CNN Student News November 18, 2013: China Changes One-Child Policy; Aid Reaches Some Victims of Super Typhoon; Meningitis Outbreak on Princeton University Campus
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: A change to its population policy for the world`s most populated country, that is where we start this new week on CNN STUDENT NEWS. China introduced its so-called one-child policy in the late 1970s. It`s been credited with helping to control China`s population growth. It`s also been criticized for forcing parents to make difficult personal choices, or in some cases face huge fines. The policy said that in urban areas, parents could only have one child, although there were some exceptions. The new rule says that if either parent is an only child, then they are eligible to have two children of their own. One reason for the change, economics. In China, many people care for their elderly relatives, so a single child could end up being financially responsible for parents and grandparents. This new policy could help with that.
Another reason, China says it wants to improve human rights. That`s also why it says it`s getting rid of its labor camps. Since 1957, Chinese authorities could hold people in these camps without a trial. Now, China`s government is expected to shut the camps down.
In the Philippines, some people haven`t had shelter or electricity for more than a week since Typhoon Haiyan slammed into the island nation. Watch this. You`re going to see a wall of water come rushing in. That was the storm surge from Haiyan. The seawater that comes rushing on the shore.
Officials say with storms like this, typhoons and hurricanes, the storm surge is usually the biggest threat to lives and property. Many Filipinos are in desperate need of food and supplies. The United States, the United Kingdom and other countries are part of the relief efforts. Now, some of that aid is finally reaching the victims.
KARL PENHAUL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Amid all the chaos of the last week or so, there are signs now that the relief operation could be getting under way in earnest. For about three hours now, a line has been forming. It`s now several hundred meters long, of people who have come from the surrounding area. Some of them walking for up to an hour. They say that they have to walk, because bus fares, transport fares have increased five- fold in some cases, and they are coming now for the first time to receive some food aid.
AZUZ: A developing story when we produced this show yesterday. Severe weather ripping through parts of the Midwestern United States. One meteorologist said 26 states and more than 100 million people could have been affected. In Northern Indiana, the National Weather Service sent out this message. “The worst decision you could make today is to ignore a severe or tornado warning.” These storms will be nasty. You can see why in some of these videos. Wind gusts up to 86 miles per hour in some spots. Nearly 50, 5-0, 50 tornadoes were reported by Sunday afternoon. At least one person was killed as a result of the severe weather, and the storms left behind extensive damage.
A storm chaser told CNN that the storms were moving so fast, it was hard for him and his crew to keep up.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the shoutout. What is meant by the suffix -itis? If you think you know it, then shout it out. Is it contagious, feverish, infected or inflamed? You got 3 seconds, go.
Itis refers to an inflammation like bronchitis or tonsillitis. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Meningitis is when the membranes around your brain and spinal cord are inflamed. It can be caused by a viral infection or a bacterial infection. Depending on what type of meningitis it is, it can get better on its own, or it can be life-threatening. An outbreak on a university campus has school officials considering whether to offer emergency shots. That decision could come today, but some students are debating whether they`d want to take the vaccine.
ALEXANDRA FIELD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Princeton University tries to stem the spread of meningitis “B,” a potentially deadly disease.
ANGELICA CHEN, STUDENT: We just try to be careful, but we`re not freaking out about it.
FIELD: Doctors have linked seven cases of the bacterial meningitis to the Ivy League campus. Now board members are considering whether to offer students a vaccine that`s only used overseas.
DR. WILLIAM SCHAFFNER, VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY: If I were a parent, I would be very interested in getting the information and generally accepting. And if I were around that table with the board of trustees, I would be gently encouraging them to do this.
FIELD: There`s no approved hepatitis (sic) B vaccine in the United States, but given the outbreak of the rare strain on an American campus, the CDC has FDA approval to import Bexsero. It`s the only vaccine for meningitis B, and it`s approved for use in Europe and Australia.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I`m not sure, because I`m not sure of the drawbacks.
FIELD: Princeton`s first case of meningitis “B” was diagnosed back in March when a student returned from spring break. The seventh case was diagnosed last week. The possibility of a vaccine is what some students have been hoping for.
LYNN MEHNE, STUDENT: It will take off a lot of the stress that we`re going through right now.
FIELD: If board members and university administrators agree to offer the vaccine, it would be available to some 8,000 students on a voluntary basis.
TYLER TAMASI, STUDENT: I trust the vaccine, as long as it`s approved in Europe and Australia, it gives me confidence in like the fact that it works, I guess. I probably wouldn`t get it at the moment. Like I said, I`m not too worried about the whole meningitis outbreak yet. So if Princeton starts vaccinating students, I don`t know if I would be first in line for it.
AZUZ: A quick heads-up about a couple of significant anniversaries coming up this week and that we`ll be covering on CNN STUDENT NEWS. The first one is tomorrow. 150 years ago, President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg address, one of the most famous speeches in American history. The other is on Friday. It will be 50 years since President Kennedy was assassinated. Two major moments in American history, both coming up this week on CNN STUDENT NEWS.
Next story today is one you might have heard about on social media. It involves the Make a Wish foundation, which grants wishes to kids with life- threatening medical conditions. Five-year-old Miles Scott had leukemia. It`s in remission, which is great news. His wish and the way a city rallied around Miles to make it happen was epic.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DAN SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: He has the cape, the mask, and that famous car. And though he may not be old enough to drive this custom-made Batmobile, today this five-year-old is teaching an entire city what it means to be a superhero.
His name is Miles Scott, and while he`s never fought crime, it turns out he knows a thing or two about putting up a good fight. He was diagnosed with leukemia at just 18 months. He`s been battling it ever since. Well, today, he`s in remission, and that seemed like a pretty good reason to celebrate.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yea, Miles!
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Your wish was to be Batman?
MILES SCOTT, BAT KID: Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Why do you like Batman so much?
SCOTT: Because he`s my favorite superhero.
SIMON: What started out as a request to the Make-A-Wish turned into something far closer to a dream.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There have been plenty of superheroes wishes that Make-A-Wish has had over the years. Nothing like this has happened.
SIMON: The organization`s request for volunteers snowballed on social media. Twitter caught fire. More than 10,000 people signed up. Even more showed up to transform San Francisco into Gotham City. And over several hours, this adorable little guy lived out his enormous dream. He rescued this damsel in distress from the city`s famed cable car tracks. He was summoned by the police chief.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Bring the bat kid!
SIMON: There was even a bat signal. And with the citizens of Gotham cheering him on, little Miles set off to save the San Francisco Giants mascot Lucille, from the evil clutches of the felonious fiend, the Penguin.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The key to Gotham City by the bay.
SIMON: 5-year-old Miles even got a key to the city at a special ceremony. But the people here got something more. They didn`t leave their hearts in San Francisco. They gave them to a little boy who proved what it really means to be a superhero.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Good job, bat kid.
SIMON: Dan Simon, CNN, San Francisco.
AZUZ: Well, it`s time to add three more schools to our roll call map. Today we`re hitting Michigan, Oregon, and Texas. So let`s do it. Right out of the gate, we got the Panthers from Comstock Park High in Michigan. In Troutdale (ph), Oregon, Reynolds High School is home of the Raiders, and they are watching. And we`re rounding things out with Marshall High School, the Rams from San Antonio, Texas.
Free throws, one point. Other shots are two or three. So what do you get when you make this? A world record. That shot came from 109 feet and nine inches away. That means Harlem Globetrotter Corey “Thunder” Law had to shoot from a few rows into the stands. He and a couple of his teammates took turns for more than an hour before Law finally nailed the shot. Don`t know if anyone can beat the new record, but someone will probably give it a shot. And if it goes in, the new record holder will net a lot of attention. I`m Carl Azuz. Have a great day.
CNN Student News November 19, Storm System Rips Through Midwestern United States
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: On Sunday, Kurt (ph) got a text from his wife that said she`d seen a tornado about a mile away. Five minutes later she sent him another that said their house was gone. They weren`t the only one this happened to. The storm system that ripped through parts of the Midwestern United States on Sunday led to reports of more than 60 tornadoes. Authorities say at least seven people were killed, hundreds more were injured. The enhanced Fujita scale rates tornadoes based on how much damage they cause. The one that hit the city of Washington, Illinois was classified as an EF4. That means its winds were between 170 and 190 miles per hour. It left people relieved to be alive, but struggling to recover.
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UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s on the ground! It`s on the ground!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The tornado warning has been issued until 3 P.M. Eastern standard time for the following counties.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Get to the center most portion of your home and take cover. I`m hearing things right now. Check …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think – we may need to take shelter right now ourselves.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. We do.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We need to go up here.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We do. Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We will be back when we can.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Right. We`ll be right back.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Let`s go.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Let`s go!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Our father`s watching (inaudible)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I go outside. And I heard this. It`s like a train. Like a loud train. I said this isn`t right. I said it`s not thunder, it`s not – and it just kept coming. Kept coming, getting louder.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The garage is sitting there with the truck. It`s gone – it`s laying there.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It was tearing it apart like it was jut cardboard box. I mean the siding, which is getting ripped apart.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is the clothing I owe now.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A lot of people have a pile of rubble still, and I mean I don`t have anything. My whole – it`s gone. I don`t know where it went.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We`ll make it through it. And we`re just so grateful that the Lord preserved so many lives here.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Moving now to a milestone on Wall Street. Yesterday, the Dow Johnson Industrial Average topped 16,000. People used the Dow as indicator of how the entire stock market is doing, and this is the first time it`s ever been over 16,000. The Dow ended the day lower than that. But still, good news for investors. Experts say, the Federal Reserve or Fed is a big part of why the stock market is doing well. The Fed is the country`s Central Bank. It`s responsible for creating and maintaining the country`s fiscal or economic policies. And recently, many of its policies have been aimed at helping support the U.S. economy. So, some analysts are debating whether this is a boost or a bubble.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
RICHARD QUEST, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: These are not normal times.
CHRISTINE ROMANS, CHIEF BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: That`s right.
QUEST: This is what the important thing to bear in mind is. We`re not watching a Dow that`s hitting 16,000 in normal economic circumstances.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Because corporate earnings are fantastic.
ROMANS: It`s not doing it on its own.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No, it`s doing it because we are (inaudible) exceptional printing money accommodative policy. Jana and Yan (ph) had talked about it. This is not a normal economy. It`s not a normal market. It`s been artificially (inaudible).
ROMANS: And some conservatives say, it`s a sugar high being helped by the Fed it`s helping the richest Americans, people who invest in stocks but it hasn`t really resolved in a lot of jobs growth yet, and that`s something – you know, Janet Yellen would like some jobs growth.
QUEST: And do watch out for that correction, which may not come until the Fed actually starts tapering, but come it will. There is no doubt about it, and that`s when the investor has to hold in …
ROMANS: But let`s look at tapering, I think. So people who might think why are they talking about tapering? It`s the training wheels on the economy, and the Fed has training wheels on the economy. Those training wheels will come off. Will the bike wobble?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What expensive training wheels! ROMANS: They certainly are.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Teachers, we have an explainer available on the stock market. You can check it out at cnnstudentnews.com
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for “The Shoutout.” How many years are in a score? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it four, 15, 20 or 75? You`ve got three seconds, go!
A score means 20. So, four score and seven years means 87 years. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
If four score and seven years sounds familiar, it should – it`s the start of the Gettysburg Address, one of the most famous speeches in American history. President Lincoln gave it 150 years ago today. In honor of that anniversary, we`re sharing five things to know about the Gettysburg Address.
Number one, it was short. Just 273 words total. The first speaker that day, Edward Everett, talked for two hours. When President Lincoln stepped forward to give his speech, it only lasted two minutes.
Next, the legacy of the speech. Lincoln talked about the founding principles of the country: liberty and equality. And about the need to preserve democracy. “Government of the people, by the people, for the people.” Another famous line, “The world will little note nor long remember what we say here.” That might have been a little misleading: historians say President Lincoln saw a chance to talk to Americans about the significance of the Civil War. They say he put a lot of thought into the exact words he chose.
Number four, the event: the speech happened at the dedication for the National Cemetery of Gettysburg. It was the site of one of the fiercest battles of the Civil War. And the Union`s victory marked a turning point in that conflict.
Finally the reaction: it wasn`t all positive. One Pennsylvania newspaper referred to the Gettysburg Address as “silly remarks”. The paper retracted that statement this month. While opinion may have been split in 1863, the past 150 years have ensured that the Gettysburg address will always hold a place of significance in American history.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See, if you can I.D. me. I`m home to Victoria Land in the Weddell Sea. I don`t have an official population, although researchers set up camps inside my borders. I was established as a continent at 1840. I`m Antarctica. The coldest, driest and windiest continent on the planet.
AZUZ: It`s summertime in Antarctica. Well, that`s relative. Let`s say it`s the time of year when temperatures might get a degree or two above freezing near the coast. But scientists say that could have been enough to melt some of the sea ice around a tremendous iceberg. It started years ago with a crack in the Pine Island Glacier. Now, any iceberg headed towards shipping lanes could be a problem. There was a movie about that a few years ago.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Iceberg!
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: But this isn`t any iceberg. It`s the size of Singapore. It`s twice the size of Atlanta. It`s enormous. And intrepid explore could probably name it and colonize it if the whole melting thing weren`t a factor. It is. But scientists say that could take up to a year. So, if this iceberg drifts in the shipping lanes, it could be threatening and rerouting sailors for months before it dissolves into the sea. What can be done about it? The same thing that can be done about any iceberg. Track it. Chart (ph) its path. Until anyone who might be in that pass to steer clear.
It`s Tiger Tuesday on our “Roll Call”. It`s time for us to scratch three more schools off our list: in New York, we`ve got the Tigers from Mamaroneck Avenue School. Then we jumped down to the Mansfield High Tigers from Mansfield, Texas and we`re bringing it home with Mountain Home, the Mountain Home High School Tigers from Mountain Home, Idaho.
Shifting gears now to talk NASCAR. Richard Petty, the king won seven titles. Dale Earnhardt, the intimidator, also won seven. Jimmie Johnson has been known for a while as five time. That`s a reference to the five spring cup titles he`s won. Time for a name change. Johnson took home his sixth championship this past weekend. That`s sixth titles in eight years. Easy to understand why some people are calling Jimmie Johnson one of the best stock car drivers ever, and of the best athletes in the world.
Former NFL quarterback and now sport analyst Donovan McNabb doesn`t agree. He doesn`t consider Johnson or any drivers to be athletes. Johnson responded saying yes, I am, and so is every other driver in one of these race cars. What do you say? Are NASCAR drivers athletes? If you are 13 old, head to our blog at cnnstudentnews.com. If you are already on Facebook, Facebook.com/cnnstudentnews.
Usually, when you say someone walks on water, you mean it figuratively. Not here. This is an annual project for students in an architecture class. Technical name, “Materials and Methods of Construction.” General name, “Students Walk on Water” or the y try to with these shoes they made for the attempt. The lake is 175 feet across. First one at the other side gets 500 bucks. Anyone who gets across gets an “A”. Otherwise your grade is based on how far you get. The class might be a required course, or it could be an elective. But if you`re in a design, the challenge is guaranteed to what your appetite. Float an idea, see if it holds water, and then hit the lake, boy, and see. That`s all the time we have for now. We`ll sure be back with you tomorrow. For more CNN STUDENT NEWS. See you then.
CNN Student News November 20, 2013: Natural Disaster Stories in Philippines, American Midwest; Caroline Kennedy Becomes U.S. Ambassador to Japan
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for spending part of your day with CNN STUDENT NEWS. The past week or so we reported on two natural disasters. One in the Philippines, the other in the Midwestern United States. In both situations, survivors face a long road of recovery and rebuilding. In the Philippines, the numbers tell part of the story. Nearly 4,000 people were killed, more than 18,000 were injured and as far as the missing go, 1600 people still missing.
When you`re able to get a look from above like Karl Penhaul did for this next report, you start to get a sense of the enormity of the physical damage caused by Typhoon Haiyan.
KARL PENHAUL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It`s only if you take a video camera into the air, that you can begin to get a handle on the true dimension of this disaster. Look around you and imagine how it must have felt standing here on Magayannis (ph) street in Tacloban City as a towering wall of water raced in from the ocean. But take a look. The pictures speak clearly for themselves.
Wherever you look, international organizations and government rescue teams are hard at work pulling away debris, still looking for bodies of the dead trying to bring relief to the survivors. But seeing the scale here you begin to understand how daunting a task that will be. It`s a task that could take months, maybe years to rebuild. Karl Penhaul, CNN, Tacloban, the Philippines.
AZUZ: When severe weather hit the American Midwest on Sunday, it included reports of 76 tornadoes. The town of Washington, Illinois took a direct hit. As many as 400 homes in Washington were destroyed or severely damaged. The mayor sounded up simply – devastation, sadness, people that lost everything. Now, those people have to find a way to move forward.
KRIS LANCASTER, TORNADO SURVIVOR: I got hit by some debris or something, it cut my eye in three places.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: His wife and children survived, too. But this is what happened to their house – gone. Even they can barely recognize it.
KRIS LANCASTER: This is my bedroom. Right here. I was sleeping on that side of the bed, And when the sirens went off and the (inaudible) at me, I jumped up, (inaudible) some clothes, you know, my running pants on and I went through the house. I actually went – checked here – the kids were over here, so I went through this way, it was my kitchen.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Incredibly, the plates in the kitchen cupboard remained completely intact. The rest of the kitchen destroyed. The home was Mandy Lancaster`s dream house.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (on camera): After you came out of the basement and saw what this tornado did to your house, were you incredulous that you survived?
MANDY LANCASTER: Yes. I don`t know how. Anybody might do this.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (voice over): Mandy didn`t want her husband to shoot the video, but he was transfixed.
KRIS LANCASTER: That water tower over there, just to the left of it, is where I started seeing it coming across. Coming across, coming across.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It wasn`t until after the tornado hit that Kris joined his family in the basement. The day after they looked for keepsakes.
KRIS LANCASTER: The video of my wedding.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And they tried to figure out what happens next.
MANDY LANCASTER: I don`t` know where to go. I don`t know what to do.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for “The Shoutout.” The new U.S. ambassador to Japan is the daughter of which president? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it John F. Kennedy, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton or George W. Bush. You`ve got three seconds, go!
President Kennedy`s daughter Caroline Kennedy became the new ambassador. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: As ambassador, Caroline Kennedy is the highest ranking representative from the U.S. government to Japan. She lives there, maintaining diplomatic relations between the countries. There is a lot of ceremony involved when anyone starts this particular job, but for some Japanese, Kennedy`s name and her family`s history with Japan makes this especially significant.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Clutching cameras and waiving, thousands of Japanese lined the streets to watch a daughter fulfill her father`s sojourn.
She`s completing the mission he couldn`t fulfill, says Junko Shibazaki. This is significant here. JFK was to be the first U.S. president to visit Japan, but he was assassinated. 50 years later, nearly to the day of his death, his only surviving child made a way to the streets of Tokyo by horse-drawn carriage to the emperor. She passed by many in this crowd who witnessed the first ever life TV images broadcast of the U.S. to Japan 50 years ago. News coverage of the assassination. Images of the two young Kennedy children seared into the collective Japanese memory. Caroline is like my friend, she says, of course we aren`t totally different worlds, but to me she is special. This is the sort of enthusiasm usually reserved for pop stars of the Japanese royal family.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (on camera): Do you remember anyone ever getting this excited about a U.S. ambassador here in Japan?
(voice over): “Heck, no,” said Watanbe who traveled 200 miles to be here, and ask anyone about job qualifications …
(on camera): Caroline Kennedy doesn`t have a lot of diplomatic experience.
(voice over): That doesn`t matter, she says, emphatically, she can do the job. This is a country, after all, where bloodlines trump all, why American Nancy Nichols who lives in Japan says this child of Camelot is royalty here.
NANCY NICHOLS, SPECTATOR: Making a full circle and closing the bonds that we have and I think it`s great.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: After a brief ceremony with Emperor Akihito, Ambassador Kennedy returned to her carriage to begin her pass in U.S. Japan history.
AZUZ: Doing it all European edition of our worldwide Wednesday “Roll Call” and adding some countries to the map, that we haven`t visited yet. First up, Hohenfels, Germany. And the Tigers from Hohenfels Middle/High School. Next up is next door in the Netherlands. The Raptors from the Rotterdam International Secondary School and we`ll keep moving west to Hergit (ph), England, to check in with the Mustangs from Menwith Hill.
Former NFL player Donovan McNabb recently said that NASCAR champion Jimmy Johnson is not an athlete. Some of your reactions – Jack says, “NASCAR doesn`t take physical effort. All you`re doing is driving around the truck. In football, you`re running, pushing, jumping and throwing, which is way more exercise.” Aundrea`s dad used to race and design stock cars and says that drivers are athletes. Imagine spending three hours going 140 miles per hour, with limited space, getting jostled by every bump and feeling the constant vibrations of the engine.” Killian argues, “Drivers don`t have any athletic ability. Call me when they can hit a 90 mile per hour fastball.” Sage says, “The G-Force that drivers face in their cars is like having hammers pounding on your chest. They are for sure athletes.” From Cameron, “All you do in NASCAR is sit in a car and drive in an oval. In football, you get tackled and run a lot.” Michayla says, “Race cars are totally different than the ones driven at home. They weigh a ton more, and drivers have to maintain a constant speed of about 200 miles per hour around a truck while trying to avoid crashing.”
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Is this legit? Etymology is the study of insects. Nope, not true. That`s entomology. Etymology is the study of word history. And explanation of where words come from.
AZUZ: All right. See, if you can identify this etymology example. It`s a word that was first used in 2002 in an online forum. It`s been a decade popping up here and there on social media, especially photo sharing sites. In the past 12 months, its frequency has gone up 17,000 percent. You need one more hint? Selfie. The Oxford Dictionary has just picked it as the 2013 word of the year. Here is how that works. The word doesn`t have to be new, obviously. But it does have to show a recent surge in popularity. That`s where that 17,000 percent increase comes in. Selfie beat out runners up like binge-watching and bitcoin. Now, it joins pass words of the year like podcast, carbon neutral and unfriend. And we`re pretty sure it knows just how to memorialize the moment.
There is another social media shutterbug term that`s gaining momentum. Photobomb. And this cat is taking it to a new level – it`s not content to pop up in the background of the shot. When it`s spot at this local news crew, it jumped head first and camera second right into the middle of everything. It seems like it knows how to handle itself on a camera. I mean check out that black and white balance work. Hopefully, the cat has other skills. Otherwise, this photobombing feline is just a flash in the pan. It could have been the start of a catastrophe, the possibilities for damage might make you shutter. But the camera crew didn`t seem to purrturb – sorry like that lends itself to a lot of puns depending all on how you frame it.
CNN Student News November 21, 2013: Meeting in Switzerland to Discuss Iran`s Nuclear Program; Medal of Freedom Honorees
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Meeting in Switzerland to discuss a nuclear program in Iran – that`s where we start today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. Western countries like the U.S. are worried that Iran could use its nuclear program to make nuclear weapons. Iran`s government insists its nuclear program is only for peaceful purposes. The United Nations has used sanctions, the kind of punishment to pressure Iran into negotiations. The latest talks are happening this week.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
REZA SEYAH, CNN CORRESPONDENT, TEHRAN, IRAN: Even a preliminary deal happens, it could mean the beginning of a shift in geopolitical alliances and the geopolitical landscape in this region. What adds to the drama is that many groups and factions want this to happen, there is other groups and factions and governments who do not want this to happen.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: That plan could mean the sanctions against Iran ease up. U.S. national security advisor Susan Rice says a deal would benefit the global community. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is against the deal. He says the pressure, the sanctions should be increased because, he says, they are finally working.
A baseball player, country singer, astronaut, media mogul and former president they are among the newest presidential Medal of Freedom honorees. Yesterday, President Obama awarded 16 people who, in his words, dedicated their own lives to enriching ours. Including baseball hall of famer Ernie Banks who played 19 years with the Chicago cubs. Loretta Lynn, one of the first successful female country music artists. Sally Ride, whom you are about to see in this YouTube clip, and the first American woman in space, was honored posthumously. Oprah Winfrey hosted America`s highest rated talk show or 25 years. And Bill Clinton is the seventh former president to get the Medal of Freedom.
One former president who earned the Medal of Freedom established the award 50 years ago. President John F. Kennedy. After yesterday`s Medal of Freedom ceremony Presidents Obama and Clinton along with first lady Michelle Obama and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited Arlington National Cemetery. They placed a wreath at the eternal flame that marks President Kennedy`s graveside. They also met with members of the Kennedy family. Tomorrow marks the 50th anniversary of President Kennedy`s assassination. We`re going to have special coverage of that event in tomorrow show. So, please be sure to watch.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Five, four, three, two, one. Main engine start, ignition and liftoff of the Atlas 5 with MAVEN looking for clues about the evolution of Mars through its atmosphere.
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AZUZ: MAVEN, the Mars atmosphere and volatile evolution spacecraft. It won`t set down on the red planet. MAVEN`s designed to orbit Mars between 90 and 3700 miles above the surface. It will have some company. When MAVEN arrives, NASA will have a half-dozen Mars missions running.
CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: For scientists or space enthusiasts alike Mars continues to amaze. It`s no surprise the red planet is currently the subject to five active NASA missions: three in orbit and two on the surface.
And liftoff of the Atlas 5 with Curiosity so you conclude for the planetary puzzle about life on Mars.
You`ve probably heard of Curiosity. NASA`s rover, studying the geology and climate on the ground. Now, NASA seeks (ph) the mission, MAVEN is hoping to study Mars from above. And as 4 billion year old question, what made the fourth planet from the Sun turn red and barren?
JIM GARVIN, CHIEF SCIENTIST, NASA: It`s gone from that polar starel (ph) desert, geological world, kind of boring rocks to this exciting blooming world with a history that does include warm wet times, climate change, dynamic atmospheres, landslides, ice sheets, buried (ph) ice, unbelievable.
MYERS: Scientists believe that Mars may have looked a lot like Earth, with blue skies and warm temperatures.
MYERS (on camera) : We do believe that Mars at one point had liquid water, correct?
GARVIN: Absolutely. Evidence in the rocks from Curiosity is literally unassailable. And we see the record even in the frozen materials in the soils today.
MYERS (voice over): Collecting new measurements of the planet`s upper atmosphere will get those analyzing the data a better understanding of the climate change over the red planet`s history.
GARVIN: We expect to learn how the modern Mars works. Really, in detail. To see its climate states, to understand how the atmosphere is lost to space, how Mars may have lost a magnetic field. To take that information and map it back in time.
MYERS: The journey will be long. Maybe it will have to travel ten months and millions of miles before reaching Mars`s orbit.
But NASA says the journey and MAVEN $671 million price tag are worth it. Especially, if MAVEN can help unlock the big question – did life ever exist on Mars? Chad Myers, CNN, Atlanta.
AZUZ: Well, back on Earth, there are concerns about concussions. These brain injuries are usually caused by hit to the head, especially in contact sports like football or hockey. The symptoms of a concussion might not show up immediately, but some researchers are working on technology that could detect these injuries as they happen.
ERIK SWEENEY, YOUTH FOOTBALL PLAYER: The quarterback ran and I tackled him. We just both hit the ground …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: 13-year old Erik Sweeney is describing a concussion he suffered a few weeks ago.
ERIK SWEENEY: It didn`t hurt or anything, it just shocked like – it felt all fuzzy in the back of my head.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: On his team sideline, no one saw the play and despite that fuzzy feeling, Erik was (inaudible) to go.
SEAN SWEENEY, ERIK SWEENEY`S FATHER: He came out after that play and he was ready to go back in.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: But he was stopped short by this. It`s a sensor worn under the helmet. It is supposed to flash yellow after a moderate impact of the head and read after a severe one. When Erik came off the field, his light was flashing yellow.
SEAN SWEENEY: He said I want to play, and then he began to get dizzy. Then he began to get the headache. And then it became evident that something was not right.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Fortunately, the impact indicator flashed red and he was removed from the game.
Concussion helmet sensors. They are beginning to pop up on all sorts of playing fields.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So, I want you to try that on.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They are marketed as being able to measure whether a hit is too hard. And as in Erik Sweeney`s case, an extra set of eyes on the field. But how well do they really work? That is what scientists at this bioengineering lab are trying to find out.
STEPHAN DUMA, VA TECH PROF. OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING: Everything is green, nothing`s – and that`s what we would – that`s what we would expect.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A low level impact and the products being tested all have green lights glowing. But when the helmet drops from higher up …
DUMA: Six inches, five feet, this is probably going to be over 100 GEs (inaudible). Three, two, one. Well, it is surprising. So, nothing went off there. That`s well in the range of concussion. You would definitely want to alert that 110 gs.
You can see the six different accelerometers in there.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Stephan Duma, a biomedical engineer who leads the testing at Virginia Tech, decides to drop from six feet.
DUMA: They should be pretty concerned if this does not trigger one of those. Three, two, one.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That impact, 130 Gs is like running full speed into a brick wall. One device did trigger, the other did not.
DUMA: That`s ready. For 150 G impact.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: At an even higher drop, one product flashes green, the other red.
DUMA: So this really kind of underscores that we need to do testing. We need to understand what we are measuring, when they trigger, when they don`t.
AZUZ: CNN heroes, ordinary people finding ways to make a difference in their communities. There are the top ten heroes of 2013. They were honored for their efforts at an award show this week. Chad Pregracke, his help to remove 17 million pounds of trash from the Mississippi River and other U.S. waterways. Pregracke is getting $250,000 to continue that work because he is the CNN hero of the year. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CHAD PREGRACKE, 2013 CNN HERO OF THE YEAR: You know I`ve met so many great people today, the other heroes and like I`m really moved by all their stories. And all the things they do around the world. And like the 250 Grand – I`m just going to give 10 Grand to each of them because they are awesome. So, yeah.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: You can catch the full “CNN Heroes All Star Tribute” when it airs on December 1 at 8 P.M. Eastern on CNN.
From the West Coast to the East with a Lone Start stop in between. It`s time for the “Roll Call.” Out in Irvine, California, the Mackedos (ph) put urban high school on our map. We`re bullish on the Toros (ph) from A.J. Briesemeister Middle In Sagine (ph) Texas and we have our first Iguanas – the Oasis Iguanas in Cape Coral, Florida. Thanks to all of you for watching.
You`ve heard of how fireworks can shoot across the sky. But dolphins in the sky? You`ve got to see it to believe it. This YouTube clip might look magical, but the mystery is mostly made of mirrors, or at least reflections. The water these dolphins are in is so clear that it`s reflecting the clouds, and that`s why it looks like the dolphins are moving through the air rather than under the waves. So it might be a little misleading, but it was recorded that way on purpose. We`re out of time for today, but we`ll flip around and meet you back here tomorrow to finish up the week.
CNN Student News November 22, 2013: Filibuster Reform; Potential Deal Between U.S., Afghanistan
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome! Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz reporting from the CNN Center. In Congress, the so called nuclear option doesn`t refer to weapons. It refers to a procedural rule in the U.S. Senate. It takes a simple majority, 51 votes, for the Senate to confirm a presidential nominee. But it takes 60 votes to hold the confirmation vote, or it used to. Yesterday, the Senate passed the nuclear option. Now, the vote to vote only takes 51. The idea or requiring 60 votes was to ensure debate in the U.S. Senate. To make sure that the minority party in the Senate, right now Republicans, didn`t get muscled out by the majority party, right now the Democrats. Some senators argue that the 60 votes requirement was stopping anything from getting done. The new 51 vote rule only applies to executive and judicial nominees, not to Supreme Court nominees. And remember, the majority party won`t be in the majority forever. When that power shift happens, senators from that party will get to experience the other side of this nuclear option rule.
Next up, a potential deal between the U.S. and Afghanistan. American forces were first sent to that country after the 911 terrorist attacks in 2001. Since he was elected, President Obama has promised to end the U.S. combat mission in Afghanistan by the end of 2014. The White House says that timeframe is still on track, but this new deal could mean that some American forces would stay in Afghanistan after 2014.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Secretary of State John Kerry announced the deal that could leave thousands of U.S. troops in Afghanistan for years to come.
JOHN KERRY, SECRETARY OF STATE: There is no combat rule for United States Forces, and the bilateral security agreement is an effort to try to clarify for Afghans and for United States military forces exactly what the rules are with respect to that ongoing relationship.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The draft agreement is now before an Afghan council of tribal leaders called the Loya Jirga. Until they approve it, it`s far from a done deal. To get their (inaudible) and President Karzai wants a letter of assurances from the White House including a pledge U.S. troops won`t enter Afghan homes unless American soldiers` lives are at stake. Past raids have killed innocent Afghans and fueled anger among the population. And Karzai says the U.S. should acknowledge these past mistakes. But is that tantamount to an apology for U.S. actions in the 12- year war?
KERRY: I honestly don`t know where the idea of an apology started, but let me be clear: President Karzai didn`t ask for an apology, there was no discussion of an apology.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It oil boils down to semantics: U.S. officials in the past have offered some form of apology for civilian deaths, including former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton Former Defense Secretary Robert Gates and General John Allen who led U.S. Forces in Afghanistan. Even the draft agreement expresses regret for Afghan suffering and the loss of innocent lives, language one of President Obama`s top advisors repeated Wednesday.
BEN RHODES, WHITE HOUSE DEPUTY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR: We have, of course, throughout the war always indicated regret when there are instances of civilian casualties. But I think the Afghan people understand the great sacrifices that Americans have made on behalf of their security.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Just the facts: John F. Kennedy was born in Massachusetts in 1917. After serving in the U.S. House and Senate, he was elected president in 1960, although there is some controversy surrounding his very narrow win. Kennedy was the youngest man elected president and the first Catholic to be president. His presidency involved the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba and the Cuban missile crisis, a nuclear faceoff between the U.S. and former Soviet Union. President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas in 1963.
AZUZ: It was November, 22, exactly 50 years ago today. President Kennedy was in Texas riding in an open convertible limousine. At 12:30 he was hit by two bullets. He was declared dead 30 minutes later, the fourth U.S. president to be killed in office. News has sometimes referred to it as the first rough draft of history. And President Kennedy`s assassination was, of course, a major news event. The first radio bulletin came six minutes after the shooting. The first television broadcast, four minutes later. For several days, major TV and radio networks had continuous news coverage, like they did after the 911 terrorist attacks. For many Americans, the events surrounding President Kennedy`s death still resonate 50 years later.
VICTOR HOLLINGSWORTH, SENIOR PRODUCER, CNN DIGITAL: For my generation, it was where were you when President Kennedy got killed?
DONNA KRACHE, EXECUTIVE PRODUCER, CNN STUDENT NEWS: November 22nd, 1963. I was in the second grade, I was seven years old. And I was in the catholic school in New York.
MONTE PLOTT, COPYEDITOR, CNN DIGITAL: I was a sixth grader at a school in North Carolina.
HOLLINGSWORTH: In 1963, I was in second grade elementary school, seven years old, at Lafayette, Louisiana. What I remember about that day was we were all sitting at our desks and all of a sudden the intercom came on. The principal was saying, the president has been shot. President Kennedy has been shot. And his voice was so frantic, that I don`t remember the intercom ever be coming on until that day.
KRACHE: And I remember, of course, knowing who the president was, even though I was very, very young at the time. I knew who the president was. I knew about his family. He was kind of a hero to us because he was catholic. I was in catholic school. And he had a daughter who was close to my age. So, that was pretty cool too.
PLOTT: Purely timing coincidence, but we were lowering the American Flag that afternoon on Friday, November 22, 1963 when another guy in the school came running up and he said did you guys hear? The president`s been shot! When I came in, the secretary – the school secretary was sitting at her desk and she was crying. Tears were screaming down her cheek. So I ran back to my classroom, I burst in the door and said, President Kennedy has been shot. And about that time, the principal came on with the announcement. And he told everybody let`s go to the buses, let`s go home, go straight home when you get off the bus.
KRACHE: I got on the bust that afternoon and the older kids were really quiet, just very, very quiet and one of them said to me, do you understand what`s happening? And I said I knew the president had died, and I felt bad because it was Caroline`s daddy. I mean that`s kind of my frame of reference at the time. I remember going home, my parents were both there, it was very quiet, we were watching TV and I remember my dad cried, and that was the first time I ever saw him cry.
HOLLINGSWORTH: And I went home and it was like a hush fell over our little part of the world. Everything went quiet. The radio and TV was all news. For the first time in history, the networks went all night, the TV networks, and there were only three. It was quiet for months. And really, I think the thing that got us out of that was a few months later, there was this musical group from England, a band called “The Beatles.” And they came over and all of a sudden, people had something else to talk about.
KRACHE: I remember watching the funeral and I remember we were out of school that day and the mood in my house was very quiet, very somber and, you know, just a very sad day for the entire country. I also remember the salute that young John did to his father`s coffin, and my mom had just had a baby, and his name was John. He was born in September of 1963. And after that we started calling him John John. That was the president son`s nickname.
HOLLINGSWORTH: Just the week before, a “Weekly Reader” had come out. And had President Kennedy on the cover. Somehow it had gotten balled up and thrown away at home. And I was so upset that my mother actually fished it out of the trash can and ironed it for me so I could still have it. Nothing was the same after that because it was like something (inaudible) changed and we just couldn`t figure out why.
AZUZ: The southeast, Midwest, northeast. We`re going to hit them all in today`s “Roll Call.” In Marietta, Georgia, there is some buzz for the yellow jackets from Sprayberry High School. Hello, everyone. From there, we head north to Minnesota to check in with the Bull Dogs from Lester Prairie High School and our last stop is Beverly High School in Massachusetts, the Panthers close out the “Roll Call” for this week.
Add this to the list of things that are harder to do in space: washing your hair. This astronaut says she gets asked a lot how she does it, so she posted this video on YouTube to explain. She squirts water directly on her scalp, hopes the drops don`t float away, then busts out some no rinse shampoo. Now that might sound simple, but if you look at it, you`ve got to admit: it looks like a hair raising experience. You know how it goes with these puns: hair today, gone tomorrow. But about next week: we will be hear on Monday and Tuesday, so we`ll see some of you then, the rest of you have a wonderful Thanksgiving holiday and a great weekend ahead.
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