CNN Student News with transcript Oct 06, 2014: Encouraging Numbers in Last Unemployment Report; Deadly Concussions in Football; Health Benefits of Laughter
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Thank you for taking ten minutes for commercial free current events. I`m Carl Azuz. First up, jobs in the U.S. The
government`s monthly unemployment report came out last Friday. It`s significant for a couple of reasons: one, it`s one indication of how the
U.S. economy is doing. Two, it`s the final government jobs report before November`s midterm elections. That`s when Americans vote on all seats of
the U.S. House of Representatives, and a third of those in the U.S. Senate. And the recent CNN/ORC poll found that the economy is the biggest issue on
Democrats and the president are generally celebrating the report. Republicans are generally saying it`s not good enough. Will it matter in
JIM ACOSTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Escaping the gloom and doom in Washington, President Obama toured a steel plan in Indiana to shine a light on the
revived U.S. economy.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: This progress that we`ve been making, it`s been hard, it goes in fits and starts, it`s
not always been perfectly smooth, or as fast as we want, but it is real and it is steady and it is happening.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ACOSTA: The new numbers are encouraging. 248,000 jobs created in September, and an unemployment rate at 5.9 percent, the lowest level since
July 2008. The president thanked workers then patted himself on the back.
OBAMA: It`s also got a little bit to do with some decisions we made pretty early on in my administration.
ACOSTA: But the president isn`t getting much credit. Before the latest jobs report only 42 percent of Americans said they approved of Mr. Obama`s
handling of the economy.
THOMAS PEREZ, LABOR SECRETARY: We have undeniable unfinished business, and that`s why no one is spiking any footballs here at the Labor Department or
the White House, because there are still too many people that need work.
ACOSTA: Republicans argue that`s because government regulations are holding back job growth.
REINCE PRIEBUS, RNC CHAIRMAN: We need to start growing America`s economy instead of Washington`s economy so that working Americans see better wages
and more opportunity.
ACOSTA: Queue to midterm elections, a little more than a month away. The president wants voters to approve his economic plan, which includes raising
the minimum wage and passing immigration reform by keeping Democrats in control of the senate.
OBAMA: I`m not on the ballot this fall. But make no mistake, these policies are on the ballot.
ACOSTA: One reason why Americans are not feeling the recovery yet, is wages. American take home pay is only up a meager two percent over the
last 12 months, and until that number changes, President Obama may not get the credit he wants for the improving U.S. economy. Jim Acosta, CNN, the
AZUZ: A U.S. Marine may be the first American military casualty in the war against the ISIS terrorist group. Corporal Jordan L. Spears was aboard an
NV-22 Osprey, an aircraft like this. Last Wednesday it was taking off from an aircraft carrier in the Persian Gulf when it suddenly lost power. It
didn`t crash into the water. The pilots were able to get control before that. But because it looked like it was going to, Spears and another crew
member jumped into the Gulf.
The other service member was rescued, Spears was lost at sea. Because his squadron is supporting the U.S. operation in the region, which includes the
war against ISIS, Spears could be classified as a casualty of the war.
Doctors have been saying for years that if you take a hit to the head in sports, especially football, but also soccer, basketball or anything else,
get it checked out.
Last year an Institute of Medicine Study found there`s still this culture among athletes that they don`t report possible concussions. They want to
keep playing, they don`t want to let their teammates down.
Recent tragedies remind all of us of the importance of playing smart.
ANDY SCHOLES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: In just the last week, we`ve been reminded how dangerous youth football can be. The games are supposed to be
about having fun and school spirit, but right now three different communities are in morning after death on the field.
16-year old varsity line man Tom Cutinella was involved in the collision during the third quarter of Wednesday night`s game in New York`s Long
Island. According to authorities, he got up after the hit, but then collapsed from a serious head injury. Cutinella was rushed to the
hospital, but died after emergency surgery.
STEVEN COHEN, SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT: The game involves contact, and it was the result of a freak football play.
UF: Parents put their kids to – into sports, thinking that they are going to be all right, and so it`s just a scary thing.
SCHOLES: Cutinella`s death follows two others in the past week: in Alabama, 17-year old DeMario Harris Jr. died Sunday after collapsing on the
field Friday following a tackle, the cause of death was unknown, and in North Carolina 17-year old Isaiah Langston died after collapsing during his
team`s pregame warmups. His cause of death is also unknown. A death among high school football players are rare. Last season of the more than 1
million players, there were just eight football -related death. Not all of the deaths were contract related, but some were result of a head injury.
Concussions are a growing problem in the game. All football players including high schoolers have a 75 percent chance of suffering a
concussion, and players who suffer a concussion are twice as likely to receive a second one.
The dangers of head injuries are starting to resonate with parents, participation in both pop warner and high school football has decreased in
the past five years.
And many states and leagues have adopted rules where players have to sit out after a hard hit, they`ve also tried to provide better helmets and take
a padding along with more education for coaches, but we all know in football, once the play starts on the field, anything can happen.
AZUZ: There`s one place we look for schools to feature on our “Roll Call.” It`s the transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com.
From Friday`s transcript, we`ve got the Cardinals. Blue Valley Middle School of Overland Park, Kansas, great to see you.
We`ve got the wild cats. Hello to Woodland High School. They are watching in Cartersville, Georgia. And over in Kabul, Afghanistan, thanks for
making us part of your day at Oruj Learning Center.
Is laughter truly the best medicine? Maybe not for everything, but if you are looking to relieve stress, stimulate your heart, increase your
endorphins, taking more oxygen, ease pain, improve your immune system, lighten the mood, help your muscles relax and maybe, just laughter live to
age 100, laughter may be just what the doctor ordered.
SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: If you want to live to 100, doing something as simple as laughing can make a huge difference. It`s
interesting, people have known for some time that you feel better when you laugh, but now there`s evidence to show that it lower some of the stress
hormones in your body, helps you lower some of the blood sugars in your bloodstream as well. It really can be beneficial to your health overall.
Even if you fake laugh, even if there was nothing in particular that was just funny, and you just fake laugh, you can still get a lot of benefits
that way as well.
We find the people who laugh regularly and, by the way, you laugh on average about 15 to 20 times a day, whether you knew that or not, but when
you do that, you tend to actually have this greater insight, so feel more creative, and again, that`s gone from the world of anecdotal, where people
just believed that, where they can actually show that now looking inside the brain.
All right. This may seem like a ridiculous experiment, but simply taking a pencil, sticking in your mouth and sort of clenching on it, forces you to
smile, and just the act of doing that can make you happier.
So, if you do nothing else today, make sure you smile, even laugh. It will help you live to 100.
AZUZ: Time for a “Shoutout.” Who was U.S. president during the 1924 World Series? If you think you know it, shout it out!
Was it Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge or Herbert Hoover? You`ve got three seconds, go!
The 30th U.S. president Calvin Coolidge served from 1923 to 1929. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
And, of course, that included the year when the Washington Senators defeated the New York Giants and seven games. Newsreel footage of that
game with the shot of Silent Cal in the stands, was just discovered in Massachusetts. The owner passed away this year. While neighbors were
preparing the house for sale, they found eight old film reels in the garage. Those were sent to the Library of Congress who called the find and
the condition of the film miraculous. Archivists don`t know who originally owned this, or how the fragile film held up so well for 90 years.
It may be the only footage in existence of the final game of the 1924 World Series.
See, every once in a while we end on a serious story. Someone makes the pits, producer makes the call, and then we take a swing with some puns.
Some are hits, some are baseless, some are way off base. The important thing is to strike out even if they strike out, even if no one bats an eye,
at least we`ll have safely fielded our traditional pastime. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News Oct 07, 2014: Hospitals Getting Ready for Ebola; First Monument for Living Warriors Who Have to Continue to Fight; Internet Devices and Privacy
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Containing the Ebola virus. There`s an international scramble to do it. An update from the U.S. leads off this
Tuesday show. As of last night, Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed in the U.S. with Ebola was at a Texas hospital in critical
The state`s governor Rick Perry wants the federal government to enhance its screening of travelers anywhere they might enter the U.S. Governor Perry
wants quarantine stations installed, temperatures taken if Ebola exposure is suspected.
It`s unlikely that would have stopped Thomas Eric Duncan from entering America, though, because his symptoms reportedly didn`t start until after
In a survey of American Nurses released last week, most said their hospitals were not prepared for Ebola patients.
Kyung Lah found a facility that says it is.
KYUNG LAH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The first line of defense if there`s an Ebola outbreak in the United States will be the nation`s hospitals. So, do
they have a plan?
At this one, they do.
The patient will most likely come into the emergency room. And what this hospital, the Los Angeles County USC Hospital here in Los Angeles, what
they`ve put into place, is essentially an action plan.
The patient walks into the emergency room. You always check in. One of the first things they ask if it looks like the patient has a fever or
sweating, is nauseous, maybe even vomiting, did you travel to West Africa? And there are signs all over this hospital saying that if you`ve traveled
to West Africa in the last three weeks, you need to check if you have Ebola.
So, that kicks their action plan into place. They then transport that person to an isolation room, and it`s exactly like what it sounds. You
don`t have contact with anyone except people who are prepared to deal with the patient who has Ebola.
So, what does a worker do before walking into isolation room to deal with a potential Ebola case? They have to cover themselves from head to toe.
They wear a masque, they cover their eyes, they wear a gown that is water impermeable, so that no fluids can affect that hospital workers. They
cover their feet and they cover their hands. And before they do any of that, they wash their hands for 15 seconds.
Once they are in the isolation room they have to mark when they enter, they also mark when they leave.
That is the case for anyone who walks into that isolation room. They follow CDC guidelines if the patient is very sick, they double glove, they
double gown, they basically isolate everyone who comes in who is a suspected Ebola case. Has it happened yet here in California? No. Do
they expect that it might? Possibly. And they say with this case in Dallas, this hospital has to be prepared.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. I`m in a ward that was established in 1895 and first given in 1901, a name for the inventor of
dynamite, and I am awarded in several different fields, including medicine, physics and peace.
I`m the Nobel Prize, established by the will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel.
AZUZ: We are expecting the 2014 Nobel Prize winners to be announced all this week, at a ceremony in the Swedish capital of Stockholm yesterday.
There were three winners named for the prize in physiology or medicine. Professors John O`Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edward Moser are all
neuroscientists. They`ll split the $1.2 million Nobel Award. They discovered brain cells that help us keep track of where we are and where we
are going. It`s kind of like a GPS built into our heads. It allows us to make repeat trips to previous places. And one reason why the discoveries
are important, Alzheimer`s research.
People with Alzheimer`s disease become lost more easily as parts of their brains breaks down.
Understanding the brain`s GPS could help scientists understand how these patient`s become disoriented.
A few blocks away from the U.S. Capitol building in Washington D.C., there is a new memorial that was just dedicated earlier this week. It`s called
the American Veterans Disabled for Life memorial. It honors the ongoing sacrifices of those permanently injured in armed conflict. One of its
cofounders was moved to action when she saw a veteran in a wheel chair struggling to lay flowers on another veteran`s grave.
ART WILSON, MEMORIAL CO-FOUNDER: This is the first and only memorial that is designed to honor the living. There are no other memorials in
Washington to honor the living individuals. We honor the living. Today of nearly 4 million disabled veterans, the countless millions that have gone
before us and unfortunately those who will come after us.
The message is, respect and be mindful of what the cost of freedom is. Not only to those who have paid the ultimate sacrifice, but to those who come
home wounded, injured or otherwise disabled. Who`s the first day of their disability life begins when they come home from war, and it goes on for the
rest of their life.
And they have to deal with it every single day. The best form as Washington said of public justice is to honor them and take care of them.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: To the – the flame is the direct reflection of that undying spirit of patriotism that they have when they don on the uniform,
when they returned home injured? Disabled for life, that`s what the flame represents. The sculpture of the drones, the etchings (ph) on the glass
(INAUDIBLE) is the voice of America talking to those who visit the voice of disabled veterans, the voice of family members, and it`s — it`s saying we
should never forget.
AZUZ: From sea to shining seas how you might characterize today`s roll call. In the north eastern state of Connecticut, shout out to the Indians
of Farmington High School. We found them in the town of farming tip.
Next up, Landisville, Pennsylvania, great to see the black nights watching. Hello to Hempfield High School. And on the Pacific Coast in Woodinville,
Washington, the wolves are watching that Timbercrest Junior High.
The best things in life may be free, but the electronic services we use are not. They may not require money, but as we`ve reported before, they mine
our data. Facebook knows what we like, Google knows what we search. The Library of Congress is saving our tweets.
What if everything around us was linked online? Think of the convenience, think of the lack of privacy.
JOSE PAGLIERY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The Internet of things is when you take everything – thermostat, car, even a light bulb and you just slap the
Internet on it.
You want to use that fitness app? To check how far you ran? That weight loss app to check how much fat you lost? How do you think that happens?
You connect shoes and the weight scale, and your Webcam to the Web.
The Internet of things is all about embedding these tiny computer chips into everything we use. To work, they need sensor that would hoard (ph)
what`s going on around them. Say, temperature or light or movement. Then they send the messages across Wi-Fi or Bluetooth to the Internet using this
itty-bitty antennae, which looked like (INAUDIBLE) chips too. You take dumb devises, and we make them smart.
Every innovative company is working on this. From Whirlpool and LG to Ford and GM. We are entering a world, in which every device talks. Pacemaker
with Bluetooth can tell your hospital the second that you are having a heart attack.
But wait a minute. That means every device is listening, too. And that`s where it gets creepy.
If you are surrounded by connected devices, then your privacy starts disappearing. Anyone with access to your network knows exactly what you
For better or for worse, those who use Gmail know that Google is reading your email.
But are you going to be OK with GE? Known when you turn on the light? What about the government? Knowing every time you change the channel, and
what`s supposed to be the privacy of your own home.
And then there`s hackers. If the code of this machines isn`t written well, there`s a potential for a hacker to turn on your oven when your kids are at
home alone. But it`s not all doom and gloom. The best case scenario is that we are going to get an environment that`s absolutely singles.
But we`d better get this right, because if we don`t, we are going to give up control and privacy, all for the sake of convenience.
AZUZ: Before we go, roads – they aren`t just for driving anymore, they are for making music?
That`s America the Beautiful. It`s plaques (ph) so to speak. When your tires roll over specially grooves in the road. On parts of roots 66
through New Mexico.
National Geographic paid to have this done. It`s aim is to get drivers to slow down as the tune is best heard at 45 miles per hour.
Of course, they could have had it play on the road again. Life is a highway, red dirt country roads, take me home. Get your kicks on Route 66,
but with the drive to play something patriotic why go down any other road? I`m going to hit the road, Jack. You guys have a great Tuesday.
CNN Student News Oct 08, 2014: Search for Missing Malaysian Airline Plane Resumed; Oil Sales Financing ISIS; Aral Sea Dried Up Due to Manmade Ecological Catastrophe
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: More is known about the surface of the Moon and Mars than the bottom of the Earth`s oceans. That`s adding to the challenge
of finding a missing passenger plane.
First up this Wednesday on CNN STUDENT NEWS, the search for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. It`s entering a new phase, the jet and its 239
passengers and crew members disappeared in early March. Officials believe it crashed in the southern Indian Ocean. The primary search area is about
the size of West Virginia. No trace of the jet has been found. Part of the reason, we know so little about the ocean floor. Just five percent of
it has been mapped. And one expert says we`ve only seen one percent. Why? For one thing, pressure. Engineers have trouble constructing machines that
can stand the weight of the water above them. But new data can help explore the ocean floor.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: All through the thundering waves of winter, the ships have pressed on across the Indian Ocean, pulsing out
sonar signals. And this is what they have to show for it. The most detailed map ever of the seabed in this area, 16,000 square miles covered
with crumbling underwater volcanoes, winding valleys, plunging canyons and just maybe the solution to a mystery. The new map is not fine enough to
show wreckage, but it is a wealth of information to guide under water search vessels.
DAVID SOUCIE, CNN SAFETY ANALYST, Tom, there makes a great deal of difference, because they`ll be able to hold a tighter path right above the
ocean floor knowing what`s coming ahead of time, so that they can go a little bit faster and get a lot more done in the less time.
FOREMAN: Before the search broke off earlier this year, much hope was pinned on the Bluefin underwater search robot. It came up empty, but now,
with the new map, a much broader search with toad sonar erase is beginning.
Australian authorities remain convinced this arch is the right place to look, saying recent refinement to the analysis of satellite data about the
plane`s flight path has given greater certainty about when the aircraft turned south into the Indian Ocean. And that gives them a better sense of
where it ran out of fuel, most likely south of this submerged mountains called Broken Ridge. But .
SOUCIE: We have to be very cautious about over-predicting or over- confidence in those predictions that you make or you`ll end up exactly where you thought you would, but it may not be the right place.
FOREMAN: Don`t look for people scanning the surface for debris, those days are over. Now, it is all about looking in some places nearly four miles
beneath the waves, and once again, hoping for a break.
The search is scheduled to last for about a year, and if they find the plane during that time, of course, it will be a huge step, but a big
mystery still remains, whatever caused this plane to go down.
Tom Foreman, CNN, Washington.
AZUZ: It appears the ISIS terrorist group is gaining ground in Syria despite U.S. -led airstrikes against it.
Yesterday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the city of Kobani was about to fall to ISIS. For days, the terrorist group has been fighting
to get control of Kobani and ethnic group called the Kurds is fighting back with support from U.S.-led airstrikes.
But a U.S. military official says it`s challenging, because many of the ISIS targets are too close to either the Kurds or the Turkish border.
Turkey`s president says it will take ground troops to defeat ISIS, something President Obama has ruled out as far as the U.S. is concerned.
Despite the airstrikes, what keeps ISIS going? What keeps it funded?
DREW GRIFFIN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This is the southernmost edge of Turkey. Just across those hills, is the border with Syria, and the area where
extremist Islamic rebels known as ISIS are fighting to create an Islamic caliphate, or Islamic State?
It is also an area in villages like this where ISIS can make money to finance its worth. Small oil smuggling operations, some estimate adding up
to millions of barrels in the last few months have been uncovered. The oil comes from refineries ISIS has taken inside Iraq and Syria. Up until just
last week, it was easy to smuggle into this part of Turkey.
Why? Smuggle, cheap oil is a much price commodity here, and it doesn`t matter who is selling it, even if it`s your enemy.
Buy gas at any station just across the border here in Turkey and you`ll see why it`s so easy to overlook who is selling what. Gas here in Hatai (ph)
costs roughly $7.50 a gallon.
U.S. coalition forces just in the past week have destroyed attack and bombed ISIS oil facilities, precisely to cut off the group`s funding. But
if you think just knocking out ISIS oil will stop this radical Islamic army, you don`t understand just how many ways ISIS funds itself.
MATTHEW LEVITT, WASHINGTON INSTITUTE: We`ve described this as the best financed group we`ve ever seen.
GRIFFIN: Born among the crooks and thugs of Iraq, it is at its roots, says Levitt, a criminal enterprise.
LEVITT: They were always primarily financed through domestic criminal activity within the borders of Iraq.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s massive organized crime run amok with no cops.
GRIFFIN: You want to do business in ISIS control territory, you pay a tax. You want to move truck down a highway, you pay a toll. Villages on ISIS
territory pay for just about everything.
Mawaz Mustafa (ph) is the executive director of the Syrian Emergency Taskforce in Washington, D.C. He says ISIS literally formed in the void
made by the pullout of U.S. troops and the retreating Iraqi army. That kind of self-financing mob, he says, can`t be destroyed from airstrikes.
You need to take back the territory and restore order.
U.S.-led coalition airstrikes have now begun targeting ISIS locations, attacking the oil facilities and even grain silos. But as long as ISIS
controls any ground where civilians can be taxed, extorted and robbed, ISIS will remain self-financing.
AZUZ: Its state nickname is the Sagebrush State, or the silver state or the battle-born state. It`s the state of Nevada, and it`s where you`ll
find the Laughlin Junior Senior High School. The Cougars in Laughlin, our first on today`s roll.
Next, we are traveling south to Mountain Brook Alabama. The Spartans are watching. Welcome to Mountain Brook Junior High.
And the northeast is where you`ll find Syracuse, New York. The black knights are online and on our roll at Henninger High School.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for a geographic shoutout. Which body of water is bordered by Kazakhstan? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it
Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Indian Ocean or Lake Ladoga? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Part of Kazakhstan`s western border is formed by the Caspian Sea. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on earth by surface area. Kazakhstan also borders what was once the world`s fourth largest lake, the
Aral Sea. But that was before it started to dry up. The Aral Sea was once fed and maintained by two rivers, those were diverted, so the lake, which
was pretty shallow, began to evaporate and shrink quickly and dramatically. The consequences, its salt and mineral levels rose killing its fish. That
killed its fishing industry. Ports on the Aral Sea shoreline literally dried up, towns once on the coast were stranded miles from shore. People
left. That pictures are incredible.
A lot of people think the Eiffel Tower gives them a bird`s eye view of Paris. Nope. This does. It`s from a camera strapped to the back of a
white-tail eagle as it flew from the top of the Tower back down to earth. OK. It looks cool, sounds cool with the wind noise, but why? It`s a
project to raise awareness about white tailed eagles. “Freedom,” the group that set this up, hopes this will inspire people to want to protect these
Of course, it`s not as good of you as the animals have themselves. After all, they are eagle-eyed. It didn`t look like the camera was a bird.
Then, the eagle never said it was imperchinate (ph) and it didn`t fly off with it, so you could see everything came to feather. I`m Carl Azuz. Hope
to see you Thursday.
CNN Student News Oct 09, 2014: Preventing Spreading of Ebola in U.S. and South Korea; Typhoons Hitting Japan; CNN Heroes Improve Life in Their Communities; New Technology to Map Football Players
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi. I`m Carl Azuz with your commercial-free source for news for the classroom. Welcome to all of our viewers worldwide.
Yesterday, the first person diagnosed in the U.S. with the Ebola virus died at a hospital in Dallas, Texas. 42-year old Thomas Eric Duncan had been
admitted with symptoms just over a week beforehand. The pastor of his family`s church says Duncan`s loved ones are grieving and afraid.
Officials believe Duncan caught the hemorrhagic fever in Liberia, the West African nation hardest hit by the disease. It`s not known yet whether
anyone in the U.S. caught it from him. A person from Frisco, Texas, not far from Dallas was transferred to the hospital yesterday with Ebola-like
symptoms. Health officials said it was a low risk event, but they were taking no chances.
Also, yesterday, the U.S. government announced new screening methods for travelers arriving in the U.S. At five major airports, Atlanta, Chicago,
JFK, Newark and Washington, Dallas, passengers from Ebola-stricken nations could have their temperatures taken and be given questionnaires.
Of course, the U.S. is not the only country taking precautions.
PAULA HANCOCKS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: South Korea`s first line of defense is prevention. Now, even though there are no direct flights from any of the
infected countries arriving here in South Korea, back in August Korean Air decided to indefinitely cancel all of its flights in and out of Kenya.
There hasn`t been a single confirmed case of Ebola in the East African nation, but it is a major transport hubs the Korean Air didn`t want to take
Now, every single passenger will come through here, even from the United States.
A full body infra-red scanner. It measures passengers` body temperature. Green and yellow is normal, red means there is a hike in temperature.
Anyone with over 100 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees centigrade has to see an onsite doctor. Any flight from Ethiopia, the only African flight still
operating to Seoul has one of this at the gates so passengers can be checked as soon as they step off the plane.
Anyone transferring from or who has visited one of the infected countries, has to see the onsite doctor, whether they have a temperature or not. And
if the doctor`s concerned, the passengers quarantined in a separate medical center right here at the airport. It`s only happened once so far, and it
turned out to be a false alarm. But with an incubation period of up to 21 days, authorities know that this is not a full proof system. So, what they
do is anyone of interest, health officials will call them at every single day after they leave this airport to check that they are not showing any
The strongest storm of the year is brewing in the Pacific Ocean and it hit southern Japan in its sites. As of last night, typhoon Vongfong was over
open water with sustained wind speeds of a 178 miles per hour. That makes it a super typhoon, the equivalent of a category five hurricane in the
Atlantic. And officials expected Vongfong to get even stronger.
If it stays on course to Japan, meteorologists predict it will weaken before making lay in fall, possibly to the equivalent of category three
strength, still capable of devastating damage.
This is especially bad timing for Japan because it was just hit by another typhoon, Pangfung (ph) last week. It forced more than a million people to
evacuate to shelters.
CNN heroes are all studies in character. These are ordinary folks who see a need in their communities, work to meet it and then help change life for
You get to help decide the CNN hero over the year. Voting is now open at cnn.com/heroes. Here are the top ten finalists.
AZUZ: From England, Jon Burns. He made it his mission to mobilize the passion of soccer funs to make a difference. Now, he and volunteers have
helped thousands of poor children and cities, hosting the World Cup in Euro (INAUDIBLE).
From Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Dr. Wendy Ross is opening new worlds to autistic children and their families. Since 2010 her program has helped
more than 200 families navigate the challenge of public settings.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (speaking foreign language)
UNIDENTIFIED CHILDREN: Audios!
AZUZ: From Guatemala, Juan Pablo Romero Fuentes. He turned his family`s home into a refuge for young people in his violent-stricken country
providing education opportunities and support to more than 1,000 children.
From Albany, New York Ned Norton.
(on camera): Are you going to work?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: (INAUDIBLE)
AZUZ: The last 25 years he`s provided strength and conditioning training to hundreds of people living with disabilities.
NORTON: Stretch up! Nice job.
AZUZ: From Hartford, Connecticut, Patricia Kelly. Her farm is an urban oasis for at risk kids and her home town where she uses horses as a hook to
keep youth off the streets and on the right track.
Leila Hazzah lives most of the year in the Amboseli region of Kenya where she`s helping to preserve the lion population. Her group has transformed
dozens of Africa`s so called lion killers into lion protectors.
ARTHUR BLOOM, MUSICIAN: So let`s take it right before the melody comes in.
AZUZ: From Washington D.C., Arthur Bloom. Professional musicians helps injured troops at Walter Reed Medical Center. His program, hundreds of
wounded warriors have tapped into the healing power of music.
From England, Pen Farthing. This former British officer rescued a street dog while serving in Afghanistan. His group has now reunited almost 700
other soldiers with the stray animals they befriended there.
PEN FARTHING: I can`t believe that they are here.
AZUZ: From Baltimore, Maryland, Annette March-Grier grew up in her family`s funeral home. Now she helps families in her native city cope with
ANNETTE MARCH-GRIER: His brother died. So he`s feeling very sad.
AZUZ: Since 2008, she`s provided a safe place for nearly 1,000 children to (INAUDIBLE)
And from Southfield, Michigan, Rabbi Elimelech Goldberg lost his daughter to leukemia. Now, he`s helping kids use martial arts to help with the pain
and fear of their cancer treatments.
AZUZ: You`ve heard the term “jaywalker”, someone who crosses the street while ignoring laws of traffic. But why jaywalker? Well, jay is an old
school term for a foolish person. So, jaywalker – foolish walker. Now, that`s random.
The National Football League has a new way of tracking players` movements and a lot more. It has this rule that says the NFL may require players to
wear sensors that collect information about their performance and safety. Many teams can and do use GPS to do this, but because there are so many
players on the field at once, it`s trying out something even more accurate.
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The biggest change in the NFL this season, next generation statistics. Unveiling multiple layers of data for
each player as the game unfolds, allowing coaches to understand their players better and monitor their performance.
How fast is that player running? Is he fatigue? How hard was that vicious hit? Radio frequency identification or RFID chips embedded in players
shoulder pads will answer all of that and more this NFL season. Builds as next generation technology, the core engineering is actually decades old.
RFIDs were actually created by engineer Mario Cardulo, a precursor to the invention of the EasyPass. But the NFL is taking Cardulo`s idea to the
Companies like Motorola, Alien Technology and Apple are among a host of companies in the RFID business. But the NFL has partnered with Zebra
Motion Works who created a sports platform that can locate each RFID chip within six inches, a network of senses planted around the stadium, then
gathers the data from the uniform embedded chips in real time.
Software crunches the data and will point back on players` direction, speed profiles, accumulated distances, fitness grasp and hit maps. All of which
is fed to the game`s live broadcast.
With more data comes more insight into player impact and safety, more data (ph) to feed a stats of suspendees (ph) and more precision on whether that
player just made a first down. Or came up just a few inches short.
The transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com. It`s the one place where we select schools for our “Roll Call.” From yesterday`s transcript, we found
the warriors of Hydaburg, Alaska. They are watching at Hydaburg City School on Prince of Wales Island. Indian Springs Middle School is next.
We`ve got the Eagle Stars from Columbia City, Indiana. Good to see you. And in Pawleys Island South Carolina the Warriors of Waccamaw High School
say they are like butter, because they are on a roll.
Let`s say you are great at soccer, and you want to learn golf, but you don`t have the time or money for clubs or lessons. What`s an athlete to
do? Well, check it.
Footgolf, as in foot golf. Same rules as golf, but with your feet and a bigger 21 inch diameter cup. Because you can`t kick a soccer ball as far
as you can hit a golf ball, the average footgolf hole is less than half the distance away as a traditional golf hole. It`s cheaper to play, too, so
whether you achieve the feet of victory or feel the agony of defeat, it`s not hard to foot the bill, and you are guaranteed to get a kick out of it
without ever joining a club. We are going to go find some more stories and puns to tee up for you tomorrow. Thanks for watching.
CNN Student News Oct 10, 2014: What is the Fed?; Protests in Hong Kong
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome. This is the 10 minutes of commercial free current events known as CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl
Azuz. If you were to ride a rollercoaster with ups and downs like the stock market`s had recently, you`d be sick. The Dow Jones Industrial
Average is exactly that, an average of 30 significant stocks in the New York Stock Exchange. It`s one measure of how the whole stock market is
doing. Wednesday, it jumped; yesterday, it dropped. 335 points, its worst day of the year in points. Why? One reason is the European economy.
Investors are getting nervous that Germany, Europe`s biggest economy, could slip into a recession. And when investors get nervous, they sell stocks.
Another reason, The Fed. Its recent moves indicate that it thinks global economic growth may be slowing down.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ZAIN ASHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: So we`ve all heard that phrase, that, you know, money makes the world go around, but you may have asked yourself once
or twice, OK, well, who makes the money go around? And so the answer is the Federal Reserve, or as my friends and I like to call it, the Fed. So
the Fed is pretty much unlike any other U.S. institution that I can think of. It`s run by a board of governors based in Washington, D.C. It had 12
Federal Reserve banks located around the main banking centers of the country. So places like New York, San Francisco, Philadelphia. The
presidents of these banks and the board of governors, they meet eight times a year to make big policy decisions and to ensure the economy is moving at
a stable clip. So the Congress oversees the Fed, but the Fed does not really answer to Congress. The Fed operates completely independently,
because the Fed doesn`t care about politics. All it cares about is basically two things. Number one, keeping prices stable. And no. 2,
trying its best to ensure that everybody who wants a job gets one.
So if the economy is heating up, it tries to cool things down by raising the cost of borrowing by making it harder to borrow money. And if things
are getting too cold, it does the opposite. So you can sort of think of the Fed like Goldilocks. It doesn`t really like things too hot, too cold.
It wants everything to be just right.
So you`re probably wondering, OK, well, how does the Fed work its magic? What is its secret weapon? The answer is interest rates. So the way the
Fed gets interest rates at just that right level, at that sweet spot, is through buying and selling U.S. Treasuries and other bonds. So when it
wants to cool the market down, it sells U.S. Treasuries, stashes away the cash, and that reduces the money supply, so that makes it harder to borrow
money, and that basically slows down economic growth. When it really wants to heat the market up, it essentially starts buying up U.S. Treasuries and
other bonds. That floods the market with cash and fuels economic growth. So it`s not necessarily a perfect system, but it works, at least for now.
And as they say on Wall Street, don`t fight the Fed.
AZUZ: In Hong Kong, the city`s government has called off talks with protesters, and it`s not clear what will happen next in the standoff
between these two sides. Some background. Thousands turned out in recent weeks, most of them students. They blocked access to Hong Kong`s business
district. They demanded a greater say in how Hong Kong`s leader is chosen, without intervention from mainland China. Hong Kong`s current leader was
approved by China. He says the upcoming elections will be fair, and his government has called the protests illegal. But it also scheduled talks
with the protesters, talks the government called off when protest leaders asked supporters to keep their occupations going.
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The protests in Hong Kong have set the territory`s population in direct confrontation with its political masters
in Beijing. Here is the history. For 150 years, Hong Kong was ruled by Britain, and as a result, Hong Kong people came to enjoy a number of
freedoms that are unheard of on the mainland, freedom of the press, freedom of expression, and freedom of assembly, the right to protest. Now, when
Britain handed Hong Kong back to China in 1997, China promised to keep Hong Kong`s special status. They called it one country, two systems. Including
allowing Hong Kong people to have direct election of their chief executive, their governor, so to speak, by the year 2017. It is that promise that
Beijing is now reneging on, saying that the Hong Kong people can vote, but it`s Beijing that is going to choose the candidates.
Here is what`s at stake. It`s precisely Hong Kong`s special status that has made it so attractive to so many people. 60,000 Americans live there.
Hundreds of thousands of foreigners. Hundreds of foreign companies, including American companies, as well as thousands of mainland Chinese, who
come to Hong Kong precisely for those freedoms that Hong Kong has but mainland China does not.
Now, from China`s perspective, however, protests are a direct challenge to Beijing`s rule, and they worry about them not only in Hong Kong, but they
worry about protests there spreading to mainland cities, and that`s why, if you are living in mainland China right now, you are not seeing any press
coverage whatsoever of those protests in Hong Kong. You can`t even read about it on social media.
So what now? The trouble is, neither side seems willing or capable of backing down. From the Chinese side, Chinese president Xi Jingping, who
was once heralded as a reformer, is actually just as repressive as his predecessors. In some ways, more so, cracking down on dissidents,
censoring news coverage of stories like the protests in Hong Kong.
Now, from the Hong Kong perspective, though, people there feel that they are fighting for their very lives. And this is one thing to keep in mind.
25 years ago, when the Chinese government brutally cracked down on popular protests in Beijing, the people of Hong Kong mourned, and those memories
are still raw. The fear today that Hong Kong could suffer the same fate.
AZUZ: We`re getting tropical on this Friday`s roll call. Starting in South America and working our way north. Paramaribo is the capital of
Suriname, and it`s where we`re online at the International Academy of Suriname with the Toucans. On the Hawaiian island of Honolulu, there is
the La Pietra Hawaii School for Girls. The Lady Panthers are watching the CNN STUDENT NEWS today. And we conclude our call in Concord. It`s a town
in Vermont, and it is where we`re happy to see the Wild Cats of Concord School.
We have covered two significant viral outbreaks this school year. One is the highly deadly Ebola virus. The other is called enterovirus or
enterovirus D68. It`s far less dangerous than Ebola, and it`s much more likely that you`ve been exposed to it. In fact, doctors say that most
people who get enterovirus D68 have nothing more than a runny nose and a cough, and that as a whole, it`s a lot less impactful than the flu. Still,
it has sickened hundreds of people in more than 40 U.S. states. It was linked to the death of a 4-year-old last month. So if you`ve had cold
symptoms, how do you know when it`s time to see a doctor?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Here is what you need to know about enterovirus D68. Enterovirus in general has been around for decades and it`s fairly common.
In fact, the CDC estimates 10 to 15 million cases in the U.S. every year. But this year, confirmed cases are much higher, with more severe symptoms.
Who is most at risk? Infants, children and teenagers. That`s because their immune systems are still developing. Adults can get it too, but they
are more likely to have mild to no symptoms.
The symptoms are much like a bad cold. The runny nose, coughing, a fever, but more severe cases include wheezing and difficulty breathing. That`s
when it`s time to call a doctor. And here is the scary part. Enterovirus may also be linked to a small number of cases of a mysterious neurological
illness. This was reported in Colorado, Boston, and Michigan. One child in Michigan even developed partial paralysis.
So how is the enterovirus spread? Much like a cold. It spreads through the air and lives on surfaces like doorknobs or toys. But there is no
vaccine. The best way to protect yourself is to wash your hands and avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. And stay at home if you`re feeling
AZUZ: Cat plus cafe equals cat-fe. That`s the idea of this event in Los Angeles. It`s part cat petting zoo, part eatery, part animal shelter.
Because the food isn`t all you can take out. If you bond with a cat, say over coffee or a sandwich, you can adopt it. The goal is to get all of the
animals adopted out, and yes, they are kept separate from where the food`s made, so there is no risk of sharing a hairball with a hairball.
What does the menu look like at a cat-fe? Bet they have calid (ph) coffee, cat-puccino, cat-fe au lait, Americatno, mochichito (ph), purrshinstant
(ph) frappercino (ph), himalatayan (ph) and of course, Javanese. Those are some fresh brewed puns right there, y`all. Have a great weekend. Hope to
see you Monday.
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