CNN Student News with transcript Feb 2, 2015: February is the start of Black History Month in the U.S., and today’s show takes a look back at a series of significant events in the Civil Rights Movement. We’re also looking at tensions in the Middle East, from their background to a recent flare-up. And we’ll show you what the Grand Canyon looks like under a blanket of fog. Go there on CNN Student News!
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Great to have you kicking off the week. In the month of February with CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz. We`ve got
ten minutes of current events lined up for you, but no commercials. Our show starts in the Middle East with a bit of history.
Israel is an ally of the United States. The mostly Jewish country was founded in 1948, many Arabs in the region opposed Israel. In the wars that
followed, Israel defeated the Arabs. The tensions between Israel and its neighbors, which include the country of Lebanon have been simmering ever
All right, present day. There is a militant Islamic group in Lebanon named Hezbollah. It opposes Israel and the West. Israel and the U.S. consider
Hezbollah a terrorist group. A recent flare up between Israel and Hezbollah made headlines around the world.
ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: No, it doesn`t take much to start a war in this corner of the world. The latest spark ignited right where Lebanon,
Syria and Israel meet. Borders are contested, planned, still disputed. So, when violence flares, everyone braces for the worst.
This time, the Israeli military says Hezbollah launched five antitank missiles at an Israeli military convoy, traveling into disputed Shebaa farm
area. Two Israeli soldiers were killed, and Israel immediately responded with artillery strikes. The Spanish U.N. peacekeeper was killed in a
The Hezbollah attack was in retaliation for an Israeli airstrike carried out on a Hezbollah convoy near Quneitra in Syria a few weeks ago. An
Iranian general and the son of a Hezbollah commander were among others that were killed.
It`s not the first time this has happened. In 2006, Hezbollah killed eight soldiers in a cross border raid, capturing two bodies. That sparked a
summer war that killed more than 1,000 people.
But this time, it seems, tensions quickly defused. Hezbollah is already embroiled in Syria, and Israel`s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has
elections (INAUDIBLE) in March. So, it seems that this time, nobody wants a war.
AZUZ: Still, in the midst of the recent violence between Israel and Hezbollah, Israel put its army on high alert near its border with Lebanon,
and it reportedly moved a very advanced missile system in the place. In fact, it`s probably more accurate to say, it`s an antimissile system. It`s
something that`s seen a lot of views in the nation surrounded by groups that oppose it.
ELISE LABOTT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Deployment of Iron Dome missile system is usually a signal that Israel is getting ready for trouble.
The Iron Dome is a very sophisticated radar system. When a rocket is launched into Israel, the radar tracks its trajectory, calculates an impact
point and launches a missile to shoot it down. The manufacturers of the Iron Dome system say, it`s the fastest and most reliable system of its
kind. It can launch a missile and shoot down a rocket within 15 seconds, and that allows Israelis to leave a relatively normal life during a very
Iron Dome was very useful in operation “Protective Edge.” They say they struck down 90 percent of the more than 1,000 rockets that were launched
from Gaza into Israel.
The United States is the primary funder of the Israeli-made Iron Dome system, and it doesn`t come cheap. Each interceptor missile costs at least
$62,000, and each battery costs about $50,000. Together the United States and Israel have spent over $1 billion on the system. Deploying ten Iron
Dome batteries. But the architects of the system and the Israelis say the cost is well worth it, when you consider what has been saved in terms of
property damage, economic impact and most importantly, lives. When those air sirens sound indicating an incoming missile, by and large Israelis are
glad they have the Iron Dome to protect them.
AZUZ: Faking attendance. Today, we are rolling from a city in central Arkansas to the capital of Kenya. Hello, Searcy in the natural state, or
the land of opportunity, it`s the lions leading today at Searcy High School.
On Lake Saint Clair in southeast Michigan we got the Taurus (ph) watching. Great to see you in Anchor Bay Middle School North, and in the Kenyan
capital of Nairobi, we are happy to be part of your day, shoutout to all the students of West Nairobi School.
California`s seeing what officials consider a large outbreak of measles, the large is relative. When we produced the show, there`s been 91
confirmed cases statewide since the outbreak in December. But the U.S. averages 60 cases per year nationwide.
Most of California`s cases are linked to an outbreak at Disneyland. It`s possible to get the disease even with the vaccination, though that`s less
likely. Measles aren`t usually deadly, they are incredibly contagious.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We all know that if you are on something like a plane, or a bus, or a train, and somebody near you were to sneeze,
and they had measles, you have a real chance of being exposed to the measles virus. But a study from MIT last year found it`s actually much
worse than that. If I were seated on a plane like this, and somebody way in the back sneezed, the truth is, that virus now could travel in sort of
the invisible crowds of micro droplets all the way up to where I`m seated here.
And what`s more, despite the fact that planes have a lot of systems to filter the air, if the virus stays in the air, it could be viable for two
hours, if it lands in the backs of armrests or in chairs, the same thing. And that`s a real problem, because if you are not safe against this
disease, you have a 90 percent chance of getting it just by being in the same place.
Because it is a highly infectious disease.
AZUZ: In the U.S., black history months arrives every February, commemorates the achievements and contributions of African Americans and
the idea started in 1926 with Dr. Carter G. Woodson. He was a historian who believed that knowing their past would help African Americans build the
better future. He picked February because it was the birth months of both abolitionist Frederick Douglas and President Abraham Lincoln.
The civil rights movement contributed to black history month awareness and popularity. This year, there`s a significant anniversary. It`s been 55
years since demonstrators marched from Selma, Alabama to the capital of Montgomery. They wanted fair access to the polls so they could vote, but
it wasn`t until their third march that they were allowed to reach the end.
AMELIA BOYNTON ROBINSON, MARCHED IN SELMA: I was standing up there and (INAUDIBLE) running.
Black people were beaten .
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Tear gas.
BOYNTON ROBINSON: domes (ph) were hit. And I just turned around, see it all (ph) and wondered why they were beating them so. And that just can – I
PRESIDENT LYNDON B. JOHNSON: I just don`t see how anybody can say that a man can fight in Vietnam, but he can`t vote in the post office.
MARTIN LUTHER KING: We are here and we are standing before the forces of power in the state of Alabama saying we ain`t going let nobody turn us
AZUZ: Last Wednesday`s forecast for the Grand Canyon, cloudy with the chance of awesome. We are not talking about the sky, we are talking about
what happened in the canyon itself. It was invaded by fog. This was caused by a temperature inversion, a relatively rare condition with cold
air on the ground and warm air hovering over it. It trapped clouds in the canyon for a little while, and then like a blanket being pulled off, it
disappeared in about half an hour.
So they were gone, but not forgotten, well, maybe they became like a cloudy memory, where there was once this canyon of information, but the details
I`m Carl Azuz. It`s been a grand ten minutes. But we have to roll out till tomorrow. I hope to see you then.
CNN Student News Feb 3, 2015: For millions of snowbound Americans in the Midwest and the Northeast, Groundhog Day might’ve brought an unwelcome prediction. We’ll tell you what it was, and we’ll take you to a research center in Colorado where having your head in the clouds is the goal. We also look back at a historic document on its 800th birthday and explore its most enduring principles.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: A presidential budget proposal and the brutal winter storm lead off this Tuesday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s good
to see you. I`m Carl Azuz at the CNN Center. It`s sicker than a phone book. It deals with the record $4 trillion. It was proposed by President
Obama yesterday. We say “proposed” because the Democratic president and the Republican controlled Congress will ultimately have to agree on the
government`s budget for the coming year.
This plan is a starting point. It`s like an opening bid in the process. One thing President Obama wants to do, is raise taxes on Americans making
more than $500,000 a year and give tax cuts to help many Americans in the middle class to help them get ahead.
It`s what the president calls “middle class economics”, but some experts say, many people in the middle class wouldn`t see any benefits, and
Republicans who control Congress have very different ideas on how to manage the government`s money.
Boston, Massachusetts, averages more than three feet of snow per year, but the same storm that set a snowfall record in Chicago has moved east, and
Boston has declared a snow emergency with as many as 14 inches expected. Thousands of flights have been canceled, and schools were closed in cities
that are used to winter weather.
Omaha, Detroit and Cleveland, just to name a few.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. Parts of the U.S. Constitution are based on my ideas. I`m a historic document that dates
back to England`s King John focusing on rights and liberties. I was first issued in the year 2015.
I`m the Magna Carta, and there are four original copies that exist today.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: King John was more or less forced to sign the Magna Carta. The barons who did that were trying to keep the king from abusing his power.
For instance, imposing high taxes to fund his military campaigns without first consulting the barons who largely paid for them.
The Magna Carta has a lot of promises that didn`t apply to the everyday Englishman of the 13 century, but it has some concepts that apply to
everyone, even 800 years later.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Salisbury Cathedral, southwest of London, once magnificently the tallest building in medieval England. For as long as it
stood with its great Gothic arches, it`s been custodian of a very rare piece of sheepskin parchment, one of the four original copies of Magna
Carta from 1215.
Written neatly and densely in a tiny hand, some 4,000 words in Latin, a medieval charter with profound symbolism for our personal liberties.
REV. ROBIN GRIFFITH-JONES, MASTER, TEMPLE CHURCH: It`s about all (INAUDIBLE). And it`s true. If you read most of its clauses, you lose the
will to live, you know, it`s about fishing rights and the terms, rabbiting (ph) rights in the royal forests.
Right in the middle, a middle list (INAUDIBLE), you reach clause 39, No free man will be arrested, dispossessed, exiled, imprisoned or in any way
harmed, except by the law of the land on the judgment of his equals. Clause 40, “To no man will we delay or deny right or justice.”
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The first words are “John, by the Grace of God, King of England, J for John.” At the end, there is Runnymede, the place were Magna
Carta was ratified “and domini the year of our Lord 2015.”
Magna Carta was agreed at a place called Runnymede, a water meadow by the river Thames. King John, murderous, lecherous and much hated, coerced by
the barons to put his royal seal on the charter for the included basic human rights.
In time, as we know, Magna Carta has come to symbolize our basic personal liberties, some 2 billion people now live under its principles of common
law. The story cast in bronze on the doors of the American Supreme Court, a golden copy in English at stone glass in the creek beneath the houses of
800 years on, a very English futile document remains at the very heart of the American constitution. Nick Glass, CNN in Salisbury.
AZUZ: Our site, cnnstudnetnews.com, our source, yesterday`s transcript page, our roll call schools for today, Ogden High School. It`s in Ogden,
Utah, it may be the beehive state, but it`s the tigers who have answered our roar call.
On the East Coast in the city of Cumberland, Maryland, the sentinels are on guard. They are watching from Port Hill High School in Back West in the
gem state of Idaho. Watch out for the Wolverines. They are watching from Wood River Middle Schools.
Altocumulus, altostratus, cumulonimbus, there are all types of clouds and while weather balloons are one great way to study them, sometimes you just
got to hike to a mountaintop and plant an observatory. And it helps if that mountain includes a ski resort where roads, trails, ski leaps,
electric power, they are all in place.
At the Storm Peak Lab in Colorado, you are supposed to have your head in the clouds.
JENNIFER GRAY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Steamboat, Colorado is home to just one of a handful of high elevation atmospheric science, laboratories in the
country. In fact, they do research about the clouds, from inside the clouds. A team works up there, they live up there, their lifestyle is
incredible working and living 10,500 feet.
IAN MCCUBBIN, STORM PEAK LAB: So, we go ahead and jump in the snow cat. Back on to that handle, go ahead, climb in there. There you go. I`ll jump
in on the other side, we`ll be ready to go.
Some days it`s, you know, you are basically driving up here in the snow storm and you go from tree to tree to tree. Because I know the rock (ph)
based on where the trees are, and we are navigating that way.
GRAY: It`s your everyday commute to work. You are in the snow cat and you are traveling uphill about 3500 feet to get to this point. If you need
food, if you need any sort of supplies, it`s all got to be brought up by that snow cat.
MCCUBBIN: Come on in. Jen, welcome.
GRAY: We made it.
MCCUBBIN: Yeah. So, Jen, here is our instrumentation laboratory. So, we are measuring the bottom of the jet stream. So, we are measuring
pollution, temperature, meteorological variables, particulate matter, gases in the atmosphere. Basically at night we are in the bottom of the jet
stream, so we are measuring the air that`s circulated around the globe.
GRAY: And you guys have come a long way. Early days it was just a trailer, farther down on the mountain.
MCCUBBIN: That`s correct. Yeah, they have to call ski patrol when I was in the trailer and ski patrol would come over and actually have to dig them
out so that they could get out in the snow storm.
GRAY: Bathrooms, bunk beds. You can have nine students, two stories, you have a suit upstairs. I mean this is a full functioning facility where you
can live your three weeks at a time without anyone coming or going.
MCCUBBIN: That`s correct. That`s correct.
All right, Jen, let`s go out on the roof where we have instrumentation up here, to take a look at the beautiful view.
GRAY: This is amazing.
MCCUBBIN: Yeah, this really is a special place.
GRAY: All these instruments here that are basically doing a different job.
MCCUBBIN: Right. So, when it`s cloudy, we are looking inside the clouds, and we are looking at the snow that`s forming from the storms, and then on
the sunny day, we are actually still measuring, but we are looking at the sun and the gases that are above us.
Work we are collecting is going into improving weather models, it`s going into a better forecast, it`s going into understanding the global climate,
it`s going into understanding how clouds interact with yet – with the surface and how they change in temperature, so it`s just really, really
AZUZ: It could be good for those researches, bad for millions of other snowbound Americans. Punxsutawney Phil has seen his shadow. It`s the
legend of Groundhog Day. If the animal, this one being the most famous, comes out of hibernation and sees his shadow, we are in for six more weeks
of winter weather instead of an early spring.
That`s exactly what Punxy (ph) Phil predicted yesterday, but if that gets you down, remember this – he`s usually wrong.
Rodent`s you know it, he`s a groundhog, not a meteohoglogist. He`s a wormit, a mormit, a whistlepignosticator, for the tame thing- the fame
things uncomfortable climate, we bet he would chuck it. Sometimes as best as they ground it. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News Feb 4, 2015: A measles outbreak has triggered a flare-up in the debate over vaccines, and it’s reached Capitol Hill. We’ll tell you what’s being said in Washington, D.C. Are winds of change blowing stronger in Saudi Arabia? A well-traveled CNN reporter gives his impressions. And a Character Study focuses on a young lady whose childhood cancer took her leg but gave her unparalleled determination.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: First up this Wednesday, on CNN STUDENT NEWS, debate is raging in the U.S. And now on Capitol Hill about vaccines.
Specifically, the measles, moms and rubella vaccine, or MMR.
There`s no federal law that requires parents to have their children vaccinated, and some refuse to do it.
But after a measles outbreak in California, the disease has now spread to 102 people in 14 states. Politicians are joining the heated conversation
Most people who caught the measles in the recent outbreak hadn`t been vaccinated against it. Though a handful had. There`ve been no deaths, the
last measles death in the U.S. was in 2003. Most people who get measles recover in a few weeks, but it`s incredibly contagious, and the Centers for
Disease Control says the best way to prevent its spread is by having children vaccinated.
Some schools won`t allow children who haven`t been vaccinated. Some doctors won`t treat children who haven`t been vaccinated. But though
scientists say the MMR vaccine is safe, that there is no known link between the vaccine and developmental disorders including autism, that fear keeps
some parents from having their children vaccinated.
Senator Rand Paul, who is also an eye doctor, said he`d heard of many tragic cases of normal children who developed severe mental disorders after
House Speaker John Boehner said he believes all children should be vaccinated, but he`s not sure there should be a federal law.
And President Obama says parents should vaccinate their children, but then it shouldn`t take a law to get them to do it.
What can you say about pandas? They are very special mascot.
We are glad they are watching today. The Padua Academy Pandas is on our roll from Wilmington, Delaware. Hello to Monroe, North Carolina, hello to
everyone watching at Monroe High School.
And we`ll wrap up in Las Cruces, New Mexico. It`s great to see the thunderbirds of Zia Middle School.
When President Obama visited Saudi Arabia last week, he took some criticism for it. The Middle Eastern nation does not have a good record on human
rights. It`s historically limited women`s rights, those who insult Islam and break the law can be whipped, sometimes publicly.
People who aren`t Muslims can`t become citizens.
President Obama said sometimes the U.S. has to balance the need to address human rights with the need to fight terrorism or support stability in the
region. And there is a sense that Saudi society is changing.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: What should you think about Saudi Arabia? Well, I`ll tell you what I think since I came back. It`s been
about six years since I was in Riyadh. When I left, there were two towers. On the driving from the airport the other night we passed about ten new
towers. This is the city that`s changing.
Michelle Obama came with President Obama the other day. She came without wearing a scarf, without wearing an abaya. Ten years ago, people tell me
that would have been a scandal. She shook hands with the new king, with King Salman. This would have been unheard of just a few years ago. So,
what has made this change? What else has changed?
King Abdullah did make changes while he was here. They might be subtle, not significant, it seems for the outside. He put more than 100,000 young
Saudis into education overseas. He paid for them to go and study at universities overseas knowing full well that when they came back, they
bring back some of those outside values, and this would work inside society to bring about change.
When you talk to women here, it`s much more than just about are they allowed to drive. It`s about their participation in society on an equal
basis with men. There`s been a greater dialogue on the King Abdullah allowing that to happen.
OK, he didn`t see it all through. But this is a slow gradual progression. The changes of the Arab Spring that happened in the region around here woke
young people up in Saudi Arabia to the strength of social media, to what the Internet can do. Saudi Arabia is no longer an island. The new king
inherits all of this, while he doesn`t want to see his country become unstable and his people don`t want to see the country become unstable like
Iraq and Yemen to the south, he has still got to manage all these expectations. Yes, it hasn`t progressed at the pace we might expect. But
via its own terms in a relative measure, it`s progressed hugely.
People here feel that change really for Saudi Arabia can`t really be stopped.
Could it happen faster, what is the royal family holding onto? Well, like any people in power, no one really wants to give that up. But do they seem
to recognize that change is coming and happening?
King Abdullah did. He was working towards it, and all those people educated, all the young people educated overseas, those are the seeds that
he`s planted for future change. They will come back, they c have seen a different possibility for a different future, and they will work for that.
We are meeting them today. They are in the battleground (ph) now, but talk to them today, and they know that their future is coming.
AZUZ: The four years old Alex Scott decided to open a lemonade stand. She wasn`t looking to earn money for herself, she had childhood cancer and
wanted to raise funds that would help doctors treat kids like her. Alex lost her battle with cancer four years later in 2004, but her efforts have
raised more than $80 million and counting.
BAILEE MADISON: Hi. Do you want some lemonade?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Actress Bailee Madison is handing out more than just lemonade. She`s serving up hope.
MADISON: Pink of (INAUDIBLE).
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Madison works with Alex`s Lemonade Stand foundation, which encourages kids to raise money for childhood research by selling
MADISON: You are never too young to make a difference, and your voice can be so powerful, no matter if you are a singer, a dancer, an actress, you go
to school and no matter what you do in this role, you have a voice, and you can make such an impact.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s certainly true for bone cancer survivor Kaela Cruz.
KAELA CRUZ: Peekaboo.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: At five years old, she had her left leg amputated above the knee. Today there is nothing this middle schooler can`t do.
TED CRUZ, KAELA CRUZ`S FATHER: She`s involved in Taekwondo, and swimming. She doesn`t consider herself handicapped in anyway.
She`s differently able.
MADISON: Alex`s Lemonade stand!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Cruz teamed up with Alex`s Lemonade stand to share her story, raising pediatric cancer awareness, and inspiring other kids to
never give up.
KAELA CRUZ: If you`d fall down, get back up, keep trying and believe in yourself.
And no matter what, if you could do one thing, you can do everything.
AZUZ: Alex`s Lemonade stand gives about 86 cents of every dollar it receives to funding childhood cancer research. That`s according to
CharityNavigator.org. It`s one site where you can see how a charity is ranked, and where its money goes before you donate. Why might that be
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Charity. It seems pretty straightforward, right? You give money to an organization, they take that money and make sure it gets
where it needs to go. Simple enough. Well, as it turns out, charity like most things is more complicated than it seems.
First off, pretty much anyone can raise money these days, either using a crowd funding site like GoFundMe. Or by crowd sourcing help for a problem.
So, when it comes to big charities, many operate a little bit like an investment fund.
The idea is they make a profit on your dollar, so they can make it go farther.
In fact, that`s how some non- profit CEOs justified those hefty salaries. They say they are very good at squeezing the most out of your donation, so
they deserve to be paid as well. Like that? Well, that`s just how it is.
Confused? Maybe you should be, because we haven`t gotten to the so called venture capital philanthropy yet. That`s where instead of giving money to,
say, university doing cancer research, a foundation might instead invest in a private company studying a cure.
Different approaches, but all with the same goal – making your donation more efficient. In theory, at least. But the truth is, when it comes to
efficiency, not all charities are created equal. So, before you donate, go online, do a little research, it won`t hurt you, and you find out exactly
where your donation is going. Check out how your non-profit uses its money, how effective it is. They should tell you how many cents on every
dollar they put to the cause.
After all, if you are going to give away your hard-earned dollars, you want to know that the charities out there working as hard as possible for those
who need them the most.
AZUZ: Well, as long as things are frozen outside, do you want to build a snowman? How about a whole army of them? In Ottawa, Canada, where the
high was 19 degrees on Sunday, hundreds gathered at a football field and tried to break the Guinness world record for most snowman built in an hour.
The old record was 1279, the Canadian competitors said they vested it by 20, a total of 1299. It hasn`t been certified yet, but those women and
showmen put on a showman. Because their snowman who builds a snowman going slow man with that snowman when the snowing sticking in the clock is
ticking the stock or record for snowman man. That`s our showman. I hope we can see you again tomorrow.
CNN Student News Feb 5, 2015: As President Obama’s nominee for defense secretary is questioned on Capitol Hill, we’re taking a look at two of the major challenges ahead of anyone in the position: the fight against ISIS and the conflict in Ukraine. We’ll also take you for a ride on a superpipe today; we’re looking at the science and expenses associated with constructing one.
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to our viewers worldwide, including Chelsea High School in Eagles Landing Christian Academy. It was great seeing you
all at CNN yesterday.
We are starting with a confirmation hearing. This is Ashton Carter. He is the former U.S. deputy secretary of defense, he`s President Obama`s choice
to be the next secretary of defense. Part of the Senate`s job is to give the president advice and consent about his cabinet nominees. So, a Senate
committee opened a hearing yesterday. A kind of job interview for Ashton Carter. One subject he was asked about, ISIS, the terrorist group in Iraq
and Syria, recently murdered a captured fighter pilot from Jordan. The brutality, with which ISIS killed him and two Japanese hostages has stirred
up rage around the world.
The Obama administration says it`s made progress in leading the fight against ISIS, but it`s been criticized for not having a clear strategy on
how to defeat the terrorists. If Ashton Carter is confirmed as Defense Secretary, he`ll likely have some options in fighting ISIS.
FRED PLEITGEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There`s no doubt that in the past couple of months with the air campaign by the international coalition that ISIS
has been pushed back. However, they still hold sway and control large areas of western Iraq and northeastern Syria, which is the Sunni heartland.
With the killing of the Jordanian pilot Muath al-Kaseasbeh there are many people who are saying, now is the time to escalate the military campaign
against ISIS, and it seems as though in that debate, there are three options that appear to be on the table.
One, and this is one that`s been floated by many people in the United States including people like Senator John McCain. He is saying, America
and its allies need to put boots on the ground.
However, we have to keep in mind that President Obama came into office promising to end the war in Iraq and certainly has no appetite for sending
American forces back into the battlefield in that region.
And also there are people who say that it`s actually a huge risk to the soldiers, of course, putting them in harm`s way, and also could lead to
another full-fledged insurgency in that part of Iraq.
Another option that seems to be on the table is expanding the current airstrikes and continuing to rely on Kurdish forces, Shiite militias as
well as the Iraqi army. However, there are people who say there`s only so much that airstrikes can achieve and they doubt that once the battle gets
into the really Sunni heartland, Anbar province, for instance, in Iraq, whether or not these forces are going to be able to deal a decisive blow to
ISIS and defeat that terrorist organization for good.
The third option, and this is one that most people say has a chance of functioning, if indeed, it is one that puts forward, is engaging the Sunni
population in that area. It`s something the U.S. has done before, if we think back to 2006, all the way to 2010. What American did and back then,
it was already fighting Sunni insurgency, it was fighting an organization known as al Qaeda in Iraq, which in many ways is the precursor to ISIS. It
paid Sunni militias, it armed Sunni militias and asked them to fight against al Qaeda in Iraq. This is something that people say could work.
Again, getting the Sunnis to fight for their own turf and to oust the terrorists that are on their terrain.
AZUZ: The position of Defense Secretary is pretty comprehensive. It involves formulating U.S. defense strategy, presenting it to the president
and advising him on it. And making sure the approved policies are carried out.
Another region of conflict concerning the Defense Secretary involves Ukraine. It`s a nation torn between people who want closer ties with
Europe and people who want closer ties with Russia.
A year of fighting is taking its toll. The Ukrainian government and the U.S. are on the pro-Europe side, the Defense Secretary nominee says he`d
support the Ukrainian government by giving it weapons to fight the pro- Russian rebels, but that comes with the risk of escalating a conflict with Russia.
ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It was November 2013, when simmering tensions in Ukraine boiled over. Then President Viktor Yanukovych
backpedaled on a major deal that would have strengthened economic and defense ties with Europe opting instead for greater cooperation with
Thousands protested in the streets of Kiev. Their numbers growing to 800,000, blurring the lines between demonstration and revolution.
By February, Yanukovych had fled the capital, his administrative offices occupied by protesters, his parliament voting to remove him from power.
For a moment, it seemed the crisis was over, but the pro-Western sentiment in Kiev wasn`t shared in the south and east of the country where pro-
Russian protests were taken place.
By March, Russian-backed rebels had ceased key positions in Crimea. On the 16 of that month, a Russian-backed referendum deemed illegal by the U.N.
gave Crimean voters two options: Leave Ukraine and join Russia or leave Ukraine and become independent. There was no option to stay as part of
The Crimean electoral commission said nearly 97 percent of voters chose Russia. Regions to the east held their own referendums. Separatist forces
there battled the Ukrainian military on the ground and in the air.
In July, what had been a regional crisis erupted. Malaysian Airlines Flight MH-17 from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur was shot down over a rebel-held
area of Ukraine. All 298 people on board from four different continents were killed.
Western governments believe rebels used a Russian-supplied missile system like this, to shoot down the jet. Having mistaken it for a military
Ukraine says it was a Russian officer who pressed the button, but Russia denies that.
Now, truce between rebels and Ukraine`s government was reached in September, but for those who continued to be caught in the middle of
ongoing violence, the cease-fire may be worth as little as the paper that it`s signed on.
Atika Shubert, CNN.
AZUZ: I don`t know who else had perfect attendance like I have this year, but I do know who is on today`s roll. We`ll start in Giza, Egypt. We are
happy the Lynx are watching today. They are at the American International School.
Jones High School is in Jones, Oklahoma. You knew we`d get back to Oklahoma sooner or later. Hello to the Longhorns.
And we`ll wrap up our rock-n-roll in Illinois at Hampshire Middle School in Hampshire. Welcome to the whippers (ph) watching there.
It was in 1998 that snowboarding saw its first competition in the Olympics. In Nagano, Japan, riders went for gold in giant slalom in half-pipe events.
That was almost 20 years after the first snowboard half pipe was discovered. Not built, discovered. It was a ditch at the edge of a city
dump that skateboarders found a good use for in winter time. Since then, engineers have boiled making a super pipe down to a science.
AZUZ: The super pipes are signature item. And we take a lot of pride in that.
VANESSA YURKEVICH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We are at Okemo Mountain Resort in Vermont. It has one of about half a dozen super pipes on the East Coast.
The ski business has remained flat, so resort`s hoped that by putting big money into super pipes and terrain parks, they will attract customers
looking to take their experience to new heights.
(on camera): Why do you think so few mountains on the East Coast invest in the super pipe?
BRUCE SCHMIDT, OKEMO MOUNTAIN RESORT VP/GENERAL MANAGER: It`s expensive. As you can see, it takes a lot of time.
YURKEVICH (voice over): Step one, make snow.
(on camera): How many tons of snow or gallons of water is needed to make this super pipe?
SCHMIDT: This one will be about 9 million gallons. We will spend probably around $60,000 to $70,000 to complete the entire pipe.
YURKEVICH (voice over): Step two, make two walls of snow, 18 feet tall. Step three, precision cutting. This is a Zaugg machine, and it uses lasers
to sculpt the super pipe.
SCHMIDT: When the Zaugg is turned on, it`s really a giant snowblower. That`s probably the coolest thing. Tada! It`s now a super pipe!
YURKEVICH: Total cost – half a million dollars. But only five to ten percent of people who come to Okemo use the super pipe each year.
(on camera): Is it too niche of a market?
SCHMIDT: With the super pipe here, it`s one of the few sports that is (INAUDIBLE) Olympic, and it`s here, on the U.S. Olympic team, spent a lot
of time in here.
We are one of the few resorts that will hold competitions for the state.
YURKEVICH: So, it`s worth the investment?
SCHMIDT: Or, this is worth the investment. We need to do everything we can do to get people to want to continue to ski and ride. Having a super
pipe is one aspect of that.
AZUZ: The tools, a drone hovering overhead carrying a target, blow it. The challenge, for pro golfer Jason Day, tee up and tee off, hitting the
target with a golf ball. The problem .
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED PEOPLE: Ah!
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: He missed the target. But as far as the drone goes, not a bit. Jason seemed to feel pretty bad about it, his response, my bad. But it
made for an unforgettable commercial shoot.
He totally chipped that drone or may be knocked a whole in one of its props. But you`ve got to give him props. It took him only three shots to
sink that thing. He could have been jasing (ph) it all day, and that might have teed someone off.
I`m Carl Azuz, and we are happy to be your links to current events.
CNN Student News Feb 6, 2015: This Friday, we’re starting with news from Jordan: Find out how the Middle Eastern country responded to the recent murder of one of its fighter pilots. We show you what it’s like to walk through a Syrian city ruined by terrorism and war. And if you’ve ever considered texting while driving, you’ll have to consider how new technology can help police catch offenders!
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are the undisputed champion of awesome. I`m Carl Azuz, with CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of commercial free
current events. We start today with news from Jordan. It`s a constitutional monarchy in the Middle East. And its government is enraged.
The ISIS terrorist group captured a Jordanian fighter pilot in Syria in December. News broke earlier this week that ISIS had brutally murdered the
man. Jordan struck back. The pilot`s father says he was told that dozens of Jordanian jets flew in airstrikes against ISIS yesterday, then they flew
back over the man`s house in tribute to the pilot`s family.
Jordan says it targeted ISIS training centers and ammunition depots and that these strikes were just the beginning of its response.
U.S.-led airstrikes were part of the reason why ISIS lost the city of Kobani. It`s in northern Syria near the Turkish border. The Kurdish
Peshmerga fighters on the ground who drove ISIS out have been living in the city of ruins.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The aftermath of a disaster, but this disaster is manmade. Welcome to Kobani.
With Western help from air, the Kurdish Peshmerga won back the Syrian city of Kobani. This is what they won. Utter devastation.
Kurdish militia and rebel fighters have been working to liberate the Syrian city from ISIS grip since early October. There are many battlefields in
Syria, and in Iraq, but Kobani on side of the Turkish border and Western media was a fight the whole world saw.
Hundreds of U.S. and coalition airstrikes have rained down on it, hitting terror targets, but decimating buildings and houses as well.
And this is what the civilian caught in the crossfire now called home.
The majority of civilians fled Kobani for refugee camps in less volatile areas when the fighting first started, but others could not flee, or were
forced by circumstance to return.
Most hospitals in Kobani like everything else have been destroyed.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The ISIS put this full (INAUDIBLE) inside the hospital and exploded. So, you will see all this mess.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is Kobani`s makeshift hospital now. There was nothing left here, but for people like Bozane, it is still home.
BOZANE SHERE, KOBANI RESIDENT: I said I will not leave my city. I will stay here and told my sons go wherever you want to go, but for me, I will
stay here and I will die on Syrian land.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: ISIS is no longer in control of Kobani, but this is what victory looks like.
AZUZ: Just the facts. Texting while driving makes you 23 times more likely to crash your car, according to the Virginia Tech Transportation
Institute. No U.S. state has banned all cell phones by all drivers, but 44 states have banned texting while driving. The CDC study found that almost
half of all U.S. high school students age 16 or older have texted or emailed someone while driving.
In fact, 75 percent of all drivers in a recent survey said they texted while driving, even though 98 percent of those who do it, admit it`s
dangerous. Why? One professor at the University of Connecticut says it`s because there`s a divide between what we believe and what we actually do,
like we think others shouldn`t text and drive, but that we can handle it ourselves.
Also, compulsive texters, people who have trouble resisting the urge to check and reply to the message they get. One challenge for states where
it`s illegal is proving when drivers are doing it.
Advanced radar technology is making that easier for police.
Radar technology will help police do more than clock speeders in the future.
A Virginia company called ComSonics is reportedly developing a new Gizmo that uses radar to detect whether drivers are texting behind the wheel.
The radar gun would scan frequencies emitted from inside vehicles.
The idea poses a lot of unanswered questions like how can a device tell the difference between driver texts and passenger texts?
Another handheld radar device is already being used to help police see through walls. Well, sort of. It`s called Ranger. Basically, it`s a
highly sensitive motion detector, about nine inches long and weighing only about a pound.
Ranger shoots radar raise through a wall, and into a room on the other side, rays bounce back through the wall to the device, then a device
display shows how close the movement is on the other side of the wall.
At least 50 law enforcement agencies reportedly already have access to it. Its maker, L3 Cy Terra, says Ranger is useful for police SWAT teams, search
and rescue and helping firefighters find people trapped in burning buildings. But opponents say these devices may have darker uses that may
violate individual privacy protections.
AZUZ: Today`s “Roll Call” segment is strictly for the birds, specifically the Eagles, taking flight over Sioux Falls, South Dakota, we`ve got the
Eagles of Lutheran High School. Soaring over Mankato, Minnesota, waved to the Eagles of Central High School and flying high over Zionsville, Indiana,
guess who? The Eagles. They are on the wing in Zionsville Middle School.
Going into their game against the golden state warriors tonight, the Atlanta Hawks have 41 wings, nine losses. It`s the best record in the
National Basketball League. But historically, the Hawks haven`t had great attendance. Last season they won 28 out of 30 teams. This season they
unveiled a new 3D projection system. During pregame intros and halftime shows, it seems to turn the court into well, whatever they want. Fans are
PETER SORCKOFF, CHIEF CREATIVE OFFICER, ATLANTA HAWKS: Projection is an amazing technology, the set up that we use is eight projectors, there are
about 26,000 lumens for projector. When you look at the floor that we actually use the lines on the floor, and some of that video is mapped
around where the keys are, where the three point lines are. Layering the projection is really important. That`s what allows you to create that icon
(ph) view, that illusion of depth on the floor.
We shot from the perspective to be used for projection as opposed to shooting typical video and then trying to apply it to projection. I think
the next extension to that is essentially infrared cameras that will read movement on the floor and connect moving graphics to moving people or
moving objects. And so, when you get into that space, the sky is the limit. I think and other thing that we`d really like to explore is the
concept of connecting your mobile device. We use our Twitter feed or an Instagram feed to invite fans to send us photos and then we can actually
take those photos real time and shift them on panels where they actually continue to reveal and refresh with new photos that are coming through our
social strings. I think that there is a lot of pressure to create an experience of the arena that is different in what you can see at home when
you are watching the game on 70 inch HDTV, and with your fridge right around the corner and a bathroom that you are not going to wait in line
We have to make it different. We have to make it special, and that`s what we think we`ve gotten.
AZUZ: Of court, they are courting more fans that in the court of public opinion. The Hawks are projected to play on in the playoffs this year.
Their record in court are unballibable. It`s like they are the next big thing. And though are buzzers about to go off, we hope, you`ll be free to
throw ten minutes our way again on Monday.
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