CNN Student News November 04, 2013: Shooting at LAX; Violence in Iraq
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. So as this new week begins, members of Congress are calling for better security at America`s airports. This comes after a shooting at one late last week. LAX, Los Angeles International Airport, is one of the busiest in the U.S. Last Friday, it was shut down after shots were fired inside the airport`s terminal three. Law enforcement officials say a gunman walked up to a security checkpoint and shot a TSA officer, killing him. Authorities say the gunman continued through the terminal, wounding two other TSA officers and one passenger. The alleged gunman was eventually shot by airport police and is now in the hospital.
The TSA officer who was killed was Gerardo Hernandez. He was working as a travel document checker. He is the first TSA officer to die in the line of duty since the agency was created in 2001. The TSA is the Transportation Security Administration. It was established after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in order to help make the nation`s airports and transportation systems more secure.
Our next story takes us to Iraq. The last U.S. combat troops left that country nearly two years ago, but the fighting never stopped. More than 6,000 people have been killed this year, including hundreds of people in the month of October. A lot of the violence comes from the conflict between Iraq`s Sunni and Shia populations. Those are the two largest sects of Islam. The civil war happening in Syria is also having an effect on what`s going on in Iraq.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The violence never really ended in Iraq. Much of the recent increase in attacks is blamed on the al Qaeda-led group, the Islamic State of Iraq. The U.S. military used to boast of the success of having broken the terrorist organization`s back, but now, nearly two years after the Americans fully withdrew, al Qaeda has undeniably resurrected itself. The country`s security forces were never really capable of stabilizing the nation, especially without U.S. support and technology. And let`s not forget that this is a nation where violence and politics go hand in hand.
The actions of the Shia-led government have made it easy for al Qaeda and other Sunni extremists to capitalize on the growing discontent, spread their influence, and increase their attacks. There have also been retaliatory attacks by the Shia against the Sunnis. And in recent months, the death toll has reached levels not seen in years.
The U.N. envoy to Iraq called it an accelerated surge in violence, an acceleration the Syrian civil war has helped fuel, blurring battle lines as Al Qaeda expanded its Iraq operation into Syria over the summer.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Is this legit? A deductible is what someone has to pay before insurance helps with costs.
It`s true. A deductible is an out-of-pocket payment that comes before insurance pays.
AZUZ: Different insurance plans have different deductibles, so it`s one factor that folks consider when they are buying insurance. Millions of Americans may have to get new health insurance. That`s because some of the requirements in the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, will force them to lose their current insurance. White House officials say that for most people, the new coverage is better coverage, but how do the costs measure up?
CHRISTINE ROMANS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Why are these people losing their plans or being forced to pay more? Most of the time it`s because they have plans that now don`t meet the minimum standards of the Affordable Care Act. That Affordable Care Act requires everyone get mental health, maternity care, and medication coverage. And out-of-pocket costs are now limited to $6,350 a year. That`s supposed to stop people from going bankrupt because of an accident of an illness.
Now, with a few exceptions, plans that don`t meet those minimum standards will be gone, and the new plans offered that follow Obamacare requirements, usually more expensive, because they have to cover all of those items. Now, this data so far mostly is anecdotal, right? But for example, we`re going to give you this example. Our Elizabeth Cohen spoke to a 34-year-old man who buys his own insurance. He`s now paying $173 a month with a $5,000 deductible. His new plan would cost $244 a month, with a deductible of more than $6,000. That costs more, but his old plan did not cover those things that are required by law. Maternity care, brand-name drugs, mental health care, and some routine illnesses like hernias and ear infections. Now, the administration says the expansion of coverage is necessary because you could face an accident or illness at any time, but some people feel they are too healthy to have to pay for all this coverage, coverage that they won`t use.
Christine Romans, CNN, New York.
AZUZ: This past Saturday, the city of Boston celebrated the Red Sox World Series championship. The victory parade made a symbolic and significant stop at the finish line of the Boston marathon. Red Sox players placed the World Series trophy on the line and draped a jersey with the words “Boston Strong” over it. That was the slogan that the city and team adopted as Boston recovered from the terrorist attack at the marathon finish line in April. That attack had an impact on another race that was run yesterday, the New York marathon. Security was a major priority for race organizers there, as you would imagine. At least 1,500 cameras were set up along the route. The race went off without a problem, but last year, it did not happen at all, and it wasn`t because of security issues. It was because of Super Storm Sandy. This year, runners and organizers were determined to get back on the road.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: On the streets of Baltimore, Karina Christiansen (ph) spent months preparing for the New York City marathon, adding up the miles and pushing down the memories of what happened to her home town.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I had cousins in Long Island with four feet of water in their house.
FOREMAN: Last year, when Sandy washed over the city, it swept away the great race. City officials tried valiantly to run it as scheduled, but the massive property loss and human suffering proved too much.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The best way to help New York City at this time is to say that we will not be conducting the 2012 ING New York City marathon.
FOREMAN: Now its return is being heralded as symbolic of the city itself. Back are 48,000 runners, pouring more than $300 million into the economy.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s an important issue because of what happened last year.
FOREMAN: Back are the elite athletes like Olympian Meb Keflezighi. In 2009, he became the first American to win New York in more than two decades, and he`s brought some perspective.
MEB KEFLEZIGHI, NEW YORK MARATHON CHAMPION: You know, winning is not about first place. It`s about getting the best out of yourself.
FOREMAN: Back too are the millions raised for charity. Even with the cancellation last year, runners raised more than $30 million for groups like Back on My Feet, which helps the homeless. Karina is running for them.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It shows the spirit of the marathon. It`s incredible, what people can overcome.
FOREMAN: In short that`s what`s the marathon`s return has been all about, a whole city overcoming the worst and getting back to its best, one step at a time.
Tom Foreman, CNN.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the shoutout. What is the largest religion in India? If you think you know it, then shout it out. Is it Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism or Islam? You`ve got 3 seconds, go.
India is the world`s second most populated country, and around 80 percent of that population is Hindu. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Hinduism is the world`s third largest religion, and right now Hindus in India and in other countries around the world are celebrating Diwali, one of the religion`s major festivals. The word “Diwali” comes from a Sanskrit term that means row of lights. That`s exactly what you`ll see during the festival. Candles, bulbs, fireworks, lanterns. Traditionally, Diwali marks the victory of light over darkness. The lights are also meant to attract Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth. Diwali lasts for five days. This year, it started on November 3, and Hindus aren`t the only ones who celebrate it. Diwali is a tradition in the Sikh and Jain religions as well.
Today`s roll call is filled with lions, tigers, and bears, minus the lions and the bears. Yes, it`s just an all-tigers kind of day. Our first ones are up in Ohio at the Horizon Science Academy, Dayton downtown. Then we`ll catch up with the tigers from Timberlake Junior High out in Spirit Lake, Idaho. And over in Greensboro, North Carolina, we have the Triad Math and Science Academy Tigers.
The Statue of Liberty, the fumbleruski (ph), the hook and ladder. Football has its fair share of trick plays, but the one in this YouTube video has a new wrinkle. The holder hopping around like a monkey. I guess it`s supposed to be a distraction, and it works. The kicker lobs (ph) a pass into the end zone, and makes a 2-point conversion. The coaches at this high school team included the direct snap and jump pass when they drew up the play. As far as the holder`s simian show, I guess he was just monkeying around. And hey, a point after attempt is a perfect chance to try something that your teammates will get a kick out of. We`ll kick it back to your teachers and hope to see you again tomorrow for more CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News November 05, 2013: Election Day in the U.S.; Solar Eclipse
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: It`s the first Tuesday following the first Monday in November. In the U.S. that means it`s election day. Governors` races, the New York mayoral election, different state referenda — that`s when people vote on issues rather than individual offices. Some of today`s elections are getting national attention. We`re going to start in New Jersey where voters are casting their ballot for governor. According to the most recent polls, current governor, Chris Christie is expected to be reelected. There is a governor`s race in Virginia, too. The state doesn`t allow governors to serve consecutive terms, so the new governor will either be Republican Ken Cuccinelli on the left or Democrat Terry McAuliffe. There is an interesting referendum on the ballot in Colorado — 11 counties are voting on whether to secede, break off from the state. It would take more than this one vote. The people behind the idea don`t expect it to happen. They say they are trying to send the message to their state representatives.
While there are elections happening around the U.S. today, some people are already focused on a different election that`s three years away.
SEN. CHUCK SCHUMER, (D) NEW YORK: Run, Hillary, run! If you run, you`ll win and we`ll all win
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: An enthusiastic, high profile endorsement from Senator Chuck Schumer at the Iowa Democratic Party`s annual Jefferson Jackson dinner, he pressed Hillary Clinton to run in 2016.
SCHUMER: It`s time for a woman to be president.
(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)
SCHUMER: And so, tonight, here in Iowa, and I won`t get this opportunity again.
(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)
SCHUMER: I`m urging Hillary Clinton to run for president!
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He is not alone. A group of 16 Democratic women in the Senate feel the same way. All of them signed the letter encouraging her to run. According to a Democratic source who said Kay Hagan talked about this still to be released letter at a fundraising event last week. The most recent CNN/ORC poll of likely Democratic presidential contenders shows Clinton with the huge lead: 65 percent of Democrats polled chose her, with Vice President Biden a very distant second.
The Republican field is a little more crowded: Chris Christie, Paul Ryan, Rand Paul, Jeb Bush, Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz among the favorites of Republican voters.
GOV. CHRIS CHRISTIE ( R ), NEW JERSEY: John how are you, bud?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: How are you?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: But it`s the New Jersey governor just one day out from his likely reelection, getting all the buzz, especially since him campaign seems to be as much about 2016 as the Garden State.
CHRISTIE: I can walk and chew gum at the same time, Christine. I can do this job and also deal with my future, and that`s exactly what I will do.
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UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Just the facts: Edward Snowden, an American, was an employee of private company that worked with the U.S. National Security Agency. Earlier this year, Snowden leaked top secret information about NSA programs to the media. The information detailed how the NSA collected information, like phone records of U.S citizens and world leaders. The U.S. government charged Snowden with espionage and theft of government property. Snowden fled to Russia where he lives today.
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AZUZ: The information that Edward Snowden leaked led to an intense focus on the NSA and its activities. It`s caused tension between the U.S. and other countries, and it`s brought a lot of criticism for the U.S. intelligence agency. In a new letter, Snowden describes the NSA as one of the worst offenders of mass surveillance without oversight. Snowden says the classified documents he leaked prove that. Snowden also accused government of running a witch hunt to silence people like him who tell the public about these surveillance programs. He argues that his actions are bringing change and could lead to political reforms.
U.S. officials disagree. They say, Snowden`s leak has harmed the U.S. national security and allowed terrorist organizations to change how they communicate. These officials say Snowden should come back to the U.S., own up to what he`s done and face justice.
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UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for “The Shoutout.” About how long does it take for light from the Sun to reach Earth? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it five seconds, eight minutes, 52 minutes or 12 days. You`ve got three seconds, go!
It`s takes roughly eight minutes and 19 seconds for light to travel from the Sun to Earth. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
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AZUZ: When there`s something in the way, like the Moon, it appears as if there isn`t any light making its way from the Sun to Earth. That happened on Sunday. A solar eclipse. It was visible from parts of North America, South America, the Middle East, Europe and Africa. Most people saw a partial eclipse. But if you were in certain spots, you could see the whole thing and see that it was actually a hybrid eclipse. It started off as annular. That`s when you can see a thin ring of sunlight around the Earth shadow like you do right here. And then it transitioned into a total eclipse. Most hybrids go back to annular before the eclipse ends. This one was rare, because it stayed total through the end of its eclipse pass. That hasn`t happened since 1854 and scientists say it won`t happen again until the year 2172.
A football team`s offensive line has five players. The NFL`s Miami Dolphins are missing two of theirs. Jonathan Martin started every game he`s played in for the Dolphins, he left the team last week. Richie incognito has been with the Dolphins for four seasons. He was suspended by the team this week. Both of those decisions involved accusations of player misconduct.
We`re learning new details about alleged player misconduct within the Miami Dolphins locker room, that may have played a role in the abrupt departure of offensive tackle Jonathan Martin last week. “The Miami Herald” reports, citing an unnamed source that veteran players are allegedly pressuring younger players to pay for their high-priced outings. One unnamed rookie is nearly broke because he can`t say no to the older players, the source told “The Herald.” This weekend, players tweeted about a lavish-looking dinner. Another player joked about the dinner tab totaling in the tens of thousands of dollars, later adding the bill was split.
Martin allegedly left the Dolphins after an incident with a group of players standing up and leaving when he tried to join them for lunch. The NFL is conducting an investigation, and the team released a statement, saying in part, “We`ve taken these allegations very seriously and plan to review with the matter further.”
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LZ GRANDERSON, CNN COMMENTATOR: If he was bullied, it certainly, wouldn`t be, you know, (inaudible). I mean, that is part of the NFL culture, especially for young players, particularly rookies, and is the epitome of machismo and strength and posturing among men.
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AZUZ: This comes on the hills of an ESPN report over the weekend that offensive lineman Richie Incognito pressured Martin into paying $15,000, for a trip to Las Vegas that Martin wasn`t even on. Incognito fought back on Twitter writing, “ESPN, shame on you for attaching my name to false speculation. I won`t be holding my breath for an apology.” Late Sunday, the Dolphins indefinitely suspended Incognito pending the outcome of an investigation.
JOE PHILBIN, MIAMI DOLPHINS HEAD COACH: I could say without question that we emphasize the culture of team, first, accountability and respect for one another.
Any behavior that deviates from that is inconsistent with the values of our organization.
AZUZ: Some of his team mates hope Martin returns soon.
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AZUZ: All right, we want to get your take on this. Do you think this is all part of the game in the NFL or is it out of bounce? If you`re already on Facebook, you can talk to us at Facebook.com/cnnstudentnews. And if you are 13 or older, share your thoughts in our blog at CNN STUDENT NEWS.com
Teachers, we always want to hear from you, too. If you check out the daily transcript and curriculum page on our site, and you should, because it`s awesome, scroll down to the bottom. That`s where you can leave your feedback.
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AZUZ: Yesterday was an all-tiger`s “Roll Call”. Today, we are sticking with the cat theme, although the first mascot will look familiar, because “It`s the Tigers.” This time from Tenafly High School in Tenafly, New Jersey. Over in Mattawan, Michigan, we`ve got the wild cats and my friends from Mattawan High School. And while bare cats aren`t technically cats, we`re stretching the scheme, so we can include the Kearney High Bearcats from Kearney, Nebraska.
We`ve covered dancing before, we`ve covered robots. But dancing robots, that maybe a first.
I don`t know exactly how he is doing this, I just know it`s awesome, looks like — it`s lost its little hat. But a gain to dance partner: swing your partner round and round or just squat and flap your arms. However, you want to get down, . This looks like a pair of break dancing machines. The dance party could go on forever. Humans eventually get tired, but robot dancers — they are machines. And once you get them going, you really shouldn`t metal — they have to stay and dancing, shape, though, too much time away and they could get rusty. It`s time for us to bust a move, but we`ll gear up for more CNN STUDENT NEWS tomorrow and we`ll see you then.
CNN Student News November 06, 2013: 11 Colorado Counties Vote on Whether to Form 51st State; Chili-Gate
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: U.S. presidents are elected every four years. Members of the House of Representatives, every two years. But there is a November election day every year. In 2013, it was yesterday. In different states and cities people cast votes for governor, mayor, or different ballot measures. Those are votes on certain issues. We don`t have the results, because the polls closed after we produced this program. But we want to focus on one ballot measures in Colorado — 11 counties in that state were voting on whether to secede, to split off and form a 51 state. If it passed, it would still have to be approved by the Colorado legislature and the U.S. Congress. No one really expected it to pass, not even the people who support it. They say the point of a vote was to send a message about how some people in rural Colorado feel disenfranchised, ignored ore marginalized because of greater focus on urban areas.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Welcome to northern Colorado. Some 60 miles outside of Denver. No hustle and bustle of city life here.
SEAN CONWAY, WELD COUNTY COMMISSIONER: I saw the struggles that my grandparents, my parents went through to create what I believe is an oasis in the desert. And I see that oasis in the desert threatened.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Weld County Commissioner Sean Conway is a third generation Coloradan. Raised on a ranch, fighting for his rural life style and livelihood.
CONWAY: We`re tired of being ignored. We`re tired of being politically disenfranchised.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That`s the message of the 51 initiative. Fed up with new gun control laws, expended oil and gas regulations and increased renewable energy standards, recently enacted at the Colorado capital, Conway is leading the charge to form a new state. He`s wrangled support from across hundreds of acres of farmland, at least 11 rural counties. North of Denver now threatening to secede.
SETH MASKET, POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR, UNIVERSITY OF DENVER: If they don`t see a way to actually move the state back in the Republican control, they figured maybe just leaving it is the only other option.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Political science professor Seth Masket says the secession movement is an example of Republicans who are the minority in this state taking desperate measure. In Colorado, Democrats have control of the Senate, House and governor`s office.
While supporters of the referendum know there is no practical implication from the vote, they say it`s a sure way to get attention for their cause. But not everyone agrees with this strategy.
KEN BUCK, WELD COUNTY DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The best strategy for dealing with political issues to the political system.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Weld County D.A. Ken Buck, a high profile Colorado Republicans is among those frustrated, but he plans to vote against the 51 state initiative.
BUCK: I think what we need to do is we need to make sure that we work doubly hard to get the folks who aren`t listening out of office and to make sure that our voices are heard.
ANNOUNCER: See if you can I.D. me. I`m an Asian country that borders Pakistan and Myanmar. My government is considered the world`s largest democracy. I`m home to more than a billion people. And my capital is New Delhi.
I`m India, and I got my independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
AZUZ: India launched its first satellite in 1975. It put a space craft into orbit around the Moon in 2008. It`s planning a manned space flight for 2016. But this launch on Tuesday could put India into an elite group of space explorers. The rocket is carrying an order that`s bound for Mars. It will take ten months for the mission to reach the Red planet. If it`s successful, it would be a big achievement for India and its space program. But there`s some debate about whether the investment is money well spent.
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MALLIKA KAPUR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The cost of this mission is $73 million. That`s a bugging by international standards. Still, many critics in India say it`s a luxury this country can`t afford.
Not when so many of its people live on less than a dollar a day. But India defends this cost: plus, it`s billion dollars annual investment in its space program. Saying that satellites are used for a number of applications: in TV broadcasting, tele-education, telemedicine, defense and meteorology.
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AZUZ: A sort of food fight is brewing in Irwindale, California. Company that makes Sriracha sauce, moved its factory there this year. To make Sriracha you have to harvest chili peppers. This company does that from September through December, in order to make a year`s worth of sauce. But the activity inside the factory is offending some neighbor`s olfactory systems.
MIGUEL MARQUEZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Call it Chili-gate 2013. Sriracha hot sauce, it`s telltale green top and rooster on the bottle is in the hot seat. Complaints that smell emanating from its new plant in east Los Angeles is making people sick.
CELESTE GAMEZ, ALLERGIC TO PEPPERS: It smells more like pepper. It`s very like — stinging.
MARQUEZ: Celeste Gamez, a college freshman who lives in the shadow of the plant, says the chili makes her sneeze and her throat soar. Others have complained to the city of Irwindale of headaches and difficulty breathing. The city now following injunction to force the plant to either fix the problem or shut down.
DAVID TRAN, OWNER, HUY FONG FOODS INC.: Now, it seems (INAUDIBLE) they are not friendly to me.
MARQUEZ: David Tran is the Vietnamese immigrant who turned the mix of red jalapeno peppers, garlic, salt and vinegar into a multimillion dollar global brand. He says the plant, which was chosen to be built here by the city of Irwindale cost $40 million and has state of the art air filters. Even taking the media to the roof to prove it. At fault its harvest and chili grinding time. Truckload after truckload of the hot peppers brought in over a three months period. In the last week, the air quality department has logged 11 complaints. It sent an inspector finding no smells, no violation at the plant. While Sriracha might look hotter than (inaudible), it`s nowhere near. Rating only about 2,000 points on the Scoville scale, that`s about half where tabasco sauce is and nowhere near the hottest chilis in the world. Sriracha`s jalapeno nowhere near that hot. And the new plant has brought needed jobs to the area. Even those who suffer, agree.
GAMEZ: If it`s possible to fix the problem, then that will be best because even one of my friends recently got a job there.
MARQUEZ: How hot is too hot? Now in the hands of a judge. Miguel Marquez, CNN, Los Angeles.
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ANNOUNCER: It`s time for “The Shoutout.” What is the world`s most spoken language? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it English, Arabic, Spanish or Mandarin? You`ve got three seconds, go! Mandarin Chinese is the first language of over 845 million people, which makes it the world`s most spoken language. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
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AZUZ: Help wanted, when is the last time you saw that sign for a job whose median salary was $43,000 a year that could pay upwards of 100,000 and wasn`t in medicine or computer engineering? Recruiters from police departments to the State Department, from Apple to the Army are looking for a few good translators. Well, translators and interpreters. There`s a difference. Interpreters specialize in spoken language, translators focus on what`s written. Both are part of a field that`s expected to grow by 42 percent between 2010 and 2020. And that doesn`t include the military, which is also looking for language gurus. Many U.S. high school students are required to study a foreign language, and many of them take Spanish. Because there are so many people who speak Spanish in the U.S., it`s not one of the most lucrative languages to know, not here anyway. But if you`re sharpening skills in Arabic, spoken throughout the Middle East and North Africa or Chinese or Portuguese, you could find your fluency in demand from coast to coast and well beyond. You could go from fluency to affluency. So what can you do about it? Become fluent. Become familiar with the culture of the language you`ve learned. Become certified by an organization like the International Association of Conference Interpreters. All these could help you become employed in one of the nation`s fastest growing occupations. Buona Fortuna, (INAUDIBLE), good luck.
It`s worldwide Wednesday, that means we`re going global for today`s “Roll Call” with stops on three continents: in North America, we`re heading to the Canadian province of Ontario to check in with the 49ers from Sacred Heart Catholic School in Sarnia. We`ll hop across the Atlantic to hit your next, Aviano, Italy, and the Saints from Aviano Middle/High School. And our last stop is in Asia on the Japanese island of Okinawa, the Kadena High School Panthers make today` roll.
The old saying goes, curiosity killed the cat. It only trapped the elk. This elk. The man who took this video says the animal got curious about this trampoline, then he got stuck inside the safety net. Other elk gathered around to kind of see what was going on. Their rescue efforts, though, were at a standstill. Eventually, the homeowner made his way to the trampoline and helped the elk get out. The animal ran off, safe and sound. And probably, with the renewed bouncing its step. At least, we assume so after all that elksitement. It wouldn`t surprise me if this video goes viral since the animal is totally Internet. We weren`t show elkactly what puns to make when we first saw the video, but we knew they`d be of this elk. We hoof to go. For CNN STUDENT NEWS, I`m Carl Azuz.
CNN Student News November 07, 2013: Christie Wins NJ Governor Race; Governor-Elect Terry McAuliffe Wins Close Race in Virginia; Bill de Blasio Elected NYC Mayor
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Missing masterpieces materialized in reflective relief from a lack of light. Those stories are coming up today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. But we`re starting with election results and some votes of note from Tuesday. This man, Bill de Blasio, is set to be the next mayor of the nation`s largest city, New York. He is the first Democrat elected to the mayor`s office since 1989. In Virginia, a close race for governor ended in victory for Democratic candidate Terry McAuliffe. Virginia doesn`t allow governors to serve consecutive terms, so the current governor wasn`t running for reelection.
Just the opposite in New Jersey, though, Republican Governor Chris Christie was reelected Tuesday night. It was a big win, too, with the exit poll showing that Governor Christie got more votes than his opponent from voters in almost every age group. Some analysts think that display of electability, Governor Christie`s ability to get support from voters, sends a message about the next office he might run for.
JOHN KING, CHIEF NATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: One unmistakable takeaway, Chris Christie now has the premier brand in Republican politics. Look at this map. New Jersey is known as a reliably blue state in presidential politics. Well, in sweeping to landslide reelection, Chris Christie turned almost the entire map red. Electability will be his argument now, as he makes the case. He is a strong Republican contender for 2016 in the presidential race. Chris Christie can argue, I won the women`s vote, I won the men`s vote. No gender gap for me. He will also argue powerfully that not only did he carry the white vote big, but among African-Americans, even though his Democratic challenge who won the African American vote, Chris Christie, 21 percent of the African-American vote, more than double his take from four years ago. Compare that to Mitt Romney and compare that to John McCain. Chris Christie will say he can broaden the Republican base. Even more importantly, in making that argument, the electability argument, Chris Christie actually carrying the Latino vote in the state of New Jersey with the slight majority there. Again, think about Nevada, think about New Mexico, think about Florida, other presidential battleground states Latinos are critical constituency. Chris Christie will make the case I`m the more electable Republican.
If there is a dent in the electability argument, it is this: in his home state as he won a sweeping reelection voters will ask: what if you had Hillary Clinton versus Chris Christie in 2016? Well, Hillary Clinton carrying a narrow victory over Chris Christie. A bit of a dent in the electability argument. With that poll number …
AZUZ: After the states we covered in our first story, the ones in today`s “Roll Call” might look a little familiar. New Jersey, the Jackson Memorial High Jaguars put the Garden State on today`s mat. Virginia – how about the Wolverines from Woodgrove High in Purcellville, Virginia. And New York, specifically, the city of Hamburg and the Hamburg High Bulldogs. Thanks for watching, everybody!
Every month, the city of Greece, New York, holds a public board meeting to talk about the town`s government. Since 1999, those meetings have started with the prayer. But now, the U.S. Supreme Court is considering whether that policy is unconstitutional. Yesterday, the court`s nine justices heard arguments about whether or not the board meeting prayers violate the establishment clause. That`s the part of the First Amendment that says, Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. In other words, government won`t endorse a specific religion. City officials in Greece say they aren`t – they say they have invited people from a wide variety of faiths to offer invocations. But the plaintiffs in this case argue that the prayers at city board meetings have been overwhelmingly Christian. During yesterday`s Supreme Court hearing, some justices discuss whether lawmakers in courts should advise faith (ph) on what to say, what language is considered religious. The Supreme Court`s ruling is expected by early next summer.
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ANNOUNCER: It`s time for “The Shoutout.” What do Marc Chagall, Canaletto and Gustave Courbet have in common? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Are they all U.N. Secretaries General, artists, Nobel Peace Prize winners or novelists? You`ve got three seconds, go! Chagall, Canaletto and Courbet are all famous painters. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: All of those painters have works in the unique art collection. It was in Germany, but it wasn`t in the museum or in exhibit anywhere. In fact, no one saw the paintings. They were hidden away for about 70 years, and we`re not talking about just a few works of art. We are talking about more than 1300 of them. The secret stash was discovered when police raided an apartment in the city of Munich. In addition to Chagall and Courbet, officials discovered works from Picasso, Matisse, Renoir, Toulouse Lautrec and other famous artists. Some of these paintings have been considered lost or destroyed, others had never been recorded. Authorities believe, most of the art had been looted by Nazis. In the `30s and the 1940s the group confiscated thousands of artworks from galleries or private collectors. Other pieces were stolen from Jewish families during the Nazi era. The apartment where this collection was found belongs to the son of an art collector who historians say dealt with the Nazis. He claimed the works were destroyed during World War II bombings. And our historian said the paintings were in relative good condition, a little dirty, but not damaged. Experts say, the collection has a value “so high” it can`t be estimated. Fascinating stuff.
Next stop today, we are heading to Norway, for a bright idea whose time has come even if it took a century. This is a story about a place where because of the local geography, even with the son is shining, the town is in the shade. City officials came across a solution when they took some time to reflect and shed a little light on the situation.
MARI RAMOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It`s like flipping a switch on the Sun. A small town in Norway is getting some much needed sunshine. Thanks to 100 year old idea.
OYSTEIN HAUGAN, SUN MIRROR PROJECT MANAGER: And we take the mirror and reflect the sun down to us. So, it`s a crazy idea, but it`s funny, and I think the people like it.
RAMOS: Welcome to Rjukan, where they even start three giant mirrors on the mountainside overlooking the town. You see, Rjukan sits in a narrow valley, surrounded in all sites by mountains. From September to March, the town of about 3,000 people leaves in perpetual shade, but not anymore.
HAUGAN: It`s important to have the sun in wintertime, and in this town we didn`t have the sun six months a year in wintertime. And people up here, they are – they want to have the sun.
The idea was first proposed in 1913 by a local factory owner. But it went nowhere. A local artist reintroduced the idea recently, and now the mirrors have finally become a reality. The hi-tech mirrors are solar and wind-powered. They adjust automatically, constantly following the sun, catching its race and reflecting them down into the town square. Out of cost of nearly $850,000, some call the mirrors an expensive gimmick, but most of the town`s residents like the idea. And local officials are hoping the mirrors bring not only sunshine to the town, but put it in the spotlight for tourists as well.
Mari Ramos, CNN.
AZUZ: Trouble for the NFL`s Miami Dolphins off the field. More details have emerged since we told you about this earlier this week. Richie Incognito and Jonathan Martin are both offensive linemen for the Dolphins. Martin suddenly left the team last week, and other players including Incognito, have been accused of harassing Martin, making him pay for expensive meals, getting up from the lunch table when Martin sat down with them. “The Sun Sentinel” , a newspaper in South Florida said that Miami Dolphins` coaches reportedly asked Incognito to toughen up Martin, and that Incognito who is accused of using racial slurs against Martin, threatening him and bullying him, might have gone too far.
We haven`t heard directly from Martin. We have heard something from Incognito who`s suspended from the Dolphins` early this week.
RICHIE INCOGNITO: You know, I`m just – I`m just trying to whether the storm right now and (INAUDIBLE).
AZUZ: The NFL has launched a formal investigation into all this. Meantime, former Dolphins` running back Ricky Williams played alongside Incognito and got along with him. William says the NFL is a different type of environment than what outsiders are used to. That to play in it, you`ve got to be tougher.
RICKY WILLIAMS, FORMER MIAMI DOLPHINS RUNNING BACK: You can talk about bullying, but for me this whole idea of bullying, it makes someone a victim. And what I found with victims, victims are just usually victimizing other people. And so, like you can`t really have a victim mentality and be successful in the NFL. It just doesn`t happen.
AZUZ: On Facebook, Jonathan wrote, the only problem I find with these, is one guy was a bully to the other. And the other one was too much of a coward to stand up for himself.
We are also hearing from some of you. On our blog, Brian wrote “I think Incognito took it too far. Why would you say racist remarks and threats to your teammate?”
AZUZ: Ricky Davis was a big Red Sox fun, but he doesn`t live in Boston. Davis is from Tennessee. And since he can`t get to the real Fenway Park without making a road trip, he built a fake Fenway on his property, where at least the outfield wall including Fenway`s famous green monster. David says, he started the project at the end of the regular season and kept working as his team made its way to the title. His wife, kids and grandkids all helped out too. So, instead of this being a tedious project, you get the whole family involved and do it the Fenway. But they had a ball. Plus, when you`re doing all the work yourself, no one can go on strike. We`re out. I`m Carl Azuz. Have a great day.
CNN Student News November 08, 2013: Monster Storm Bearing Down on Philippines; Twitter`s IPO
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi. I`m Carl Azuz. And this is your Friday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. Most of you watching this are probably in school, most students in the Philippines are not. Yesterday, there was a storm bearing down on the country, and it was a monster. Possibly, one of the strongest ever. Typhoon Haiyan. The Philippines is an archipelago, a group of islands. More than 7,000 of them. This storm is so big its clouds are effecting two thirds of the country. A typhoon is the same kind of storm as a hurricane. On Thursday, Haiyan was as strong as the category five hurricane. It was still that strong when it made landfall today. Before it hit, Andrew Stevens was reporting on what the Philippines was expecting and how it was preparing.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANDREW STEVENS, TACLOBAN, PHILIPPINES: We`re expecting dusts of up to 300 kilometers an hour. That`s almost 200 miles an hour, plus a big storm surge and heavy, heavy rain. Authorities have been taking measures to get people to safer ground, not only the low line coastal areas, but also in the hills, where there is a danger of landslides.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANNOUNCER: Is this legit? An IPO is the first time a company sells its stock to the public. It`s true. IPO stands for Initial Public Offering, specifically offering shares of a company stocks.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: A popular social media service launched its IPO this week. Twitter, and the initial offer went pretty well. On Thursday, more than 113 million shares of Twitter were bought or sold on the stock market. The stock`s price at the end of the day puts the company`s value at around $24 billion. Now, Twitter has to show potential buyers that it`s worth than investment.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: I`m going to make history here as the first president to live tweet.
ALISON KOSIK, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This movement that was started on Facebook and Twitter that then took on the life of its own.
DAVID LETTERMAN: People that I work with, do not shut up about Twitter.
KOSIK: It`s the most high tech IPO since Facebook. Twitter began trading here at the New York Stock Exchange instead of the NASDAQ after Facebook`s famous (INAUDIBLE) there.
The messy debut plagued by technical difficulties.
But today, call it an about face as Mark Zuckerberg and friends celebrate shares near record highs, but Twitter`s financials aren`t as strong: the company is losing money, unlike Facebook which was already earning a billion dollars a year when it went public. Facebook also had 900 million users. Twitter has far fewer.
RICK SUMMER, SENIOR EQUITY ANALYST, MORNINGSTAR: How do they get to half a billion? How do they get to a billion? And I think ultimately, we`re believers in that story, but I think that`s going to be the biggest challenge.
KOSIK: A challenge Twitter insists it can overcome.
DICK COSTOLO, CEO, TWITTER: We`ve seen tremendous organic growth in our users, particularly internationally.
KOSIK: And when it comes to social media, it pays to be popular.
SUMMER: Advertising always flows to where eyeballs go.
KOSIK: So far, advertisers are flowing in and are buying mobile ads. That`s the Holy Grail. Twitter gets 70 percent of its total ad revenue from mobile. Facebook, only three percent when it went public. But can Twitter keep the momentum going?
NATE ELLIOT, VICE PRESIDENT, FORRESTER: Twitter has to prove the value of the platform, because if they are going to ask people to come and spend money on the site, they are going to ask company should (INAUDIBLE) and buy ads on Twitter. Then need to show that that is money well spent.
KOSIK: Some are optimistic that there is big money to be made, 140 characters at a time.
SUMMER: We don`t think it`s actually a questions of will they make money, it isn`t if — or when they make money question.
AZ: Next up today, partially hydrogenated oils. Now, you might not know exactly what those are, but chances are, you`ve eaten them. There are major source of transfats or transfatty acids. They are used to increase flavor in some foods or help the foods last longer. But the Food and Drug Administration, the FDA says those partially hydrogenated oils are no longer recognized as safe.
ELIZABETH COHEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Transfats are bad for several reasons: they raise your bad cholesterol, and they lower your good cholesterol. So, that`s why the FDA says that getting them out could prevent 20,000 heart attacks and 7,000 deaths each year.
Now, transfats are relatively common in products such as donuts and biscuits and cookies — and some restaurants also fry in oil that contains transfats. Now, many restaurants over the years have stopped using transfats. McDonalds and other restaurants. And now the FDA is saying, that they are taking the first step so that no one would be able to use transfats.
AZUZ: The Grocery Manufacturers` Association says that since 2005, food companies have voluntarily cut more than 73 percent of transfats out of their products. A new FDA policy could remove them entirely.
But this is still very early, it has to finalize the decision and to get input from food companies about how long it would take to phase out all these transfats.
Right now, there is no timetable.
Space — maybe the final frontier, but today`s “Roll Call” is all about the last frontier. Alaska. Let`s check out some of the schools watching us in the 49 state. In the capital city of Juneau, we`ve got the crimson bears from Juneau Douglas High School.
The Nikolaevsk Warriors are tuning in from Nikolaevsk on the Kenai Peninsula. And finally, the sea hawks from Kuinerrarmiut Elitnaurviat in Quinhagak. I hope I got that one right. I hope I got close.
The Olympic motto translates as faster, higher, stronger. The organizers of next year`s winter games are definitely aiming for that higher part. As it makes its way to Sochi, Russia, for February`s games, the Olympic torch is making a stop in space. It arrived at the International Space Station this week and we`ll come back down on Sunday. This is just the torch, not the Olympic flame. You can`t have that lit in space for safety reasons. And Olympic torch has been on the ISS before, but this one will break new ground when astronauts take it outside on the spacewalk this weekend. We hope they hold on tight.
Money doesn`t grow on trees. You`ve heard that before. But the next time someone says it to you, you can say wrong. Kind of. It has to do with the scientific study in Australia. Researchers examined certain trees, including Eucalyptus trees, that`s the preferred diet of koala bears. Don`t know how much iron is in the diet, but these researchers found another mineral — gold. Deposits of it on the trees bark and leaves. These plants have a deep root system, and researchers say that during droughts, the roots dug deep for water. Very deep. Down in what`s considered the gold rich zone. Some of them struck — guess what — gold. Not enough gold to have any real value. In fact, not even enough to be visible, but researchers say it`s a golden opportunity to learn about new and more successful methods of prospecting.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANNOUNCER: It`s time for “The Shoutout.” What was the world`s first dome stadium? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Was it the Superdome, Astrodome, Kingdome or Georgia Dome? You`ve got three seconds, go! Houston`s Astrodome opened in 1965 as the world`s first fully domed air-conditioned multipurpose sports stadium. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: It was once called the eighth wonder of the world: it was home to the Houston Oilers and the Houston Astros. It was so huge you could fit in 18 stories building inside of it. And developers like it, so they put a dome on it. But that was back in 1965. That was when it was called the Harrison County Domed Stadium. The first of its kind on America. The name Astrodome, like the Astros themselves, honored Houston`s roll in the space program. And the artificial turf called chemgrass, was renamed Astroturf because why not? Those word`s glory days.
Now, it`s an old rundown unused monument to the past that needed about 200 million worth of work, to turn into a giant convention center. It didn`t get it. Voters turned down a referendum to set aside the money to renovate, remodel, revamp, repurpose the Astrodome. So it looks like the Dome is doomed. It`s sad when you consider that the famous battle of the sexes tennis match when Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs was served up in the Astrodome, that the Ryan Express no-hits the Dodgers there, in 1981. That Muhammad Ali delivered one of his greatest knockouts there. It`s said when you consider that Elvis sang there. It`s also sad how he was dressed when he did it, but hey, it was the `70s.
the dome most recently housed thousands of stork victims, relocated to Houston after Hurricane Katrina savaged parts of New Orleans. But they`ve long since moved on. The Dome has set for years over nothing but memories. Soon, it`s likely to become one.
Before you jumped in a pool, you might have had to take a swim test. Same idea here, although you probably weren`t tossed into the water like the tiger cubs in this YouTube video from the National Zoo. Sink or swim time. The Zoo is making sure the cats can doggy paddle before they put them in the exhibit. They did fine, managed to keep their heads above water, get back to the edge and then climb out on the dry land. So, it seems like the test went swimmingly, instead of turning into a catastrophe. And now, the item can be scratched off the list.
It`s time for us to go. If you are off for Veteran`s Day, enjoy the long weekend. We will see the rest of you again on Monday. We`ll be here for a new week of CNN STUDENT NEWS. Bye-bye.
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