CNN Student News with transcript Oct 27, 2014: Drought in Guatemala, destructive monkeys in India, U.S. spy planes over Syria and a proposed disaster warning system in California: We’re covering a lot of ground this Wednesday.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Taking off the last week in October. This is commercial free CNN STUDENT NEWS. Welcome. I`m Carl Azuz.
Late last week, a doctor who treated Ebola patients in the West African nation of Guinea came down with the dangerous virus, but he was in New York
City when he did. 33-year old Craig Spencer became the fourth person diagnosed in the U.S. with Ebola. He`s in isolation at New York`s Bellevue
Hospital. Three people who`d been in contact with him are in quarantine.
Three U.S. states also have new quarantine rules for people returning from West Africa who`d been exposed to Ebola patients. In Illinois, they have a
21 day home quarantine. In New York and New Jersey, they have a mandatory 21 day hospital quarantine. A doctor at the National Institutes of Health
says the new rules could discourage health care workers from helping fight Ebola in West Africa. But he also says many Americans have lost faith in
the federal government`s efforts to stop the spread of Ebola.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: President Obama hugging nurse Nina Pham to show Americans the Ebola scare is under control.
(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Just minutes after her doctor did the same.
DR. ANTHONY FAUCI, NIH: She`s cured of Ebola. Let`s get that clear, OK? That`s for sure.
NINA PHAM, NURSE DECLARED FREE OF EBOLA VIRUS: I`m on my way back to recovery, even as I reflect on how many others have not been so fortunate.
JOSH EARNEST, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: I think this also should be a pretty apt reminder that – that we do have the best medical infrastructure
in the world.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The White House given the alarm over a new Ebola patient a doctor in New York City, was quick to point out one of the CDC
swat teams the president ordered was on the case.
EARNEST: I`m told that this swat team actually arrived in New York at the same evening that this individual was a confirmed Ebola patient.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: But on Capitol Hill, a National Nurses Union leader called the overall response dangerously inconsistent and inadequate.
DEBORAH BURGER, RN, NATIONAL NURSES UNITED: No nation would even contemplate sending soldiers into the battlefield without armor and
weapons. Give us the tools we need. All we ask from President Obama and Congress is not one more infected nurse.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And Republicans continued to question why the president named a political aide, Ron Klain, to coordinate the effort.
REP. TREY GOWDY, R-S.C.: Cite me all of his medical infectious disease, communicable disease, health care delivery background.
NICOLE LURIE, MD, HHS ASSISTANT SECRETARY: You know, one of the terrific things the government works together is that experts come together all the
GOWDY: I`m going to take that answer as he has none.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: What is the largest stadium in the United Kingdom? If you think you know it, you know how it works, just shout it out. Is it
Twickenham Stadium, Millennium Stadium, Wimbledon Stadium or Wembley Stadium? You`ve got 3 seconds, go.
With the capacity of 90,000 people, Wembley is the biggest stadium in Britain and the second biggest in Europe. That is your answer and that`s
AZUZ: Last play of the game between the Atlanta Falcons and Detroit Lions last night. Detroit kicks a field goal to win it by one point. The Lions
had been down 21:0 at the half, but those who saw the extraordinary comeback in person were not in Michigan, they weren`t in Georgia, they were
at Wembley Stadium in the UK. And that`s where the National Football League is testing an idea that could lead to an international football
JIM BOULDEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This is the 10th regular season NFL game to be held here at London`s Wembley Stadium since 2007. The question is,
does the NFL have the ability to put a franchise in London? They want to grow their international audience. They want to grow the merchandise sales
around the world. They really see this international series as a test case for growing this global audience. They want to make billions and billions
of dollars around the world.
Can they put a franchise here? A lot of people are now saying it`s more likely that there could be a franchise in London. We already have a team
called the Jacksonville Jaguars who have agreed to play four seasons of one regular season game. They`ve already done that once. They`ll play here
for the third match next month for the season. So the NFL is spending three regular season games in London is a big deal for this NFL franchise.
Possibility here in London.
If not, well, they are already selling more than 80,000 tickets for each game. That`s more than you`ll get on most stadiums in the U.S. So that is
a good sign that international fans love the NFL. Someday there could be a franchise.
AZUZ: A number of U.S. companies are trying to relocate their headquarters outside the U.S., and the U.S. government is trying to keep them from doing
it. Why? Taxes. About 10 percent of the U.S. government`s total revenue comes from corporate taxes. These are placed in the profits that U.S.
based business make. The federal government`s corporate tax rate is 35 percent. The global average is lower, at 25 percent, and in Ireland, which
has one of the lowest tax rates, it`s about 12.5 percent. So some U.S. companies are considering something called inversion.
CRISTINA ALESCI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Inversion. No, it`s not a yoga pose. It`s actually short hand for a complicated and controversial tax maneuver
used by some very large companies. Let`s say we have a corporation in the U.S. It decides to buy a smaller one, in Ireland, for example. Is the
combined company American or Irish? You`d probably say American, because that`s where the buyer`s from, but with inversion, it`s the other way
around. The larger U.S. company takes the smaller company`s citizenship.
Now, why do that? Taxes. U.S. has one of the highest corporate tax rates in the world, and inversion helps U.S. companies take advantage of their
new home country`s lower tax rate. Without actually moving operations.
And there is another benefit. The company does not pay the U.S. rate on profits it makes overseas. That`s key, because without an inversion, a
U.S. company that brings its international profits back, has to pay Uncle Sam. That`s why so many U.S. companies decide to park international
profits where they made them.
American companies currently have $2 trillion stowed away in other countries. But that`s a problem if a company wants to spend the cash here,
whether it`s for research and development, or to pay out shareholders, or even to throw a giant pizza party. Defenders of inversion say the tactic
is perfectly legal, and it makes American companies more competitive. Critics, however, see it as a big, fat, juicy loophole for mega
AZUZ: Roll call requests can be made on transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com. From Friday`s transcript, we got a request from
Beaumont, California. The Cougars of Mountain View middle school are watching. We got a request from Charlevoix, Michigan. It`s where we found
the Raiders of Charlevoix middle high school. And in Branchville, South Carolina, the buzz is all about the Yellowjackets. Branchville Lockett
High school is on today`s roll.
We told you earlier this month about a man who jumped the fence surrounding the White House and actually made it inside the building before he was
caught. Another intruder tried the same thing last week, but he didn`t get as far. Two of the reasons why – Jordan and Hurricane. They are employees
of the Secret Service. They are considered police. They are aggressive and very highly trained. But they`re not human.
AZUZ: Think of a gold nugget. You are probably picturing something the size of a chicken nugget. This is more of a gold clod. It was unearthed
this summer in the mountains of Butte County, California. The person who found it won`t say where, and he or she wants to stay anonymous, just like
the person who bought it. Now, what would you think was paid for a 6-pound gold chunk? The answer, about $400,000. This is why the gold rush started
in the 1800s. Could it spark another one? The idea is a glittering prospect. The chunk was worth its weight in gold, but was paying that much
for it foolish? In periodic table terms, that`s up to AU. We`re digging up pun gold on CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. Hope to see you Tuesday.
CNN Student News Oct 28, 2014: Exactly one week from the U.S. midterm elections, political science plays a starring role in today’s show. For history, science and social studies teachers, we have reports on Britain’s withdrawal from Afghanistan, a dangerous lava flow in Hawaii, and the end of daylight-saving time in the U.S. A potentially new type of virtual reality and a holiday for chocolate sweeten the end of this Tuesday’s program.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: We learned a lot of interesting stuff producing this Tuesday show. Hope you enjoy it. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to ten
minutes of commercial free current events for the classroom.
First up today .
The British flag was lowered over Helmand Province in Afghanistan this week, a symbol that the U.K.`s combat mission in the country is over.
Britain`s defense minister says Afghanistan is no longer a safe haven for the al Qaeda terrorist group and that the country now has a chance of a
better future. In a recent BBC poll, though, most Britain said the war was not worthwhile for the U.K.
Afghanistan is still a dangerous place, where terrorists and insurgent attacks happen regularly. The U.S. combat mission there formally ends this
December, but the U.S. and Afghan government signed a deal last month that will allow American troops to stay in the war torn country.
From South East Asia, we are headed out into the Pacific Ocean to the island state of Hawaii. On the Big Island, scenes like this near Kilauea
volcano are pretty common.
It is the most active volcano mass on the planet. But this particular lava flow is threatening a village named Pahoa, so much so that a main road
through town had to be closed, and officials say Pahoa`s 945 people need to be ready to evacuate.
Most have already left. The lava has crept over fields, a fence, a cemetery. After accelerating over the weekend, it was moving toward the
town at the speed of about a foot per minute. That`s fast for something a 150 yards wide, and incredibly destructive. Kilauea volcano has been in a
constant state of eruption since 1983. This particular lava flow started threatening Pahoa in June.
We are setting sale this Tuesday. It`s a boat to be awesome. Say hello to the sailors of Oceanside Middle School. They are casting off from
Oceanside. New York.
Next, it`s night time. The golden nights of Welch, West Virginia on the roll. They are at Mountain View High School and gather around table with
more nights. DeLong Middle School in Eau Claire, Wisconsin thanks for watching, day or night.
One week from today, Americans will be voting in the country`s midterm elections. And there`s a new political poll out from CNN-OTV
international. It indicates that almost seven in ten Americans are angry at the direction their country is headed and that 53 percent disapprove of
President Obama`s job performance. But he is not on the ballot. Lawmakers are, and as far as Congress goes, the poll showed that 85 percent of
Americans don`t approve of how it`s doing its job. What cold this mean next week? Well, we`ll let Jonathan Mann explain that as well as what
exactly is going to be on the ballots.
JONATHAN MANN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: How angry are Americans at Barack Obama and the rest of the men and women they`ve put into government? Or to put
another way, how good do they feel about their elected officials. Well, we are about to find out because millions of Americans will be going to the
polls November 4 what it`s called midterm elections. Midterm because they fall halfway through the president`s own term. Barack Obama`s name will
not be on the ballot.
Instead, we are talking about state and local officials and lawmakers at the federal level, members of the two houses of Congress. 435 members in
the House of Representatives and about a third of the U.S. Senate.
Now, the House of Representative is reelected in its entirety or elected, for that matter every two years. Republicans have a majority there.
That`s not likely to change. In the Senate where senators serve six year terms, about a third of the Senate faces election or reelection every two
years. This year adds some vacancies and there are 36 Senate seats up for grabs. We are expecting the House will stay in Republican hands. The
Senate will be the real battlefield. The Republicans there are hoping that they can pick up a few seats. But Democrats have a majority, the
Republicans hope to have their own majority there when the ballots are cast and counted.
The White House, though, stays in President Barack Obama`s hands, which is to say a Democrat in the White House will be looking at a Republican-
controlled House of Representatives and a Republican majority, probably, in the U.S. Senate.
What does that give us? Well, it`s what Americans already have, divided government.
In Washington, to see nearly paralyzed because Republicans and Democrats don`t work well together. When all the ballots are cast and counted this
time, they are probably going to find they`ve got more of the same.
AZUZ: Staying in the U.S., we have just four more days of daylight saving time. It is this Saturday night, and we can look forward to an extra hour
of sleep because Sunday morning at 2 a.m. is officially when our clocks fall back one hour.
The winter solstice is the shortest day of the year for sunlight. It`s on December 21. But until then, the length of sunlight time will shrink each
day in the Northern Hemisphere. So, when we fall back by setting our clocks back, what exactly are we falling back to and why are we falling
back at all?
Daylight saving time sounds kind of special. You are not just saving time, you are saving daylight time. But it puzzles the daylight time of some
folks, why we fall back to standard time? That`s what it`s called, standard time. We spend eight months out of the year in daylight saving
time, but standard, which is hardly to standard, is still called standard.
It`s been shrinking since World War I, that`s when daylight saving time was first implemented to save energy.
The switch made the sunset time later in the day, so people didn`t have to turn their lights on as early.
But what about winter and the fall back to standard? Well, look at it this way: most parts of the U.S. only get about 9.5 hours of daylight in winter
time. That`s not much. If we didn`t set our clocks back in the fall, sunrise wouldn`t be until 8:30 a.m. in many places, you`d be starting and
ending your day in the dark.
Falling back to standard keeps the time of dawn a little closer to what we are used to. It helps us start our day in the light.
Plus, there is that whole extra hour of sleep thing, assuming you go to bad on time when we fall back. So, less daylight, but more sleep. Unless you
happen to live in Arizona or Hawaii. Most parts of Arizona and all of Hawaii don`t observe daylight saving time. They don`t have to. It`s not
required by law.
The Heisman Trophy. It doesn`t just show some generic football player, it shows Ed Smith who played NYU and later in the NFL. He was a friend of the
sculptor and modeled for free. So, why is it called the Heisman Trophy and not the Smith Trophy? Well, it was created for New York`s downtown
athletic club and the athletic director of that club was coach John Heisman. Oh, that`s random.
Magic Leap is the name of a startup company. It looks like it`s building a sort of virtual reality interface, but not the kind with the big headset
that tends to make users sick. Two reasons why Magic Leap`s in the news. One, investors are so impressed that they`ve contributed hundreds of
millions in funding. Two, it`s mysterious. It`s currently in stealth mode when a company keeps its product secret from the public, so no one else can
steal the idea.
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A 15 second clip of a floating baby elephant has made the Internet lose its mind.
A mysterious Florida-based company called Magic Leap is behind the dazzling display, and it`s a technology they are calling cinematic reality.
It seems to be a mixture between augmented reality and virtual reality on steroids. Whatever it is, it`s frickin` cool. And apparently worth a lot
The biggest name in virtual reality right now, is Oculus VR, which Facebook recently bought for $2 billion. Now, Magic Leap says that their technology
could potentially blow Oculus out of the water.
Operating in stealth mode, magic leap just had one of the most successful second rounds in History, raising 542 million dollars.
The lead investor is none other than Google.
But everyone is asking, what is it? Here`s what we do know.
Magic Leap uses digitized light fields, to overlay 3-d images onto the real world.
It`s not virtual reality, which totally submerses the viewer in a completely artificial environment.
Instead, it`s a mixture of real and artificial.
It sounds similar to augmented reality, which is something that already exists on your smartphone, but early users claim it`s way better.
Lots of questions remain surrounding Magic Leap, the biggest being, will this stealth company actually deliver in reality. No baby elephant yet.
Before we go, National Chocolate Day? It`s today. It`s not an official holiday. It appears this one was started by candy makers to get people to
eat chocolate. Do they really need to get people to eat chocolate? The flavor as we know it has been around for hundreds of years, at one point in
Europe, it was sold strictly as a drink and bought strictly by the wealthy, the only ones who could afford it. Today, it`s cheap, it`s in practically
everything. But it`s not the number one flavor of ice cream. Chocolate holds second place for that behind vanilla.
You`ve got to say that both here are pretty sweet, but when it comes to candy, chocolates got to win bar none. A piece of chocolate always comes
in candy. You`ve got a chocolato. Add up to the fact that it`s an international flavorite. I`m Carl Azuz, and this segment has been a great
taste. Joins us for more tomorrow.
CNN Student News Oct 29, 2014: If you know what the southernmost U.S. state is, then you know where we’re going for one of the stories on today’s show. The location’s slow-moving natural disaster is a study in geology and earth science. Also featured is a debate concerning quarantines and the Ebola virus. And we look inside a plane that appears to be made of giant windows, though it actually has none for passengers.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Thanks for spending ten minutes of your Wednesday with CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz at the CNN Center. There are more
than 1,000 U.S. troops in West Africa helping prevent the spread of Ebola. Thousands more are set to deploy. For some in the Army, there`s a
mandatory 21 day quarantine when they return to their base in Italy.
But for civilians who`ve traveled to the U.S. from Ebola-stricken areas, that`s up for debate. The U.S. government has revised its guidelines a
couple of times now. Some criticize it for overreacting to the Ebola threat. Some call CDC`s guidelines too confusing. Some criticize it for
not doing enough to protect Americans.
But here`s the thing: the CDC doesn`t have the authority to enforce its guidelines. States do, and a few have added their own regarding who gets
quarantined and when. It`s not illegal, the Constitution allows states to impose stricter health regulations than the federal government. But they
can`t be challenged.
ROSA FLORES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: San Francisco`s China Town was given a year-long quarantine order after a suspected case of the bubonic plague in
the early 1900s. This black and white video shows men, most likely the Health Department committee checking for disease. And then there`s
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In the late 1800s, this startling historic illustration shows how a small pox outbreak forces people into isolation
Perhaps, America`s most famous quarantine happened right behind me: on Ellis Island, 12 million people were processed, more than 2 million would
be hospitalized or quarantined.
CNN`s review of quarantine and isolation`s statutes across the country reveals that all 50 states have the power to isolate and quarantine. At
least give states, specifically detail their power to treat the sick involuntarily, at least four states mean business. Violating the order is
a felony. Wisconsin could have the stiffest fine, $10,000. Mississippi, the longest jail sentence, five years.
The Centers for Disease Control is not recommending mandatory quarantines for everyone traveling from West Africa.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: Deeply concerned about the Ebola situation.
FLORES: But a pen stroke could change that, if President Obama exercises his executive power allowing federal authorities to detain and medically
examine people traveling between states or entering the country.
(on camera): What prevents the government from overstepping its powers?
PAUL CALLAN, CNN LEGAL ANALYST: Whenever a citizen is incarcerated or confined, you can go into court and say to a judge, I`ve been locked up
without good cause, and I want a hearing on the issue.
AZUZ: So, are fears about Ebola well founded? Also, what for debate: The World Health Organization says there`ve been more than 10,000 suspected
cases of Ebola in this year`s outbreak. It`s the worst in recorded history.
The CDC says on average, 36,000 people in the U.S. die from the flu every year.
Still, one difference is, that people are far more likely to survive the flu.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It has now spurred debates about whether you`ll be infected while flying or make doctors don hazmat suits or cause local
governments to impose quarantines, but between five and 20 percent of the U.S. population between now and February will likely come down with the
flu. Though most people will suffer only fever, aches or chills, but the very young, the very old or those who are already sick, the flu can be
DR. JESSE GOODMAN, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY: The defenses are weakened by the flu virus and a bacteria can come in and set up sharp in the longs, so when
that happens, you know, your lungs are compromised. You might have very bad craft, you might even become unable to breathe without assistance.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Unlike Ebola, which is hard to get, the flu is easily transmitted by casual contact. On public transit and restaurants, at any
public event. And flu pandemics have ravaged the world. In 1918, the Spanish flu killed an estimated 30 to 50 million people, perhaps many
millions more. Still, less than half of the U.S. population receives a flu shot, so the CDC says in any given year, 200,000 people will get a severe
case of the flu, so severe they`ll wind up in the hospital.
AZUZ: So we got this segment called Roll Call. It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN Student News. There is now only one way to submit
a request, and you need to be at least 13 years old. Go to cnnstudentnews.com, click where it says “roll call,” and leave a comment at
the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript. You can make one request every day, but spamming will
not help you. Please tell us your school name, city, state, and mascot. Good luck.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the shoutout. What is the southernmost U.S. state? If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it Louisiana, Hawaii,
Texas or Florida? You`ve got 3 seconds, go.
At around 21 degrees north latitude, Honolulu, Hawaii is farther south than Key West, Florida. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Hawaii`s big island is even farther south than the capital in Honolulu, and its Mount Kilauea, one of the most active volcanic masses on
earth, is threatening to destroy a village named Pahoa. It`s a natural disaster in slow motion. A lava flow with heat so high, it melts rock. It
was just feet away from homes when we produced this show. Humans haven`t had great success in stopping lava flows. The thing that`s most effective,
when the volcano stops erupting.
MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Right over here, that road block, that`s the way the lava is headed, and this is the main road of town.
Lava on Main Street. In Pahoa on the big island, a 2,000-degree river of molten rock is just a few hundred feet away from the town. And there is no
way to stop it.
Residents are on a moment`s notice to evacuate as the super heated stone threatens the town of 950.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Everybody, including myself, is quite nervous. We can`t see the future. The flow does what the flow does.
SAVIDGE: Hawaii`s famous Kilauea volcano has continuously erupted since 1983. Usually the spectacular lava flows pour south, eventually reaching
the sea. But in June, a new flow started heading the opposite way to the northeast. A dark oozing mass, consuming everything in its path. And
experts say the lava has picked up speed as it heads directly for Pahoa.
Hawaii`s governor, signing a request asking for a presidential disaster declaration and for federal aid.
MAYOR BILL KENOI, HAWAII COUNTY: As it gets closer, the key is communication with the community, keeping people informed, and everybody
continue to work around the clock.
SAVIDGE: Officials going door to door warning residents as the flow inches dangerously close. Already, some roads have been forced to close as the
lava overtakes them. With many residents fearing they`ll be cut off, Hawaii County is rebuilding alternate gravel roads around the expected path
of the lava. People downwind from the smoke have been advised to stay indoors.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I have asthma myself, and the smoke conditions, if they increase, are going to be hard on some people.
SAVIDGE: It actually has been raining on and off here, but the experts say that has absolutely no impact on the relentlessness of the lava. So the
only hope this town has is that it either suddenly stops or turns direction. Otherwise, the same force of nature that created the Hawaiian
islands could very well destroy this town.
AZUZ: We`ve got some folks watching today from the Northern Mariana Islands. Just northeast of Guam in the western Pacific Ocean, big shoutout
to Tanapog (ph) middle school, our viewers in Saipan. In the northern U.S., it`s the Mount Rushmore state up next. The Tigers of Harrisburg High
School in Harrisburg, South Dakota are on the roll. And in the Peach State, in Kathleen, Georgia, hello to the Gators of Mossy Creek Middle
A British technology company has introduced an idea for a passenger plane without windows. Now, before you ask, where is the fun in that, have a
look. It`s as if the whole thing is a window. Don`t worry, this is not a plane made of glass. Cameras capture live video of the scene outside and
then stream it on the displays on the plane`s walls. The company says without actual windows, planes can be lighter, use less fuel, and have more
room inside. Plus, view. It`s as if every traveler can have his head in the clouds without actually having his head in the clouds. Unless you
(inaudible), it looks plain awesome, really fly. Video technology for the wing. From out of thin air, it really seems to fuselage of good ideas
I`m Carl Azuz for CNN Student News and I`m taking off.
CNN Student News Oct 30, 2014: In a tremendous explosion, a mission to the International Space Station ends just after getting off the ground. Today’s show explores what was lost aboard an unmanned, Antares rocket. As lava overtakes part of a Hawaiian village, we’ll tell you why the slow-moving natural disaster can’t be stopped. And we’ll report on the factors driving gas prices into a lower gear.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: One viewer said it started as a beautiful site, but it ended in a spectacular blast of fire. Today`s edition of CNN STUDENT
NEWS begins with a rocket explosion on Virginia`s Coast. No one was on it, no one was hurt. The failure happened just after liftoff, 200 million
dollar Antares rocket falling back down to earth. The explosion was so tremendous because the unmanned vehicle was carrying enough fuel to get it
to the International Space Station.
The accident could be seen per miles, the pilot of a small plane shot this video. NASA is now inspecting the damage to its Wallops Flight Facility
and Orbital Science Corporation who built the rocket is leading the investigation into why this happened.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And we have liftoff .
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The first stage was just seconds into a four-minute burn when the Antares rocket stalled, fell backward and
exploded. Nearly three quarters of a million pounds of thrust went haywire and spectators across the bay say the blast shook the ground even there.
ED ENCINO, BALTIMORE SUN REPORTER & WITNESS: Immediately probably about five seconds in you just saw kind of a fireball. And it wasn`t — you
could tell something immediately – that something was wrong.
FOREMAN: It also clearly shook Virginia-based Orbital Sciences, the private contractor that built the rocket under a nearly $2 billion contract
with NASA now needs answers.
FRANK CULBERTSON, ORBITAL SCIENCES: The investigation will include evaluating the debris that we will find around the launch pad. If you find
anything that washes ashore in the local area or came down in a — on your farm, definitely do not touch it.
FOREMAN: No one was hurt in the explosion, but gone in a flash, 1,600 pounds of science experiments on everything from meteors to human blood
flow. More than 1,600 pounds of hardware, computers, spacewalk equipment. And 1,400 pounds of food for the ISS crew. That does not create an instant
emergency, but it will put extra pressure on upcoming missions to reestablish the supply chain to those astronauts in orbit. And the
explosion could create political pressure, too, in the continuing debate over how much space travel can or should be put into the hands of private
AZUZ: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security is increasing security at thousands of federal buildings. These are government department or agency
locations all over the country. More than 9500 of them will have more guards or monitors to keep them safe.
There are a few reasons why – one, the attacks on Canadian government officials last week, Homeland Security wants to prevent that in America.
Two, terrorist groups like ISIS continually tell their followers to target government and law enforcement officials. Homeland Security wants to
protect them as much as possible.
The U.S. officials says these changes are a precautionary measure that there is no new intelligence that federal buildings are more threatened
Western Mexico is where you`d find the city of Guadalajara. And it`s where we found the American School Foundation of Guadalajara, thanks to all of
you for watching and leading off today`s roll.
Next, we`ve got Washington Courthouse. It`s a city in Ohio. It`s where the Blue Lions of Washington Middle School are checking out CNN STUDENT
NEWS. And heading east to Midlothian, Virginia, hello to James River High School. Really cool that a school named for a river would have a mascot
like the Rapids.
We`ve been following a lava flow from Hawaii`s Kilauea volcano. It`s been rolling toward a village named Pahoa since June 27. It`s not moving as
fast as you could walk away from it, but it burns and buries whatever it touches.
So, why can`t people do something to protect Pahoa? Well, digging ditches hasn`t worked so well for lava. It tends to fill in the ditch, then
continue in its original direction.
Seawaters has been used to blast and cool lava flows. Barriers have been built to divert them. But the U.S. geological survey says these methods
might not have worked, if the volcanic eruptions themselves hadn`t stopped. One expert says these measures may only buy time. So residents of Pahoa
can only wait and hope.
MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This has been a slow motion disaster. Officials have actually had months to prepare for it, but they admit now
that it`s here, it`s a whole different emotional chapter.
The day residents have been fearing is finally hear: the town of Pahoa is burning.
A 2,000 degree river of molten lava that`s been approaching for months is now searing the town. And it`s just the beginning. Overnight, the first
official evacuation notices went out.
DARRYL OLIVEIRA, HAWAII COUNTY CIVIL DEFENSE DIRECTOR: Face to face, knock on the door by a public safety official.
SAVIDGE: The lava is moving at about 30 feet an hour, and at its current speed it will cut the town`s main street in less than two days.
In a helicopter, I could follow the trail of destruction from the slopes of the Kilauea Volcano to the edge of town.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There it is. That`s the lava field. And most of this lava is moving underground. You can see how it`s transformed the
landscape. It just wipes off the vegetation.
SAVIDGE: On its way, the lava invaded a local cemetery surrounding the white tombstones.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Theirs is nothing that can be done. In other words, if you`re thinking, why don`t they divert it of why they don`t try to dig a
channel to go around the town? Hawaii has tried all that in the past. It`s never been effective.
SAVIDGE: On the ground crews raced to construct new roads around the lava to keep an evacuation route open, and businesses connected to the nearby
city of Hilo.
CHARLENE EWING, LOCAL BUSINESS OWNER: Hopefully, we`ll be able to always stay open, hopefully Pahoa will still be viable.
SAVIDGE: Even as the danger creeps ever closer, some residents say they will stay. If only to watch their homes burn.
OLIVERIA: When the lava flow comes through their subdivision or through their area, there will be an opportunity for them to remain on site
provided it`s safe to do so.
AZUZ: Time for a shoutout. What is the biggest factor in the price of gasoline? If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it the cost of crude
oil, taxes, refining and profits or distribution? You`ve got three seconds, go.
When you buy a gallon of gas, the cost of crude oil is by far the biggest factor in what you pay. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
Of course, all of those are factors in the price of gas. Plus, international political tensions, Ebola fears, ISIS terrorism, a lot of the
events you hear about on our show can influence what drivers pay per gallon. The crude oil accounts for roughly 60 percent of the total cost,
and while what we are seeing isn`t a record low in gas prices, it is helping Americans save money.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Oil prices plummet, down 25 percent from the recent peak in June. Why? Demand is slowing in China, and the United States is
producing a whole lot of oil. It`s good news for your personal economy. First, gasoline prices. The national average down more than 30 cents in
the past months. The lowest level since December 2010, according to AAA. Several states now have averages below $3 a gallon. That means every day,
Americans are spending more than 100 million dollars less on gas than they did this time last year.
Expect to see even lower prices across the country in coming weeks.
Second, heating your home: this winter forecast to be warmer than last year. Couple that with the drop in commodities like heating oil and the
Energy Department predicts nearly everyone will be getting a break on their heating bill, including about half the country that uses natural gas.
The big drop in oil prices may save you cash on gas and heat, but don`t expect to see cheaper flights. Airlines know that prices could rebound at
any moment, so they`ll use cheap prices to lock in cheap fuel for the future and boost their profits. Those savings don`t get passed on to you.
But on balance, oil`s plunge is a good thing: consumers save on energy and put that money to work elsewhere and that boosts the economy. Citigroup
estimates that if brand crude prices fall to $80 a barrel, it would add $660 billion to the global economy every year.
AZUZ: The music video for Michael Jackson`s “Thriller” came out 31 years ago. It`s still one of the most popular ever.
Proof? This flash mob performing to the pop song is part of San Diego`s State University`s Halloween baseball game. The team`s coach says it was a
tribute to baseball Hall of Famer Tony Gwynn who attended the university and was a fan of Michael Jackson`s music.
Don`t know why the camera was behind the net, it is as if someone was afraid of a foul ball.
Don`t know how many tickets were sold, but there were lots of costumers. It was easy to keep track with the baseline and some thought it monster
thrill to video and the sport are both hits. This event was a Halloween. I`m Carl Azuz. We`ll zombie back tomorrow.
CNN Student News Oct 31, 2014: Featured this Halloween on CNN Student News: Candidates in the upcoming U.S. midterm elections work to scare up some votes, fearless astronauts aboard the ISS describe day-to-day living, ghost stories abound at some Washington, D.C. landmarks, and we hand out some sweet facts about the October 31st holiday.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome. It`s good you can join us for this Halloween edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`M Carl Azuz at the CNN
Four days away from the U.S. midterm elections, and candidates are trying to scare up some votes. We are talking all 435 members of the House of
Representatives, 36 Senators, plus, some governors, state and local officials. They are out in force, making their last weekend push for
And something you need this time around. It`s not just commercials and signs, it`s signs of the times.
Wine (ph) hadn`t even been introduced by the last national election. Some candidates are using it. Selfies were less popular. Some candidates are
taking them. And through Facebook and Twitter, they are doing everything they can, especially to reach younger voters who don`t typically turn out
for the midterms.
If Reid Wiseman and Barry Wilmore want to vote, they are going to need absentee ballots. There are two of the six people aboard the International
Space Station right now. A Russian cargo spaceship arrived there the other morning, and NASA officials say the ISS has enough supplies to last – until
spring at least. That`s a good thing. Especially after an American rocket carrying supplies crashed on liftoff earlier this week.
Ever wonder what an astronaut needs day to day?
RANDI KAYE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The International Space Station orbits the Earth every 90 minutes, traveling about 17,500 miles per hour. It is an
understatement to say the astronauts and cosmonauts on board enjoy a spectacular view. But daily life in lower Earth orbit is hard work, and at
times complicated. Even getting clean is a challenge. No shower here, instead, they use towels, wipes and a rinse-less shampoo.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And I take my no rinse shampoo, and rub it in. Again, going to working it up to the ends.
KAYE: On board this $100 billion research laboratory, there are never more than six crew members at a time. They stay for about six months, which can
feel like an eternity living on pre-packaged food.
LEROY CHIAO, FORMER NASA ASTRONAUT: We use a lot of the same items the military uses. The meals ready to eat, the MREs.
KAYE: Every so often, supply ships like the one that exploded this week bring fresh fruit and vegetables.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Here (INAUDIBLE) our dinner table. It is a table for six, we don`t have plates. Of course, we don`t need plates in space
because again, everything would just float away.
KAYE: There are no refrigerators in space, and salt and pepper only in liquid form, otherwise the particles would be airborne, clogging air vents
or getting in an astronaut`s eye. Peanut butter on a specially packaged tortilla is a space station staple.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A weightless tortilla. OK. We got one tortilla. Wow, it got away.
KAYE: Most of the day is spent working on science experiments that only a micro-gravity environment can provide. There are also medical experiments,
which can judge how well their bodies adjust to life in space for long periods of time. Of course, sometimes there are space walks, otherwise it
is more mundane stuff like what you might do at home back on Earth.
CHIAO: If you`ve got to change out some filters, you got – you know, light bulb is burned out. You got to go, take time to go, change the light bulbs
KAYE: And while you may be weightless in space, exercise is a must using equipment you won`t find on Earth, like this treadmill.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They`re attached by these strings. They are hardest to the system of hooks and bungee chords.
KAYE: If you are wondering about a bathroom break during the day, thanks to microgravity, using this tiny toilet is not easy.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And of course, you do have your privacy. There is a little door.
KAYE: Sleeping is easier, as long as the astronauts remember to tie down their sleeping bags. When the mission is complete, a Soyuz spacecraft
brings them back to Earth. The return trip takes just three and a half hours.
AZUZ: We know a lot of folks in the West Coast are celebrating a giant victory right now, so we`ll start in San Francisco today. The Rams of
Francisco Middle School are among those watching from California.
But we haven`t forgotten the royal season of U-Kansas (ph) City fans, including those at Milan High School. The wild cats of Milan, Missouri.
And jumping across the Atlantic, hello to all of our viewers at Lallise (ph) de Lil de Nantes. Thank you for watching in Nantes, France.
AZUZ: OK, that was creepy. Here are some interesting and useful facts about Halloween.
One, the National Retail Federation says Americans will spend the total of $74 billion on Halloween stuff this year. That`s more than 23 bucks for
everyone in America. Two, a record number of people are expected to participate. Why? Because it`s Friday, awesome. It`s not a school night.
Three, the most popular costumes for kids this year, teenage mutant ninja turtles are back, and characters from the movie “Frozen” will join them.
If that bugs you, you`ve got to let it go.
Four, Halloween can be a dangerous holiday. Pedestrians and bicyclists are more likely to be hit by cars this time of year.
So, five, if you go out or take your little brother or sister, stick to sidewalks when you can. Don`t let a mask block your vision. Go with
friends, and look for candy that`s factory wrapped. Avoid stuff that`s homemade by people you don`t know.
Two Halloween traditions include Jack O` Lanterns and ghost stories. The first probably came from the British Isles, but instead of a pumpkin, it`s
likely people carved a large turnip to light.
As for ghost`s stories, well, the more historic a place is, the more likely it is to have them. And two very historic places in the U.S. include the
White House and Capitol building.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: During election season, the focus is the nation`s future. But some of the most told stories in Washington come from the past
or may be the present depending upon how long looks at it.
Politicians, you can`t seem to let go of their seats, or maybe it`s the town can`t let go of them. The holes of government and the president`s
home have their share of ghost`s stories, the more prominent the president, the more prominent in ghost lore (ph) like Abraham Lincoln.
WILLIAM BUSHONG, WHITE HOUSE HISTORICAL ASSC.: Yeah, he is the rock star of all ghosts at the White House, no question about it.
First Lady Grace Coolidge thought she saw him in the yellow oval room looking out over the Potomac contemplatively in the 1920s.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: First Ladies didn`t just tell stories, some have their own stories.
BUSHONG: Abigail Adams who famously hung the president`s laundry in the East Room, because it was unfinished when the Adams went into the House,
and supposedly, a number of witnesses have said, that they have smelt the scent of lavender.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: One of the most popular anecdotes on Capitol Hill also surrounds a former president – John Quincy Adams served 17 years in
the House after being commander in chief, but still left unfinished business.
STEVE LIVENGOOD, U.S. CAPITAL HISTORICA SOCIETY: He had a stroke on the house floor and was carried off into the speaker`s office and died there.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He`s perhaps having late night chats with the lesser known name who may still will be preoccupied.
LIVENGOOD: There`s a famous senator Boies Penrose who was the last one to try to read every bill. And he was a bachelor and would spend evenings in
the Capitol reading. He had a rocking chair and so people would say late that they can hear that rocking chair still going on.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Most of the stories are about 19 century figures, likely relayed before technology turned the news cycle non-stop. All these
years later, still part of the town`s history.
AZUZ: OK, the challenge at Brian College in Dayton, Tennessee hit four shots: a layup, a free throw, a three pointer and a shot from half court.
The time limit, 30 seconds, the prize, $10,000. The chance that a soccer player with a broken finger who`s never played competitive basketball would
make it? Come on.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)
(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Incredible. Now, maybe this story isn`t relevant to October 31. But it`s definitely not a Halloween. His skills are scary awesome. His
shots simply spuctacular (ph) with only the ghost of a chance he caught nothing but net in a Web of excitement.
You know you weren`t going to get through this without a little pumpkin. CNN STUDENT NEWS returns Monday with our clock setback one hour. Don`t
forget to fall back Saturday night, and have a happy and safe Halloween.
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