CNN Student News with transcript September 22, 2014: Scotland Votes Against Independence; Chinese and Indian Officials Meet in New Delhi to Agree on Economic Cooperation; Being Optimistic Helps People Stay Healthy
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Get your passports. This Monday we are hoping from Southern Asia to Europe, back to Southeast Asia starting our commercial-
free coverage in Afghanistan. The war-torn nation has a new leader. Actually, two of them. The election was in June. But neither Asraf Ghani
Ahmadzai nor Abdullah Abdullah came out the clear winner. So, after months of disputing who should lead, the two announced on Sunday, they formed a
unity government, in which they`d share power.
Ghani will be Afghanistan`s president. Abdullah will be its chief executive officer. This comes at a crucial time for Afghanistan. The
Taliban who used to rule the country have been fighting to regain control of it, and U.S. and NATO troops who`ve been helping fight back against the
Taliban are moving out leaving more security to the Afghan people in their new government.
Meanwhile in Europe, major political question for Scottish voters last week, should Scotland be independent from United Kingdom?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is a once and for all decision. If Scotland votes “yes”, the U.K. will split and we will go our separate ways forever.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We waited a long time for this. So, it`s really quite exciting. And I`m going to (INAUDIBLE) because I`ll get the result at 8:00
in the morning.
MARY PITCAITHLY, CHIEF COUNTING OFFICER: The majority of valid votes cast yesterday by the people of Scotland in response to the referendum question
should Scotland be an independent country were in favor of “No.”
ALISTAIR DARLING, BETTER TOGETHER LEADER: Today is a momentous result for Scotland and also for United Kingdom as a whole.
DAVID CAMERON, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: The people of Scotland have spoken and it is a clear result.
ALEX SALMOND, SCOTTISH FIRST MINISTER: Scotland has by majority decided not at this stage to become an independent country. I accept that verdict
of the people and I call on all of Scotland to follow suit in accepting the democratic verdict of the people of Scotland.
AZUZ: At about 15,000 feet above sea level, in a Himalayan mountains, there is a border in dispute between the world`s two most populated
countries. It`s called the line of actual control, and it`s where Chinese troops and Indian troops have faced off since the two nations fought a war
in 1962. The line of actual control is a hang up between India and China today. Even during a meeting between the two countries, leaders over the
weekend, India built up its troop numbers at the disputed border as the show of force. One thing India wants is for China to help define where
exactly the border should be. Made things kind of awkward, because the meeting in New Delhi was focused on cooperation and trade.
SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Contest of the century: Chinese dragon versus the Indian tiger. For years, comparing the two Asian giants seemed
inevitable. But China`s economy has far outstripped that of India`s, and despite the obvious rivalry, the world`s two most populous nations are
working to find a common cause.
China and India fought a brief war in the early `60s, and a 3500 kilometer long Himalayan border remains disputed and heavily guarded on both sides.
And let`s say China`s growing influence in neighboring countries like Pakistan and Sri-Lanka irks India while India`s relationships with
Beijing`s rivals, Japan and Vietnam bothers China.
But one area both seemed to agree on. Boosting bilateral trade, which currently stands at $65 billion. At a summit this year for leaders of
emerging economies, Chinese President Xi Jinping said, quote, “If China and India speak in one voice, the whole world will listen. If the two
countries join hand in hand the world will watch closely.
Beijing is expected to pledge billions of dollars investing in industrial parks and helping India modernize its railways.
Officials on all sides say international relations need not be a zero sum game. Narendra Modi appears to be taking that to heart embracing friends
and foes alike.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ROGER GOODELL, NFL COMMISSIONER: At our best, the NFL sets an example that makes a positive difference. Unfortunately, over the past several weeks we
have seen all too much of the NFL doing wrong. That starts with me.
I said this before, back in August 28, and I say it again now. I got it wrong in the handling of the Ray Rice matter. And I`m sorry for that. I
got it wrong in a number of levels, from the process that I led to the decision that I reached. But now I will get it right and do whatever is
necessary to accomplish that.
AZUZ: The commissioner of the National Football League talking about the issue of domestic violence. You heard him mention Ray Rice. Two weeks ago
we reported on how the Baltimore Ravens` running back was suspended from the NFL after video surfaces showing him hitting his fiancee at a hotel.
The problem for the NFL is that`s not the only example of domestic abuse. A recent article in Sports Illustrated said 14 other professional football
players have been arrested over the past two years for alleged violence against women. The NFL and specifically commissioner Goodell have taken a
lot of criticism for how they`ve handles the issue. Some say they`ve waited too long to address it. Some say they`ve been weak in their
punishments. There have been calls for Goodell to resign. He says he`s staying put focused on his job and that the NFL has a lot of work to do as
it implements a new policy that mandates all NFL players and staff be trained on how to prevent domestic abuse.
We had more than 3600 roll call requests this weekend. Today schools take us from the Northeast to Midwest to South. Williamstown, Vermont, home of
the Blue Devils of Williamstown Middle High School. Tipton, Iowa. We`ve got the Tigers roaring at Tipton Middle School. And Lafayette, Alabama,
great to see the Bulldogs at Lafayette High School.
All right, besides getting on roll call, what would make you happy? A new phone, money, an A in this class? There`s nothing about happiness in the
U.S. Constitution, but there`s in the Declaration of Independence that one of our certain unalienable rights is the pursuit of happiness. It seems to
some extent how happy and positive we are, starts with our mindset.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Happiness isn`t just a pleasant thing you feel. Science proves it`s much deeper than that. Feeling happy actually helps
you live a longer healthier live, but how? For large part of our happiness is tied to our social connections. In fact, if you don`t have at least one
close friend, you are less likely to be happy. Each of us has these things called telomeres. Those are tiny caps on our DNA chromosomes that measure
our cellular age, and it turns out, they also measure how many friends we have.
No friends equals shorter telomeres. So by simply being social you can actually slow down your biological age, living longer and happier.
Time for a pop quiz, is this glass half empty or half full? If you said half full, you are on your way to feeling happier and healthier. A Harvard
study found that optimists are 50 percent less likely to have heart disease or heart attack or stroke. Keeping an overall optimistic attitude actually
offers protection against cardiovascular disease.
Science doesn`t fare as well for pessimists. They not only have lower levels of happiness compared to optimists, but research shows that people
with negative thoughts are three times as likely to develop health problems as they age. So, what do you do if you are not a naturally happy person?
Well, expert say the key is to act as though you are an optimist, even if you are not.
Before we go, a type of media that`s hitting streets all over Europe, somewhere between urban art, graffiti and pop art, is 3D street
advertising. It looks awesome, but it`s not just there to look awesome. It`s to create a scene out of chalk in a high traffic area, and then use
viral video and social media to attract attention to it. The goal of all that is to drive that attention and foot traffic to a business nearby.
Of course, you`d have to drop on some pretty talented artist who can picture a photogenic production and then three design it into a concrete
idea. It`s not for the paint of heart, you`ve got to chalk it up some well-grounded skill and imagination. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News September 23, 2014: United Nations General Assembly and International Conflicts; Exploring Mars; Rabbi with Black Belt in Karate Helps Children Fight Cancer
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. And the first official day of fall. Today, is the autumnal equinox when
day is almost exactly as long night. It`s also at leaders from all over the worlds, they are meeting at the United Nations headquarters in New
York. Five things to know about this.
One, it`s called the U.N. General Assembly. It started in 1946 with 51 countries represented. Today, there are 193. Two, the General Assembly is
one of six branches of the United Nations. It`s the only branch that offers all member countries the chance to vote on various issues.
Three, regardless of those votes or agreements or resolutions, though, the General Assembly has no power to enforce them. That brings up four. The
event is like a giant international sounding board. There are many speeches, but usually little action.
Five, a wide range of subjects can be discussed including climate change. Tens of thousands marched in New York City this week to draw attention to
the issue. A U.N. summit on climate change is set for tonight. But it`s not the only issue before the U.N. General Assembly.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Inside this General Assembly hall where the nations of the world, they are supposed to get together in harmony, people have
issues. Beef with other countries and capitals.
The United States will have beef with Russia over Ukraine, the United States will have beef with Syria, which is here over the terrible violence
that`s gone on there for years. And oftentimes, it will have beef with either Palestinians or Israel, whichever side they feel is not complying
with the Washington`s wishes.
This will not come as a surprise. There will not be a Middle East peace agreement signed at this year`s General Assembly session. However, Israel
and the Palestinians will definitely verbally duke it out. Gaza, the big battle for Gaza really inflamed the situation. There were no current peace
talks. Right now I`d say the big dispute is Ukraine, Russia. It doesn`t seem to end despite whatever progress is made. I think you will see
denunciations of Moscow from various Baltic nations and the West, and unless the situation drastically improves, I think that`s what you are
going to find as the major contest here.
It`s very rare for health issues, such as Ebola to dominate the headlines at the United Nations General Assembly. There is real fear of its
spreading. Western African leaders are going to be here. There is no doubt, Ebola will be part of their remarks and will probably feature calls
for help and global assistance to help fight the spread.
Hillary Clinton I believe once said that one week of General Assembly can take one year off your life. It can be exhausting, many diplomats told me
that appearing at the General Assembly for a world leader is like diplomatic speed dating. You`ve got five minutes with this president, two
minutes with this foreign minister. Presumably they`ll all come with schedule and an agenda and a goal of what they want to do, but it`s real
hurley-burley of diplomatic activity.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the Shoutout. Where would you find Olympus Mons? If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it in Athens, Greece,
Mars, Antarctica or Haley`c Comet? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Olympus Mons is a volcano believed to be the largest in our solar system. And it`s located on Mars. That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout
AZUZ: To give you an idea of how massive Olympus Mons is, think Arizona. It`s the size of Arizona. How do scientists come up with estimates like
this? Here`s one way: it`s called Maven, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Craft. It launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida ten months ago
and arrived just week in its orbit around Mars. Why did it take ten months? Because it had to travel 442 million miles.
Unlike NASA`s Rover missions, Maven won`t actually land on Mars. It`s on a bit of a detective mission. Scientists want to find out how Mars became
the red planet. They think it might have been more like Earth at some point before it was a dried up massive red crust. NASA is currently
spending several billion dollars on various investigations of Mars. Why did they add Maven to the mix?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: For scientists or space enthusiasts alike, Mars continues to amaze. It`s no surprise the red planet is currently the
subject of five active NASA missions. Three in orbit, and two on the surface. And lift off of the Atlas 5 with Curiosity seeking clues to the
planetary puzzle about life on Mars.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CHAD MYERS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You`ve probably heard of Curiosity, NASA`s Rover studying the geology and climate on the ground. Now, NASA seeks (ph)
the mission, Maven, is hoping to study Mars from above. And answer a 4 billion year old question, what made the fourth planet from the Sun turn
red and barren?
Scientists believe that Mars may have looked a lot like Earth, with blue skies and warm temperatures.
(on camera): We do believe that Mars at one point had liquid water, correct?
JIM GARVIN, CHIEF SCIENTIST, NASA: Absolutely. Evidence in the rocks from Curiosity is literally, unassailable. And we see the record even in the
frozen materials in the soil today.
MYERS (voice over): Collecting new measurements of the planet`s upper atmosphere, we`ll get those analyzing the data a better understanding of
the climate change over the red planet`s history.
GARVIN: We expect to learn how the modern Mars works, really in detail, to see its climate state, to understand how the atmosphere is lost to space,
how Mars may have lost a magnetic field. To take down information and map it back in time.
MYERS: NASA says the journey and Mavin $671 million price tag are worth it, especially if Mavin can help unlock the big question, did life ever
exist on Mars? Chad Myers, CNN, Atlanta.
AZUZ: Elimelech Goldberg is both a rabbi and a black belt. For 12 years he worked at a camp for children who were battling cancer. He`s been able
to take his knowledge of martial arts and use it to teach children that pain is a message they don`t have to listen to. September is childhood
cancer awareness months. It`s a perfect time to introduce you to this CNN hero.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I really hate when it hurts. It`s a really sharp pain. I get all teary. The shots really scared me a lot. And they still
scare me now.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Come on.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I don`t want it!
ELIMELECH GOLDBERG: When children get a diagnosis like cancer, or any major disease, they lose any sense of feeling that they are controlling
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD (crying).
GOLDBERG: They`re prodded and poked and touched and they are often so afraid. Our daughter Sarah Basia (ph) was diagnosed with leukemia. She
was such an incredible little soul who taught me about the power that`s inside of ourselves.
(on camera): Are you ready?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILDREN: Yes. Sir.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK, begin.
GOLDBERG (voice over): After our daughter passed away, I started a program that provides classes to children who are sick to teach them the martial
(on camera): Good!
(voice over): To make them feel powerful.
GOLDBERG (on camera): Every single type of martial arts uses the breath to take control.
(voice over): I`m a black belt in Taekwondo.
GOLDBERG (on camera): Hold it and then release.
(voice over): We use the martial arts as a platform for meditation, for relaxation, to allow children to gain these tools.
(on camera): You`re totally in control.
(voice over): To really phase down so much of the fear, the anger that accompanies pain.
GOLDBERG (on camera): Breathe in!
(voice over): And you could see that light on their face. I feel like their souls are shining.
(on camera): You did it!
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I do have the power to make the pain go away. And nothing is impossible. Nothing.
AZUZ: From coast to coast, with a stop in between, today`s “Roll Call” is going cross country. First up, from Helix, Oregon, we`ve got the Grizzlies
of Griswold High School. In Springdale, Arkansas, the golden eagles are flying high over Lakeside Jr. High School. And in Monroe, North Carolina,
we are calling on the Panthers of Piedmont High School.
Thanks to all of you for your requests at cnnstudentnews.com.
Why did the armadillo cross the road? It might have something to do with recent flooding in Houston, Texas. Whatever the reason, it needed some
help to do it safely, and it got it from a police officer to serve and protect people and armadillos. You can`t hear it in this video, but the
officer calls it buddy. And when the animal holds up traffic, the officer takes him by the tail and brings the happy ending to the tale.
Guess he consider the animal armored and dangerous, but even if it was living on burrow time, the officer had to get him snout of trouble in order
to transfix the situation. It was for a good clause. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS. We`ll see you Wednesday.
CNN Student News September 24, 2014: U.S. and its Allies Fighting ISIS; U.S. Fighting Khorasan; Syrian Fighter Plane Shot Down in Israel Airspace; Fighting Wildfires in California
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: The U.S. is at war with ISIS, and that`s not the only terrorist group America is targeting in the Middle East. I`m Carl
Azuz at the CNN Center. Thank you for watching today.
The U.S. led airstrikes against terrorist organizations Monday night, they included missiles as you just saw, and they included warplanes, fighters
and bombers aiming at ISIS terrorists, their training grounds, their supply trucks and their control centers.
A human rights group in Syria estimates that more than 70 ISIS terrorists were killed. CNN cannot confirm that.
What`s different about these strikes, they are in Syria, a country currently at civil war. Previously, U.S. airstrikes had been limited to
ISIS targets in Iraq.
Also, the attacks weren`t made the U.S. alone. Other Middle Eastern nations including Saudi Arabia, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates,
participated in strikes against ISIS. Some analysts say the U.S. waited too long to lead these strikes in Syria, that the terrorists have already
entrenched themselves, and that it will take more than airstrikes to eliminate them.
The U.S. says this is only the beginning of its action against ISIS. Separately, the U.S. acted alone in targeting another terrorist group,
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is a group in western Syria, near Aleppo, clear on the other side of the country from where they struck ISIS. They had
been watching them for some time, by all accounts, and believed that these al Qaeda operatives were in the final stages of executing the plan to
attack U.S. and – or Western targets. The intelligence was showing that they were in the stages of the ability to make non-detectable explosives
and put them in very common items such as electronics or toiletries, the type of thing that the U.S. worried could make it past the airport
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: So, that`s why the U.S. struck Khorasan targets. But does President Obama need congressional approval to do it?
In 2001, Congress authorized any U.S. president to use military force against groups that participated in the September 11 attacks on America.
Al Qaeda led that attack, Khorasan is an al Qaeda affiliate.
So, the White House says it does not need congressional approval.
One major side effect of all the violence in Syria, refugees, flowing in the neighboring Turkey.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ARWA DAMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: At least 158,000 mostly Syrian Kurdish refugees have crossed Syria into Turkey over the last few days. This is
just one of those border crossings that`s hundreds, if not thousands of people coming through exhausted, dejected, covered in the layer of dust,
many of them thirsty and hungry, especially difficult and grueling conditions for the children and the elderly, many of whom waited on the
other side of the border overnight before Turkish authorities finally allowed them through. A lot of the adults themselves breaking down as they
spoke, not only of the ordeal that they went through, but of the homes and the lives that they left behind.
The U.S. airstrikes at this stage are being by and large welcomed by a number of Syrian opposition activists that we have been speaking to. One
of them inside the city of Raqqa saying, if I could dance I would, but I`m too afraid to do so and that is because, he says ISIS had long cleared out
of its main headquarters, the various buildings at the U.S. and its coalition allies were striking in Raqqa quite some time ago, in the
anticipation of these airstrikes and that they were increasing their presence inside the streets, but also he was saying, inside people`s homes.
The Syrian observatory for human rights at this state reporting at least 70 militants killed, some 300 wounded, some of those wounded being ferried
across the border into Iraq.
When it comes to the result of this U.S. and coalition airstrikes and how ISIS is going to react to that, we are just going to have to wait and see.
There`s only one thing that is certain, and that is that ISIS is not an organization that is going to evaporate or be defeated easily. Arwa Damon,
CNN, at the Syria-Turkey border crossing.
AZUZ: Israel shares a border with Syria. It says that border is very unstable. When a Syrian fighter jet flew into Israeli airspace yesterday,
Israel shot it down. The pilots ejected before the plane crashed.
An observer group says they were targeting militants in a Syrian town near the border. But their apparent crossover into Israeli airspace is another
example of how Syria`s civil war could affect nearby countries. Israel fought and won a war with Syria and other neighboring nations in 1967. It
says it doesn`t want to get involved in Syria`s civil war, but that Israel will do whatever it needs to to protect its citizens.
AZUZ: So, we`ve got this segment called “Roll Call.” It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There`s now only one way
to submit a request and you need to be at least 13 years old. Go to cnnstudentnews.com, click words says “Roll Call.” And leave a comment at
the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript. You can make one request every day, but spamming will
not help you. Please, tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.
There`s several wildfires burning up parts of drought-stricken California. Officials say, just one of them, the King fire, cost more than $5 million a
day to fight.
One way firefighters do that is by setting new fires, a controlled burn can clear out any vegetation that could fuel a wildfire before it gets there.
It`s one way to create a barrier to the blaze.
CHIEF KEM PIMLOTT, CALIFORNIA FIRE DIRECTOR: Unprecedented conditions. California right now is really the primary focus in the country, literally,
for fire activity.
DAN SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There is a battle happening in California and it`s being fought in the sky and on the ground.
In recent days, there have been 12 fires burning throughout the state and at least 6,000 firefighters are trying to get them contained.
These wildfire is called the King fire, burning about 50 miles east of Sacramento, as you can see , there`s just so much smoke and it`s really
tough on your eyes being out here. This is the time of the year when wildfires are out there worse, because the ground and the trees have been
baking all summer long and the heat, and because of the drought, this could be the most destructive wildfire season on record.
You can see and you can certainly feel how dry this brush is, and with this drought lasting three years now, there is no shortage of fuel to keep these
When the terrain is this steep, it`s really critical that you get support from the air, and it`s always so impressive to see those DC-10 air tankers
dropping 12,000 gallons of red fire retardant, fire crews really have to evaluate their options when they send all the resources, especially when
you have so many fires burning at once.
The worst fire we`ve seen this time around, has been in the town of Weed, California. That`s near the Oregon border. The fire engulfed more than
100 homes and damaged nearly 100 more. It also burned the community library and destroyed two churches.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s just one those things you watch on TV all the time and you never think things are going to happen to you.
Fires move a lot quicker than you think. They get started, you better be up moving.
SIMON: And with this bone dry condition, the fear as you can see a lot more devastation, as firefighters race from blaze to blaze.
AZUZ: Now that you know how to get on “Roll Call” here is who is being featured today. Starting in the northeast, Erie, Pennsylvania, we`ve got
the Braves of Iroquois Junior Senior High School. Go Braves! To Petal, Mississippi. It`s great to see the Panthers watching from Petal High
School. And in the Midwestern city of Omaha in Nebraska, there is a storm brewing at Elkhorn Ridge Middle School.
Didn`t have any cheetahs as mascots in the “Roll Call”. Maybe it`s because people don`t trust them.
But we do before we go, check out these cheetah cubs. Two females born about three weeks ago at the San Diego zoo. Their just recently opened.
They weigh about three pounds each, and they are being bottle fed because their mom wasn`t doing her job.
They`ll each get a dog to hang out with when they are old enough, assuming the dogs don`t mind the cat in caboodle. They can`t unhandled (ph) it if
they are feline like it, and though we`ve cub to the end of hours musecast, we hope you`ll cat to watch it again tomorrow. I`m Carl Azuz.
CNN Student News September 25, 2014: Second Dallas Nurse Contracts Ebola; California`s Fighting Prolonged Drought; Anderson Cooper Learning More about His Family
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: It`s great to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz, a commercial-free coverage this Thursday starts in
New York. Where you find the headquarters of the United Nations. All 193 member countries are invited to the U.N. General Assembly. It`s going on
this week. Its goals include fostering cooperation between nations, making decisions on issues concerning peace and security.
President Obama addressed the assembly yesterday. He focused on several issues. The biggest was terrorism, and the U.S.-led fight against the ISIS
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Already over 40 nations have offered to join this coalition. Today, I asked the world to join in this
effort. Those who have joined ISIL should leave the battlefield while they can. Those who continue to fight for a hateful cause will find they are
increasingly alone. For we will not succumb to threats and we will demonstrate that the future belongs to those who build, not those who
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: The president also repeated that the U.S. would not put boots on the ground, meaning U.S. troops would not be involved in direct fighting.
That`s something that several officials say may be needed to defeat ISIS terrorists.
President Obama also asked for international help in fighting the Ebola virus. An outbreak of the fever has ravaged West Africa this year. It has
a very high death rate, and it`s killed thousands so far.
The U.S. is sending 3,000 troops plus medical and health workers to Liberia. That`s the hardest hit country. And the United Nations has
passed a resolution that asks every member country to speed up its response to Ebola.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes, it`s scary. Yes, it`s terrifying. Of course, it`s terrifying. But what are you going to do?
Women, men, children are dying, families are being devastated. And in any other conflict situation, people take that risk and they go in.
Somali during the famine, you couldn`t move for the international community, and you get to Monrovia, and you just feel the sense of
loneliness and isolation and the fact that people just aren`t on the ground.
It was very different from what I normally do where you know that there`s a threat, and you know that you either going towards a threat or away from a
threat. And that threat is very apparent.
The smell of bleach, as you come in to the arrival terminal, because all over are these buckets with diluted bleach for people to wash their hands
And very quickly you kind of start to – to get used to that reality that you are not shaking anyone`s hands. You are keeping a distance, even in
the queue people were keeping a distance from each other so that you didn`t accidentally tough, and that those bleach buckets were going to be your
The health workers definitely had a huge impact on us. Just the fact that they had lost so many colleagues and friends and kept going out there. And
we are learning on the job. I mean it`s not the job you want to learn on. The bravery and just the real – the sheer just determination that it takes
to get up, get out of bed, and know that your job every day is to suit up and risk your life in the hope that – you are going to beat this.
The heartbreaking thing is that this is a region that was starting to pull itself back up after years and years of really devastating conflict. What
has been most disheartening is waiting for that response from the international community, and as a journalist, you hope that your job is to
show the world, and then the world responds.
AZUZ: Thank you for the thousands of “Roll Call” requests we got in yesterday`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com.
One of them came from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Hello to everyone watching at the American International School.
In Rathdrum, Idaho, the Hawks are on our roll, they are watching at Lakeland Jr. High. In Rossville, Georgia, is Panther nation. Good to see
you at Ridgeland High School.
A major Jewish holiday is under way. It`s called Rosh Hashanah. It began last night and it ends tomorrow night. Its name means “head of the year,”
and that`s what it celebrates, the Jewish New Year. Rosh Hashanah is also known as a day of remembrance. It`s when Jews mark the birthday of the
world. This year, the Jewish calendar enters the year 5775. People who celebrate usually go to synagogue services at this time, they take time off
from work, and what tradition associated with Rosh Hashanah is the blowing of the Shofar.
ROBERT WEINGER, SHOFAR EXPERT: The shofar is a most prophetic instrument that there is. It`s the instrument that releases symbolically God`s voice.
It`s just a wake up call. We are waking up our spirituality to return to God, to actually – cleanse – cleanse ourselves.
IAN LEE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This voice grows louder, trumpeting during Jewish New Year Rosh Hashanah. But the first sound that shofar ever makes
is actually quite different.
Eli Robak (ph) grinds away as his father`s father has done before, turning thousands of animal horns into polished shofars.
Robak`s expertise go beyond creating, but just selling and even playing.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The popular one is always the regular Ashkenazi Sphoradic (ph) shofar. Using your lips, you close the mouthpiece, it`s
like this …
If we use a trumpet, it will be easier for you.
LEE: Not as easy as it looks.
And finding the right sounding shofar takes time.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I`m listening for the heart of God. I`m listening for that pure sound that is in complete harmony. There`s something about the
sound of the shofar as it resonates in the blood of a Jewish person.
LEE: An echo through time, as the Jewish calendars enters the year 5775. Ian Lee, CNN, Jerusalem.
AZUZ: Topeka is the capital of Kansas. But it`s gone by other names. One mayor wants to change it to Google to attract technology, another wants to
change Topeka to Topeka 2 I honor of Pokemon. Now, that`s random.
There`s no denying that prosthetic limbs, devices that can substitute for lost arms, knees or feet, they`ve been a tremendous help to many who`ve
needed them. They can be incredibly expensive, a partial foot can cost $14,000 without insurance or compensation. A computerized foot and calf
system, like the one that Hugh Herr invented, as much as 70,000. The benefits …
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Thousands have gained from engineer Hugh Herr`s loss. A leader in 21st century bionics, he also happens to be a
double amputee who lost both his legs in a climbing accident in 1982. His reaction to the accident? He became obsessed with the potential of
HUGH HERR: A human being can never be broken. Technology is broken.
CRANE: Determined to engineer artificial limbs, that could outperform real ones, he went on to build himself a pair of highly functional legs that
would once again propel him up a mountain and later prove mobility to thousands.
Today, Herr`s team at MIT`s media lab are hard at work at a robotic exoskeleton. That can one day change the way we all walk.
They`ve designed fiber glass struts with small motors that contract and release in tune with the person`s natural gate. The device detects when a
step is being taken, and then redistributes weight to make the gate more efficient.
The MIT group found that the boots took on around 30 percent of the heavy load, drastically reducing the toll it took on a subject. That means an
instant assist for anybody that has trouble walking.
Picture a soldier carrying heavy gear in the field. An injured athlete in recovery, or an elderly person that just needs a little help. The
implications are huge.
HERR: Basic levels of physiological function should be a part of our human rights. Every person should have the right to live life without
disability, if they so choose.
Cooler weather conjures cravings concerning costumes, candy corn coverings. But in this organic pumpkin patch, you`ll find something unnatural. A
mold. Not a fungus, but a mold that allows a California farmer to shape pumpkin faces without ever touching a carving knife. It`s pumpkinstein,
yo. The farmer gets about $75 for each of this wholesale. But he says it costs him hundreds of thousands of dollars to figure out the right mold and
pumpkins to use.
Whether or not you think the idea fits the mold, it certainly breaks the mold. It really grows on you and as longs as he fits it right and doesn`t
have to patch things up he`s gourd to go. We have gourd to go. More news and puns are planted in to tomorrow show.
CNN Student News September 26, 2014: U.S. Attorney General Resigning From His Job; Cost of War on ISIS; STEM Diploma Means Success on Job Market; Benefits of Chocolate
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome. So are jobs, chocolate and football. They are all featured today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. First up, the
U.S. will be getting a new Attorney General. Eric Holder announced yesterday he`ll resign from his job. The Attorney General leads the U.S.
Department of Justice. It`s the highest legal job in the land. Holder became the first African-American Attorney General in 2009. Opinions of
his work are strongly partisan. Democrats generally think he did a good job, saying he made achievements in civil rights. Republicans mostly
wanted him out saying he disregarded the U.S. Constitution. Holder`s strongly supported the same sex marriage, and he prioritized issues related
to voting rights. He also became the first U.S. cabinet member to be held in contempt of Congress after he refused to turn over documents related to
a failed government program involving guns and Mexican drug cartels.
The latest targets in the U.S.-led war against the ISIS terrorist group, oil refineries in Syria. ISIS has been using these to pay for its
operations getting up to $2 million a day from them. The U.S. wants that stopped, even though the U.S. military official says the group has a
billion dollars in the bank.
ISIS stands for Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. The terrorist group wants its own country in the region, bases on its own interpretation of Islam.
ISIS has slaughtered civilians, soldiers, journalists, and an American defense official says the fight against ISIS will likely last for years.
It won`t be cheap.
CRISTINA ALESCI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Expending military strikes into Syria come with an expending bill to pay for the effort. U.S. military forces
and its coalition partners launched air attacks in the country, with the blunt force of 47 tomahawk missiles across northern and eastern Syria.
Those weapons which carry thousand pound warheads and can be reprogrammed in flight, have a hefty price tag, $1.5 million apiece, and that`s just the
beginning. For the first assault, the Pentagon said four dozen fighter jets took off from both land and sea, loaded with 200 pieces of munition.
Now, between fuel and maintenance the cost for flying these jets on an hourly basis ranges from 22,000 to 62,000 with the air force`s newest and
most stealthy aircraft, the F-22 Raptor, topping the least.
As for these jets are carrying, outside military experts point to the JDAN, the joint direct attack munition, which can be launched miles away from the
target. Its manufacturer Boeing calls it the warfighter`s weapon of choice. It goes for about $29,000. And the SDB, the small diameter bomb,
which is dubbed the all-weather solution.
It goes for about $21,000. Now, it`s easy to see how the bill for these operations adds up. The last we hear from the Pentagon it said the costs
were averaging about $7.5 million a day. But the back of the envelope estimate for the Tomahawks alone is $70 million. Granted, these are
missiles the U.S. and its partners have in their arsenals. But those will likely need to be replenished.
Bottom line, the average daily cost has to be significantly higher today than it was just a few weeks ago.
AZUZ: From Thursday`s transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com. Here are three of the thousands who wanted a mention on our “Roll Call”. Prowling
around Hollis, Oklahoma, say hello to the Tigers. They are at Hollis High School. In Flowood, Mississippi, we`ve got the Chargers watching. They
are at Northwest Rankin Middle School. And over to Germany now, it`s great to see everyone at Teresa von Bairon (ph) Shuler (ph) in Munich.
A recent report looked at 464 different types of jobs in the U.S. It found that if you are looking to work in a secure profession, one of your best
bets is in the medical field. Optometrists, podiatrists, nurses, we are going to need more of them in the years ahead.
Also, blue collar fields, waste water treatment plant workers, building inspectors, we`ll need those, too. And if you are going into a stem field,
in general, the harder the degree, the better the pay.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Stem. It stands for science, technology, engineering and math. There`s a school of thought. There are more jobs than there are
qualified people to feel them.
The theory, train more Americans, reduce unemployment and help the economy. Let`s look at the class of 2012. Just 16 percent of undergraduates got a
degree in the stem majors. That seems small, right?
The Obama administration certainly thinks so, and has invested millions to increase those numbers. But is it worth it? Some say no, they say there
is no skills gap, just a lack of competitive wages and training options from companies. There`s no doubt STEM jobs are on the rise. The
Department of Commerce predicts they`ll grow nearly twice as much as other professions between 2008 and 2018, and that workers in another fields are
more likely to be unemployed.
So, how about wages?
The same report shows that STEM workers earn 26 percent more. In fact, the top ten paying majors for the graduating class of 2013 were all STEM. But,
before you reach for that (INAUDIBLE), let me drop some knowledge.
The Bureau of Labor says the vast majority of STEM jobs are related to computers and I.T. Their mean wages are higher than the U.S. average, but
not by much.
And guess what, CareerBuilder says I.T. jobs are the hardest ones to fill. So, what about the big bucks? The five highest paying STEM graduates jobs,
according to Forbes, are marine engineer, petroleum engineer, nuclear engineer, technology analyst and chemical engineer. You know, the easy
So, as technology evolves and becomes an even bigger part of our lives, one thing is clear: no matter what job you do, STEM will be everywhere. So
make sure you are ready.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me, I`m a food that`s being consumed for hundreds of years. First, by indigenous people of Mexico.
I`m made from the seeds of a fruit tree, many would – their best when ground up and combined with milk and sugar. I`m chocolate. And my seeds
come from the cacao tree.
AZUZ: Those seeds are used to make everything from the chocolate we eat to the cocoa we bake with to the syrups we put on our ice cream. They were
used as money by the Maya, who lived in what is now Mexico.
But chocolate, as we know it, didn`t get popular until the 1850. So, is it healthy? As part of his “Living to 100” series, Dr. Sanjay Gupta looks
into that. The answer – sort of. (Ph)
SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Everyone likes to hear that chocolate could be good for them, and the truth is that it can be, but there are a
couple of caveats. First, chocolate just because of some of the ingredients in it, tends to increase your metabolic rate a little bit.
That`s the number of calories you are burning just by sitting there.
It is also giving you some, calories, obviously. But when you take both those things in comparison, you are burning a little bit more than you are
taking in, as long as you don`t overdo it.
So, there are good chocolates and there are not so good chocolates. You`ve probably heard that dark chocolates probably are going to be your best bet.
In addition to that metabolic effect it has, it`s also rich in more anti- oxidants, things that will help clean up some of the – the dirty cells in your body.
Cacao chocolate is not quite as popular, but it can have some health benefits as well. It can lower the bad levels of cholesterol, known as
LDL, and can help raise the good levels, HDO, just a little bit.
You want to find about 60 or 70 percent cocoa in the chocolate you might be buying.
So, if you want to live to 100, you can eat chocolate, but just a little bit.
AZUZ: Friday night football, watching your team blast through a banner and onto the field. Not all banners are created equal. A New York peeve team
found that out recently. They charged at full speed, but unfortunately, for the wall kill mighty mites, the sign was mightier. The first few
players are closed line, others just pile on. To their credit, it`s made out of vinyl. It was being held backwards, and the Velcro fasteners didn`t
break away like they should have. So, even though it made the first tackle of the game, the bad sign wasn`t a bad sign, the mighty mites won 24 to
nothing. It was truly a banner night. They`ll have to decide whether to keep the sign or banner it. Either way, it shouldn`t be too hard to vinyl
another one. I`m Carl Azuz. Thanks you for watching. Have a victorious weekend.
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