they are making our lives more convenient, the government says it`s protecting us from terrorism, but big
data is big business.
And it has a dark side: So big data algorithm could actually mean that you don`t get a loan, for example, a Facebook post could cost you a job. If
you are behind of your mortgage, or you are addicted online gambling for example, you could actually end up on lists sold by data brokers and
targeted for shady offers.
So, I think the bottom line is that big data certainly does have the potential to help us and make our lives easier, but it could also hurt us
in ways that we haven`t even thought of or we might not even realize.
AZUZ: Before we go, what`s cuter than seals and puppies? Seal pups! Two boys, two girls, all getting a second chance. They`ve been abandoned as
babies, mother seals can do that if they feel threatened. So, these little ones were rescued and rehabilitated by Mystique Aquarium in Connecticut.
First, they were fed SEAL formula, not sure what`s in that, but it sounds fishy, then they were taught to fish themselves. The pups were set free
last week off the coast of Rhode Island.
Now, that the tide has turned, their future is an ocean of possibilities. They couldn`t wait to embark upon it, they saw the waters and jumped right
inland. There was truly a sight to see. I`m Carl Azuz. That seals up another edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News September 16, 2014: Countries` Representatives Meet in Paris to Build Coalition against ISIS; Odile Making Landfall; Great California River Going Dry; Signature Exhibition; Digital Age Affecting Sleeping Patterns
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to ten minutes of current events from middle and high school classrooms. I`m Carl Azuz with CNN STUDENT NEWS.
You are exactly halfway through September, and we are starting today in Paris. Representatives from about 30 countries were there yesterday. It
was a meeting focused on ISIS, the terrorist group that wants to form its own country in Iran and Syria. Some analysts say the U.S. government has
struggled in its efforts to get concrete support of other nations in fighting ISIS, but the U.S. says a number of them have promised to help.
From its allies and Europe and Canada to its partners in the Middle East. The actual levels of support differ from country to country. The U.S. has
launched more than 150 airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq. It`s planning more in Syria, but in the speech last week, President Obama said the fight can`t
be America`s alone.
From a meeting in Paris, we are leaping across the Atlantic and the U.S. to Baja, California. It`s part of Mexico that stretches down between the Gulf
of California and the Pacific Ocean. And it was lashed yesterday by Hurricane Odile.
This is how things looked before the storm made landfall. Odile made a direct heat on Cabo, St. Lucas. As a category three storm on Sunday night.
Wind speeds for 125 miles per hour. Beaches and ports were closed. Streets were drenched, outdoor markets trashed. The storm weakened as it
moved north over Baja, California. But forecasters were warning residents and tourists that the threat of flash floods remain along with the
potential for mudslides. Mexico celebrates its Independence Day today. Events in Baja, California, had to be canceled.
When you think of something endangered, you might think of the Bengal tiger, the blue whale or the black rhino. You probably don`t think of
rivers, or specifically California San Joaquin River. The most endangered one in America.
The state`s historic drought, the one expected to cost California more than $2 billion and 17,000 jobs is one major factor. But it`s not the only one.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Hey, I`m John. This is my Kayak and these are my calluses. And this is the most important river you`ve never heard of – the
It`s a river that starts out looking like this and by its midsection looks like this.
It`s the second largest river in California, and whether you`ve heard it or not, it`s a river you`re probably connected to. It helps support a region
that grows about 40 percent of America`s fruits and vegetables. This year, the St. Joaquin was named the most endangered river in America. That`s why
I try to kayak and walk down the entire thing. To get to know the river out its pace, on its own terms. To meet the people who depend on it and to
find out whether this dead river could be brought back to life.
Navigating a river should be easy, right? You start upon the mountains and follow the water down to the sea. That`s not the case with the St.
Joaquin. I tried to follow the river, for more than 500 miles. Always faced with stuff like this. And this. And ultimately, this.
So, why is this river such a mess? Demand. Farmers and residents want as much water as they can get a hold of. And the state has promised those
people eight times as much as actually exist.
To try to make that work, the government has engineered the St. Joaquin into a river of pipes and canals.
Sharing water across the state, moving it from way up here all the way over there.
So much water is pulled out the river that in a few parts they actually have to pipe more back in.
And that still isn`t enough. The river runs dry for about 40 miles, sometimes more.
The St. Joaquin is a shrinking (ph) river. It`s on live support. It`s failing the people and fish who depend on it. And it has made my source to
sea trip a serious challenge.
AZUZ: Oh, transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com. The only place where we select schools for our “Roll Call.” We`ll start just north of the Ecuador
today at Esquela Las Morocas international school. It`s in Ciudad Ojeda, Zuila, Venezuela.
To the Pacific Northwest, the bulldogs are watching it. Beaver Lake middle school found them in Issaquah, Washington. And in Boyne Falls, Michigan at
Boyne Falls public school, the loggers are logging ten minutes with CNN STUDENT NEWS.
A number of schools have stopped teaching cursive, but you`ll still have to sign stuff. Credit cards receipts, bank and legal documents. You`ll have
to scribble, scrawl or style your name in pen and ink. John Hancock did it with so much style on the Declaration of Independence that his name became
synonymous with the signature. Others throughout history have made their mark.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: In the heat of war, in the cool of piece and in the daily struggle with life, great souls have left their marks.
And now, at the National Archives those marks are getting their due on the show of historic signatures. Jennifer Johnson is the curator.
JENNIFER JOHNSON, CURATOR: I think the power of signature can`t be overemphasized, whether it`s a letter from individual who had a question
for the government of if it`s a president who`s signing act of Congress and making those words law, the power is hard to walk away from.
FOREMAN: General Dwight Eisenhower traveled much of Europe in World War II collecting these signatures on banknotes from people he met all along the
There is much joy. This is Michael Jackson`s pattern for a dancing shoe where he signed his name with the flourish, as did magician Harry Houdini,
who put his pen to his draft card as if it were yet another spectacular trick.
JOHNSON: And it was truly a part of his personality at the time, and this is his signature.
FOREMAN: There are surprises, too, like a calling card left for Vice President Andrew Johnson by John Wilkes Booth, the very day Booth
assassinated President Abraham Lincoln. Or the wedding registry of Adolph Hitler.
JOHNSON: I think some of the most powerful ones or at least the most interesting to me are the examples that you might not expect to find.
Katharine Hepburn, Frank Sinatra, Jackie Robinson and so many others pulled from the billions of papers in the Archives, each making a mark in history.
Tom Foreman CNN, Washington.
AZUZ: Time for “The Shoutout.” How long is a circadian interval? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it 28 minutes, 12 hours, 24 hours or
20 days? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Circadian is an adjective that relates to 24-hour time periods. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
For most people, that`s broken down to about eight hours of sleeping and 16 of being awake. Though the National Sleep Foundation says teenagers need
at least 8.5 hours, ideally a little over 9 every night. It also says you are not getting that. One factor could be this. As part of his “Living to
100” series Doctor Sanjay Gupta discusses something called “digital detox.”
SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: How do you know you have a problem and you need a digital detox? Well, if you are watching this right now, you
are probably pretty tech savvy, you`ve got lots of different devices, and you may be somebody who is in need of digital detox. It`s when these
devices start to control your life, as opposed to making them easier. The area we find this is in life the most, and this may surprise you, but it`s
in fact your sleep. Find the people who are using their devices so close to bedtime that it creates an arousal in your brain that is so profound
that it makes it much harder to go to sleep. It also affects your circadian rhythm overall, that`s your sort of normal rhythm between light
and night and when that is disrupted, it just throws off your whole – your whole sleep schedule.
One thing you don`t realize is that simply by reading an email or reading a text message in the middle of the night, it can take your brain from zero
to 60 very, very quickly. And that brain is a very, very hard brain to slow down.
It`s generally a good rule not to be checking the phone certainly in the bedroom or around the bed before you go to sleep.
One golden rule that most sleep experts agree on is if you do get woken up by the phone or by something else, and you are awake, get up and walk
around. Don`t come back and lie in the bed until you are truly ready to go to sleep.
So, take a break. Put the cell phone away. It can help you live to 100.
AZUZ: It was a serious wakeup call for the anchors of “Good Morning, Tennessee.”
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: JUMPING AROUND.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Yep, a bat! Usually they try to avoid the spotlight or any light at all, but this one wasn`t camera shy, it repeatedly dive bombed the anchors
and avoided capture for several hours. It was, eventually caught and released into the woods. I think that drive anyone batty. Some anchors
might not bat an eye if they had the kire up (ph). Thanks for that sort of thing, but staying put seems like a bat idea.
That`s a bat all the time we have. Our CNN STUDENT NEWS. More puns and stories are on the wing tomorrow.
CNN Student News September 17, 2014: Fighting Wildfires in California; Ebola Can Become Global Health Threat; Boeing Getting Contract For Making Space Shuttles; Downs and Ups of Scotland Independence; 3-d Printing Revolution
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Today on CNN STUDENT NEWS, the last space shuttle launch in 2011 was a blast from the past. We`ll tell you where NASA is
looking for the future of space exploration.
First up, though, we are taking you to California where firefighters are racing the contained wild fires that are scorching parts of the state.
About 60 miles east of Sacramento, in Eldorado National Forest, one fire had chewed up about 8600 acres by yesterday afternoon. That`s like 8600
football fields. And it was only five percent contained when we produced this show. Thousands of people have had to evacuate their homes, and this
is only one of almost a dozen different fires that are fueled by the state`s historic drought. California sees a lot of wildfires. It has a
wildfire season that runs from May to October. But Cal Fire says this one is on track to be the most destructive season ever.
A heatwave that settled over California this week, isn`t helping.
Jumping cross-country to Atlanta, Georgia. It`s the headquarters of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And it`s where President Obama
spoke yesterday about Ebola.
Several nations in West Africa are losing their fight against it. There are more people with suspected Ebola than there are hospital beds to treat
them. The U.S. has committed $100 million to efforts to help stop the favor from spreading.
But yesterday the president asked Congress to approve an additional 88 million. It would be used to build treatment centers in West Africa and
send more American medical workers to affected regions. Obama administration officials say as many as 3,000 additional U.S. troops could
be send to West Africa as well. The U.N. says Ebola could become a major humanitarian crisis.
NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is calling taxi. Its space shuttle program might have ended three years ago, but it`s using
some of the taxpayer funding it gets to pay private companies to invent space taxis: vehicles that could potentially get Americans to the
International Space Station, maybe beyond.
They`ll launch from Florida`s Kennedy Space Station starting in 2017. So, who will be making them?
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A major milestone has been met in the new private space race. Boeing was awarded the majority of NASA`s commercial
crew contract to replace the space shuttle.
ANNOUNCER: And lift off, the final lift off of Atlantis .
CRANE: Boeing CST-100 will ferry American astronauts back and force to the International Space Station. This is a big deal, since NASA canceled the
shuttle program in 2011, we`ve had to rely on Russia to get our astronauts into space.
Seats on the Russian Soyuz capsule cost over $70 million each.
Now, I`ve actually been inside the CST-100. And while it`s designed for safety, it`s actually pretty cramped in there. It can fit up to seven, but
it`s configured to only fit five right now.
Boeing bid out two other private companies to win this contract: Sierra Nevada and Elon Musk`s SpaceX, which won a smaller contract to develop an
alternative to Boeing`s capsule, the Dragon.
NASA turned to the private sector to reduce cost and risk in both the long and the short term. That set off a new private space race. And the
announcement marks are big win for Boeing. Boeing officials told me they believe this industry could be worth $20 billion over the next 20 years.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See, if you can I.D. me. I`m a term for both a currency and a unit of weight. Currently, I`m worth just over $1.60 and
made up 100 pence, and I`m used in the United Kingdom.
I`m the pound or officially the pound sterling. And I`m the world`s oldest currency that`s still being used today.
AZUZ: But will Scotland, currently part of the U.K. still use the pound, if it separates from the U.K.? That`s one question ahead of this
Thursday`s vote. But the biggest one will be on the ballot: should Scotland be an independent country? Polls show Scottish voters are split
on the issue. U.K. government leaders are asking Scotts to stay part of Britain and promising them more power in the government if they do.
Independents movement leaders say it`s time to break away from Britain and give Scotts total control over their country`s taxes and spending. But
getting back to the currency question:
ZAIN ASHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: What`s the cost of independence? The United Kingdom has been united for 307 years, but on September 18, the
Scotts will vote on whether to break free and form their own country. Now, if they do end up getting a divorce, it could be expensive, no one knows
exactly how this is going to play out, but it`s e(INAUDIBLE) both the economies of the U.K. and a newly formed Scotland will take a short time
Here are some facts that you should know about.
Number one, administrative costs: Scotland will need a new Defense Department, a foreign affairs department, economic regulators and a new tax
system, among other things. Now, one estimate from academics pegs a cost up to 200 million pounds. That`s about 40 pounds per Scott. But another
estimate puts the price tag more than ten times higher, at 2.4 billion pounds, that`s almost four billion dollars. That`s only the tip of the
The big question is whether or not a new Scotland will use the U.K. pound. Independence campaigners say yes, the U.K., however, says no. Does that
mean that Scotland would use the currency without permission? It`s creating serious uncertainty for businesses and trade, another option would
be to use the euro, but that would take time. Or will they create their own currency.
And that brings us to a third point, which is debts. The debate is raging over Scotland paying its share of U.K. debt, like the upwards of 100
billion pounds, but on top of that, will investors lend to a new Scotland?
Those are just some of the costs and risks of independence. Now, pro- independence campaign has argued that a break will give Scottish lawmakers
more power to create long term prosperity for the nation and support local industry. And, of course, independence is never only about economics. But
change is hot and markets certainly don`t like change, so the short term might be costly.
For CNN Money, I`m Zain Asher.
AZUZ: We are traveling all over North America for today`s call of the roll. Atikameg, Alberta, Canada, is where we are starting. Glad to be part of
your day at Atikameg School.
Next, we`ll run with the Mustangs of Somers Middle School. Found them in Somers, Montana. And in Charlottesville, Virginia, how about the Mustangs
of Monticello High School, turning up the horse power on today`s roll.
It`s neat to think that if your little brother is missing a lego block or you need a new case for your phone, or you can`t find a certain size
measuring cup, you could just print it up, right there in your house. 3-d printers aren`t new, but they are getting more affordable.
LAURIE SEGALL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Traditionally when you think of printing, you think of printing out something on a piece of paper using
ink. Well, 3-D printing is actually printing out a physical object.
You have a digital image that you can create using a different animation modeling software. You connect this image with your 3-d printer, and it
actually takes that, analyzes it, and it prints it out in physical form: layer by layer. If you think about traditional printing, you have syringes
With the, 3-D printing you can have syringes filled with all different types of liquid consistency. So, this could be plastic. This could be
rubber. Some are more advanced when they are using metals.
Manufacturers have been using 3-D printing for decades, and you can print out car parts, an airspace industry uses this, but also more and more you
can print out really creative things. Doctors are printing out prosthetic limbs, you can now print out organs. We spoke to a fashion designer who
was able to actually -D print sun glasses that he put on his models for fashion weeks.
It used to be that the average person couldn`t own one, because 3-D printers were really, really expansive. We are talking like half a million
bucks. But now, a couple of different companies came in and said, you know what: we want to make this. So average people can have this. You can
probably get one for about 1,000 bucks. So, let`s say I had a jacket and I lost my button. Instead of going in and trying to go to a store and find a
new button, I could actually download the blueprint, connect it with my 3-D printer and I could print out a new button. The people at the forefront of
this movement, they said they want this to be as common in people`s homes as the toaster oven. So, you can only imagine that five, ten years down
the road, a lot of folks are going to have 3-D printers in their home.
AZUZ: So, last week we covered a contractor who was planning to 3-D print houses. What about a car? Done and done. Sort of. The engine, lights
and windshield had to be made the old-fashion way, but the car (INAUDIBLE) everybody was printed up in less than two days. We are not sure if it`s
street legal, it`s top speed is only 40 miles per hour, and it`s electric, so it`s range is limited to 120 miles in a charge. The cost between 18 and
So, it`s kind of like a wheely pricy golf car. But if the idea drives further innovation, the technology accelerates while the price throttles
down, things could speed up for 3-D printed vehicles, signaling a new era in automobiling. At least it`s a Nobel transmission statement.
I`m Carl Azuz, and I`m hitting the road.
CNN Student News September 18, 2014: Financial Side of Military Operations in Iraq; Greenest Building in the World; Ethical Hackers Expose Security Vulnerabilities.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to ten minutes of current events with no commercials. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for
First up, President Obama made a promise yesterday to U.S. troops. He says he won`t get them involved in another ground war in Iraq. Several hundred
American servicemen and women are in the region. Their missions include launching airstrikes against the ISIS terrorist group, gathering
intelligence about ISIS, and training and helping Iraqi forces fight ISIS.
The Obama administration says U.S. troops themselves will not be going in the combat. But the nation`s highest ranking military advisers says if he
thinks U.S. troops should get involved, he`d recommend it to the president.
Well, some lawmakers have questions about the roles of U.S. troops in Iraq, there`s another issue to be considered as the U.S. leads the way in
fighting ISIS. Money.
CRISTINA ALESCI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The bill from military operations in Iraq keeps rising. On August 29, the Pentagon said the mission is costing
United States $7.5 million a day, a relatively tiny sum compared to the billions spent in Iraq during our last campaign in the country.
But what started as an effort to protect American interest in Iraq from Sunni militants, is now morphing into something much bigger. The U.S. has
completed over 150 airstrikes that started in August. And since the Pentagon released the daily average spending figure, President Obama
authorized additional military personnel twice. He also opened up the possibility of airstrikes outside of Iraq.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: We will hunt down terrorists who threaten our country wherever they are. That means I will
not hesitate to take action against ISIL in Syria as well as Iraq.
ALESCI: On top of that, the president is hoping Congress will authorize $500 million request he made in June for training and equipping the rebels
in Syria to fight ISIS.
Currently, the U.S. is financing its involvement in Iraq through an $85 billion allocation in the Pentagon`s overseas contingency operations
account. That money had been financing troop grow down (ph) in Afghanistan and other activities in the region. And the president says, he does not
need extra authorization from Congress.
To be sure, the scope and strategy of U.S. involvement in Iraq today is very different than during operation Iraqi Freedom from 2003 to 2011. For
one, at its peak, there were more than 150,000 troops on the ground that needed housing, logistical support and supplies. An estimated price tag
for that war by the congressional research service is $806 billion. Now, that doesn`t include interests on the debt to fund the war or billions more
for continued veterans care. It`s important to remember, it wasn`t expected to cost that much.
In October 2003, six months after operation began, the CBO estimated Iraq would cost 85 to 200 billion dollars through 2013.
Estimates that were way off.
With Obama`s latest announcement, the U.S. military will have approximately 1500 personnel in Iraq. Now, more people means more money, so we`ll have
to see how high the figures go from here.
Cristina Alesci, CNN Money, New York.
AZUZ: Time for the Roll Call. All three of these schools requested a mention on yesterday`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com.
James M. Bennett High School is present in Salisbury, Maryland. The Clippers send the competition sailing. Jumping south to Fort Lauderdale,
Florida. And sending a shoutout to all of the raiders at St. Thomas Aquinas High School. And in the South Dakota City of Bonesteel, it`s great
to see the Cougars of South Central Middle School.
There are a few different definitions for computer hacker. One is someone who`s really skilled in computer programming. One is someone who tries to
break in and protect its systems. And then there are ethical hackers. These are people who aren`t intending to steal information like credit card
numbers. They are employed to hack in the systems, to show a company or government where its networks are vulnerable, how they can be broken into.
Ethical hackers can make over $100,000 a year while keeping criminals from steeling a dime.
JAKE TAPPER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You might think that the government takes your information, your personal data very, very seriously and safeguards
it, but if you think that you are wrong.
We have been talking to two ethical hackers who have found major security vulnerabilities in 50 universities, more than 100 schools and more than 20
government agencies, hundreds of thousands, if not millions of incredibly sensitive files. So how did this happen?
In 2012 Oracle told its customers we have this vulnerability. Use the security patch and these government agencies and schools and universities
didn`t apply it. So, this big security hole exists there and now bad guys can access it too.
What kind of information are we talking about? Really, it`s the most sensitive information that anyone who traffics an identity theft might be
very eager to get their hands on. Dates of birth, Social Security Numbers, addresses, parents` information, court documents in some cases, grades,
transcripts, medical information. For students, you can see where exactly the bus routes are to pick up and drop off the kid. It`s really the kind
of information you don`t want anyone to know.
So, what can be done about it? Already these ethical hackers working with the FBI have alerted three of these schools and government agencies as to
what happened, and they have fixed the patch, although I have to say, one of them was a major court authority, and for a month, the names of Defense
Intelligence Agency agents and diplomats and State Department employees, all their information was sitting there on this port server for anyone to
get, although now it is closed.
AZUZ: Next time you get a mosquito bite, you`d be perfectly correct in saying “She got me.” Why she? Because only female mosquitoes bite, the
males eat flower nectar. Now, that`s random.
Sustainability is a word you here discussed a lot, it`s defined as something like a building, for example, that doesn`t harm the environment
or use up too many natural resources.
But while going green is intended to be good for natural surroundings it comes in an additional cost.
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We are producing more waste and using more energy than ever before, and it`s actually buildings that are in large
part to blame. They use 70 percent of the nation`s electricity and are responsible for 40 percent of carbon dioxide emissions.
But here in Seattle, one building is trying to change that. By pushing the envelope with green technology. This is the Bullitt Center, the greenest
commercial building in the world.
DENIS HAYES, PRESIDENT AND CEO, BULLITT FOUNDATION: When people do bold things and buildings, they try to do one thing bold, they cover the roof
with solar. They have something that`s collecting rainwater. They use really interesting building materials. We jumped in and did it all.
CRANE: The six-storied Bullitt Center combines all of these green technologies to achieve net zero energy and water used, receiving countless
awards as a result, and now they are pursuing the most rigorous performance standard in sustainable construction: living building certification.
HAYES: Living building is sort of like an organism. It automatically tries to rebalance and keep everything well.
CRANE: To regulate temperature, the building`s brain can sense weather conditions and will automatically open and close the windows. When it`s
bright, the shades come down, even tilting at the appropriate angle. Integrating all these technologies isn`t cheap. All in, the price tag to
build the world`s greenest commercial building was about $30 million.
(on camera): When you are looking at a balance sheet, it doesn`t always make economic sense to create a sustainable green living building.
HAYES: This building did cost (ph) us premium. It costs almost 25 percent more than a standard Class A office building. But it`s the first. The
first of anything is more expensive.
CRANE (voice over): The building`s tenants range from engineering firms to lawyers and contractors.
MICHAEL DIX, FOUNDER, INTENTIONAL FUTURES: Everyone here gets excited about the fact that we are having a positive impact on the world around us.
HAYES: People are becoming very aware of the fact that their employees are most productive when they get access to fresh air and access to sunlight.
CRANE (on camera): And yet we are standing on the floor that`s empty right now.
HAYES: But we`ve got a building that is 85 percent leased one year from the opening date. We are the first to have done something that is an
essential part of the sustainable human future.
AZUZ: All right, when I was told our last story would be about a Siphonophores, I was like what? The most common one we`ve heard of
Portuguese man of war. This is not a common one. It`s a purple species of Siphonophores, an extremely rare one found by Marine biologist during a
deep sea expedition. It`s probably best described as a colony. Some parts of its catch pray, some swim, some digest food. They compose one strange
looking sea creature.
But how do you make puns on that story? I mean talk about brain, a rare animal to the Siphonophore front, mention its environmental creature
comforts, say scientists really had to dig deep to identify it, my producer didn`t think I can make any – I was able to siphon off for. I`m Carl Azuz
for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News September 19, 2014: How Scotland Became Part of Great Britain; Australia Faces ISIS Terror Threat; Face of Immigration; Arthur Bloom`s Music Therapy Program for Wounded Warriors
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hello and welcome to the September 19th edition of – come on, Friday`s are awesome. You wanted to hear it, I wanted to say
it. It`s good to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. First up, Scotland, home to more than 5 million people, about the size of South Carolina.
Scots have contributed world-changing inventions related to bicycle tires, penicillin, television. Yesterday, they decided on a potentially nation
altering question: should Scotland be an independent country? The polls were closed when we produced this show, the vote was over. But it was
expected to be very close, and we don`t have results for you yet.
For the latest, teachers please visit cnn.com. We do have an excellent fact-filled look at how Scotland came to be the division of the United
Kingdom that it has been for the past 307 years.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What we know as modern Scotland was formed in the 13 century when England and Scotland signed the treaty of York. Mapping out
Scotland southern border.
60 years later, the countries were at war, with the legendary Scottish rebel William Wallace helping to lead the charge. Wallace`s fight for
freedom was a subject of Hollywood blockbuster, Brave Heart. Years of war paid off for Scotland. IN 1328, England recognized Scottish independence
in the treaty of North Hampton. In 1603, Queen Elizabeth, the last of the Tudors, died at the age of 69. And that cleared the way for King James VI
of Scotland, son of Mary, Queen of Scotts, to become England`s king, too. It was known as the union of the crowns.
Just over 100 years later, parliaments of England and Scotland passed the Acts of Union. It joined the two separate states into one. The Kingdom of
Great Britain, one parliament, one monarch.
AZUZ: Australia used to be part of the United Kingdom, and like the U.K., it`s an ally of the U.S. in fighting the ISIS terrorist group. Yesterday
Australia`s government said it had prevented a terrorist plot on Australian soil. Two men were arrested and charged Thursday. Australian officials
say they planned to kill a member of the public, a civilian, just like ISIS has killed some of its innocent victims in Iraq and Syria.
Australia`s Sydney “Morning Herald” says, dozens of Australians are fighting overseas on the side of terrorists groups, and that more than 20
of them had returned to Australia afterward.
For that reason, plus the fact that Australia`s military is helping in the fight against ISIS, the Australian government raised its terror alert level
to high last week. That its second highest level.
Meantime, some American lawmakers are giving President Obama the go ahead for part of his plan to fight ISIS. Earlier this week, the House of
Representatives voted 273 to 156 to authorize training and weapons for rebels in Syria. The Senate was expected to approve this as well.
Syria is in the middle of a civil war. ISIS terrorists have taken over some Syrian land. The rebels that the U.S. supports are fighting both
Syria`s government and the ISIS terrorists. So, the American plan is to help these rebels defeat both. Some lawmakers don`t support arming the
rebels. They say at war torn Syria, it`s not always clear who the rebels are and who the extremists are. And that the strategy of arming rebels has
sometimes failed in the past.
We are starting out West today on the CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call at West Heaven, UTA. Can you bear the grizzlies? They are all over Rocky Mountain
Junior High School.
One state northeast, we`ve got Wyoming on the roll. Kelly Walsh High School in Casper, home of the Trojans. And in Thief River Falls,
Minnesota, the Prowlers are on the prowl. They are stocking CNN STUDENT NEWS from Lincoln High School.
It looks like Sarah Saldana is about to make history. She is the president`s nominee to lead the U.S. immigration and customs enforcement
agency. She`d be the first Latino ever to hold the job, if she gets it. We say if because President Obama doesn`t have the final say. The
Constitution says he has to seek the advice and consent of the Senate. As part of that, the Senate held a confirmation hearing this week to interview
Saldana. Because it went smoothly, analysts expect she`ll get the job.
One responsibility of the ICE agency is to decide which illegal immigrants get to stay in the U.S. and which are deported.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Decades ago, the word immigration conjured of images of boats at Ellis Island, of course, the Statue of Liberty. Today, it`s a
different story. The issue is more heated, more politicized, more complicated. Immigrants are now entering the U.S. from every corner:
Miami to Seattle, L.A. to New York, and especially along the Mexican border. We are talking more than 40 million immigrants in the United
States right now. Both legally and illegally. That`s roughly 13 percent of our population, making America the number one destination for
So, who are these new arrivals? Well, (INAUDIBLE), 11 million are undocumented. A number that`s increased almost year by year since 2000.
Of those who become legal residents, you`d probably get some of them are from Mexico. You`d be right, 14 percent, but you might be surprised to
find out the next two leading countries of birth for new U.S. residents: China and India. Those are the two most populated countries on the planet.
As for work, the latest labor stat show by and large, immigrant workers are in the service industry. We are talking hotels, restaurants, gas stations,
and they are making a lot less than U.S.-born workers, about 160 bucks less per week.
So, regardless of how you feel on the issue, there is no doubt immigrants are here to stay and they play a huge role in the American economy every
AZUZ: Beyond all of the benefits of listening to music or creating it, it`s been shown to help heal certain brain injuries and decrease anxiety.
Today`s character study`s about a musician who believes music is medicine for the mind. His work has helped hundreds of wounded warriors.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ARTHUR BLOOM: Music is my earliest memory. I never decided to be a professional musician. It`s just what I`ve always done. It feels great to
play music, but it`s also a mechanism for healing.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We were on this an early morning patrol, walking down the road. I`d never been hit by an IED before. It felt like I got hit by
a wrecking ball. I sat up, my legs were completely gone. What happens if you don`t quite get killed, and you don`t quite survive, you`re somewhere
in the middle? I was a shell of a man. Who I was was gone.
BLOOM (on camera): So, let`s take it right before the melody comes in.
(voice over): Our organization helps wounded warriors play music and recover their lives.
We match the injured troops with professional musicians who come visit at Walter Reed Medical Center and work with them on music projects. Learning
music, writing and performing.
BLOOM (on camera): We are going to try to incorporate (INAUDIBLE)
(voice over): I`m a music therapist, a musician. By injecting music into the space we can inject life.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Something survived that horrible injury in Afghanistan, and that was my ability to play the guitar.
Arthur and his program changed my outlook on what is possible.
BLOOM: Music has no stigma. The folks to work with, when they do music, there`s nothing injured about the way to do it. It`s just good music.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Members of the Minnesota National Guard`s 114 Transportation Company just returned from Afghanistan. There`s some ceremony and procedure to
this. The troops stand in formation for a few moments, but a toddler just didn`t care. And that didn`t seem to bother anyone else either. After his
mother`s nine month deployment the boy decided he`d waited long enough, not long afterward everyone else got the chance to reunite with their loved
The happy homecoming brings together this Friday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. We hope to reunite with you next week, and if you are in a military
or you have a parent or a relative who is, thank you for your service. Have a great weekend, everyone.
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