CNN Student News December 16, 2013: Final Farewell to Nelson Mandela; Protests in Ukraine; Chinese Lunar Rover Exploring Moon
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s a new week. It`s our last week of 2013, and it starts with Nelson Mandela. The former South African leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner died on December, 5th. When that happened, the country`s current president declared ten days of national mourning. South Africa held a memorial service. Mandela`s body lay in state for three days, and finally, a funeral and burial in the village where Mandela grew up.
ARWA DAMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: On the hills, overlooking Mandela`s childhood home and burial sight, a truly unique moment. Zulus and traditional warrior (inaudible) drove seven hours to bid farewell to the hero that transformed that nation. Chants and dances reserved for a chief.
ENOCK MAGWNYANE: (inaudible) Madiba is a chief. (inaudible) you must do it as our country.
DAMON: This is really quite incredible. It`s almost surreal. Traditional Zulu song and chants, the audio of that blending with the marching band that we can hear from the speakers in front of the screen as Mandela`s coffin is being moved towards its final resting place.
The people gathered somber, silent as they watched. Some choosing to stand alone. And with the final gun salute, the reality that Mandela`s gone, for some overwhelming. Beauty Mkuna traveled 12 hours to be here.
BEAUTY MKUNA: Well, upset to know people where at least even if he was no longer in public whatever, but at least we were happy that he was still alive.
DAMON: Others emotional, but glad he can finally rest in peace. And among all, a profound sense of gratitude for all Mandela sacrificed and stood for.
MKUNA: (inaudible). It means that there is no more. He is gone for good. We don`t know whether South Africa will be the same like it was yesterday. Mandela`s finally returned home. The country united as it says good-bye. And now it must leave up to (inaudible) his legacy. Arwa Damon, CNN, Qunu, South Africa.
(END VIDEOTAPE) AZUZ: We`ve also been talking recently about political protest in Ukraine. Some people in the country think Ukraine should be more relined with Russia, other think it should have closer ties to the European Union. Most of the recent protests have been from people on the pro- European Union side. They`ve been calling for changes in their government. And yesterday, they heard some support from an American lawmaker.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R ) ARIZONA: We`re here to support your just cause. A sovereign live of Ukraine to determine its only destiny freely and independently. To all of Ukrainians, America stands with you.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: The other side is out on the streets, too. This rally is to keep the country closer to Russia. Nick Paton Walsh talked with some of the protesters about why they don`t want to be connected to the European Union.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
NICK PATON WALSH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: If we have closer ties to the European Union, this woman says, our factories in the east will be closed. We`ll be penniless.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: This all started when Ukraine`s president refused to make a trade agreement with the European Union. Last week, he said he would sign the deal. Now, the E.U. says the deal is on hold because they don`t believe Ukraine`s president is showing a clear commitment.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the “Shoutout.” What country`s flag is this? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it the flag of Turkey, Vietnam, Cuba or China? You`ve got three seconds, go!
China`s red flag features one large yellow star and four smaller yellow stars. And this one is on the Moon. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: It`s on the Moon because that thing that`s attached to in the picture is a lunar rover. It`s called the Jade Rabbit, it has six wheels, four cameras, two legs and as it digs around on the Moon, China`s hoping it will help the country make more of a name for itself. In space, and on earth.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
IVAN WATSON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: China`s Jade Rabbit, lunar rover is now exploring the Moon. This vehicle detached itself from the larger Chang E-3 Lunar probe in the early hours of Sunday, Beijing time. Now, the probe itself made an historic soft, unmanned landing on the Moon, Saturday night, Beijing time. And it now puts China as the third country to accomplish this technological fit coming after the U.S. and Russia.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It landed on the Moon …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Chang E-3 is on the Moon.
WATSON: And we saw scenes of scientists from China`s Space Agency celebrating, embracing each other at the moment that that Lunar probe made its successful landing on the Moon. Now, one of the missions of this Lunar probe, which is partially solar power. It`s the six-wheeled vehicle weighing about 150 kilograms, one of its missions is to explore a part of the Moon known as the Sinus Iridium, or the Bay of Rainbows. It` also tasked with looking beneath the surface of the Moon using ground penetrating radar. In part, to search for possible valuable mineral deposits. Now, some experts tell CNN that they think the Chinese may be looking at the possibility, a future prospecting and mining missions to the Moon. The Chinese acknowledge that their space program is decades behind the U.S. and Russia, for example, but this does seem to be a part of a much bigger strategy that also involves establishing China`s own global positioning system of satellites around the Earth and also building its own manned space station. And that`s very significant. Because if everything goes according to plan, when the international space station is decommissioned in 2020, in the subsequent decade, it will be the Chinese that will have the only manned space station orbiting around the Earth. Ivan Watson, CNN, Beijing.
AZUZ: An incredible story out of Austin, Texas. Elmer Hill and Richard Overton never met before last Friday, but 70 years ago, they were on the same battlefield in World War II. Both men are 107 years old, the oldest known living American veterans of that war. Hill and Overton say that shared experience left them with a lot to talk about, even if it`s sometimes hard to say.
RICHARD OVERTON, WORLD WAR II VETERAN: Something in that (inaudible) what you would do, you would never forget, but you don`t want to tell it. That`s your (inaudible). You just start – you still (inaudible) to tell. You can`t tell it all.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: We hear from a lot of you, wild cats out there, and today`s “Roll Call” is full of them. First up, we are heading to Ocallo (ph) Florida, for the wild cats from Forest High. Then it`s over to Oklahoma, and the Piedmont High School wild cats. And California`s are last stop on this wild cats journey. The Brawley Union High School wild cats close out today` roll.
Before the city of La Jolla, California had its annual Christmas parade last week, one group was fighting to change the tradition. Not the fact that there is the parade, but the fact that it`s called a Christmas parade. Howard Singer says the name and the presence of Santa Claus give it religious undertones that he wants removed.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
HOWARD SINGER, ACTIVIST: We would like it to be changed to something like, the La Hoya community parade, or the La Hoya festival, and that`s with ALL at the end, so all are welcome.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: The event`s cheerwoman, Ann Kerr Bacher says the parade is inclusive. And that most of La Hoya wants to keep it and the Christmas title just as they are.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANN KERR BACHER, PARADE ORGANIZER: We have people of all religions in it. We do not exclude anybody. We`ve had Muslim webmasters, Islamic floatwinners, Jewish marshals. But we don`t ask what your religion is. It`s a community event, it`s a U.S. government holiday since 1870.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: The Christmas Parade was held as scheduled and titled. The man fighting it says he`ll try again next year to get the name changed. What do you think? It`s what we are discussing today on our blog at cnnstudentnews.com. If you are at least 13, give us your opinion of the La Hoya Christmas Parade debate. And if you`re already on Facebook, you can comment at Facebook.com/cnnstudentnews.
In southern California, you don`t see snow or ice too often. So, an igloo sighting is even more rare. Of course, this one isn`t made out of blocks of snow or ice. It`s made out of milk jugs. 1700 milk jugs. The people who built it, collected their empty jug and asked friends and family to do the same thing. They say they still need around 150 more to make that archway for the front. Of course, you know, how they kept all those milk jugs in place. They are all iglooed together. Still 1700 containers is a lot to juggle, but if it works out, the builders will be dairy happy. It`s going to put today`s show on ice. I`m Carl Azuz. Enjoy the rest of your Monday.
CNN Student News December 17, 2013: Severe Flooding Gaza; Ryan Freel Suffered from CTE
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to your Tuesday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. Hope you`re all doing well as the year winds down and exam crop up. We`re starting today in Gaza. You`ve heard us mention this region of the Middle East before, or often in the contest of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. But further complicating life in the area, severe flooding. It started with a very rare snowstorm, the first there in decades, but then rain and rising waters knocked out power. That caused problems for medical care and city services, delays in deliveries of much needed fuel. And that`s just its toll on infrastructure.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In a place already blighted and bleak from years of war and a lack of resources, a winter storm in pushing people to the brink. In some of the tightly women neighborhoods, several days of torrential rain have created rivers where there should be roads. The Hamas government says more than 5,000 people have been forced from their homes in Gaza. Ummiyad (ph) and her six children fled to an overcrowded shelter. They had no choice but to abandon the room they all slept in and leave behind everything they had.
She said, she came here because her house was destroyed. The roof fell in, and water soaked the mattresses and blankets. There was no way to salvage things and dry out. A lone power plant was shut off last month causing 12 hour blackouts due to a fuel shortage.
On a tour of the destruction brought by the winter storm a Hamas minister gets an earful as he approaches the farmer.
“I might freeze to death,” the farmer yells. The farmer is distraught because the storm has flooded his field and frozen his crops, which means he will suffer a long, difficult year, not just a hard winter. He says he`s totally ruined, there is nothing left, not the greenhouse nor his field of peas, carrots, cucumbers and potatoes. It`s all completely destroyed, he tells us.
Here, the blame game is an endless stream of slights (ph) Hamas lays at Israel`s feet. But the blame goes both ways. An Israeli-Egyptian blockade that Israel says then placed to curb the flow of weapons into Gaza is also slowing down the import of things such as fuel and building supplies. On Friday, Israel opened the main crossing to allow in fuel and water pumps to help alleviate the flooding.
According to the U.N. agency there, the damage from the flood has created disastrous zones in parts of Gaza, in the place that is always lacking more help can`t come soon enough.
AZUZ: The U.S. National Security Agency has made international headlines this year. It started when a former NSA worker named Edward Snowden leaked classified information. Part of it indicated that the NSA had collected billions of phone and email records of American citizens. Well, a federal judge ruled Monday that the NSA`s collection of American phone records is unconstitutional. That it was likely a violation of privacy right. The rulings in favor of four plaintiffs suing the government, but it`s limited only to those four, not everyone whose phone records might have been collected. This ruling could open the door to more legal challenges, though. The U.S. Justice Department is studying the ruling. It says the NSA spy program protected the privacy of American citizens.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Just the facts: CTE stands for chronic traumatic encephalopathy. It`s a brain disease known to affect athletes and anyone else who`s had repeated hits to the head. CTE can affect someone`s memory, mood or behavior. It can cause depression, and CTE gets worse over time. This disease is only diagnosed after someone dies.
AZUZ: A quote at baseball reference.com says Ryan Freel made it fun to watch if you care about baseball, but hard to watch if you care about him. The outfielder and baseman repeatedly risked his body for the game. A year after his suicide, his family released information that shows he`s the first Major Leaguer diagnosed with CTE. It`s hoped that can help doctors better understand brain injuries.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Ryan Freel played baseball without fear. Diving after balls and crashing into walls. In his eight year Major League Baseball career, Freel estimated that he`d suffered ten concussions, but his family says the real number may be even higher. After Freel took his own life last year, his family gave permission for a team of researchers at Boston University to examine his brain for signs of CTE, or chronic traumatic encephalopathy, the form of brain damage found in football players like Mike Webster, Dave Duerson, Junior Seau and dozens of others.
On Sunday, Freel`s family announced that Ryan did suffer from CTE, making him the first Major League baseball player to receive that diagnosis, and possibly explaining the years of depression and erratic behavior leading up to this death.
ROBERT STERN, CTE EXPERT: Important cases like Ryan Freel make a difference, because it is showing us that you don`t need to have the kind of hits that we see in football or in hockey or in other real collision sports. You just need a lot of brain trauma, it seems.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And another high profile suicide, one year ago this month, Kansas City Chiefs player Jovan Belcher shot his girlfriend before driving to the team`s practice facility and turning the gun on himself.
Now, the Belcher family tell the Kansas City “Star” that they too, suspect CTE, and on Friday, Belcher`s body was exhumed so his brain could be examined. CTE can only be diagnoses after death by analyzing brain tissue. But experts say examining a brain one year after intermint (ph) may or may not work.
STERN: Our brains are really important to us. And we can`t keep hitting them the way that we have been. So, that doesn`t mean stop playing these great sports, it means trying to reduce the amount of head trauma from an early age all through every level of the play.
AZUZ: Some are calling this, the start of a robot revolution. Not the bipedal working robot you see here, but the fact that Google has bought the company that makes it. It` called Boston Dynamics. You might have seen one of its other creations, the big dog robot on our show. c has sold millions worth of products to the U.S. military. Why would Google buy it? Well, it`s possible robots could be used to move products in warehouses. Or to deliver packages to doorsteps. It`s also possible they could take jobs currently done by people. Google isn`t saying what it plans to do with this technology or how much it paid for it. The Boston Dynamics is the eighth robotic company that Google has bought in the pat six months.
Well, if compassion, giving and generosity are parts of the Christmas spirit, an exceptional example is in today`s character study. Lay away helps you reserve something you want to buy, like a gift. You pay part of the price upfront, and then the store holds it for you until you pay the rest overtime. One Walmart shopper hated the idea of others coming up short on layaway.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DEB DAVIS, WALMART EMPLOYEE: He was running his carts I can`t believe they didn`t` melt. He was running himself …
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Deb Davis says in her 13 years of working at Walmart, she has never seen anything like it.
DAVIS: We`ve had layaway Santas that will do it. A couple of thousands here, a couple of thousands there, but 20,000 was just, you know, an amazing amount.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Over $20,000 helping some 80 people. It happened this past Saturday, and we now know that layaway Santa is Greg Parady, a local financial planner who was supposed to be here buying bicycles for Toys for Tots, when he decided to do a little more.
CINDY NAZARRO, LAYAWAY ANGEL`S BUSINESS PARTNER: So, I came back here and I saw him standing here with his credit card and he was just swiping, and swiping.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Cindy Nazarro was his business partner, and snapped these photos of Parady paying away.
NAZARRO: He had heard a lady out, in one of the isles talking about how she needed to pay off her layaway, but she didn`t think she was going to be able to take care of all of it this year, and so he just walked back here and started in. It`s crazy.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Deb says several people who had items on layaway, immediately started getting text messages telling them a payment had been made. While others didn`t find out until days later when they came in to the store.
DAVIS: Tears, surprise, I mean I thought there was one lady that actually after she cried she had to sit down because we thought she was going to faint.
Watch out! The Cougars are stalking today`s CNN STUDENT NEWS “Roll Call.” Outwest, from Foothill High School in Palo Cidro, California, the cougars. Prowling east from Oak Creek East Middle School in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, the Cougars. And you can`t escape them on the Atlantic Coast. Watch out for the Cougars from Delcastle Technical High School.
That looks like any bike ride at first, but can you handle what`s on the handle bars? Some chose not to, cuddling while peddling a Teddy Bear. Others at this even in Florida bore almost more than they could bear. The events intended to extend the helping hand to children in need, brining them bears in a wheely creative way. The teddy bear ride`s been such a success that the Sun Coast cycling club`s spoken of doing it for years to come. It`s one way to ensure a beary merry Christmas. A holiday staff with good cheer, a Decembery to Remembery even the site of if like our puns make some plush. I`m Carl Azuz at CNN STUDENT NEWS. (inaudible) again tomorrow.
CNN Student News December 18, 2013: Tech CEOs Meet with President Obama at the White House; Is Antibacterial Soap Safe?
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Apple, Google, Microsoft, Twitter – what do they all have in common? Their bosses were all at the White House yesterday. President Obama met with the heads of more than a dozen tech industry leaders. Part of the meeting was about the industry possibly helping the government with its I.T. problems, like the highly problematic rollout of the Obamacare website. They also talked about spying. Technology executives recently asked the government to change its spying practices. Details about secret surveillance programs were leaked by Edward Snowden, a former National Security Agency workers. He`s in Russia now and asking Brazil about asylum there. In the U.S., the programs that Snowden revealed are facing a new challenge.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Six months after Edward Snowden revealed it to the world, a federal judge ruled the NSA program that sweeps up Americans phone call records is likely unconstitutional. The judge wrote, “I cannot imagine a more indiscriminate and arbitrary invasion than this systematic and high-tech collection and retention of personal data on virtually every citizen.
Snowden described it as a vindication of his hacking, saying, “I acted on my belief that the NSA mass surveillance program would not withstand a constitutional challenge. Today, a secret program authorized by a secret court was, when exposed to the light of day, found to violate Americans` rights.
Snowden remains hold up in Russia, avoiding charges in the U.S. of espionage. But a senior NSA official floated (ph) un unlikely solution on CBS “60 Minutes” to get Snowden back here: give him amnesty. An idea that White House quickly dismissed.
JAY CARNEY, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: He should be returned to the United States as soon as possible where he will be accorded all due process and protections in our system, so that`s our position and it hasn`t changed.
SCIUTTO: Still, the court`s decision is a body blow for the administration.
JEFFREY TOOBIN, CNN SENIOR LEGAL ANALYST: Well, it is just an absolutely scathing rejection of the NSA program that the government has defended so strongly. And if it`s worth noting that the judge was a George W. Bush- appointee, someone who would work for Republicans in Congress, hardly a screaming liberal.
SCIUTTO: Jim Sciutto, CNN, Washington.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See, if you can I.D me. I`m a type of microscopic organism. I only have one cell, and I don`t have a nucleus. I`m found almost everywhere on earth, including inside people, plants and animals. I`m mostly harmless, but sometimes I can cause diseases.
I`m bacteria, and I come in different shapes and sizes.
AZUZ: Chance are you`ve seen a product like soap that claims to get rid of bacteria. The antibacterial industry sells more than a billion dollars in products every year. But the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says the companies that make those products might need to make some changes.
SANDRA YOUNG, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You see them everywhere – these antibacterial soaps with killer claims. But these labels might become a thing of the past. The Food and Drug Administration says antibacterial soaps may actually be harmful. They could pose health risks, such as bacterial resistance or hormonal effects.
The most common ingredient in antibacterial soaps, Triclosan.
MAE WU, ATTORNEY, NATURAL RESOURCES DEFENSE COUNCIL: There are some impacts that Triclosan may have on the hormone system, which could effect developing bodies like in children and infants. If it`s not doing any good, then why are we putting this potentially harmful chemical in our homes?
YOUNG: That`s right. The FDA says there is no evidence antibacterial soaps prevent illness any better than plain old soap and water. So, the agency has put this demand on soap manufacturers: prove their antibacterial products are safe and better than regular soap, and if you can`t, scrub off those claims.
Soap manufacturers say they are up to the task.
BRIAN SANSONI, AMERICAN CLEANING INSTITUTE: Manufacturers have presented such data in the past, and with this new proposed rule that`s out, we`ll have another opportunity to present newer research that shows, again, a germ-killing benefit of antibacterial soap. And data that does show that this soaps are safe.
AZUZ: The annual Christmas parade in La Jolla, California – one group tried to get the name Christmas removed from the event. They failed. Here is some of your comments about the story. Tim asks, why should a small group affect the wishes of the majority? Keep it Christmas, La Jolla. Tanner thinks they should have a separate parade for people who don`t celebrate Christmas. Anai thinks they should change the name so that all religions can feel welcomed. Kevin says, if it`s inclusive of other people, that`s sharing the holiday spirit, not fighting over one word in a name. Nicholas says at his school we can`t talk about Christmas. We say the holidays. Why can`t the parade do the same?” Rebecca says, this has nothing to do with the parade, and everything to do with atheists wanting to remove any religion whatsoever from public viewer. And from Emily, Christmas is a big holiday for a lot of people. And if you don`t celebrate it, that`s OK. But that doesn`t mean that nobody else can.”
We mentioned Brazil earlier. That country`s also hosting next year`s World Cup soccer tournament. It`s a lot to do to get ready for the month-long event, including building stadiums for the matches in different cities, but work at one site is suspended.
SHASTA DARLINGTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A Brazilian judge ordered a partial halt to construction on the stadium in the jungle city of Manaus. After a worker plunged to his death. Basically, prosecutors say, they want all work involving heights to be halted until the construction company Andrade Gutierrez, can come up with the convincing worker safety report, which means they`ve got engineers on the site, from the prosecutor`s office, from the company determining what needs to be done and how the problems can be resolved. Only then will the work on the roofing continue. This is, after all, the second worker to fall to his death at this very same site, and the fifth worker to die on one of the many construction sites for the 12 World Cup stadiums. This is raising questions about worker safety and whether all of these construction companies should be a little more focused on how to keep their workers safe, and not so focused on the deadlines. Already, the six stadium still in the construction phase, have said they will fail to meet the end of December deadline set by FIFA. Not it looks like at least the Arena Amazonia could be pushed back even further. Shasta Darlington, CNN, Sao Paolo.
AZUZ: Wednesday is when we wander worldwide for the “Roll Call.” And we are starting in the Arctic Circle, in Canada`s northwest territories we`ll find the land of the midnight sun, Inuvek (ph), and the east three school.
Then it`s over to Europe where we check in with the American school of Milan in Italy. Macao was a special administrative region of China. And it`s home to the international school of Macao, which is the last stop in today`s around the world roll.
We`ve been bringing you career connection segments from professionals all year long. Today, we are talking to a mayor about his involvement in local government.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MAYOR JERE WOOD, ROSWELL, GEORGIA: I became involved in politics to try to influence what my town became as a group. Local government is not a spectator sport. It`s something that you participate in, and it`s something that really with minimal involvement you can have a big impact on your local government. Politics is really just the people skill, and wherever you are in dealing with people, politics is the skill of dealing with people. And so, politics is not something you learn in law school, it`s not something you learn in medical school or in any school. It`s a – it`s politics is what you`ve learned from working with people every day and trying to bring a group together to a joint decision.
It`s very easy to enter into politics on a volunteer basis. You can volunteer in a campaign at whatever age, at whatever level. Politicians are always looking for folks to help in their campaign. It`s a great learning experience. It`s a great way to learn your community.
Whether you are running a city or campaigning, you`ve got to lead people. You`ve got to bring a team together. People`s skills are at the root of it. It`s a good career. It`s not a career that you are going to become a billionaire at, but you`ll be involved in the community, people will appreciate what you are doing, and you`ll enjoy your work.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: All right. We`ve been looking to break our pun record, and we found a video to make it work. This is Waffles, the Cat, and he`s waffling over a jump from the snow covered van to that icy roof. Come on now, Waffles, you`ve got this. Here it comes. There it goes. Waffles might want to wipe away the embarrassment after that failed attempt. Thanks to this YouTube video, he won`t slip into obscurity, because even if the cat couldn`t get his footing his video is gaining traction. If Waffles is the first to attempt this, he`s in the vanguard. That kind of cataclysmic catastrophe is snow way to make a name for yourself. Waffles could bat around other ideas. He could try a catapult. You` have to let Waffles iron out the details on that. It`d be an ice edition, and Waffles might be feline ready to leap at another chance to advance his name. That`s a different tale. For now, he`ll pause, catch his breath and ponder his next move and we`ll do the same, trying to think of more but cats(inaudible) my tongue. Have a great day!
CNN Student News December 19, 2013: Winter Olympics in Sochi and Controversial Russian Law about Homosexuality; Dennis Rodman Promotes Basketball Diplomacy with North Korea; Sea Fauna off the California Coast Showing Unusual Behavior Pattern; Training Facility for Space Tourism Opens in Pennsylvania
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: It`s our panel to meet program of 2013. And it starts with next year`s Winter Olympics to happen in February in the Russian city of Sochi. There`s been some controversy involving the games, and about a Russian law regarding homosexuality. That under the law, it is not illegal to be homosexual, but it is illegal to promote homosexuality or same sex relationships to minors. Russian President Vladimir Putin says everyone, athletes and spectators will be welcome at the Olympics.
Yesterday, the U.S. announced its delegation for the Olympics, the people who will represent the U.S. in Sochi. Some analysts think that who`s going and who`s not could be sending a message. The delegation includes several openly homosexual American athletes, it doesn`t include President Obama, any member of the first family or any member of the presidential cabinet. The first time in more than ten years that`s happened.
Next up, diplomacy: how countries and governments interact. The U.S. and North Korea don`t have diplomatic relations. So, you don`t usually see officials from one country meeting with officials from the other. One high profile American is visiting North Korea later, but we`re not talking about an ambassador, or a government employee. It`s a former pro-basketball star.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANNA COREN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: With his piercings, tattoos, and at times outlandish behavior, there`s no denying former NBA star Dennis Rodman loves attracting attention. And where he`s heading, it`s certain the world will be watching. As the 52-year old makes his third visit into a country ruled by one of the world`s most repressive regime.
DENNIS RODMAN, FMR. NBA STAR: I want to bridge a gap with North Korea. That`s all I wanted.
COREN: It comes at a time of dramatic political upheaval in North Korea. Just last week, the country`s young leader, Kim Jong-un had his uncle executed, in what some experts believe is just the beginning of many more purges to come. A power struggle is believed to be the reason why he had his mentor and second in command allegedly killed by machine gunfire. And with all the instability, it would appear that the Supreme Leader could use a good friend.
RODMAN: I`m going to call him my friend. He is my friend. You could hate my guts, hate my guts, but he is my friend.
COREN: Rodman is traveling with a documentary crew that will film him training the North Korean basketball team. They are preparing for an exhibition match in January, against a group of former pro-basketball players, to celebrate the birthday of Kim Jong-un, a diehard basketball fan. Many are wondering, whether Rodman will raise the issue of 45-year old American missionary Kenneth Bae, who was sentenced to 15-years prison in Pyongyang, for what authorities say was an attempt to overthrow the regime.
But Rodman says this trip isn`t political, although in previous visits, he has made himself available for basketball diplomacy, offering to be a mediator between his close friend Kim and U.S. President Barack Obama.
RODMAN: And this guy just wants to do one thing: just have a conversation with you. That`s it. So, why Obama, are you afraid to talk to Dennis Rodman?
COREN: Anna Coren, CNN, Seoul.
AZUZ: And so, if you bulldogs out there have been dogged in your determination to get on “Roll Call,” here is your day: starting with the bulldogs from West York Area High in York, Pennsylvania. Then it`s over to Ohio, where we are checking with the Green High School, bulldogs. And our last bulldogs are out in California. Garfield High School in Los Angeles wraps up the roll.
Scientists say last month was the warmest November on the record. Now, it might not have felt like that in the U.S., but North America was an exception. The global average temperature for November was 56.6 degrees Fahrenheit. That`s more than a degree above the 20th century average. We don`t know if that explains what you`re about to see. But in nature, when something changes, it can have a far-reaching impact.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A feeding frenzy along the California coast. Like none ever recorded.
KATHERINE WHITAKER, MARINE RESEARCHER: And talking to the old timers, a fisherman that have been here for 60 years, they`ve never seen anything like this.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Monterey Bay, now a massive soup bowl, as the locals call it feasting humpback whales. They should have gone south months ago.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (on camera): What would keep whales like this here?
WHITAKER: We`re talking about miles and miles of anchovies, mountains deep.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (voice over): And it`s not just whales. There are sea lions in droves. Even killer whales.
WHITAKER: You`ve got to understand the entire food chain to get to understand this, and you won`t know that unless you know more about the weather and the currents of the oceans.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Knowing more, a top priority for climate researchers as they grabble with new environmental trends.
JIM COVEL, MONTEREY BAY AQUARIUNIDENTIFIED MALE: One of my favorite sayings right now is we may be experiencing global weirding.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The Pacific recently has seen its fair share of weird.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Oh, nice one.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The invasion of Humboldt squid up and down the California coast. Sea lion calves this year dying off in worrying numbers and in recent weeks, disturbingly sea stars from Alaska to San Diego wasting away – literally – melting.
COVEL: Starting to see animals who were coming here 30 or 40 years ago, maybe shifting their ranges farther north.
AZUZ: Space might be the final frontier, but space tourism could let more people get there. Not cheap. One company is offering people the experience of what it`s like to launch out in the space.
BROOKE BALDWIN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Tourists could blast off into space as early as next year on Virgin Galactic`s Spaceship 2. Until then, future astronauts can train for the rigors of space on Earth.
BRIENNA HENWOOD, THE NASTAR CENTER: It`s the real deal. We are training them just as we would a military pilot, a fighter pilot or an astronaut.
BALDWIN: More than 300 people have taken a two-day space training course at the NASTAR Center in Pennsylvania. The program centers around the state of the art simulator. A human centrifuge that replicates what space travel feels like.
ANNOUNCER: Ian Sequan (ph) starts in three, two, one.
HENWOOD: You`re going to see your g-meter, your altimeter, your rear camera view, the visuals outside the space craft as you actually feel the forces of you launching up a simulated weightlessness and then re-entry back down to Earth.
BALDWIN: The faster it spins, the more you feel the forces of gravity.
HENWOOD: For extreme G-forces or for a long sustained genes, there is a very good risk of you being able to pass out. For those reasons, I want to make sure that you are trained properly.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Congratulations. You are in space.
BALDWIN: You don`t need a ticket to space to take this course, but it will cost you $3,000.
HENWOOD: The future of space holds a lot of promise. Hopefully, hundreds, thousands of people will be traveling for various missions across the galaxy.
AZUZ: And for our next edition of Korea Connections, you`re in for a real treat: we are featuring Layne Lee. She`s a baker and an entrepreneur in Atlanta, Georgia. It might sound like a sweet gig. Lee says that thanks to her dad, she`s living out her dream, but one thing she doesn`t sugarcoat: it takes a lot of hard work to be successful.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
LAYNE LEE, BAKER & BUSINESS OWNER: My name is Layne Lee, and I`m a pastry shop and owner of Sweet-n-Sinful bakery.
I fell into baking. I went to college for something completely different, and ended up cooking for all of my sorority sisters and friends and family. So I would (inaudible) like it be hands on, wasn`t great with monotony. And I figured being a chef like move around, be creative, something different every day and we get to eat our mistakes.
I struggled with math and kind of have a fear of numbers, even though I measure and weigh things out every day. Trying to secure loans or get use of purchasing house control and checks and balances of doing a business – that was my biggest roadblock.
One of my biggest mentors is the man named Robert. He`s been able to sit me down, taught me through it and show me where my strengths are and be able to admit to where my weaknesses are.
He`s the reason I haven`t closed the doors many time, because when I get – when I feel defeated, he lets me know that I`m not alone.
I feel like this career chose me. I`ll get you centerpieces of people`s most joyful days. I think that is my favorite part.
It gets really hot, and we don`t ever sit down. We`re completely hands on and physical.
Stay in front of the trends, always be sharpening your skills, continue education is the best. Always stay on top of your game, and so you keep up with everyone else.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Our last video today includes some dog`s sleds, probably not what you had in mind, but hey, there are dogs, there is a sled, let`s do this. This YouTube video features a toddler`s (inaudible) traveler. Plus, a pair of pups that turned into sled sleuths as they tracked down this runaway sled and then persistently pushed it down its path. Some of you might think this dog sled videos are awesome, and for others, it may not amount to much. But we never sled you astray and at leash we got some puns out of it. Back tomorrow with our lash show of 2013, I hope to see you then.
CNN Student News December 20, 2013: Congressional Compromise on Budget; Look Back at 2013
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome. This one, though, is a little bitter sweet because it is our last show of 2013. We`re going to look back at some of the stories we covered this year, but first up, we`ve got a congressional compromise. We are talking about a budget, a plan for how the U.S. government will spend money. The House of Representatives passed it last week. The Senate passed it this week. And when President Obama signs it, which he said he will, it will become law.
Over the past several years, any budget talks have been tense: the Republicans and Democrats compromised to come up with this plan. Several members of both parties are happy with some of what`s in the budget deal or what`s not. Some pointed out that the budget will reduce some military benefits. Others criticized it for not including an extension for unemployment benefits. But one Senator said, that`s how things go when the Senate and the House are controlled by different parties. He said, “Nothing is going to be perfect in this world. It`s called compromise.”
This budget plan does outline government spending through 2015. It loosens some spending restrictions that were in place, and it cancels some cuts that affected different government programs. Plus, this deal makes it unlikely for there to be another government shutdown like the one that happened earlier this year.
Target is the second biggest merchandise retail chain in the country. But Target became the target of a security breach, and it could affect 40 million people. The breach involved data from credit cards and debit cards. If you shopped at a Target store between November 27 and December 15, you might be affected. This is only if you shopped in a brick and mortar store, so online sales not involved. Target hasn`t said how its systems were hacked, but it did say that the issue that allowed the breach has been identified and resolved. The U.S. Secret Service is investigating. That agency is responsible for protecting the country`s financial framework and payment systems. If you think you might have been affected by this or if you are ever affected by stolen credit card information, there are some ways to protect yourself. Check your statements and look for charges you don`t recognize. Call your credit card company and bank and let them know what has happened. And if you need to, replace your card and get a new pin number.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the last “Shoutout” of 2013. Pope Francis is the first non-European pope in more than a thousand years. So where was Pope Francis born? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it Argentina, South Africa, Mexico or Portugal? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Pope Francis is from Argentina. He`s the first pope ever from the Americas. That` your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.” And now you know the answer to one of the questions in our end of year news quiz. Teachers, you can find that at cnnstudentnews.com. We asked on Facebook for your nominations for the biggest stories of 2013. This next video covers some of those and a whole lot more. It`s the year in news in about three and a half minutes. Fair warning: these are going to fly by quickly, so watch closely and see how many you can identify along the way.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
LANCE ARMSTRONG: Do I have remorse? Absolutely.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Pentagon is eliminating its ban on women in combat.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Fire threat in Southeast Australia.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Popes don`t step down, they remain in office until they die.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Iran`s saying it`s successfully sent his monkey into space.
WOLF BLITZER, CNN ANCHOR: Gas field at eastern Algeria.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Manti Te`O was conned.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: View of a meteor.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The night the lights went out.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The manhunt over – shooting took place.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: First, budget cuts.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s the bottle of water.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Cure the two year old of HIV.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Reject the armistice.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Xi Jinping.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Habemus papam.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Jorge Mario Bergoglio.
POPE FRANCIS: Here I am.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The baby monkey brought to Germany by Justin Bieber.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Two huge explosions that happened there …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: … police officers treating people …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Are listing photos …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Being losers.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Officer was killed.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Second bombing suspect is in custody.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: West fertilizer plant …
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The latest disaster to hit the Bangladesh garment industry.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They found after years.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: First degree murder, guilty.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Two mile wide tornado.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: IRS treated Tea Party groups.
BLITZER: Just as department secretly obtained …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The thrownups (ph).
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That`s amazing.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: … voted to allow gay youth to be scouts.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: NSA, the National Security Agency.
GLENN GREENWALD, REPORTER, “THE GUARDIAN”: A massive apparatus.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Prism (ph)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Knowing leading Internet companies.
EDWARD SNOWDEN: My name is Ed Snowden.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: On a tear down …
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Syrian regime used chemical weapons.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: (inaudible) is the spot of north India.
AZUZ: Hassan Roukhani.
PAULA DEEN: Inappropriate hurtful language.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That`s Aaron Hernandez.
ANDERSON COOPER, CNN ANCHOR: In violation of the Fifth Amendment …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Filibuster by a Democratic state senator.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Sharknado.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Largest municipal bankruptcy.
BLITZER: Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambrdidge.
AZUZ: Deadliest wildfire in American in decades.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: … is a town in eastern Quebec.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It appears to strike the sea wall.
IAN LEE, JOURNALIST: A new president has been sworn in …
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Baffled over the word “coup.”
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: George Zimmerman, not guilty.
BARBARA STARR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Bradley Manning found not guilty on the charge of aiding the enemy.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Blast from the past.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Now, she was OK.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: If I don`t defend myself, no one else will.
AZUZ: Area 51.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Antigay propaganda law.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Never, ever give up!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: First Miss America of Indian descent.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Voyager has entered interstellar space.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Frightening site in northern Colorado.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Crime scene at the Washington Navy Yard.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Westgate Shopping Mall.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They rotate the ship aside ….
BARD YLVISAKER (singing): What does the fox say?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Government`s closed.
BLITZER: Shutdown, day one.
SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Healhcare.gov.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Internal server error …
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Reopen the government.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Oarfish.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The mysterious barge.
ALISON KOSIK, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Twitter is worth about $25 billion.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Car chase that started near the White House and ended on Capitol Hill.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So many of these shipwrecks …
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: School shooting in Nevada.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: First ever TSA officer to be killed in the line of duty.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Mobster chain`s Whitey Bulger was sentenced ….
LARA LOGAN, CBS CORRESPONDENT: We made a mistake.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Tacloban struck by C4 typhoon Haiyan.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: First step towards preventing Iran from building a nuclear weapon.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: By a drone.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Metro North train was traveling much too fast.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: … gathered in the capital Kiev.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Under siege by the selector militias.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There has been a shooting there.
JACOB ZUMA, SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT: He`s now at peace.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: You know from watching our show, the news isn`t always so somber. One uplifting example, Chad Pregracke. He`s CNN`s hero of the year who`s led around 70,000 volunteers to clean up millions of pounds of garbage from America`s rivers. Listen to what he said he`d do with the $250,000 he was awarded by CNN.
CHAD PREGRACKE, CNN HERO OF THE YEAR: You know, I`ve met so many great people today, the other heroes. And like I`m really moved by other stories, all the things they do around the world. And like the $250 grand, I`m just going to give 10 grand to each of them because they are awesome. So, yeah!
(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: There`s also Savannah Day. 14 years old, she recently had to have brain surgery, which meant she`d be in the hospital over Christmas. Savannah decided to collect toys for the other kids who`d be there with her. Her goal was 500 toys. She collected 4,000.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SAVANNAH DAY, STUDENT: The reason why I wanted to do this was to set a cheer reaction, so when the kids get out of the hospital, they would do something nice for somebody else.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Savannah came through her surgery OK, and she`s now recovering.
And you could call this guy the kindest king of Dairy Queen. Joey Prusak saw a blind customer drop a $20 bill and a woman behind him pick up the money and pocket it. Prusak asked her to leave the store, then he gave the blind man $20 out of his own pocket. Prusak became the community hero once this story got out.
You knew we wouldn`t go without having a little holiday fun. So, let`s start with some penguins in Santa suits. It`s the exact opposite of old Saint Nic in the tuxedo. Of course, penguins couldn`t actually chill with Santa, they are polar opposites. So, you just have to look at these little guys, shake your head and wonder what`ll they think of next?
How about a gingerbread house that`s the size of an actual house. This thing is more than 39,000 cubic feet. Yes, that`s a record. And the confectionary accouterments accounts for nearly 36 million calories. That will hit the sweet spot and must have cost a lot of dough.
A deer, a reindeer? This huge hoofer (ph) used to be a horse, then someone added antlers and the Rudolph red nose. It`s set up with the sleigh where people can leave blankets to donate to the homeless, which makes the project especially endeering. We wouldn`t want to miss the chance before we dasher away to say thank you. Thanks for watching CNN STUDENT NEWS, for interacting with us on social media, sending in tons of “Roll Call” requests, sending us “I-Reports” and mostly, for being the most awesome audience we could ask for. CNN STUDENT NEWS will be back in January. For now, we wish you a merry Christmas, happy and safe holidays and a very happy New Year.
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