CNN Student News with transcript Oct 20, 2014: Norway Drops Bid for Winter Olympics; Obama Administration`s Response to Ebola Crisis Criticized; What is Venture Capitalism?
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Thank you for starting your week with commercial free CNN Student News. I`m Carl Azuz. We are eight years from the 2022
Olympics, and another country is saying don`t consider us anymore for those winter games. Norway has joined Sweden, Poland, and Ukraine in dropping
out of the process to host them. Germany put its bid to a vote, and its citizens said no. Why? One reason, money. It costs billions. Host
countries have to build stadiums, hotels, competition venues, and keep them all safe. Some nations don`t think they`ll see enough return on their
Another reason could be political. Not everyone likes the way the International Olympic Committee runs its business and coordinates the
games. Norway`s withdrawal leaves only two countries, Kazakhstan and China, as possible 2022 Olympic hosts. Effects of this year`s games on
Sochi, Russia, a mixed bag.
AMANDA DAVIES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The scene of the most expensive Olympic Games in history, yet 8 months on and with the athletes long gone, it`s
turned from the home of gold medal winning glories to a ghost town.
There is no such thing as Olympic fever here. Many of these hotel rooms in Gorki Gorod up in the mountains weren`t even ready for the games and are
still unfinished. That`s over 1,000 hotel rooms still lying empty and waiting for one of the shortest ski seasons in Europe.
And while those businesses haven`t even got off the ground, there is many that have already gone bust.
What went wrong?
KALINA KONYOV, FORMER RESTAURANT OWNER: After Olympic Games, there was no people. There were no people at all. So we decided to close.
DAVIES: It`s a sad tale for the town at one end of the world`s most expensive railroad. The once hourly trains from the mountains now run just
a handful a day.
But at the other end, 31 miles away, on the coast, one chain with 5 hotels in Sochi, has taken advantage.
BRIAN GLEESON, MANAGER, RADISSON PARADISE, SOCHI: The number of visitors has really over our expectations, so we`re very happy with the season.
It`s been fantastic, the interest from domestic Russia post-games.
SERGEY EKSUZYAN, RESTAURANT OWNER: The people that were unhappy because of the Olympics, I don`t think that those people are very smart. Because it`s
an honor for any city, for any country to have the Olympic Games. It`s a real honor.
DAVIES: There is plenty of reasons for those on the coast to be positive, but the question now is whether the mountain region can emulate the
success. The Olympics sold itself as the games of contrasts, the challenge is to ensure its legacy won`t follow suit.
Amanda Davies, CNN, Sochi.
AZUZ: The Obama administration has been criticized for its response to the Ebola virus, that it hasn`t done enough to prepare U.S. hospitals or health
care workers to deal with the disease. It announced some changes over the weekend. One, President Obama`s appointing an Ebola response coordinator.
Ron Klain will oversee efforts to prevent the spread of Ebola in the U.S. He is the former chief of staff of two vice presidents, but some Republican
lawmakers say the president should have chosen someone with a medical background.
Two, the U.S. military is assembling a 30-person quick strike team. Five doctors, 20 nurses, and five trainers who can quickly get direct treatment
to potential Ebola patients in the U.S. Some people are calling for the government to ban travel from Ebola-stricken countries. The administration
says that wouldn`t eliminate the threat.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SEN. TED CRUZ, R-TEXAS: We`ve got upwards of 150 people a day coming from countries with live, active Ebola outbreaks. For over two weeks, I`ve been
calling on the administration to take the common sense stand of suspending commercial air travel out of these countries until we get the air travel
DR. THOMAS FRIEDEN, CDC DIRECTOR: Right now, we know who`s coming in. If we try to eliminate travel, the possibility that some will travel over
land, will come from other places. We won`t be able to check them for fever when they leave, we won`t be able to check them for fever when they arrive.
We won`t be able, as we do currently, to take a detailed history to see if they were exposed.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Where did Ebola come from? It`s still a bit of a mystery, but here is what we know. The virus is named after the Ebola
River in the Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly Zaire. That`s where one of the first two human outbreaks happened in 1976. The other was in
what`s now South Sudan. Virus hunter Peter Piot discovered the disease. After a Belgian nun fell ill, her blood samples were sent to his lab. He
tested it for yellow fever. That test came back negative. This disease was far deadlier than yellow fever. Rats tested died one after another
Piot says under a microscope, Ebola most resembled Marburg virus, a virus also from Africa. It was discovered when it killed several lab workers in
Marburg, Germany in 1967. But this wasn`t the same. Today we now know there are at least five different strands of Ebola, all named after their
areas of origin. Bundibugyo, which is in Uganda; Sudan; Zaire; Ivory Coast and Reston.
Genetic research shows the virus could be millions of years old. The exact origin of the virus isn`t known, but it`s believed to be carried most often
AZUZ: Wonder who`s watching today. It`s time for the CNN Student News roll call. We`ve got some Warriors online in Ruidoso, New Mexico. Thanks
for starting your week with us at Ruidoso Middle School. Jumping up to North Dakota with the Hi-Liners. They`re watching from Valley City High
School in Valley City. And then it`s south to Knoxville, Tennessee with the Bulldogs. Bearden High School rounds out today`s roll.
After dramatic drops last week, the U.S. stock market rallied Friday. The Dow Jones Industrial Average of 30 significant stocks climbed 263 points
before the weekend. The market as a whole is still down, more than 6 percent for the past month. That`s why the media keep describing it as a
rollercoaster. Investors who don`t mind that, those willing to take big risks hoping for bigger rewards, might look beyond stocks, to something
called venture capital.
CRISTINA ALESCI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There is a lot of talk these days about startups springing up in Silicon Valley and New York and everywhere
in between, but before a startup can get started, it needs money. That`s where venture capital or VC comes in. So what is it? Venture capital is a
high risk investment. A brave investor looking for a big profit gives money to a cash hungry young company in exchange for a piece of that
business. Their plan – sell that stake at a huge profit once the company starts making money.
Now, that might not sound much different than investing in stocks which are tiny pieces of huge companies. But here`s the main difference. Unless
something goes really, really wrong, stocks rarely drop to zero. But that happens all the time in venture capital.
According to one study from Harvard, three out of four venture capital bets don`t return any money to investors.
Venture capitalists know those odds. They expect the fourth winning bet to pay off big time. Enough to make up for the first three that went nowhere.
So, venture capitalists have to have a higher appetite for risk and a lot of patience. You often hear about them, when they strike goal like early
backers of Facebook and Twitter, but those are the exceptions. And in the end, the promise of finding the next Facebook is just too tempting to pass
AZUZ: Today`s character study starts with the patella tendon. It`s attached to your knee cap. And as Danielle LeNoue got near the finish line
of a recent cross country race, her patella tendon popped. She fell down in so much pain that she couldn`t walk, let alone finish the race. But
Melany Bailey, another runner decided they just have to finish together. Now, here`s the kicker: Melanie was on the other team.
DANIELLE LENOUE, FARGO SOUTH HIGH SCHOOL: I stopped because I couldn`t go any further and this girl comes up and she grabs my arm and she said, here
come on, and we – she just started walking and – I couldn`t walk at all, and she was like “This is not working, and so she said here, hop on my
back. And she bent down, picked me up, she`s like half my size.
MELANIE BAILEY: All I could think about was that she was in a lot of pain and I wanted to help her. Honestly, I love the way I ended it. It was a
really good way to end my cross-country season.
LENOUE: I mean how many people (INAUDIBLE) past me, but she decided she was going to stop.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Before we go, we are scaling new heights on CNN STUDENT NEWS. The Gateway arch in St. Louis, Missouri, arcs 630 feet into the sky. Would you
want to clean it? That hasn`t been done since it was finished in 1965, and though the stains and corrosion aren`t a threat to the stalwart steel
structure. That ain`t pretty. So officials are inspecting it to decide how to spruce it up. Some folks are hoping that could be done in time for
the arch`s 50th birthday. That would be the icing on the cake. Of course, they`d have to have a concrete plan in place, an overarching blueprint for
success, and nerves of steel to complete it. But getting it done could save a lot of Missouri (ph). I`m Carl Azuz for CNN Student News.
CNN Student News Oct 21, 2014: Kurds and Other Ethnic Groups Regaining Kobani; “Bring Back Our Girls”; Writing to Bowe Bergdahl
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: From the Middle East to North America to Africa, we are moving fast to the start of this Tuesday show.
U.S. airstrikes in the town of Kobani. It`s in Northern Syria near the border with Turkey, and it`s become a problem for the ISIS terrorist group.
Unlike some other towns in the region that fell to ISIS, the Kurds and ethnic groups have fought to regain control of much of Kobani.
About 70 percent of the city. U.S.-led airstrikes have helped along with an American airdrop of weapons, ammo and medical equipment. That happened
Sunday night. The Obama administration says it looks like the supplies fell into the right hands.
Kobani isn`t the only city under attack from ISIS terrorists. Yesterday, they launched 15 attacks on Kurdish forces in northern Iraq. The U.S.
military says the fight against ISIS won`t be quick.
Spinning the globe to Dallas, Texas. Some hopeful news to tell you about the Ebola virus. Yesterday a Dallas country judge cleared more than 40
people who`d had contract with Ebola victim Thomas Eric Duncan. The judge said none of these people showed symptoms of Ebola for 21 days. What
doctors considered the maximum incubation period for the virus. So, their quarantine is over.
Two nurses who apparently caught Ebola from Duncan are still hospitalized, and though Nigeria and Senegal say they are officially Ebola-free, the
disease is still spreading rapidly in the West African nations of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Just mentioned Nigeria. It was the news for a very different reason back in April. That was when the Boko Haram terrorist group kidnapped hundreds
of girls from a boarding school in northeast, Nigeria. The country`s government says it`s reached a deal with Boko Haram to set the girls free.
But that hasn`t happened yet, and the terrorist groups continues its attacks on civilians.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: “Bring Back Our girls,” the world has cried.
MALALA YOUSUFZAI, NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNER: So, girls in Nigeria are my sisters. And it`s my responsibility that I speak for my sisters.
MICHELLE OBAMA, FIRST LADY, UNITED STATES: Grown man attempting to snuff out the aspirations of young girls.
ANGELINA JOLIE, ACTRESS: It`s infuriating. And it`s – and it kind of goes beyond understanding that somebody could do this.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s been six months, since almost 300 girls were taken from their school in the dead of night, at the hands of Boko Haram,
the Islamist terror group.
The overwhelming majority of them remain unaccounted for.
More than 5 million people have tweeted, “Bring back our girls.” The social media campaign went viral in May, a month after the girls vanished,
and it hasn`t stopped. And now, the news Friday.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There has been a huge breakthrough in the kidnapping ordeal that launched that global campaign, bring back our girls.
The deal was expected to include the release of the more than 200 kidnapped school girls.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The government announced a ceasefire, what they say as a step towards bringing the girls home.
MIKE OMERI, NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT SPOKESPERSON: The terrorists have assured that the girls are alive and well. And their prescriptions will continue
in this direction subsequently. It`s all efforts that was the release of the government.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Skepticism is felt by many.
OBIAGELI EZEKWESILI, FMR. MINISTER OF EDUCATION, NIGERIA: We want to be able to see any evidence of this deal. It would help a lot. I`m sure that
majority of Nigerians are I think in – the same trend.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Well, Boko Haram hasn`t yet responded to Nigeria`s claim. The news has brought cautious optimism. But online campaigners say
they won`t stop until the girls are back.
More than 180 days since their abduction, hope and more waiting.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Just the facts, Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl serves in the U.S. Army. He was deployed to Afghanistan in May of 2009. And he was
captured there a month later. In 2012, the U.S. government said it was in talks with the Taliban, Afghanistan`s former rule is to get Bergdahl
released. That happened in May of this year when the U.S. freed five Taliban prisoners in exchange for Bergdahl.
AZUZ: The U.S. Army has completed its investigation of Sergeant Bergdahl`s disappearance, but its hasn`t released results yet. The exchange for
Bergdahl was a major controversy, and investigative agency of Congress said the Obama administration broke the law because it didn`t notify Congress 30
days before the exchange. The administration said it had a limited opportunity and took advantage of it.
Also, some soldier who served with Bergdahl said he deserted his post and that`s why he was captured.
Bergdahl now has a desk job at a fort in Texas. CNN recently found a pile of letters sent to him before the exchange happened.
ED LAVANDERA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: What you are looking at here is a little known secret that has been hidden inside the Hailey Idaho police department
for several months. All of these boxes are filled with letters that were sent to Bowe Bergdahl last Christmas. Letters of support and well wishes
and prayers for his release. Of course, all of these letters were sent just a few months before he was actually released. They were sent to the
White House, and they were put in boxes. And eventually, they made their way back here to the state of Idaho and the Bergdahl family asked some
friends to take care of them. And the big question is, what should be done with all of these letters? It`s not exactly clear if Bowe Bergdahl even
knows that these are here, and his friends here in Hailey are wondering if he`ll ever want to read them. That is a fascinating snapshot into the
efforts that many friends made to secure his release very different from the controversy surrounding Bowe Bergdahl after his release. So many
platoon mates of his who have come out and called him a deserter and a traitor. Obviously, Bowe Bergdahl has become a very controversial figure,
but in this boxes and the snap shots, very positive in nature hoping and praying for Bowe Bergdahl`s safe Release. This one in particular says we
are praying for you to come home soon, so you can b with your family.
But as far as we know, that hasn`t taken place which is just another layer to this story that has been very confounding for – for many people in many
AZUZ: For Monday`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com, here are few of the thousands of request we got our roll call.
In Arapahoe Wyoming meet the Falcons or Arapahoe, middle school. In New Ulm, Minnesota, great the Eagles of New Ulm High School (ph). And in
Haftswjord, Norway, check out the Vikings of the international School of Stovanger. Thank you all for taking ten minutes for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
AZUZ: When you picture a robot, you might picture R2D2 or a computer that can interact with us, or something that can accomplish certain tasks, like
helping build part of the car or vacuuming a room. But where robot vacuum can sent you back about 300 or 400 bucks, they pack-back (Ph) kind used in
war zones, can run about 150,000 each.
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: In 1990, Helen Greiner and two other roboticists from MIT`s artificial intelligence lab had a realization: in
order for robots to have a real life everyday impact on regular people, they needed to be mobile, and so iRobot was born.
The Boston Robotics Company was made famous by their Roomba vacuum, but Greiner and the rest of the team went on to say lives with their series of
packbots. The packbot is a compact truck turbine device that is used by the U.S. military to find and detonate IEDs. Search and Rescue teams
deploy the backbit to locate missing individuals after natural disaster. And Security Teams have you sit to inspect vehicles at large public events.
Users control the packbot using of videogame style controller on the remote lap top. Where the bas activities are shown in 3d.
The current model of the Packbot. The Packbot 5 10 carries LED lights, four cameras capable of HD-photography as 312 time zoom in photography.
The Packbots manipulator arm can reach around corners and can raise up to 80 inches. And its grabber can hold up to 30 pounds. Dual rotating
clippers that can turn 360 degrees give it Packbot the ability to navigate the raw obstacles, or reorient something that lands face down. Several
other robotic devices have been designed to aid in military endeavors, including the (INAUDIBLE) which has been employed by the U.S. Army and the
Theodore, which has been used by the Spanish armed forces.
These robots look like something out of science fiction, but they are real, and they are saving lives every day.
AZUZ: Before we go, human foosball (ph), yo. No one is actually attached to the – that get pretty sick after a spin or two. Folks just grab on to
expand a PBS pipe, move left and right and kick. It almost looks like fun. The goal of this event in Green Bay, Wisconsin, wasn`t just to score goals,
it was to raise money for a charity that aims to get girls in great school interested in science, math and engineering. So, if someone got roped into
the game or if it was more than they could handle, they said playing was off the table. The cause might have made them paws and take the idea for a
spin regardless of whether they heard cheers of foes. I`m Carl Azuz. We`ll see you Wednesday.
CNN Student News Oct 22, 2014: North Korea Sets Free American Prisoner; New Wave of Protests in Ferguson Expected; National Teen Drivers Safety Week
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Great to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS, your commercial-free source of current events for middle and high school
classrooms. I`m Carl Azuz.
We are starting this Wednesday with a headline out of North Korea. Yesterday, the secretive communist country released an American it had held
prisoner since May. Jeffrey Fowle was accused of leaving a Bible at his hotel in North Korea. The country does have some churches, but they are
operated by the government. And it`s made independent religious activity illegal, because it`s seen as a potential threat to that government`s
Fowle arrived in the U.S. territory of Guam yesterday. Two other Americans, Kenneth Bae and Matthew Miller are still being held prisoner in
North Korea. And the U.S. government says it`s still working to get them freed.
Across the Pacific and halfway across the U.S., Ferguson, Missouri, a town that`s been on edge since an incident on August 9. That`s when a white
police officer named Darren Wilson shot and killed an unarmed African- American 18-year old named Michael Brown.
Witnesses said there was some sort of scuffle between the two, but that Brown was trying to surrender to the policeman when he was shot. Police
said Brown struggled with Officer Wilson and then reached for the policeman`s gun before the shooting.
Protests started afterwards. Some peaceful, some violent. And not it`s up to a grand jury to determine whether Officer Wilson should be charged with
SARA SIDNER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This is the new normal in Ferguson. Protests night and day for the past 73 days. Their number one demand,
justice and to them that means the indictment and arrest of Officer Darren Wilson who shot and killed unarmed teenager Michael Brown August 9.
Tensions are high again after new details about the investigation were leaked by a federal source to “The New York Times” indicating forensic
evidence may mean potential civil rights charges are unlikely.
U.S. law enforcement sources told CNN Brown`s blood was found on the Wilson`s gun, inside Wilson`s patrol car and on his uniform.
DANNY CEVALLOS, CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY: What that does, is that tends to support any testimony that there was some kind of scuffle in the police
car, and if so, that tends to support Officer Wilson`s testimony and his justification for using deadly force.
SIDNER: Early on, Brown`s friend said there was a scuffle, but that Wilson was the aggressor.
DORIAN JOHNSON, MICHAEL BROWN`S FRIEND: He pulled up on the side of us (ph), he tried to thrust his door open, but we were so close to it that it
ricocheted off us, and it bounced back to him, and I guess that, you know, got him a little upset, as he was trying to choke my friend and he was
trying to get away, and Officer then reached out and he grabbed his – to pull him into the (INAUDIBLE).
SIDNER: CNN legal analyst Danny Cevallos says the forensic evidence revealed only goes so far.
DANNY CEVALLOS, CNN LEGAL ANALYST: Ultimately, that officer will have to come up with justification not for firing his gun the first time, but for
each and every bullet that came out of his firearm. Whether at the car or away from the car.
SIDNER: Whatever happens, police tell CNN they are preparing.
(on camera): Are you worried that there`s going to be serious violence?
SGT. BRIAN SCHELLMAN, ST. LOUIS COUNTY POLICE: Yeah, I mean, again, we are constantly looking at those things. I believe it was five shootings in
SIDNER: During the protest.
SCHELLMAN: You know that came, yeah during the protest that came out of that, and then also to protect businesses and the property and the citizens
who live in the area.
SIDNER (voice over): Protesters also have plans.
AMY HUNTER RACIAL JUSTICE DIR., YWCA: Everybody has planning for whatever the grand jury decides. I think certainly there are lots of us that are
planning peaceful protests for should it not be indicted, certainly, there are other people that have other ideas at hand.
SIDNER: Sara Sidner, CNN, Ferguson, Missouri.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” By definition, which of these celestial objects orbits the Sun? If you think you know it, shout it
out! Is it meteorite, Moon, comet or nebula? You`ve got three seconds, go.
Moons orbit planets, meteorites fall to Earth, nebulas are clouds or stars and that leaves comets as your answer and your shoutout.
AZUZ: One such comet hurdling through our solar system is Siding Spring. It was named for the Siding Spring observatory in Australia, which
discovered it last year.
And it almost took out part of Mars on Sunday. Astronomers say it was the closest comet near mess they`ve ever recorded. Siding Spring was still 82,
000 miles away from the red planet when it passed by. So, it was close in space terms, but not close like Albuquerque in Santa Fe.
Anyway, NASA was concerned. It`s gotten no fewer than five active missions to Marks. It says its Rovers were protected by Mars`s atmosphere, but it`s
three satellites had to duck behind the Red Planet or the comets debris of dust and gas could have blasted them as it went by.
They are all OK, they were able to get pictures and info on Siding Spring and they are transferring that data to Earth as you watch this.
Today, we are bringing you five things to know about teen driving five rules of the road.
One, we are in the middle of National Teen Drivers safety week. Why is there one? Because car crashes are the leading cause of death for American
Two, this age group has the highest crash rate of any in the U.S. In 2012, drivers ages 18 to 20 were involved in more than 800,000 crashes. Three, a
new study by the AAA foundation for Traffic Safety found that new drivers who`ve got licenses at age 18, were more likely to have a crash with
injuries than new drivers at any other age.
Four, it suggests that graduated driver licensing laws, which limit how and when you can drive, but still gives you experience should extend the new
drivers who are 18 or older.
Five, AAA is saying that experience behind the will may matter more than age when it comes to driving safely.
AZUZ: You`ll know where we are starting today`s “Roll Call”. If you can locate the city of Abidjan. Here`s a hint: it`s on the continent of
Africa. The International Community School of Abidjan is watching today. They are online in Abidjan Ivory Coast.
To the U.S. East Coast, in Wilmington, Delaware, we`ve got the highlanders of Thomas McKean High School, and out west in Greeley, Colorado, it`s the
bulldogs of University Middle School who are on today`s roll.
Median salary for an architect in the U.S. over $70,000 per year. You`ll need to have a sense of design, engineering and vision for what your
building would look like.
Meet an architect who totally lost his vision. But whose perseverance keeps his designs on new heights.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CHRIS DOWNEY: On Friday, I was at work. On Saturday, I was out riding my bike. On Monday, I went in for surgery, on Wednesday I was blind.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: After building a successful careers in architect, 40- year old Chris Downey was diagnosed with a brain tumor.
DOWNEY: I was told that it was a little bit more involved, a little more complicated, and they anticipate it. But it went well, the next time I
woke up, the next day, my sight was starting to fail. So I was rushed back to ICU and the next time I woke up, the sight was all gone.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: In fact, before doctors could tell him, he was officially blind. A social worker had already stopped by.
DOWNEY: She noticed I was an architect, and say well, we can talk about career alternatives. But I was just like shocked. So, I immediately
started thinking about the work that I do and how much of it – one sort of immediately possible.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A can-do attitude coupled with some new tools including a special embossing printer and wax sticks.
DOWNEY: Especially as you work with, they get warm, it`s wax. So, it gets kind of conky (ph), and it sticks to paper.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Has helped Downey become one of the world`s few blind architects with a special sense for designing for the disabled.
DOWNEY: If I`m doing a project for people with disabilities, it`s about ability, it`s about keeping everybody moving, it`s an enabling as many
people to function to their fullest capacity possible.
AZUZ: Kind of an odd idea that makes giving a weather forecast with helping a dog get adopted. But it made for great TV.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Sit. Sit. No, Ripple is not sitting.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: No, Ripple is not sitting, he`s not concerned about the weather either. The forecast, chewy with the chance of unruly. And it doesn`t let
up. The animal described as energetic got a lot more coverage and some adoption interest despite ruining his leash and the weather forecast.
I guess he couldn`t handle the pressure. Maybe the studio just wasn`t his ideal climate, maybe the weatherman couldn`t read the barcometer, one easy
prediction – having a dog on camera can unleash chaos.
I hope you`ll join us again for Thursday`s edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News Oct 23, 2014: Canada in the Wake of Shooting Incidents in Ottawa and Quebec; Sunken World War II Vessels Near U.S. Coast; CDC Faces Criticism for Handling Ebola
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: We start today with a report about attacks on the Canadian capital. Just a few days after gunfire started yesterday morning,
and when we put this show together, police were saying, it was possible one or more suspects were still on the loose.
Canada raised its national terror alert, there were two shooting incidents in the city of Ottawa. One was at the Canadian War Memorial, near the
country`s parliament building, another was inside parliament. A Canadian soldier at the war memorial was shot and killed.
Inside the parliament building, several Canadian lawmakers tweeted that a guard killed the gunman there. Police said one male suspect was dead, but
they also said, there was more than one person involved in the shootings.
This all happened two days after a man drove his car into two soldiers, killing one of them in Quebec. Police fatally shot that suspect.
Afterward, they called that incident a terrorist attack saying the suspect had recently converted to radical Islam.
The suspect at yesterday`s shootings also had reportedly converted, but officials say they don`t know if these assaults are related in any way.
In the U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been under criticism. Lawmakers and caregivers say the CDC didn`t sufficiently
prepare hospitals or health care workers to safely treat Ebola patients. So, the CDC has updated its guidelines. Three notable changes. One,
caregivers will now receive rigorous training and practice before they treat an Ebola patient. Two, every inch of their skin must now be covered
when they treat an Ebola patient. Three, they`ll be supervised as they put on and take off their protective equipment ensuring no exposure occurs
during that time.
The CDC`s director says, even one health care worker infection is one too many.
Also, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security says airline passengers arriving from Ebola stricken countries, must now land in one of these five
U.S. airports. They have enhanced Ebola screening in place.
Dr. Seuss`s real name was Theodore Seuss Geisel. His editor once bet him that he couldn`t write a book using just 50 different words or less. He
did, the result – green eggs and ham. It has exactly 50 different words. It`s random!
As you`ve started World War II, you`ve heard about fighting in Europe, North Africa, the Pacific. Here`s evidence of just how close that war came
to the continental U.S.
You`re looking at a sonar image of a sunken German U-boat, a submarine. Its location – 30 miles of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. U-576 was sunk
on July 14 1942. Its wreck was found just this August. Not far from a tanker it had sunk.
But all of the tanker`s passengers and crews survived, all aboard the German sub were killed. The site`s considered a war grave and protected by
international law, and it`s not the only one close to American shores. The U.S. sank U-166 in the Gulf of Mexico, on July 30 1942, after it had
torpedoed an American steamer. Both of those ships were explored this summer. U-boat sank dozens of American ships in the Gulf, but this was the
only U-boat destroyed there.
It`s one of the greatest mysteries in aviation history – what happened to Malaysia Airlines flight 270. Yesterday Malaysia`s defense minister
promised the missing passenger jet would be found and another ship is about to join the search. That`s centered about 1100 miles off the west coast of
Australia. There`s been no sign of the plane since it vanished on March 8 with 239 people aboard. It`s wreckage my hold the only answers to the
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Following a plane crash, the search for survivors always comes first, but just as important is the search for
answers. They why and the how.
Often, those answers are found in the black box.
Since the `60s, all commercial airplanes have been required to have one onboard. Now, the name is a little misleading, because they are actually
orange, and when we are talking about a black box, we are talking about two different boxes, one being the cockpit voice recorder, the other being the
flight data recorder.
Together, they weigh anywhere between 20 to 30 pounds, and they have to be crash proof. Black boxes can survive just about anything. Temperatures up
to 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit for an hour, forces that are 3400 Gs. Now, that`s 3400 times the force of gravity.
They are water proof and they can save recorded data for two years, and it`s a lot of data.
The cockpit voice recorder records the crew`s conversation and background noise.
By listening to the ambient sounds in the cockpit before a crash, experts can determine if a stall took place, the RPMs of the engine, and the speed
at which the plane was traveling.
When this sounds are cross-referenced with ground control conversations, they can even help searchers locate a crash site.
Then, there`s the flight data recorder. It gathers 25 hours of technical data from airplane sensors, recording several thousand discreet pieces of
Data about the air speed, altitude, pitch, acceleration, roll fuel, and the list goes on and on.
But to make sense of the data, first you have to find it.
Not an easy thing to do when a plane crashes into the ocean.
Both black box components are outfitted with underwater locator beacons, which self-activate the moment they come into contact with water. They
send pings once per second, to signal their location. And can transmit data from as deep as 20,000 feet for up to 30 days. When their batteries
then run out.
But on land, there`s no such pinging to help guide the search. Investigators have to sift through the wreckage until they find it.
AZUZ: It`s time to take a roll, you all. Here`s who is watching and requesting on our transcript page at CNNSTUDENTNEWS.COM, the Balboa Academy
Dragons are first up. They are in the capital of Panama. Welcome to Panama City. Up north in the ocean state, it`s the islanders who are next.
A Middletown high school in Middletown, Rhode Island, good to see you.
And show me – the show me state. The Fatima High School Comets are on today`s roll from Westphalia, Missouri.
Hinduism is the world`s third largest religion behind Christianity and Islam. That`s largely due to the number of the Hindu faithful in India,
they compose 80 percent of the world`s second most populated nation.
Diwali is one of Hinduism`s major religious festivals. It usually falls on October or November. The name Diwali comes from a Sanskrit word that means
row of lights.
Traditionally, small oil lamps are lit on homes and temples and set afloat on rivers. It`s a celebration of a new year. There are religious
ceremonies, gifts exchange, new clothes and feasting. And for India, that means business in stores and online.
SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Diwali, India`s most important festival. Five days or fireworks, ritual celebration, and most importantly, shopping.
For retailers like Mayank Bansal, Diwali can account for up to a third of the annual sales. At this year, well, it`s never been better. The
exponential growth largely owing to e-commerce sites like SnapDeal. In the lead up to this holiday season founder and CEO Kunal Bahl says, SnapDeal
sold one Smartphone every six seconds, a laptop every 20 seconds, and a pair of shoes every ten second.
SnapDeal works like a virtual marketplace, similar to China`s Alibaba. They don`t buy or keep their own stock and the inventory. So, all the
products are brought here. They`ve got deodorants, they`ve got smartphones, they`ve got razors and everything is brought to centers like
this: packaged and then distributed.
SnapDeal will deliver some 20 million products across 5,000 towns and cities in India this month. Other leading e-commerce sites like FlipCard
at Amazon, India, both similar numbers. Online retail in India grew 88 percent last year. Millions of Indians living in small towns and villages
like this now shopping online with smartphones.
For small business owners like Bansal it`s transformed the way they think.
MAYANK BANSAL, RETAILER: Market open for the whole of India. Now, we get customers from Kashmir to (INAUDIBLE).
UDAS: In other words, from north to south India. There are currently 243 million Internet users in India. That, too, is expected to more than
double by 2020. What does it say about the potential of e-commerce in India? Well, the math is quite simple.
AZUZ: From the world`s second most populated country to the world`s number one. Last story today`s from China. If you don`t mind the little
acrophobia with your appetizer, why not order up a nice view with your lunch? As a way to advertise his apartments, a developer recently allowed
daring diners to eat their lunch on a crane or suspended from one. Maybe it`s safe. You certainly wouldn`t be worried about breaking a dish. And
you wouldn`t have to crane your neck to look around assuming you can handle this suspense. The idea is food for thought, it seems nothing is off the
table, you get a great view at the skyline, from the skyline and after your meal – hey, you can just hang out! Thanks for craning your eyes on CNN
STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. We are back Friday.
CNN Student News Oct 24, 2014: Canada in Aftermath of Shooting Attacks; Americans Taking Fewer Vacation Days; Massive Fraud at University of North Carolina; Crash Dummies Keeping Us Safe
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Three things that are as awesome as Fridays. Chocolate chip cookies, the bulldogs and vacation. But as far as that last
one goes, American workers are taking less of it. The reasons why are minutes away.
First up, this October 24, a man being hailed as a hero.
This is Kevin Vickers. He is the sergeant-at-arms in Canada`s parliament. When a gunman entered that government building Wednesday and started
shooting, it was Vickers who stopped the attack by shooting and killing the gunman. Only ten people have been sergeant-at-arms since 1867. It`s a
ceremonial position, it`s also a law enforcement position. The 58-year old officer spent 28 years with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. His brother
believes this is the first time Vickers ever exchanged fire with anyone.
He extended his condolences to the family of Corporal Nathan Cirillo, a guard whom the gunman killed near the National War Memorial. Canadian
officials now say they believe the gunman acted alone, but that he had connections to radical Islamists. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper
says Canadians will not be intimated by terrorism.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
STEPHEN HARPER, PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA: We will be vigilant, but we will not run scared, we will be prudent but we will not panic. And as for the
business of government, well, here we are in our seats, in our chamber, in the very heart of our democracy and our world.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
UNC CHANCELLOR CAROL FOLT, ADDRESSES ALLEGED ACADEMIC FRAUD: It was an inexcusable betrayal of our values and our mission and our students` trust.
The length of time that this behavior went on and the number of people (INAUDIBLE) is really shocking.
It was a wrongdoing that could have and should have been stopped much earlier by individuals who are in positions of influence and oversight.
Many could have sounded the alarm more forcefully.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: OK, what`s that about? The University of North Carolina, a new report came out this week about alleged academic fraud at the school. This
scandal first came to light about five years ago, but Wednesday`s independent report gave new detail saying the fraud lasted for 18 years.
What happened? Students allegedly got high grades for classes that were never actually held.
How many students? The report says at least 3100, but likely much higher. Were athletes involved? The report says 47 percent of those who benefited
were athletes. Why? Fake grades for fake classes reportedly helped some stay eligible to play their sports.
The fallout – four employees were fired, five more were punished, all three UNC basketball championships could be in jeopardy, and the school`s
reputation is stained.
A new study says Americans are taking less vacation time than at any time in the last four decades. This comes from the U.S. Travel Association,
which supports Americans` vacation and travel time. It says that last year, Americans took an average of 16 days vacation. That average was more
than 20 days in the year 2000.
Factor s- a work life trainer says American workers are afraid of being laid off. They think working long hours and skipping vacation time will
help them keep their jobs.
But he says people who don`t take vacation time can get laid off just like anyone else.
Some Americans don`t vacation because they are afraid of work piling up when they are gone, and others see their worse based on their work, they
feel guilty for taking time off or unplugging from their devices.
It was time to take attendance. Hope you are ready to roll. Ridgeview High School in Orange Park, Florida is ready – the Panthers there aren`t
But they are not the only cats on the prow. How about the cougars – Lyons- Decatur Northeast High School in Lyons, Nebraska is on a roll. And on the Pacific Coast, it`s the Eagles of Lincoln Middle School who are watching in
As national teen driver safety week rolls on, some good news about car crashes: deadly accident in the U.S. are at historic lows, a big part of
the reason why: technology and testing have gotten better. A big reason for that – manufacturers have to prove their cars are safe using crash test
The newest dummies can give incredibly smart lessons.
NICK GLASS: You`ve all seen the hot-hitting slow motion crashes, and the dummy in the driver`s seat absorbing blow after blow.
This is the story of one of the great unsung heroes of our time.
You can talk to a three year old, you can talk to an 80-year old, and everybody knows what a crash-test dummy is.
He first started sitting in for us in 1952 when a colonel in the U.S. Air Force was worried about the safety of his pilots.
CHRIS O`CONNOR, CEO, HUMANETICS: Back in that day, it was actually the testing was done by a colonel staff from the Air Force, and he was actually
very concerned, ironically, because he said the Air Force pilots, I`m losing more in car crashes coming to work than I`m losing in our pilots
being downed in an aircraft.
GLASS: To begin with, the dummies used in cars were rather crude, made of wood, rope and sandbags, but over the years, he`s evolved into a much more
sophisticated piece of technology and a family man.
O`CONNOR: So the population of dummies expended out from the basic male to a female to a very large male and then it included a child population,
because the injury rate of children in cars was dramatic.
GLASS: Their rollover has always been the same, thousands of crash tests, each one helping manufacturers design safer cars.
O`CONNOR: With the introduction of airbags from the initial crumple zones to steering wheel design, every part that`s in a vehicle has improved in
design over the years, and all bench-marked against the crash-test dummies.
GLASS: This was shown rather dramatically in 2009, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety in the U.S. tested a new Chevrolet against the 1950s
Almost all the dummies in use today are made by the American company Humanetics. Here at the European hub in Germany, the dummies are put
through their paces. With each bone crunching hit, they are being prepared or rather trained for future customers, and there`s a new addition to the
family 20 years in the making.
(on camera): So, this is Tso (ph). What`s different about him?
CONRAD LOGAN, HUMANETICS: It`s our most advanced dummy. The neck has not just rubber. It has wires and dumping material that simulates the
ligaments in the neck. We have a very complicated measurement system in that chest, so you can see the complete movement of the ribs in three
dimensions. But most specialist, is more biofidelic (ph), it has – it`s more humanlike than it`s ever been before.
GLASS: We have a lot to thank the crash test dummy for: he`s helped save countless lives. And this is what makes life of creators of the dummy so
O`CONNOR: There`s not a presentation I do that doesn`t show the number of deaths have been reduced year over year as the result of our teat equipment
– and if we can continue to save lives, reduce the amount of deaths, that`s more important to me than anything else.
AZUZ: In a way, this looks like how a toy ship might be shoved into a bathtub. But this ship weighs 3500 tons and costs about $360 billion.
Splash. It`s the USS Detroit, brand new to the U.S. Navy, sideways launches like this aren`t just amazing to look at, they are pretty common.
They are usually done when there`s not enough space to launch the ship stern first. That`s in reverse for you, (INAUDIBLE).
That`s why we went to find out if it`s in ship shape – watch it roll head over hauls. It`s a test they had on deck, it certainly holds water and it
easily lets you know if the ship is seaworthy. And I don`t want to rock the boat with too many puns here, I tread too much on your weekend. Hope
you have a great and safe one with whatever floats your boat.
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