Jan 262013

In this episode of iswearenglish 100: Formation and Use of Tenses in English series you can learn about how to form and how to use the Present Perfect Simple (Irregular Verbs).

How To Form The Present Perfect Simple with irregular verbs:

1st Column
2nd Column
Past Simple Affirmitive
3rd Column
Past Participle
eat ate eaten
become became become

To form the Present Perfect Simple affirmative take a subject (I, my friend…) and after that put the auxiliary verb have in the corresponding form of the present simple ( I have…, my friend has…) and then put the past participle, the word from column 3 of the irregular verb list (became, eaten). Put this all together and we have: I have become. My friend has eaten. To make negatives put not after the auxiliary have. I have not become. My friend has not eaten. Note in the negative we continue to use the past participle from column 3 unlike negatives for the past simple. To form questions change the position of the subject and the auxiliary verb have. This gives us: Have I Become? Has my friend eaten? Again note that we continue to use the past participle from column 3 unlike negatives for the past simple. If we wish we can place a question word before our interrogative form. What have I become? How much has my friend eaten? The table below shows the form of the past simple for irregular verbs:

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I have eaten I have not eaten Have I eaten?
You have eaten You have not eaten Have you eaten?
He has eaten He has not eaten Has he eaten?
She has eaten She has not eaten Has she eaten?
It has eaten It has not eaten Has it eaten?
We have eaten We have not eaten Have we eaten?
You have eaten You have not eaten Have you eaten?
They have eaten They have not eaten Have they eaten?

How to form the Present Perfect Simple with irregular verbs. It’s easy. It’s the same as with the regular ones. You take a subject I, then your auxiliary verb have, in the present simple and then you use the past participle. For irregular verbs, that’s the word in column 3. Eat, ate eaten. Column 3. Number 3. Fight, fought, fought. Number 3. OK. So, I have eaten. You have eaten. To make negatives put not after the have. I have not eaten. We still use the word from column 3, eaten. To make questions. Have you eaten? The word again from column 3. So, this is easy to construct and remember it’s different from the past simple. It’s different from column 2 and we use it in a different way. So, to make the past… sorry, to make the present perfect simple with irregular verbs, I have and then the past participle, eaten. In the negative I have not eaten. For questions, have I eaten? So… that’s simple, I am sure you understood it clearly. What’s more difficult is when to use it. See you soon.

Irregular verbs:
There are several groups of irregular verbs that behave in the same way. If you can remember the pattern it will help you to learn some of the verbs.

1st Column 2nd Column 3rd Column
Pattern 1 Bring Brought Brought
Buy Bought Bought
Catch Caught Caught
Pattern 2 Drink Drank Drunk
Sink Sank Sunk
Sing Sang Sung
Pattern 3 Choose Chose Chosen
Loose Lost Lost
Freeze Froze Frozen
Pattern 4 Bleed Bled Bled
Feed Fed Fed
Read Read Read
Pattern 5 Blow Blew Blown
Grow Grew Grown
Fly Flew Flown
Pattern 6 Deal Delt Delt
Feel Felt Felt
Keep Kept Kept
Pattern 7 Bet Bet Bet
Cut Cut Cut
Set Set Set

In this video the list of irregular verbs shown below has been read so you can learn the correct pronunciation.

The following table is a list of the most common irregular verbs in English, it is highly reccommended that you learn it:

1st Column 2nd Column 3rd Column
be was/were been
become became become
begin began begun
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
deal delt delt
do did done
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got/gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
leave left left
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
quit quit quit
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
shake shook shaken
shine shone shone
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
swim swam swum
swing swang swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written

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