CNN Student News with transcript January 21, 2014: Kenneth Bae`s Statement from North Korea; Edward Snowden`s Revealing the NSA Collecting Information on Americans; Martin Luther King`s Speech That Changed the Nation; Jamaica Bobsled Team Raising Money To Go to the Winter Olympics; An Army Mom Returning Home Surprises her Son at a Basketball Game
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Your commercial-free source for news for the classroom. I`m Carl Azuz. And the first story we are covering today involves a man named Kenneth Bae. He is a U.S. citizen. In 2012, he was arrested in North Korea where he gave tours to people who wanted to visit. Bae was sentenced to 15 years in the North Korean labor camp. We don`t know exactly why. North Korea says he was trying to take down the country`s government. His mother thinks it might be because Bae is a devout Christian. And that he didn`t understand the rules of North Korea, an atheist country. On Monday, Bae gave a statement that said he committed a serious crime against North Korea.
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“I would like to plead with the U.S. government, press and my family to stop worsening my situation by making wild rumors against North Korea and releasing materials related to me, which are not based on the facts.
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AZUZ: We don`t know if Bae was speaking sincerely, though. North Korea has forced prisoners to make statements like that in the past.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. I`m a U.S. government agency that was established in 1952. My director is always a high-ranking military officer. I`m America`s most secret intelligence agency. I`m the National Security Agency, responsible for collecting foreign information and keeping U.S. information secure.
AZUZ: We`ve talked about Edward Snowden. He`s a former NSA worker who revealed secret information about the agency, that it collects Americans` phone records and email info, among other data. Some believe, this helps keep the country safer and monitor potential terrorist activity. Other see it as a significant invasion of Americans` privacy. Well, President Obama recently announced that he`d made major changes in the way the NSA gathers information. But he`s not stopping the agency from gathering it.
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CROWD: No secret (inaudible)!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: After months of spirited debate sparked by the explosive revelations of Edward Snowden, the president told Americans he`ll rein in NSA surveillance, but only to a point.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: The power of new technologies means that there are fewer and fewer technical constraints on what we can do. That places a special obligation on us to ask tough questions about what we should do.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The most significant changes affect the most controversial surveillance program – the bulk collection of Americans` phone records, effective immediately, the NSA will need judicial approval before searching the data. The president asked Congress to create a panel of public advocates to counter government search requests. And he asked the Attorney General and intelligence committee to explore moving the data out of NSA control. But the bottom line, the program won`t necessarily end.
CROWD: They say (INAUDIBLE)
CROWD: We say (INAUDIBLE)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: For the NSA`s most ardent critics that would be a glaring omission.
SEN. RAND PAUL: I didn`t hear any lessening of the spying on Americans or collecting records of Americans. I heard that trust me, I`m going to put some more safeguards in place, but I`m going to keep right on collecting every American`s records.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The president argues that much of the surveillance is just too important to scrap altogether.
OBAMA: Not only because I felt that they made us more secure, but also because nothing in that initial review and nothing that I`ve learned since indicated that our intelligence community has sought to violate the law.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So, do any of the changes make us less safe?
PETER BERGEN, CNN TERRORISM ANALYST: If these programs were stopping huge terrorist attacks, you know, maybe they would – should be more, you know, there should be more concern. But the fact is that these programs are not.
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AZUZ: Yesterday honored American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. It became a federal holiday in 1983, and 11 years later, it became a national day of service, a one of a kind event. Dr. King once said, everybody can be great, because everybody can serve.
President Obama participated in the service project in Washington, D.C. You see him here volunteering at D.C. central kitchen, in organization that aims to reduce hunger and poverty. Also, in the U.S. capital, the traditional wreath laying at the King Memorial. The National Park Service says millions visited the first full year it was open in 2012, and millions visited last year on the 50th anniversary of Dr. King`s march on Washington. Brian Todd looks back at that event.
BRIAN TODD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Many of them were so young that summer, Martin Luther King Jr. himself only 34, but they led hundreds of thousands on the march to the nation`s capital that would pivot the country toward irreversible change. “Time” magazine captures that moment in a tribute to King. Time editor Radhika Jones says the use of the key players then was a crucial component in publishing this tribute now.
RADHIKA JONES, EXEC. EDITOR, TIME MAGAZINE: They are still with us. They can tell their own stories, and it was so important to us to talk to them directly and here, there are memories of that day.
TODD: The memories come from people like Clarence Jones, King`s speechwriter.
In a testimonial on “Time`s” website, he describes the moment King grabbed his audience.
CLARENCE B. JONES, MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.`S SPEECHWRITER: I`m listening to his speech, and as I`m listening, I see that he`s really – Mahalia Jackson interrupted him while he`s speaking. Tell them about the dream, Martin! Tell them about the dream! Body language changed. And he changed what I call the Baptist preacher`s test task (ph). And I say to the person standing next to me, whoever that was, I said these people don`t know it, but they are about ready to go to church.
TODD: When King`s body language changed, so did the speech and with it, a movement.
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.: I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up, live up the true meaning of its dream. We hold this truth to be self- evident that all men are created equal.
AZUZ: Time for the CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call” and this one, for the birds. We mean the Eagles of Edgartown School. They are parched in Edgartown, Massachusetts. We mean the Silver Hawks of Lincoln Southwest High School. They are taking flight from Lincoln, Nebraska. And we mean the Red Hawks of Liberty High School. They are soaring over Frisco, Texas.
Germany, Russia, Canada, Switzerland, all countries associated with winter sports, all countries that have done well in the Olympics bobsled competition. How about Jamaica? The Caribbean country just got a word Saturday that it has qualified for next month Winter Olympics in Russia. But that was just one of the challenges the storied team faced.
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UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Get up! It`s bobsled time!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: For the first time in more than a decade, the biggest underdogs in bobsledding had to fight the odds and qualify for the Olympic Games. But the Jamaican bobsled team isn`t packing their bags just yet. The problem? They need a lot of money, fast.
WINSTON WATTS, TEAM CAPTAIN/PILOT: That`s why we are looking (INAUDIBLE) we can fulfill the dream.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The team needs to raise as much $80,000 to cover travel and equipment fees, so they`ve turned the fundraising websites like Crowdtilt to try and make it happen. In just under 24 hours, the team raised more than $16,000 and donations continue to poor in.
MARVIN DIXON, BRAKEMAN: We`re Jamaican. We believe, you know, it`s going to (inaudible).
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We are not bobsledding yet?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Oh, yes, we are!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The Jamaican`s are among the most famous teams in the sport due in large part to the popularity of the Disney classic “Cool Runnings” that chronicle the Olympic journey of the country`s first bobsled team.
After missing the last two Winter Olympics, the Jamaican bobsledders were determined to qualify for Sochi.
DIXON: This is such a really, really great feeling.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The team who refers to themselves as “Cool Runnings” the sequel, knows that the odds are stocked against them.
DIXON: A lot of people ask us if we are really crazy.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: But they are hoping that with some help, they`ll have another shot at Olympic glory.
DIXON: It`s not many people can say they are from a tropical country, be not there and do a sport, which is winter sports, and we are so good at it.
AZUZ: Derek Jakons (ph) hadn`t seen his mother in eight months. She`s in a U.S. Air Force, and she`s been deployed in the Middle East. She got home last week, but she didn`t immediately tell Derek. She decided to surprise him at a basketball game while he was playing.
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UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So the plan is to call a fake (inaudible) tech on the coach, and then we`re going to have Derek go out to the line, for two or three throws and then that`s when we have his mom come from behind and that – will get surprised.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I`m nervous, because I don`t know what his reaction is going to be.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I`m thinking he`ll say Mommy and give me a hug. You know, we are at a basketball game, his friends are here, girls are here. Maybe he`ll cry, but then he`ll be mad at me.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s all right, Derek!
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He cried a little bit. But that`s OK. That was his natural reaction. That was Derek. And that`s really the reaction I thought he would have.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Mom, I missed you.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: She`d missed all of football season and the holidays, so she thought the basketball game was worth a shot. There was nothing foul about it in the true sense of the word, it was a homecoming game. I`m Carl Azuz, for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News January 22, 2014: The United States` Concern about the Security at Winter Olympics in Russia; An Unmanned Spacecraft Rosetta Back On Its Mission; One World Trade Center`s Construction in New York; “Shoes for Souls” Organized by 13-year old McClain Hermes; Bao Bao – Panda Born in Captivity
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi. I`m Carl Azuz. Happy to bring you ten minutes of commercial-free current events. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. First up today, security in Sochi. The 2014 Winter Olympics begin there on February 7th, Russian President Vladimir Putin says his country will do everything possible to keep the game safe and to protect visitors to Sochi.
40,000 Russian police and security forces will be guarding the events. International officials are concerned about possible terrorism. Islamic militants have threatened to attack the games. And Russian police have handed out fliers of a woman they say may now be in Sochi and may be planning an attack.
In Dagestan, a Russian republic about 400 miles east of Sochi, police have been hunting suspected militants. Over the past few days, they say they`ve killed several people with suspected ties to terrorists.
Meanwhile, the U.S. is putting at least one warship and several transport aircraft on standby in case an attack happens. It`s making plans to get Americans out if Russia asks for help.
Our next story today began in 2004. That`s when the European Space Agency launched an unmanned spacecraft named Rosetta. Its mission, which cost about $1.7 billion find a comet, land on it, send back loads of info about what that`s like. But it`s been sleeping for a couple of years now. A planned part of its journey. And mission control in Germany was on pins and needles during Rosetta`s wakeup call.
INDRA PETERSONS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Cheers ring out in mission control as European spacecraft Rosetta signals from 500 million miles away that it`s awake after its two and a half year hibernation. The reason for the deep sleep, just like humans, the spacecraft needed to recharge its batteries.
ANDREA ACCOMAZZO, ROSETTA SPACECRAFT OPERATIONS MANAGER: Now we got it back. Now it`s up to us to drive it to the comet.
PETERSONS: For nearly ten years, Rosetta has been chasing a comet through space, hoping to one day land on its surface for scientific research and capturing some incredible images along the way, like this one of the surface of Mars and this showing the Moon rising over the Pacific Ocean.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Wake up.
PETERSONS: Scientists beamed a wakeup call to Rosetta early Monday then waited and waited for word that the intergalactic Rip Van Winkle was again up and running.
Finally, a tweet from space, simply, “Hello, World.”
ACCOMAZZO: I think it`s been the longest hour of my life.
PETERSONS: The stage is now set for what promises to be a historic spaceflight event.
MARK MCCAUGHREAN, ESA SENIOR SCIENTIFIC ADVISOR: This is just the beginning. You know, without today, without the wakeup, we wouldn`t have a mission at all.
PETERSONS: Rosetta will now scout the comet for the perfect place to land before sending a probe to touchdown on the comet`s surface in November. The probe, a type of portable laboratory, will map, drill, and analyze samples as it travels with the comet on a trip around the Sun, beaming its results back to earth.
MCCAUGHREAN: We know that that`s going to be a great adventure ride for everybody and return some fantastic science about the origins of our own solar system, and potentially, the origins of life on this planet.
AZUZ: Well, as far as folks in the North and Eastern U.S. are concerned, life is cold. The National Weather Service says this part of the country is in the icebox. Three to nine inches of snow was expected yesterday from the Virginias to Massachusetts. The Federal government told many of its Washington, D.C. employees stay home. There is a major impact at airports, too, with thousands of flights canceled.
But in Ohio, there is a state of emergency. More than ten percent of people who live there use propane tanks or heating oil to keep their homes warm. And the icy weather coincides with a rare shortage of both. The state of emergency will allow trucks that carry the fuel to work longer hours.
Out west, a very different kind of emergency in California. A drought. The worst ever recorded there has dried up lakes and reservoirs, worsened wildfires and killed off crops.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” How high is One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the U.S.? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it, 1,492 feet, 1,776 feet, 1,865 feet or 1, 980 feet. You`ve got three seconds, go!
Counting its spire, One World Trade Center is 1,776 feet tall, matching the year the American colonies declared independence.
AZUZ: Previous record holder, the Willis Tower in Chicago, it measure 1451 feet, and it`s still the tallest, if you only count completed buildings. One World Trade isn`t there yet. It`s scheduled to be finished later this year, but it`s not just about height. We can tell you that what it has on the inside is also intended to impress.
JASON SANCHEZ, CNN MONEY CORRESPONDENT: After a decade of planning and construction, One World Trade Center is getting ready to open for business by the end of this year. But before it opens, CNN Money got a sneak peak at what the tallest building in North America will look like from the inside.
Workers are still building out the lobby, but there are already some distinctive nods to the original World Trade Center complex.
JORDAN BAROWITZ, EXTERNAL AFFAIRS DIRECTOR, THE DURST ORGANIZATION: Its beautiful white marble is from the same quarry as the marble that was in the lobby of the original Twin Towers.
SANCHEZ: And the entrance is starting to take shape.
BAROWITZ: As you can see, the floors are in, the walls are in, the ceilings are in. Behind me is a glass wall that protects – protects the lobby and these slabs bring (ph) natural light in.
SANCHEZ: Up on the 63 floor, we saw what finished office space will look like for some of the building`s tenants.
BAROWITZ: This is our marketing center and it gives perspective tenants a sense of what the building will look like when it`s built out and occupied.
SANCHEZ: Barowitz says, 55 percent of the office space has already been leased, anchored by media company Conde Nast. But the floors with the best views aren`t for rent. The developers of One World Trade Center saving the top three floors for an observation deck, complete with food, drinks and a small theater.
BAROWITZ: We are on the 102 floor of One World Trade Center. It`s the highest occupied floor in the building. It would be the observation deck, open to the public. This is floor has a 360 degree unobstructed views of the entire metropolitan region.
SANCHEZ: The building is by no means finished. In fact, there is still some heavy construction going on in some areas. But much of One World Trade Center has started to take form, and it isn`t hard to imagine what the finished building will look like when it opens later this year.
Jason Sanchez, CNN Money, New York.
AZUZ: You might have heard us talk about CNN`s “Impact Your World” before. Usually, it`s to give ideas of how to help people in need during a war or a natural disaster, for example. But “Impact Your World” also recognizes folks who are making a positive impact on our world and McClain Hermes is definitely one of those people.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Meet 13-year old McClain Hermes, fierce competitive swimmer. But behind that smile lies a deeper story. McClain is legally blind. Her vision began to fail when she was eight, and doctors say, in a few years she won`t be able to see at all.
MCCLAIN HERMES: I`m not naggy (ph).
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: But this seventh grader from Georgia doesn`t want your sympathy.
MCCLAIN HERMES: Can you give me that black and white shoe?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: She wants your old shoes. In 2009, her father showed her an article about footwear soles being recycled.
MATT HERMES, MCCLAIN`S FATHER: They were giving people, you know, $5 discount or something on a new pair of shoes, if they turned in shoes.
MCCLAIN HERMES: And so, we decided and set up recycling. We collect them and give them to people that needed them.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: “Shoes for the Souls” was born.
MATT HERMES: Seven.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They say around 10,000 pairs of shoes have been collected over the past four years.
MCCLAIN HERMES: You got this!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Today, McClain is making a special delivery to an Atlanta homeless shelter. McClain challenges all teams to make a difference.
MCCLAIN HERMES: If you have a dream and you think it`s unrealistic, just keep on doing it.
AZUZ: It`s Worldwide Wednesday on the CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call.” And here are some of the schools watching from across the globe. Hello to the Taejeon Christian International School. The Dragons are online in Daejeon, South Korea. I hope I pronounced that right.
How about the students at Ecole Voyageur, shouting out to our viewers in Cold Lake, Alberta, Canada. And we`re wrapping up Worldwide Wednesday in Uganda. Hello to everyone at City View High School in Kampala.
Pandas. They are cute and all, but you don`t want to try to cuddle an adult one. For some who have, hasn`t always worked out so well. That`s not the case with Bao. She`s just five months old, and she just made her public debut at the National Zoo. Bao means “Precious” or “Treasure” in Mandarin Chinese and you can see why. She is one of more than 300 pandas living in captivity, and she spent most of her party sleeping. So you can`t really say it was pandamonium. Yeah, I know. It`s an obvious pun. It`s like we are pandering. Initially, I wanted to panda idea, but love for these little creatures is pandamic. And we just hope you can bear it. You know, we were going to have fun with that. CNN STUDENT NEWS returns tomorrow. Hope to see you then.
CNN Student News January 23, 2014: Geneva a Center for International Talks and Organizations; Freedom of Speech in China; United States` Concern about Security at Winter Olympics in Russia; Google Glass for Firefighters
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Kicking off with a couple of international stories today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to the show. Diplomats from around the world are gathered in Geneva, Switzerland. But their focus is on the country in the Middle East. Since 2011 Syria has been torn apart by a civil war. More than 100,000 people have been killed, and more than 1.5 million Syrians have become refugees. They`ve had to leave their homes. The international meeting in Geneva is to try to find solutions, but officials aren`t expecting a breakthrough. For one thing, the U.S. wants other countries to help restore peace in Syria. Syrian officials say this is a Syrian conflict, and it needs to stay that way. Like the civil war itself, it`s complicated, and why is this meeting happening in Switzerland anyway?
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BECKY ANDERSON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Shaky hopes for Syria`s peace on the stable and neutral ground of Geneva. This Swiss city is known as the world`s negotiating table, where a brute force and battles won`t gain any ground. The international status of the city was cemented after World War I as the seat to the ill-fated League of Nations. Then again, after the Second World War in 1945, housing key departments of the newly established United Nations. From Vietnam to the Cold War to talks on the Balkans. The conflicts of the 20th century left a mark here, in the search for peace. One reason, Switzerland`s famed neutrality allows Geneva to be a dispassionate arbitrator. The city also name-dropped in the famous Geneva Conventions, the standard switch (ph) layout international rules for human treatment in war time.
KOFI ANNAN, FORMER SECRETARY GENERAL, U.N.: The Geneva Conventions and all other instruments of international humanitarian law must be scrupulously respected.
ANDERSON: It`s not just diplomats who gather here. FIFA, the Red Cross, (inaudible) and the famously water-tight banks. All the hard work hasn`t gone unnoticed. With 14 of the coveted Nobel Peace Prizes going to organizations and individuals from the city synonymous with the world. Becky Anderson, CNN, London.
AZUZ: Moving across the world now to China. It`s a communist country, which means the government officially has control over politics and the economy. China`s constitution says citizens enjoy freedom of the press, but it also says that the state, the country suppresses activities that endanger state security. What that means is that if China`s government sees something as the threat, in the media or on the Internet, it can and often will censor it. One example, a trial has started for a Chinese activist. He`s accused of organizing protests against government corruption. The government wants to control what is said about the trial, and it`s cracking down on international media whose reports may not be in line with the message that the Chinese government wants to send.
DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: So, we are heading towards a court in Beijing, where prominent activists goes on trial today.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Please wait a moment. Please. Please.
MCKENZIE: Why? This is a public space. There is no need to shut at me.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (speaking Chinese)
MCKENZIE: So, the court is just behind us. The name of the activist is Xu Zhiyong, and the reason he is in trial is because he had a gathering of people several times, and was one of the founders of the new citizens` movement. That is why there are all these police surrounding me here. We are going to go try look at the entrance of the court, which is just here.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (inaudible)
MCKENZIE: Sorry, you can`t stop me. It`s a public .
(voice over): Soon, the situation violently escalated. Police and plain- clothed men targeting us, taking away our phones and I.D. and breaking the camera.
(on camera): You can`t physically. They are physically manhandling us. They are physically manhandling me.
This is a public space, I`m allowed to report. I`m allowed to report.
We are reporters. We are reporting in the public space.
Hey, hey, hey, hey. Do not physically manhandle .
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (speaking Chinese)
MCKENZIE (voice over): Other international journalists were roughed up during the trial. One policeman told me they were following orders. They`ve moved us from the van into a police car.
A government spokesman said they will investigate the incident, but that without law and order there will be “chaos” in China.
(on camera): The police and the plain-clothed guys drove us to the street corner several blocks away from the court, and then just dumped us on the side of the street. We would be shooting this with our camera, but they entirely tore off the front section of the viewfinder, so Charlie can`t use it – that all. This really shows how much China wants to manage the message, but in doing so, the irony is, they betray some of the strong arm tactics they use against journalists, including, and it`s obviously it`s often far worse for Chinese nationals. David McKenzie, CNN Beijing.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” In which field would you deal with backdrafts, helitacks and skid units? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it, mountain climbing, public relations, construction or firefighting? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Backdrafts, helitacks and skid units are all found in the field of firefighting. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: It`s possible that Google Glass could be added to that list, to type of computer that users can wear like eye glasses. It can be used to get directions, take pictures, see text messages and potentially help people working in dangerous conditions communicate. But it has its limitations and the $2,000 price just scratches the surface.
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ZAIN ASHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Google says Glass can make reading emails easier. It can also help you navigate in an familiar city. But can it save lives? 34-year old firefighter Patrick Jackson thinks so.
He wants firefighters to use Google Glass to receive notifications on fires in the area and to help find people trapped inside burning buildings.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK. Go. (inaudible) plan.
ASHER: And to help rescue passengers in burning vehicles. He`s also developed a way for Google Glass to use GPS signals, such for the nearest fire hydrants.
Jackson who is based in North Carolina was one of 8,000 people selected to develop apps for Glass last year in Google`s “If I had a Glass Challenge.” 150,000 people applied. His suggestion on how firefighters could use Glass to save lives caught Google`s attention. Google gave him some guidance on writing an app for firefighters. But since Jackson already had experience in computer engineering and had written android apps in the past, he didn`t need much help. Jackson says he`s still trying to iron out a few minor details. For example, Glass still doesn`t fit well inside a firefighter`s mask. So firefighters have only used it on the way to a fire, and not inside an actual burning building. There are also some questions about what would happen if Glass actually got close to a real blaze. Would they melt, for example? Also, its reliability in finding fire hydrants or receiving fire alerts depends on Internet connection and a reliable GPS signal. So, certainly still a few kinks (ph) to work out. Zain Asher, CNN, New York.
AZUZ: Who would have thought we find so many eagles in the American southeast? We are flying high with the Falkner High School Eagles who are perched in Falkner, Mississippi. We are on the wing with the Inman Middle School Eagles who are overhead right here in Atlanta, Georgia. And we are soaring with the Chesnee High School Eagles who are aloft in Chesnee, South Carolina. No particular order here, all of them are created eagle.
We`re about to put today`s show on ice, but we`re going to freeze for one more minute and take you to a Swedish town just beneath the Arctic circle. The story involves what you might call “Instruments” and an idea that was music to one man`s ears.
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SEBASTIAN SAURY, VIVEKA SJOLUND “THE VOICE OF WATER”: Ice music is music, which is played on instruments that are built of ice.
My personal interest in this is to make it real music, not just clinking an dinking on like a bunch of hanging ice cubes, but real music, which is tuned right, which has got melody and harmony and rhythm, and it`s real music, as we know it.
It takes two days to freeze each plate. So, that`s four days. After that, it`s probably another four days to finish the instrument. So, it could take me a week.
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AZUZ: Sound is good enough to make your heart melt. The instruments themselves do that in the spring. Of course, you might not have heard the percussion in that piece, but if you thought it was cool, you know, you`d like to chill out while listening to it, I hear you can download it on IceTunes. OK, OK, I`m done. We`ll tune up more news and puns for you tomorrow.
CNN Student News January 24, 2014: Violent Clashes between Protesters and Riot Police in the Ukrainian Capital; Massive Cyber Security Breach in the United States; Bitter Cold in the United States Can Affect Super Bowl Timing
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to Friday. The week`s last edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz. Our ten minutes of commercial free coverage starts in Ukraine. It`s a politically divided country. Late last year, Ukrainian president Victor Yanukovych called off a trade deal with the European Union and agreed to one with Russia instead. Protests followed by people who disagreed with the president`s decision and wanted closer ties with the European Union. The government recently passed laws limiting what protesters were allowed to do in Ukraine, and the protests turned violent. There was a truce yesterday, which brought hours of calm to an area that had been anything but. Here`s how things looked before the truce was called.
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DIANA MAGNAY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This demonstration for the time being characterized more by noise than by violence, but there have been clashes overnight. One protester was shot dead, a very serious escalation in the violence.
(voice over): Fury at the turn this day has taken. “You have no right to kill him,” this woman screams. In the makeshift hospital we learned that more have been killed.
(on camera): The doctors say that they had wounds to their chest, one of them shot directly in the head. We don`t know yet what – (inaudible) could have been plastic bullets. The prime minister says that the riot police are not equipped with live ammunition.
(voice over): But plastic bullets fired into crowds, are clearly dangerous enough.
(SOUNDS OF SHOOTING)
MAGNAY: Even if these crowds are brave and push back. No matter the consequences for those unlucky enough to end up in police hands.
(on camera): We are wearing all of our protective gear, not least because the protesters keep telling us, the riot policemen don`t care whether you are press or whether you are a protester. We`ve seen evidence of that ourselves. Video where a riot policeman points his gun directly into the camera and fires.
(voice over): At least 200 injured on the police side also. The anger against them and the government who have banned all protesting feels universal. Young and old brave the freezing old, landing a hand to the makeshift barricades, the makeshift weapons.
(on camera): It`s line of fire. Burning tires has formed a very effective barricade between the protesters and the riot police who are lined up on the other side. They`ve been pushing these burning fires further and further up the road, and as you can see now, they are getting their missiles ready, stones, we`ve seen them preparing and making Molotoff cocktails to throw through the smoke at police.
The battleground of the most primitive kind, but still dangerous, still deadly, nonetheless. Diana Magnay, CNN, Kiev.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” Who is the chief executive of a city? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it alderman, governor, councilman or mayor? You`ve got three seconds, go!
The mayor usually serves as the CEO of his or her town, village or city. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: There`s a whole conference of mayors meeting in the U.S. capital. For the first time in years, there is a note of optimism when it comes to economies. What we are talking about here is local economies, those of cities around the U.S. The conference of mayors says this year could be the one when most U.S. cities put the great recession behind them. Economic growth is expected almost everywhere. It`s good news, not great news. Though local jobs are being created, one challenge ahead for these folks is that many cities won`t have the same level of employment they had before the recession hit. And they still won`t have it by 2018. A slow recovery, but still a recovery, one that President Obama addressed when he stopped by yesterday afternoon.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: We still have got a lot of work to do to deliver a vision that we all share, which is in America if you work hard, you can make it.
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AZUZ: U.S. population is about 314 million people. More than a third of them might have had their personal information stolen within the past few months. We mean credit cards, debit cards, home and email addresses. Target says up to 110 million customers could have been affected by a massive data hack. The one we told you about from the Christmas season. Luxury department store Neiman Marcus says many of its customers were affected by a separate hack. What did the two incidents have in common? They were cyber-attacks, and they are not the only ones.
It`s kind of like playing that old game whack-a-mole. First, it was Target. The security breach that compromised the confidential information of millions of Americans. Then, we learned about Neiman Marcus, the high- end retailer disclosed it, too, had been hacked. WE are still waiting for word on how many people are affected. And now, a report from the cyber watch group Intel Crawler suggests at least six more retailers have yet to tell customers they`ve been breached as well with the same malware attacking their online credit card processing. So, the question now, where should we look next?
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
KEN STASIAK, CEO SECURESTATE: Once it`s identified, then the security community could rally around it and start to put controls in place. But the problem is that hackers know that, so they manipulate or mutate this malware and then reuse it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: According to Intel Crawler the source of the malicious software can all be traced back to one place – the report claims the very first sample of the malware was created in March of 2013, hitting stores in Australia, Canada and the United States.
PAUL CALLAN, CNN LEGAL ANALYST: Let`s say hypothetically, a retailer has 40 million transactions, by 40 million different customers. All 40 million may have been damaged in some way, and under law, they can be joined together in a class action lawsuit.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Legally, the burden is on retailers to protect customer information. But from what we know now, this could be the tip of the iceberg.
STASIAK: And was able to put that up on the Internet for download for other hackers to then take and potentially use it for malicious harm. And that`s what we believe happened to Target as well as Neiman Marcus.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Hawks, Hatchets and Huskies. Today`s “Roll Call” is brought to you by the letter “H.” The hawks. Should we say Seahawks? They are in Seattle, Washington. They are watching at Hamilton International Middle School. Check this out – how many mascots are named Hatchets? We bet the students of Washington high school are pretty sharp. They are in Washington, Indiana. And the huskies are hunkered down at Hagerty High School. Hello to our viewers in Oviedo, Florida.
If you`ve been hit by this winter`s particularly wicked weather, the Farmer`s Almanac can say, I told you so. It was first published in 1818. It predicts the weather months in advance, and it`s pretty darn accurate. Here`s a clip that we aired last August.
Because there was storm tracker`s super viper Doppler weather XLT, there was the Farmer`s Almanac. And though that might sound like comparing a Ferrari to a minivan, the almanac certainly has an advantage and experience. It`s also forecasting well ahead of your local weather man, saying this winter is going to be cold, piercing cold, bitterly cold, biting cold, cold in all caps. You know that thing called the Super Bowl? It`s going to be outdoors in New Jersey in February. And the Farmer`s Almanac says it`s going to be – guess what? Hit by a massive winter storm, give or take a day or two.
Well, the Super Bowl is scheduled for February, 2, give or take a day or two. The NFL says that if additional forecasts predict another major winter blast, on Super Bowl Sunday, it could become Super Bowl Friday, Saturday or Monday. It`s not likely to happen, but ten inches of snow did just fall on MetLife stadium this week. So, plans are in place to reschedule the first outdoor cold weather Super Bowl, if there`s danger to fans, players and the media.
Anyone can report on a snowball fight. CNN reporter Jason Carroll (ph) was in one after New York was hit by 11 inches of snow earlier this week.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JASON CARROLL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Let me give you a look around here, so you can see what`s happening. (inaudible) give them a little shot here. This is what they do every single time, Anderson, there is a huge snowstorm. They end up having a snowball fight. Hundreds of students out here.
CARROLL: Getting pummeled. I need defense out here. Defense! Let me go to someone – (inaudible) my friends over here we`ve been talking to. Some of these guys. Now, they are going to get it.
Every year you, guys, coming out here and do this kind of thing. Get – tell me, is it worth at all? Give is a second to talk! Is it worth coming out and do .?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No. It`s very cold, it`s miserable.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Covering snowball fights, always kind of hit and miss, but you`ve got to admitten, it`s snow fun is you miss out. It`s a cool way to deal with the cooler situation, and that`s whether you winter loose. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS wishing you a wonderful winter weekend.
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