CNN Student News with transcript Jan 27, 2015: On the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, CNN Student News takes you inside the concentration camp and brings you the words of some of its survivors. Also featured this Tuesday: a potentially historic winter storm in the U.S. Northeast. And newly unclassified documents detail thousands of UFO sightings, though most of them can be explained.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MAYOR BILL DE BLASIO, (D) NEW YORK: We are facing most likely one of the largest snowstorms in the history of the city.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Sooner or later we are going to get hit with the big one, and this may be the one.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I don`t believe it when I see it, I guess. I`m hoping maybe it won`t be as bad as they say.
DE BLASIO: New Yorkers should not underestimate this storm. Assume conditions will be unsafe, assume that you didn`t want to be out in the
storm. When you can stay indoors, stay indoors, when you can stay off the roads, stay off the roads.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Starting last night at 11, it was actually illegal for private cars to drive on New York City streets. States of emergency
were declared in New Jersey, New York, Connecticut and Massachusetts. The National Guard was called out in several states, all because of a storm
that officials were describing with words like “historic” and “life- threatening.”
It hit last night, and is expected to last through today. It could bring 20 to 30 inches of snow, but that`s only part of the story.
Wind gusts of 55 to 65 miles per hour, that`s a force of a tropical storm, will be driving all that snow into the region.
The silver lining is, the 58 million people potentially in the path of this thing, had advanced notice. They were able to stock up on everything from
bread to batteries, to bagels to bathroom tissue. Many stores totally ran out of stock.
Thousands of flights were canceled as people prepared for what forecasters called “a blizzard in the true sense of the word.”
(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE) PEDRAM JAVAHERI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You hear it – time, it`s one of the most overused terms in weather.
A blizzard warning and the blizzard conditions have to be signified when you have snow coming down, you have your winds, they are at least at 35
miles per hour or greater. Now, your visibility is reduced under a quarter of one mile, and not only you have to have all this in place, you have to
have this happening for at least three hours or a longer period of time, for this blizzard – to be issue. One thing to note with blizzard
conditions is once the storm moves, even when the snow have stopped falling, you could be experiencing blizzard-like conditions because the
winds will be howling across the area. So, any sort of drift snow that has been on the ground there will be blown right in front of you, and that will
cause a disruption as far as visibility once again coming down, even though the storm is long gone, you will still be experiencing blizzard conditions.
Now, a fascinating study was done back in 2002, looking at the most prone area across the United States where blizzards occurred, and the most
frequent of area for blizzard were areas around the Dakotas, western Minnesota, onto Wyoming and eventually eastern Colorado. That region saw
the highest likelihood of blizzards every single year.
That study also showed about 2.5 million people for year experience these blizzard-like conditions, now you displaced that into the upper Midwest,
they could say into Chicago or taken into the Northeast into Boston, Philadelphia or New York.
Now, you are talking about tens of millions of people being impacted by blizzard conditions, and that is when this story becomes very dangerous for
a lot of people.
AZUZ: 70 years ago today during World War II, Soviet troops made their way to a camp in southern Poland. They found a little more than 7600 people
there, starving or injured, or sick, or all three.
The Soviet forces had discovered Auschwitz. It was Nazi Germany`s largest concentration and extermination camp. 90 percent of the people murdered
there were Jews. Others includes Poles, Gypsies or anyone else that Nazis wanted to kill.
In 1979, it was designated a UNESCO world heritage site. Why? As a monument to pass genocide as a symbol to future generations in the hope
that Holocaust will neither be repeated nor forgotten.
MICHAEL SCHUDRICH, CHIEF RABBI OF POLAND: This is the largest murder place on the planet throughout any part of human history.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The Auschwitz concentration camp. Of the more than 6 million Jews slaughtered by Nazi Germany during World War II, more than a
million were murdered here.
SCHUDRICH: Academics still argue, was it 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 million – could you imagine? They are not sure, they could be up to 200,000 extreme in being
murdered there. It was so massive we are not even sure.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: 70 years later one still struggles to comprehend the scale of the atrocities committed within this compound of barbed wire,
bricks and snow.
At the Auschwitz Museum, grim exhibits: The mounts of shoes that the Nazis confiscated from their prisoners. The hunting portraits of inmates,
Polish, Russian, French, Jewish, Roma, photos taken just days before these victims died.
MARIAN TURSKI, AUSCHWITZ SURVIVOR: So, what was the worse? Humiliation. Humiliation. That you was not, you were not considered to be a human
being, you were considered to be like an insect.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Marian Turski is a Polish Jew, and today an editor at one of Poland`s most respected magazines.
TURSKI: Out of `40s, the members of my closest family only four – four survived.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: In 1944, he was only a teenager when he arrived at the Auschwitz Camp via Nazi-occupied Poland. Like hundreds of thousands of
other victims, crammed into a cattle car onboard a train.
Turski was among the minority destined for slave labor. Tattooed with a number that for months became his identity.
TURSKI: I`m B9408. This is my name – yeah, this is my name.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Turski survived slave labor, starvation and disease. And went on to tell the world the story of what he endured.
Nazi-occupied Poland was the epicenter of Adolph Hitler`s plan to wipe the Jews off the face of Europe. It was a plan that failed.
70 years after World War II, there`s a small but growing community of Jews in Poland.
A new generation to carry the memories of their elders.
Ivan Watson, CNN, Auschwitz, Poland.
AZUZ: From the Midwest to the West the Far East, it`s time for the roll call. We`ve got Salina-Central High School leading things off today, they
are in Salina, Kansas, and their mascot is the mighty mustangs.
Anyone knows the state nick name for Wyoming, it`s the cowboy state, but it`s the Panthers who were on today`s roll from Powell High School in
And our third stop is in Guangdong, China. We are happy to see the students of Shenzhen High School, they are watching CNN STUDENT NEWS from
AZUZ: Back in July of 1947, a rancher from Rossville New Mexico, found a mess of metallic sticks. Chunks of plastic and foil reflectors. He told
some folks about it, and soldiers came shortly after world to clear the way from his pasture.
The military says it was part of a top secret project to carry classified materials for the Army Air Forces, but some skeptics still believe it was
an unidentified flying object, and they just got a lot more material to talk about.
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: UFOs. They`ve perplexed and fascinated people for decades. And countless conspiracies had developed to explain
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The government knows about it. And I got to know what they are protecting.
CRANE: Well, now UFO enthusiasts have more food for thought. Nearly 130,000 pages of it.
The Air Force has recently made public project Blue Book, an archive of UFO reports and investigations dating back to the 1940s.
The report includes more than 12,000 sidings, made by military members and civilians.
While most of the cases were explained as you have a satellites, weather balloons, high-flying jets or even (INAUDIBLE), still hundreds of cases
We have UFO enthusiast John Grinwald (ph) to thank for the files.
He petitioned for them to be made public for nearly two decades, by filing Freedom of Information Act requests. Project Blue Book was terminated in
1969, when the Air Force discontinued UFO investigations, concluding that UFOs were not a threat to national security, didn`t represent advancements
in technology and that there was no evidence to suggest that sidings categorized as unidentified were extraterrestrial vehicles. But there`s a
gaping omission in the files. There`s no mention of the famed 1947 Roswell New Mexico incident.
So, the truth may still be out there.
AZUZ: Before we go, panda, cube. These are panda triplets, the only surviving panda triplets known to man. They were born in late July, and
they just had their six months birthday party. That`s significant, because the six months mark is an important indicator of a panda`s health,
according to zoo officials.
Their home is at a breeding park in China, and it says they are all doing well, and that they`ve just began to snack on fresh bamboo all by
They are so cute, it`s hard even for critics to panda bears. If they stick together, they`ll have thrice the fun, bamboozling people into thinking
they are pandorable. You`ve got to pan it to him.
Thanks for bearing with our pandas today. CNN STUDENT NEWS is back tomorrow.
CNN Student News Jan 28, 2015: This is one of the most science-oriented shows we’ve produced. From the imperfect science of forecasting the weather to the phylum of sea urchins, we’re touching on meteorology, astronomy, technology, cartography, and biology in our Wednesday edition of CNN Student News. So take a 10-minute break from the textbook to watch science come alive on your screen!
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Glad you are watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. Millions in New York and New Jersey are asking what blizzard
– while millions in New England are saying, this one. The forecast was off in some areas, but not Massachusetts. Boston got hit with one of its
heaviest winter storms ever, and several other cities in the state recorded 30 inches of snow by yesterday afternoon with more on the way.
Coastal communities flooded. The storm surge, a wall of water pushed by a storm broke through the seawall in the town of Marshfield, Massachusetts.
One emergency official said the entire self-part of the town was cut off by flooding.
And forceful winds knocked out power to the entire island of Nantucket. But though the National Weather Service predicted a raging blizzard also in
New York and New Jersey. It wasn`t so bad there. Some people call it, snowperbolic (ph).
New York Mayor Bill de Blasio had a better safe than sorry response, and some meteorologists apologized for getting it wrong and alarming residents.
Why is the weather so hard to predict?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Major event forecasting is probably the hardest thing we have to do, because those are the events that people remember. If you
blow the snowstorm and you say 20 inches in New York, it hits 20 inches in New Jersey instead, people only remember that you said 20 in New York, and
it didn`t happen.
We have computer models that literally tried to forecast what`s going to happen, and then we believe those models. If the models are wrong, we are
wrong. Then problem with the models are that you can`t put all the data in, or if you had everything in the world into the model, it would take you
four days to make a one day forecast.
Right now one of the models that we used, the best model in the world has 22 layers, 22 layers of the atmosphere. Do you think the layers
(INAUDIBLE) are 22? No, there is infinite number of layers of the atmosphere, but we have to break it down to 22.
The parameters of the weather model are vast. We have temperature at the ground, we have temperatures in the mid-level, temperatures aloft, how big
the jet stream is, what the humidity is. What the wind direction is, what the water temperatures are, where the mountains are, where the low pressure
is, where the high pressure is. All of those factors fit in.
And so, what we have is, a model that says, if this today, then this tomorrow. And then if this tomorrow, then this the next day, and if the
first day is wrong, all the way down the model is wrong.
As a meteorologist, whether you are on TV working for the hurricane center, (INAUDIBLE) from forecasts lab, local weather station, doesn`t matter. You
are out there, trying to protect people, trying to protect livelihood, trying to protect their lives.
We are the king of worst case scenario – that`s what my wife calls me. Don`t you ever think about the best case scenario? No, because you can`t
prepare for the best case scenario, you could only prepare for the worst. If you are prepared for the worst, and it doesn`t happen, you are safe. If
you are prepared for the worst, and it does happen, you are safe.
If you are prepared for the best case and the worst case happens, you are in trouble.
AZUZ: If you don`t live in the northeast and you did a bit of stargazing Monday night, you might have seen it – the asteroid that buzzed our planet.
Well, maybe not exactly buzzed. It was 745,000 miles away, that`s three times as far away as the Moon. But surprisingly, it didn`t come alone.
Scientists say, the asteroid has its own moon – – something they discovered as the rocks whizzed by. The moon is estimated to be about 230 feet wide,
the asteroid itself about a third of a mile across. It wasn`t a threat, but it`s believed to be the biggest asteroid that will pass near Earth
If the town of Aglo (ph) wasn`t in New York, and the town of Whitewall wasn`t in California, why would they appear on some antique maps of the
states? Forgers. Early mapmakers didn`t want people copying their work and then reselling it. So, they created paper town, fake town that they
could identify if someone forged their work. It helped protect their copyright. Now, that`s random.
All right. There was an unwelcome visitor at the White House earlier this week. A drone flying at a low altitude crashed on the southeast side of
the White House grounds. The president wasn`t home and no one was hurt. Secret Service says the man operating it was using it recreationally and
just lost control. And that he is a government employee who called to self-report the incident.
Flying drones is illegal in Washington, D.C. But people have still done it. The FAA and lawmakers have been scrambling to define what exactly the
law should be concerning drones, the one example of technology moving faster than the rules that govern it.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: I`ve actually asked the FAA and the number of agencies to examine how are we managing
this new technology because the drone that lend in the White House you buy at RadioShack.
You know that there are companies like Amazon that are talking about using small drones to deliver packages. This – there are incredibly useful
functions that these drones can play in terms of farmers who are managing crops and conservationists who want to take stock of wildlife. So, there
are a whole range of things we can do with it.
But we don`t really have any kind of regulatory structure at all for it.
This is similar to what`s happened in cyberspace. These technologies that we are developing had the capacity to empower individuals in ways that we
couldn`t even imagine ten, 15 years ago.
AZUZ: The long toll Texans. Our viewers in Arlington know we are talking about they are leading up our roll today, the Texans at Sam Houston High
School in the Lone Star State.
And here they see more owls in Indiana, see more Indiana owl-bed (ph). We are talking about Seymour Middle School.
And we are wrapping up in Palmyra, there are a few of those. Palmyra Area High School is in the Hoosier state of Pennsylvania. Let`s go cougars!
Here`s something from biology class. Our last story today involves the phylum Echinodermata, which includes starfish, sea cucumbers and sea
urchins. The urchins, there are about 950 species of them. They are in invertebrates. They live on the ocean floor. They have two feet that help
them move around.
And they are the source of Uni – it`s a form of sushi that`s in very high demand worldwide. It`s sad to have a sweet, light and a bit of a briny
flavor, and if you want to get into the business of harvesting it, you have to dive in.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Can you tell me where we are headed?
JOE LEASK, SEA URCHIN DIVER: No, I can`t. It`s, in fact, we`ll have to cover your eyes shortly.
LEASK (voice over): I enjoy being under the water that the total weightlessness and euphoria that really, you can experience nowhere else
but, you know, maybe out of states.
I have a really good idea of where the urchins are going to be, most of the time I know where they are going to be. Where I need to harvest and where
the best quality is going to be.
Our uni (ph) ends up all across the world.
There`s a paste that`s made up and then sent off (ph) to Italy, there is processed Uni that ends up in Japan of China or Korea and other Asian
Whole urchins end up here in continental U.S. at high end sushi restaurants, domestically people have really acquiring taste for sushi and
uni. There is nothing – nothing that uptasted the taste like urchins.
Some urchins – is bitter, some is sweet, but it is – for some it is an acquired taste.
My job is sometimes the easiest job in the world. And sometimes my job is the most difficult job in the world. There is danger in that. We fish
during the winter time, we fish during really cold weather, during really windy weather.
But I enjoy diving tremendously. There`s no else that I can take a escape – no cellphones and noise and just everyday commotion rather than, you
know, under water, you know maybe upon the mountain somewhere.
AZUZ: I wonder if putting on that equipment gives them an irk in back. If you fish for a fish, if sushi is for ushi, if you find uni – uni formerly
delicious, then you see how the sea has a sea of delicacy. Is that you need (ph) to enjoy uni, you see? I`m Carl Azuz, and I`m going for a burger.
We`ll see you tomorrow on CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News Jan 29, 2015: A politically challenging presidential trip and a mystery involving birds are two of the stories we cover on this dynamic edition of CNN Student News. We remember the actions of the Friendship Nine on the day when their convictions and sentences were overturned. And we discuss a controversial proposal to use mutant mosquitoes to wipe out a pest in the Florida Keys.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, welcome to the week`s pun-ultimate presentation of CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz with ten minutes of commercial free
headlines. We are starting with news concerning Saudi Arabia, a Middle Eastern country that`s the world`s 13 largest nation in area and its
biggest export of oil.
Saudi Arabia is a monarchy. King Abdullah who`s led the nation since 2005 died last week. And President Obama recently traveled there to pay his
respects and visit Saudi Arabia`s new leader, King Salman. Saudi Arabia is an ally of the U.S. in fighting terrorism, but it has a bad record on human
rights. A blogger who spoke out against the Saudi government was recently whipped a 1000 times and imprisoned for 20 years. The nation doesn`t allow
women to drive, made this a politically challenging trip for President Obama.
President Obama`s stop in Saudi Arabia was brief, but spoke volumes about U.S. relations with this key Mideast ally.
After cutting short his trip to India following the death of Saudi King Abdullah, the president and the newly crowned monarch in Riyadh were all
smiles when Mr. Obama praised King Salman`s palace.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: Beautiful.
AZUZ: The response was now that you hear it`s even more beautiful. But the president declined to criticize the kingdom for the beating of a Saudi
blogger who was punished for scrutinizing his country`s religious police.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
FARID ZAKARIA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: When you speak about the blogger to the .
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: I think on this visit, obviously, a lot of this is just paying respects to King Abdullah.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: CNN`s Fareed Zakaria asked the president what he would say to Americans appalled by Saudi Arabia`s human rights record.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
OBAMA: What we`d say to them is that it is important for us to take into account existing relationships, the existing alignments within a very
complicated Middle East to recognize that we have strategic interest in common with Saudi Arabia.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: Common interests like ISIS, Yemen where the U.S. if fighting al- Qaeda and Saudi Arabia`s main rival, Iran.
A senior Saudi official brushed off White House`s assurance that Iran is not in charge of the Houthi rebels in Yemen, saying, if the Houthis are not
controlled by Iran, then who is giving them guns and money? To us, that is control.
The Saudi trip is something of an optic`s due over.
AZUZ: After the White House failed to have a high profile presence following the terror attacks in Paris. By contrast, the President`s Saudi
delegation was a Washington who is who, from Secretary of State John Kerry, Senator John McCain and CIA Director John Brennan to former secretaries of
state James Baker and Condoleezza Rice. Top White House aides complain that`s an unfair comparison.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BEN RHODES, DEPUTY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER: You have I think a period of time where different leaders are able to pass through Saudi Arabia to pay
their respects and to meet the new king. So – so there`s a difference.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: We cannot rewrite history, but we can write history. The words of a judge yesterday in overturning the convictions and sentences of the
Friendship 9. It was a group of African American protesters who were students at Friendship College in Rock Hill, South Carolina. On January
31, 1961, they sat at a lunch counter that was designated for whites only, they were immediately arrested. Their penalty, a choice: pay $100 fine or
accept 30 days of hard labor.
They chose the labor and took a seat in history.
Eight of the protesters were still alive, seven were at yesterday`s hearing. The judge was the nephew of the judge who originally sentenced
them in. There was a standing ovation when he officially vacated their convictions.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CLARENCE GRAHAM, FRIENDSHIP 9 PROTESTER: But we will not let him play any hero worship. We were simply (INAUDIBLE) students who was tired of the
status quo. Tired of being treated like second-class citizens, tired of being spat on, kicked, calling word, drinking out of color water fountain.
We got tired of that.
AZUZ: Time for “THE SHOUTOUT.” Worldwide, there are about 3500 species of what animal – if you think you know it, shout it out. Is it mosquitoes,
cats, horses or sea urchins?
You got three seconds, go.
These animals there are more different species of mosquitoes than the others combined. That`s` your answer and that`s your shoutout.
All right, the problem: mosquitoes. The Florida Keys have them. One solution, insecticides. They`ve been sprayed for many years across the
Keys, keeping the bugs at bay. But there is one species of mosquito that`s built up a resistance to many of the pesticides, and that species can carry
dangerous diseases like dengue and yellow fever.
So, another proposed solution, mutant mosquitoes. A British company has found a way to genetically modify mosquitoes to kill their offspring. It
wants to release millions of them into the Keys to ultimately kill off the dengue carrying mosquito species. It says no human will be bitten by a
genetically modified mosquito because it will only release male mosquitoes Which don`t bite.
But some critics think that biting females could somehow get into the genetically modified population. What then?
Also, they question the need for the experiment: dengue fever isn`t the major health threat in the Florida Keys. Almost 140,000 people have signed
the petition to keep this from happening. The FDA would have to approve it.
Another animal story today involves hundreds of birds. They are washing ashore, injured or dead in San Francisco Bay. And saving lives is keeping
the non-profit group International Bird Rescue busy.
It says the cost is running $9500 a day, that`s coming from donations. And while officials don`t know what caused the problem, some rescue solutions
DAN SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The mystery started when people started seeing dead birds. We are on the Eastern shoreline of San Francisco Bay
and this is where the birds began washing up.
It looked like they were covered in oil, but it wasn`t, in some kind of mysterious goo.
And we are not talking about just a few birds that are died, the death toll is now at more than 200. The problem is, is the substance gets into the
birds feathers causing hypothermia.
This really has the look and feel of a Promise Center in a major hospital. You have all of these people working that are taking care of the patients.
Except this seems that the patients were birds.
Lauren and Patrick here are just two of the many volunteers who are here hours on end trying to get these birds clean.
LAUREN ADAMS, BIRD RESCUER: So, it`s just (INAUDIBLE) on the birds to be handled for sure, so, you know, we try and make wash those quickly as
SIMON: Scientists have ruled out oil is the harmful substance, but it`s just as dangerous.
ADAMS: As they have been (INAUDIBLE)
SIMON: It has the consistency of glue that sticks to the bird`s feathers. Dawn dishwashing detergent is used to help remove the gunk, while allow to
figure out exactly what it is.
BARBARA CALLAHAN, INTERNATIONAL BIRD RESCUE: It looks almost like rubber cement. It`s taking on the bird`s feathers. It doesn`t want to come up on
But we are having some very good results with the current protocols of washing and we are able to clean these birds.
SIMON: If the birds make it outside and get into one of these miniature pulls – it means that they are doing well, this is where they observed for
a few days before they are finally released back into the wild.
About 250 birds so far have been treated here, the worst may be over.
But until scientists can figure out where that goo came from, there is still a concern more of these helpless animals to be found.
AZUZ: From the West Coast to the East Coast we are tracking cross country on today`s roll call. Mohawk High School is in the community of Marcola,
Oregon. It`s where the Indians are watching today.
Debeque Undivided High School is in the town of Debeque, Colorado. The dragons are online there.
And in the Floridian City of Plantation, we are all about the Panthers. Hello to Seminole Middle School.
It`s a site you never see in central London or in any other city, for that matter. And this could end really badly if it were real. Fortunately,
it`s not. It`s an 8 foot tall puppet with real humans inside who are still living.
It`s part of a publicity stunt for a British TV drama. It took eight weeks, more than 60 different types of material, and a lot of study from
the puppeteers to master the movements of a polar bear.
The side of that would be beary scary at first, it`d give anyone paws. We are sure it got everything from a roaring reception to a frosty response.
There`s no doubt that bears polarizing.
We are bearing back – with more CNN STUDENT NEWS tomorrow.
CNN Student News Jan 30, 2015: We’re exploring a couple of constitutional issues today, from the concept of war powers in the U.S. government to the concept of selecting a jury. There’s some hopeful news concerning the Ebola virus, and there’s some expectation that this year’s Super Bowl could break all-time television viewership records. And a man in Canada is keeping fun on track for the kids in his neighborhood. Fridays are awesome on CNN Student News!
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: You`ve made it to Friday. It`s the last one of the month, and we`ve got ten minutes of news lined up for you.
A first story is about the Ebola virus, but it`s a hopeful one. According to the World Health Organization, the number of new Ebola cases is slowing
down in the three African countries that have been worst hit by the epidemic. Those are Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Combined, they
reported that 99 people caught Ebola last week. That`s the first week since last summer that officials have seen fewer than 100 new cases.
This doesn`t mean the outbreak is over, but officials say the international response to the incurable disease has moved into its second phase. The
first was slowing down Ebola`s transmission, the second is ending the outbreak.
There`ve been more than 22,000 confirmed or suspected cases of Ebola since this outbreak was first reported last March. Almost 8800 people are known
to have died from it.
In the “State of the Union” address earlier this month, President Obama asked Congress to authorize the use of force against ISIL or what you`ve
heard us call the ISIS terrorist group. The U.S. Constitution divides the war powers of the federal government. It designates the president as
commander-in-chief of the military, but it gives Congress the power to declare war, raise the army and fund it.
Historically, there`s been some push-pull between presidents and Congress over these powers.
ATHENA JONES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The AUMF is an authorization of the use of military force. It`s Congress`s way of giving the president permission
to use the U.S. armed forces in a conflict.
So, why do we need an AUMF? Well, it`s the law. That`s the short answer. Under the War Powers Resolution of 1973, the president can take U.S. forces
into hostilities, into a war, but after 60 days he has to stop those hostilities if he hasn`t gotten congressional approval.
Back in August, the U.S. launched airstrikes against ISIS forces in Iraq, and did so at the invitation of Iraq`s government. It wasn`t until
September that the U.S. forces began launching airstrikes against ISIS in Syria. At the time, the president said:
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: I have the authority to address the threat from ISIL.
JONES: But he said he`d like for the Congress to pass an authorization.
Just to show the world that the U.S. is united on this.
OBAMA: We are strongest as a nation, when the president and Congress work together.
JONES: The White House said this authority came from the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force. That was the authorization linked
to the war in Afghanistan. It was about bring the fight to the people who are responsible for 9/11.
So, a series of hearings back in September before, for instance, the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee were
people from the Obama administration like Secretary of State John Kerry and others were pressed on this issue.
SEN. JEFF FLAKE (R) ARIZONA: I`m a little confused at the position that`s being taken by the administration now.
SEN. ROBERT MENENDEZ (D) NEW JERSEY: I`m personally not comfortable with reliance on either the 2001 AUMF that relies on a thin theory that ISIL is
associated with al Qaeda.
JONES: Cut (ph) to the State of the Union address the president said .
OBAMA: I call on this Congress to show the world that we are united in this mission by passing a resolution to authorize the use of force against
OBAMA: . that authority
JONES: And so, the other president said “We need that authority.” And that`s the difference here. Now the White House is saying, “We need that
AZUZ: In the U.S., the Super Bowl is two days away. It doesn`t matter whether you like football. There`s a good chance you`re going to be seeing
the NFL Championship game on Sunday.
Last year`s game, Super Bowl XLVIII was the most watched American TV event ever. It was seen by more than 111 million viewers. That`s over one third
of the entire country.
Since then, and an advance of Super Bowl XLIX, the National Football League has had some pretty big controversies heated image.
What do you call a championship game whose league and players have been accused of nothing less than attacking the brain, assaulting the body and
compromising the soul of competition? Why? That`s the Super Bowl! Yes, super. A fitting end to a season filled with defensiveness.
ROGER GOODELL, NFL COMMISSIONER: I got it wrong in the handling of the Ray Rice Matter. And I`m sorry for that.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I didn`t (INAUDIBLE) anyway.
AZUZ: And discipline.
ZYGI WILF, MINNESOTA VIKINGS, OWNER: We have decided that the appropriate course of action for the organization and for Adrian (ph) is to put them
under exempt list.
AZUZ: Star running back Ray Rice caught on video hitting his now wife. Star running back Adrian Petersen copying a plea to charges that he beat
his son with a switch.
Star quarterback Tom Brady dodging cheating allegations. And the head of it all, Commissioner Roger Goodell facing questions about how he handled it
You might think this would put the success of this enterprise in question. You might think that, but you would be wrong.
Attendance is up, (INAUDIBLE) ratings for big chunks of the playoffs. For 17 straight weeks, and NFL game was the most watched show on TV.
And now teams are splitting more than $6 billion in revenue.
Money. There is lots of it. If there`s so much outrage over scandals, with NS, why do we keep watching? Well, the fact is, we do. We like it.
The game, at least.
More than 100 million people will watch this Sunday. And for the NFL that simple fact can be described with one word: Super.
AZUZ: On CNN STUDENT NEWS, there are three things to love about every roll call. The first today, is Central Cast Middle School. The squirrels are
watching up in North Dakota. Good to see you all in Castleton. Second is re-education services. We are glad to have viewers in Perry (ph). It`s a
village in the buckeye state of Ohio.
And third, it`s in New Orleans, this is the home of the Rams, it`s the home of Louisiana`s GW Carver Preparatory Academy.
Article Three of the U.S. Constitution discusses the judicial power of the U.S.
Section one says judges shall hold their offices during good behavior, interesting tidbit there.
As far as the jury goes, section two says the trial of all crimes shall be by jury and shall be held in the state where the alleged crime was
But how was the jury chosen?
DANNY CEVALLOS, CNN LEGAL ANALYST: The idea behind jury selection is to seek a fair and impartial jury. The reality is, that`s only the judge`s
goal. What most people won`t tell you that the different attorneys, they want to seat the most bias jury they can possibly find? Bias towards their
First, the court actually has to summon jurors to the court house. That sounds simple, but believe me, it isn`t. In a typical capital case, if a
court summon say 300 potential jurors, they are lucky if 100 show up. And for the most part the judge`s main inquiry is based on whatever your
preconceived ideas are or what you`ve heard about this high profile case. Can you put all that aside? And render an impartial verdict?
Now, the attorneys are certainly involved. They can challenge jurors either for cause or using what are called peremptory challenges. This is a
challenge that an attorney can use to strike a juror for any reason at all, but they only get a few of them, so they have to use them wisely.
An interesting point about peremptory challenges. A lawyer can use them to get rid of a potential juror for any reason, and he doesn`t have to explain
Unless the other side thinks: he`s using it to get rid of specific races of jurors.
Everybody`s got a theory on what race or gender, think this way, what particular religion, think another way, whether rich or poor people, think
one way or the other. And ultimately, it`s all guesswork.
AZUZ: Forecast for Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. Well, it`s cold. With lows well below zero. Perfect for sledding, but in a city that`s
relatively flat, one man used leaves, snow, ice and tires to build up some curves and walls in his backyard. A luge!
He built it for a seven-year old daughter`s birthday party in the unmitigated joy of the neighborhood kids, because the climate is so called
in Saskatoon, the track could stick around until spring.
Of course, it`s possible, the neighbors gave him some icy stares or made a comment about their – next door. But the kids say, he`s a winter. Gave
them a great place to chill all day and stay on track for fun. I was going to drop at day luge of cold puns, but at this point in the show, sometimes
that just freeze up. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS. Fridays are iceome.
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