CNN Student News with transcript Oct 13, 2014: Contracting and Treating Ebola; ISIS Remains Strong in Syria and Iraq; Malala Yousafzai Getting Peace Nobel Prize with Kailash Satyarthi of India
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS on this Monday, October 13. I`m Carl Azuz. We are starting with some questions and some answers
about the Ebola virus. A healthcare worker in Dallas, Texas has tested positive for the disease. This is the second time Ebola has been diagnosed
in the U.S., but the nurse who caught it had not traveled to West Africa where the outbreak is. She works at the hospital where Liberian man died
last week from Ebola. And she`d had extensive contact with him.
Health officials say she wore protective clothing, gowns, gloves, a mask and a shield. But there had been a “breech of protocol” at some point. We
don`t know exactly what that was. We are getting a lot of questions from you about how someone can touch the Ebola virus. This is what health
officials are saying.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The clock ticking from the moment the Ebola virus enters the body. The disease not easy to contract, only carried in bodily
fluids. And it can only enter the body through direct contact with cuts or abrasions on the skin or through the eyes, nose, mouth, throat or
reproductive organs. People can also get infected when eating meat from or coming in contact with contaminated animals.
The virus can survive several hours in a dried state on door knobs or countertops if the fluid remains wet and at room temperature it can survive
for days outside the body.
Most people get it through contact with bodily fluids of patients or the diseased.
But when is someone with Ebola actually contagious? The short answer, when they start to show symptoms. Those symptoms, though, can take from two to
21 days to kick in. In other words, a person can travel and interact with others for days or weeks without passing on the virus.
The average incubation period is eight to ten days.
The early symptoms of a disease fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat are often mistaken for the flu, malaria, typhoid fever or
But then things get worse. Vomiting, bloody diarrhea, often internal and external bleeding, skin rashes and purple spots on the skin. The death
rate is high, 50 to 90 percent chance of death depending on the strain and access to medical care.
If an infected patient with a strong immune system gets proper care the chance of surviving goes up. And if you survive you have immunity for at
least ten years, but what`s still unknown, if you are immune from other strains of Ebola. Answers and questions for a frightening disease.
AZUZ: The ISIS terrorist group is threatening to take over Kobane, a town in Syria near the border with Turkey. If it does, a United Nations envoy
says ISIS would likely kill 12,000 civilians there. U.S. officials say a region of western Iraq is also in trouble as ISIS advances, and this is all
happening despite the U.S.-led airstrikes against ISIS.
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Is the U.S. -led air campaign against ISIS working and what exactly is the measure of success?
Now, if you look at the map, ISIS controls about the same amount of territory now as it did before the campaign started, both in Iraq and in
Now, speaking to U.S. officials, they are making the argument to me that territory, at least in Syria, doesn`t matter. They say that there the
focus is on degrading ISIS capabilities from the air, and that means attacking command and control centers, attacking weapons and also its
sources of funding, which means oil installations, because they make most of their money by selling oil.
Now, in Iraq, they say, territory does matter, and they say that they have made some gains, particularly in taking back the crucial dams in Haditha
What`s the difference between Syria and Iraq? In Syria, you don`t have a ground force. It`s going to take more than a year to train those 5,000
moderate rebels that are going to be the vanguard of a force to fight against ISIS on the ground. In Iraq, you do have a ground force. Those
are the Iraqi security forces and Kurdish fighters. The trouble is, they`ve had mixed performance as well. They gained back the dams of
Haditha and Mosul, but they`ve lost ground in other cities.
So, what`s the measure of success going forward? U.S. officials tell me that the real measure of success from the U.S. perspective is, does the
U.S. stop ISIS from threatening U.S. interests both abroad and back home. Trouble with that measure is that that`s something we are only going to
know over the months and years to come of a campaign the U.S. officials are saying all the time now will last months and years as well.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MALALA YOUSAFZAI, DISCUSSING HER FIGHT FOR WOMEN`S RIGHTS IN 2011: I have rights. I have the right of education. I have the right to plea. I have
the right to sing. I have the right to talk. I have the right to go to market. I have the right to speak up.
AZUZ: That was Malala Yousafzai. She was speaking up about girls` rights to an education, something opposed by the Taliban militant group.
About a year after that interview, 15-year old Malala was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman. She survived, and continued her work to help young
women get an education. On Friday, at age 17, Malala became the youngest person ever awarded a Nobel Peace prize. She shares it with Kailash
Satyarthi of India. The 60-year old activist has led peaceful demonstrations against child slavery and forced labor.
The fact that the award is shared is significant. Malala is a Pakistani Muslim, Satyarthi is an Indian Hindu. Their nations are rivals. Malala
says the award gives a message to people of love between Pakistan and India and between different religions.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Malala came to the press conference direct from school. She spoke mostly without note (ph), she talked for
about 15 minutes, and she described how she`d been in the chemistry lesson at 10:15 in the morning, and she knew it was an important day, she knew the
Nobel Peace awards were going to be announced, and at 10:15 she had said to herself, that she didn`t expect that she was going to get the award. Then
a teacher came to the chemistry class where she was, and she was taken to one side told that she had won the award, but she decided despite that that
she would stay and finish her lesson. She had a physics lesson before coming and giving the speech. And she talked about how she felt honored to
have received this award.
MALALA YOUSAFZAI, NOBEL PEACE PRIZE LAUREAUTE: I`m feeling honored that I`m being chosen as a Nobel laureate, and I have been honored with this –
this precious award to the Nobel Peace Prize. And I`m proud that I`m the first Pakistani and the first young woman or the first young person who`s
getting this award. It`s a great honor for me.
ROBERTSON: She said as well how the award had given her encouragement. Encouragement to believe in herself. She thanked her father for as she
said not clipping her wings, giving her the opportunity of education the other children weren`t getting. And she said it was important for other
children to listen to the message from this award, that they should stand up, not wait for other people to help them stand up for their rights, but
just stand up themselves, use their own voices. But she also told about the other message from the Nobel awards committee, a message of love, she
said, that she`d been paired in this award with a Hindu where she was a Muslim. She thought about this being an important message for the Nobel
YOUSAFZAI: It gives the message to people. It gives the message to people of love between Pakistan and India and between – between different
religions, and we both support each other. It does not matter what`s the color of your skin, what language do you speak, what religion you believe
in. It is that we should all consider each as there is human beings and we should respect each other.
The transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com the one place to request a mention on our “Roll Call.” From Fridays` transcript, we`ve got the Colts
here today representing Cumberland Regional High School in Seabrook, New Jersey.
We`ve got the Tigers on the prowl. Hello, Breaux Bridge High School in Breaux Bridge, Louisiana. What`s up, Bro? And in eastern Canada, the
province of Ontario, it`s the chief said Chankousi (ph) Secondary School rounding out or roll.
Here`s one for you. This horse walks into a police station, right? It`s not a joke. This – happened recently in Cheshire, England. The story and
some puns from Cheshire police, we were somewhat saddled with our unexpected guest who quickly became the main event of the night shift and
at nay point did the horse pose a risk to security. Police say he looked well cared for, he even showed himself out. Well-mannered. For a moment
it was an arresting development, but the horse didn`t shy away from responsibility. He knew when to hoof it, no one needed to trot him out and
he caused no unbridal (ph) damage because who would have ponied up for that? That`s enough horsing around. I`m Carl Azuz, CNN STUDENT NEWS rides
again on Tuesday.
CNN Student News Oct 14, 2014: Japan in Aftermath of Vongfong; Protests in Hong Kong; Disappearance of North Korean Leader; New NASA Drone for Spaceflight
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: From Asia to America to space, CNN STUDENT NEWS is taking you all over the map this Tuesday. I`m Carl Azuz.
First up, the Japanese mainland has been lashed by Vongfong. At one point, this was a super typhoon. A monster storm, the biggest of 2014. Vongfong
weekend, before it hit the southern Japanese island of Okinawa, it`s still blasted the area with powerful winds and heavy rainfall, things made worse
by the fact that the storm is large and it moved slowly. By the time it reached mainland Japan about 400 miles to the North East, Vongfong`s wings
had died down considerably. Still, it`s expected to bring more than 15 inches of rain to the country.
The government ordered 100,000 people to evacuate ahead of Vongfong`s arrival. As of last night, at least 44,000 had no power. This is just one
of several powerful storms to hit Japan this year.
More than 1,000 miles southwest to a special administrative region of China. Hong Kong has seen weeks of protests. Thousands of people, mostly
students, have occupied parts of the city`s business district. The issue – China allows only candidates it approves of to run in Hong Kong`s
elections. The protesters want total choice over their candidates.
But not everyone in Hong Kong supports the student protesters.
IVAN WATSON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Demonstrators have embarked on another furious round of barricade building using bamboo. And using even plastic
wrap. And this after police launched a peaceful incursion earlier in the morning on Monday, ripping down some barriers, and then after – anti-occupy
groups came in and had more violent, more angry confrontations with some of the demonstrators, and then some of those – not only were people
(INAUDIBLE) expletives and insults back and forth, but some fists were flying and the police actually had to intervene to protect these barricades
and these pro-democracy demonstrators from their critics who included a taxi drivers union that tried to plow through some of the barricades, angry
taxi drivers saying that their earnings, their revenues are down as a result of the fact that some of the main highways running through Hong Kong
have been occupied and shut down now for two straight weeks. The demonstrators saying these are the sacrifices that Hong Kong`s residents
have to make if they are to win concessions and more Democratic elections in 2017. The Hong Kong government standing firm saying that this is all
illegal, these actions, and that they are not going to get the demands that they are asking for. One of them notably, a demand for the top man in Hong
Kong, C.Y. Leung to step down. He said, no way, so the test of wills continues, and if you can draw any conclusion from the tensions that we`ve
seen on Monday, it`s that when forces used against these young demonstrators, it tends to attract more supporters to their encampment.
Ivan Watson, CNN, Hong Kong.
AZUZ: Now, to North Korea, a communist country run by Dictator Kim Jong- un, also a very secretive country. There`s no freedom of the press in North Korea. The government controls the media, radios and TVs are preset
to government stations, and it`s illegal to listen to foreign stations if the government hasn`t jammed them. So, if something`s wrong in that
government or with its leader, and if officials don`t want the people to know about it, they simply won`t tell them.
That`s why it`s so hard to get information about Kim Jong-un when he`s missing from the public eye.
ANDERSON COOPER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It`s Kim Jong-un`s longest absence from public view since he took over the country when his father, Kim Jong-
il died in December of 2011. Kim Jong-un`s public persona has been a highly crafted piece of propaganda ever since.
The 31-year old military strongman is a near constant theme. Kim riding a horse complete with galloping sound effects mixed in. Kim seemingly
operating a tank. Saluting columns of North Koreans soldiers at a parade, overseeing military exercises, all in an effort to project both the
strength of North Korea`s military and the military`s own devotion to their supreme leader.
Their public appearance is not just to reflect strength, but also benevolence. Here, Kim bends down to meet a bowing toddler, taking her
hands in his, more daunting uncle than ruthless dictator.
And then, there`s a turn to the surreal, the baby-face leader giggling on a ride of the opening of an amusement park in Pyongyang. And of course, the
controversial visit by former NBA star Dennis Rodman.
But it`s this video of Kim clearly limping on stage in July that`s getting a lot of attention and has fueled reports that he is ill. The North Korean
state media released this other video two weeks ago, also it`s unclear when it was shot, acknowledging Kim is suffering from “discomfort.” Theories
range from a case of gout to ankle problems because of ballooning weight.
Since his last public appearance, some believe his little sister Kim Yo Jong could be running the country or even that he`s been deposed in a coup,
but nothing has been confirmed.
To North Korea watchers, Kim`s absence from two high profile events and the silence about his whereabouts is deafening.
GORDON CHANG, AUTHOR, “NUCLEAR SHOWDOWN”: To skip an event which honors your father and your grandfather is a serious breach of protocol. Unless
there are some really good reason. I think right now that Kim Jong-un is suffering under not only a physical disability, but a political one as
COOPER: Anderson Cooper, CNN.
AZUZ: It seems everybody`s got a duffel bag. But why duffel? How to get that name? Well, check it. Duffel is a town in Belgium. It produced the
cloth that came to be used in the bags, hits duffel bags. Now, that`s random.
There`s nothing random about where we find request for our “Roll Call.” It`s the transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com. We are flying with the
Eagles today in Lyndon, Utah, hello to everyone watching it, Alpine Transition and Education Center.
We are growling with the bulldogs in Bald Knob, Arkansas. Great to see you all at Bald Knob High School and we are sparring with the Spartans, Indian
trail North Carolina is on our roll with Sun Valley Middle School.
The U.S. government sets aside about $17.5 billion a year for NASA. The National Aeronautic and Space Administration.
The money goes for missions, measurements, satellites and test flights. One unmanned vehicle, a drone, called more fears. It`s about the size of a
Chevy Suburban. It had a nasty crush on its first flight, but it`s taking off since then.
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDNT: Getting to space is pricey. Astronomically so. Since NASA as established in 1958, the U.S. has spent
hundreds of billions of dollars on space-related activities.
On top of that, it`s dangerous. More than 20 people have died in space- related missions.
Enter Project Morpheus. One of NASA`s latest projects. Project Morpheus is an autonomous vehicle designed to go into space. Carrying gear capable
of conducting experiments. Project leader say the cost is just a fraction of what the space agency spent on previous shuttle missions.
Since it began in 2010, the project has cost just roughly $14 million. But the engineers behind this huge fee, a group of Purdue University
engineering students. The work began as a senior design project in 2010, and a propulsion course. Topped by Professor William Anderson, a
(INAUDIBLE) school of aeronautics and astronautics. The chief innovation- Morpheus is capable of a vertical takeoff and landing. And it`s powered by
a lightweight engine that uses liquid methane and oxygen, gases that the team could be manufactured at space, allowing the vehicle to refuel itself
and move deeper into the unknown.
Morpheus also has a new navigation system that allows it to take off and land more easily, and avoid obstacles. The project is in testing right
now, on Earth. But with dozens of successful test flights under its bell, Project Morpheus may soon be ready to blast a ride off into space.
Not coming back down to earth just yet. NASA has released a view of the Sun. It looks – well, kind of like a Jack-o-Lantern, just in time for
October. NASA says the bright strickish areas you are seeing where some of the more active regions of our nearest star when these pictures were taken
earlier this month. You couldn`t see it with the naked eye. Wouldn`t recommend you try, NASA used a view of the sun in two separate wavelinks to
capture this effect.
Some might call it startling, some might call it sensational, some might be son-impressed. But it brings new meaning to the word star-gazing, and they
probably didn`t even plan it.
I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS. Come on back Wednesday.
CNN Student News Oct 15, 2014: Coming Midterm Election in U.S.; Protective Equipment against Ebola Can Fail; NASA Building New Unmanned Spacecraft
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Less than three weeks away from the U.S. midterm elections, we are exploring what exactly Americans will be voting for.
First up today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. Five things to know about the midterms.
One, they are called midterms because they happen in the middle of a president`s four year term. So, voters aren`t choosing a president this
They are choosing their representatives in Congress as well as many local and state offices. Two, the U.S. House of Representatives elected
officials serve two-year terms. That means, all of the chambers` 435 seats are up for election this year.
Three, Republicans currently control the House by a significant majority. They are expected to stay in control after this year`s midterms.
Four, the U.S. Senate. Elected officials there serve six year terms, so about a third of the chambers` 100 seats are up for election.
Democrats currently control the Senate, but by a slim majority.
So, five, many analysts are saying Republicans have a good chance of taking Senate control this fall. The date of the vote, November 4.
Next today, we`ve heard from the nurse at a hospital in Dallas, Texas, who apparently caught the Ebola virus from the victim she was treating.
26-year old Nina Pham says she`s doing well and thanks everyone for their kind wishes and prayers.
She also says she`s blessed by the support of family, friends and the care of doctors and nurses at the hospital.
Pham also received a blood transfusion from American Ebola survivor, Dr. Kent Brantly. It`s possible that antibodies from a survivor`s blood could
help someone else with the disease.
According to the World Health Organization, almost 9,000 cases of Ebola have been reported. Mostly in West Africa. About half of those people
The World Health Organization expects that by December between 5,000 and 10,000 new cases will be reported every week in West Africa.
In the U.S., the CDC is preparing an emergency response team, that it says can be at any American hospital within hours to help treat Ebola and
prevent it from spreading.
Dr. Sanjay Gupta explains how that can happen to health care workers.
SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: So, I want to give you an idea of what the CDC is recommending in terms of how to protect yourself with this
personal protective gear.
I`m also going to show you how to take it off, which some say is the most dangerous part. I will point out as we start to do this, I work in an
operating room every week, this is different than what most doctors I think are used to, at least in the operating room.
I do want to point out, this is a little different than how I suited up when I was in Guinea, but we are following CDC protocol. And I want to
show you how I`m going to take this protective equipment off, and I`m also going to put a little chocolate sauce in my hand, which could represent a
possible Ebola contamination. Take a look.
This is the mask (INAUDIBLE). So, here will be the most likely contaminated area. It would be my gloves. Maybe the front of my gown, a
bit like this.
OK, now I`ve got to treat this as if I`m potentially contaminated. I come out. What I do with this particular gown, then I`m ripping all off
together, and everything is going to come off simultaneously.
But if part of the glove sort of brushed against my hand, my arm there, like it potentially – be an exposure. If the glove didn`t come off
properly, I would reach underneath here as best I could and get underneath there, but perhaps if I didn`t do it exactly right, there could be another
potential exposure there.
I`m reaching behind now, as well as I can, but let`s say the side of my face shield was contaminated, and I touched here. That could potentially
be an exposure. Same thing here now with the face mask.
So, now take a look. Right there, see a little bit of chocolate sauce, one possible exposure and over here on my neck, one possible exposure.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me. Here are your clues. I was formed in 1907 as a division of the U.S. Army signal corps. Then I became
in independent branch of the military in 1947. By far, I am the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces.
I`m the Air Force, responsible for air defense, air warfare and the U.S. military`s research in space.
AZUZ: That research includes the X-37B. It`s 29 feet long, about the length of an RV. It`s 9.5 feet high. It has zero pilots, and as far as
its capabilities are concerned, they are classified. The Air Force originally said that an X-37B mission that started in 2012 would last about
nine months. It lasted more than 22. Why?
RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDNT: There`s a mysterious robotic space plane that has been orbiting the Earth for the past 22 months.
It`s the Air Force`s X-37B, also known as the orbital test vehicle. And it`s set to return to Earth this week to Vandenberg Air Force base in
California. The Air Force has two X-37B space planes in its fleet, and has been sending them into space on secretive mission since 2010.
The latest mission is the third of its kind. And this plane remained in space much longer than its predecessor.
So, what kind of information are they gathering and why is the secrecy? The theories out there are countless. I mean spy satellites capturing
images of political hot spots. Space weaponry being tested, the rumors go on and on.
However, the Air Force maintains that this is solely an experimental test vehicle.
The primary objective of the missions are officially to test spacecraft technologies for America`s future in space. And operating experiments
which can be returned to and examined on Earth.
Sounds pretty vague? Here`s what we do know.
The plane resembles NASA space shuttles, but are about a quarter of the length and have payloads the size of a pickup truck pad. They use an Atlas
5 rocket to blast off, and then land on a runway.
They can also stay in space for such long periods of time because they are unmanned, and use a solar array for power.
Boeing built the planes, but because it`s a classified project, we don`t know the price.
We know when they take off, we know when they land. These missions are not a secret, but what happens in between is shrouded in mystery.
AZUZ: Coast to coast, east to west, roll to call. Del Campo High School is here today. For Fair Oaks, California, we are shouting out the cougars.
Tommie Spear Middle School is also present. Hello to the black diamonds of Sallisaw, Oklahoma.
And in Hopelade, Massachusetts, we`ve got the blue raiders watching. Good to see you all, Hopedale Junior -Senior High School.
Forward to say, you`re about to see some racing. You might think track. This is faster. You might think NASCAR, this is faster. You might think
Formula One, guess what? Faster!
AZUZ: It`s a moto sport, but it`s off road by about 80 feet or more. It`s against the clock by milliseconds, and if you want to do it, you`ll need to
start with the pilot`s license.
AZUZ: Rockets, planes and now automobiles. Cali Foster is a veteran of the Iraq war. After his first tour of duty, he bought this 1965 Mustang.
He`s been paying little by little to have it restore and beat by beat.
Well, a stranger heard the story and decided to speed things up. She covered most of the restorations, 20,000 price tag and surprised Foster
with his newly restored vintage car. The reason – just to thank a veteran for serving his country.
AZUZ: The idea was restorative, the sentiment constructive, the force driving, the story a classic.
People hold the keys to kindness. Make no Mustang about it. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS. We hope your teachers will steer you back this way
CNN Student News Oct 16, 2014: Second Dallas Nurse Contracts Ebola; California`s Fighting Prolonged Drought; Anderson Cooper Learning More about His Family
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: I hope your Thursday is going well so far. I`m Carl Azuz. And we are glad to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. Recent
swings in the U.S. stock market are violent. The Dow Jones Industrial Average, one indicator of how the whole market is doing, closed down 173
points yesterday. At one point, it had dropped 460 points. We`ve told you how when investors are afraid, they tend to sell, dropping the value of
stocks in the market. What are they afraid of?
For one thing, Germany. Europe`s largest economy isn`t doing well. For another American retail sales decreases, and so did prices. Those are bad
signs for the economy`s health.
Another reason investors are fearful, the possible spread of the deadly Ebola virus in the U.S. A second nurse at a Dallas Texas Hospital has
contracted the disease. Like Nina Pham, whom we told you about earlier, 29-year old Amber Vincent helped treat a Liberian man who died last week
from Ebola. Vincent had traveled to Ohio recently. The CDC says, she wasn`t officially allowed to travel on a commercial plane, but it says the
risk to others is low since Vincent didn`t have symptoms when she went.
Meanwhile, America`s largest nurses` union is strongly criticizing health officials, including the CDC over how they`ve handled Ebola. It says the
Dallas nurses didn`t have the supplies or the training they needed and that they feel lied to and deserted to handle their own situation.
The CDC says it`s committed to the nurses` safety and giving them what they need to safely manage Ebola patients.
Also, President Obama postponed a Democratic campaign trip yesterday. Instead, he met with cabinet agencies to discuss the government`s response
One thing that`s spreading faster than the disease is the fear of it.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A scene out of a disaster movie. First responders in hazmat gear board an Emirates` flight from Dubai and check five passengers
with flu-like symptoms. None met the criteria for Ebola or had visited Africa.
At LAX, 40 firefighters respond to a passenger with flu-like symptoms. But that`s where the scare ends.
CAPT. JAMIE MOORE, LOS ANGELES FIRE DEPT.: It has turned out that there was some miscommunication that this patient had been to the continent of
Africa, but not near West Africa.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Ebola has not, repeat, not, spread through the U.S., but fear certainly has. In Nashville, Tennessee, a sick passenger was
taken of the plane that originated in Dallas. The patient has no contact with anyone with Ebola or traveled to Africa.
In Richmond, Virginia, a patient with a low-grade fever who had traveled to Africa is isolated. Even though the clinic says they don`t believe it`s
Each scare stretches first responders and can cost taxpayers thousands of dollars and flu season has barely begun.
DR. PETER SANDMAN, RISK MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT: People will take this one in stride, but it takes a while. It takes longer if you tell them they are
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: What makes this societal learning curve war, says Sandman, is early on the CDC chief insisted everything was under control,
then the nurse in Dallas contracted the disease.
SANDMAN: What he didn`t say is it`s going to be harder than people imagine. It`s going to be harder than we imagine. So, now, yeah, now
people are angry at the CDC and that anger is sort of morphing into fear.
AZUZ: On today`s “Roll Call,” we are traveling from the state of Idaho to the Central American nation of Costa Rica. In the gym state, the crusaders
are on today`s roll. Their request came in from the city of Coldwell.
In Frisco, Texas say hello to the rangers. Lone Star High School`s are on patrol.
And in Escazu, Costa Rica, just west to the Capital of St. Jose, we`ve got the Panthers online at the country day school.
Reservoirs in some parts of California are down the 36 percent of their capacity. Lakes are drying up, puns are empty. Lawns and gardens are
dying. And it`s the state`s historic drought enters another year, many farmers are seeing the worst of it.
The state government has reduced the flow of irrigation water to the Central Valley, and as crops are lost, so are jobs. Some farmers have
resorted to buying water, in order to keep their crops and businesses alive.
Limits are being set of how much water people are allowed to use in a given day. Go over the line, pay a fine.
Dan Simon tested the limit.
DAN SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: With California`s three-year drought, cities are trying to come up with ways to get people to save water.
Santa Monica wants to limit each person to 68 gallons per day. Use any more, and you could get hit with a penalty. So, it got me thinking, how
much water do I use every day. Can I stay within 68 gallons? So, using a few cameras I decided to document my daily use.
For this one day, I estimated I used 125 gallons, almost twice the amount advocated in Santa Monica. And that doesn`t even include things like
watering the grass. So, what are some things you can do? Well, for one, experts say you should take shorter showers and you can buy inexpensive
water saving showerheads that are easy to install. Also, turn off the water after you wet your toothbrush. Use your dishwasher and clothes
washer or only full loads and keep a bottle of drinking water in the fridge. After all, running tap is wasteful. Those are the kinds of things
that everyone should be thinking about, especially those of us suffering through a drought.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” What does the genealogist study? If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it ancestry, gemstones,
mythology or rock formations? You`ve got three seconds, go.
Genealogy is the study of family histories and ancestries. That`s your answer and that`s your “Shoutout.”
AZUZ: Studying your own ancestry is like going back in time, and the places you`ve never been. Mine is taking me to Spain, Italy, France,
England, Russia, some by way of Ellis Island in New York.
CNN`s roots project followed some our anchors like Anderson Cooper on genealogical journeys. His father, Wyatt Cooper dies when Anderson was ten
ANDERSON COOPER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Back in 2005 when I was in New Orleans, reporting in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, completely by
coincidence, I stumbled across my dad`s old high school flooded during the storm. This is the school now.
We are invited to take a look around. People who work at the school said they had all files, but I couldn`t imagine they`d have any of my dad`s.
(on camera): Wow, look .
(voice over): They showed me closets full of old records and posters dating all the way back to the 1940s.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They moved back after the war.
COOPER: I couldn`t find anything that belonged to my dad. As I was leaving, the school nurse came outside with the surprise for me.
(on camera): Oh my god!
This is his form.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That`s him. Yeah. Here you go.
COOPER: Oh, my god.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I love you.
COOPER: Oh that`s so nice.
My dad`s report card. It`s crazy. I can`t believe that they had my dad`s report card all the way going back to 1944. They just had it in a file
somewhere in the back. That`s awesome.
VOICE OF WYATT COOPER: My feelings about what I want my sons to be .
COOPER (voice over): A couple of months ago, Clocktower radio restored an interview my father did back in 1975.
VOICE OF WYATT COOPER: My relationships with my sons, which are both quite extraordinary. I mean my relationships with each son is quite
COOPER: I listened to it at my office at work. It was the first time I`d heard my father`s voice since I was ten years old.
VOICE OF WYATT COOPER: They asked me questions, I got (INAUDIBLE). How much does (INAUDIBLE) because that`s what he would like to be. Yeah.
COOPER: The thing about the past is, one can`t help what zip code one was born in. What country or family you are descended from. All you can do is
learn the lessons of those who came before you. There are stories, there are mistakes and there are successes. You can`t choose what family you are
VOICE OF WYATT COOPER: My sons are very aware that I have certain expectations.
COOPER: All you can really do is chose how you want to live your own life.
VOICE OF WYATT COOPER: And will behave with honor and with dignity.
AZUZ: We`ve covered how drones are used in the military, how they are used in space, how they shoot some of the video you see in our show. Today, we
are just having a little fun with them.
A few drones, a path through a forest, a little bit of speed, what more do you need? This reminded all of us of the speedy bikes racing through the
woods in “Star Wars.” But unlike speeders, at least these drones don`t crash. Oh, wait. Well, that kept me from droning on about it.
After the rack, the whole race wend down the drone. Maybe they should have – while they were ahead. They weren`t out of the woods yet, but you`ve got
to give them props for meeting the need for speed. I`m Carl Azuz. Hope to see you Friday.
CNN Student News Oct 17, 2014: Hurricane Gonzalo Can Cause Catastrophic Damage; ISIS`s Progress in Syria and Iraq; Major California Earthquake Can Happen Soon
ARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are all inspiring. Not quite. Fridays are all warming. No. Fridays are awesome! Welcome to Friday, October 17.
I`m Carl Azuz with your commercial free newscast from CNN.
Hurricane Gonzalo is churning in the North Atlantic Ocean. Yesterday, it grew to category four strength on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which measures
a hurricane`s sustained wind speed. Category four brings winds of 130 to 156 miles per hour. It can cause catastrophic damage.
Last night forecasters predicted Gonzalo would brush by the island of Bermuda. But they weren`t sure of its path, so a direct hit is possible.
Bermuda is under a hurricane warning, damaging winds, heavy rains and flooding are expected. Gonzalo already hit the Virgin Islands Monday, but
it was weaker then and caused mostly outages and property damage.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GEN. MARTIN DEMPSEY: but I can`t foresee your case where we should re- introduce large ground combat forces into Iraq. But again, war is discovery, ISIL is a national security threat. If we get to that point,
I`ll make the recommendation.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: General Martin Dempsey is the chairman of the joint chiefs of stuff. He`s the top U.S. military advisor to the president.
And he`s talking about a controversial point in the U.S.-led war against ISIL or ISIS. The Islamic State terrorist group. President Obama has
repeatedly said, no U.S. boots on the ground, meaning he won`t send U.S. troops in the direct contact with ISIS, though hundreds are in Iraq now
advising and helping others fight ISIS.
But several experts are saying, U.S. troops may be what`s needed to ultimately defeat the terrorists.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Massive explosions in northwestern Syria. Activists say, these are tunnels full of explosives being detonated by militants.
As clashes broke out between the regime and opposition forces. Just the latest in escalating violence across Syria and Iraq.
Around the besieged city of Kobani on the Syria-Turkey border, 21 coalition airstrikes, the largest number of strikes since operation began. Finally,
stepping up attacks against ISIS positioned to protect the town. But the White House still cautioning airstrikes can only have so much impact in
JOSH EARNEST, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: That impact is constrained by the fact that there are forces on the ground that can follow up on these
airstrikes to end that siege.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Pentagon officials say don`t expect the change in strategy. They long warned U.S. air power could only do so much.
CHUCK HAGEL, DEFENSE SECRETARY: I also want to emphasize that no one is under any allusions – under any allusions that airstrikes alone will
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Iraq`s Anbar province, the Western approach to Baghdad, may be running out of time. ISIS has surrounded and is preparing
to attack al-Assad airbase, one if Iraq`s largest, according to security sources.
If they succeed, ISIS will have a new cache of weapons.
It comes as General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs holds the largest meeting of the coalition today. 22 nations sending their military
chiefs to Washington to review the war against ISIS.
The U.S. has used Apache helicopters and AC-130 gunships at lower altitude to virtually strive (ph) ISIS forces. But ISIS continues to regroup and
train for battle, raising the question once again, is there a solution?
LT. COL. RICK FRANCONA (RET.) CNN MILITARY ANALYST: It is looking more and more like Chairman Dempsey is going to have to go back to the president and
ask the president to authorize the introduction of U.S. combat, forces in Iraq.
AZUZ: Your teachers might remember today`s date from 1989. Especially if they lived in California at the time. The San Francisco Bay area was
violently jolted by its worst earthquake in more than 80 years. It hit just after 5:00 p.m. local time. Before the start of Game Three of the
Those who were watching on TV just saw this. The Oakland Days and San Francisco Giants wouldn`t actually play that game until ten days later.
A slip in the St. Andrea`s fault had shaken the ground. It lasted 15 seconds, its magnitude 6.9. It killed dozens of people, injured thousands
and damaged or destroyed property all over the region.
That includes the San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge. Part of its top deck just collapsed. Building technology has improved since then, and it`s a
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: October 17, 1989. It`s as if the entire bay area has been beaten. 10 billion in damages. It could have been so much worse.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I define a major big one as $100 billion. We are expecting residential damage of 100,000 buildings, commercial building
damages and the tens of thousands. You could be looking at deaths on the order of 1800 to over 3,000.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The epicenter of the 1989 earthquake was 60 miles south of the Bay. And registered 6.9. 30 times less powerful than the
1906 quake centered inside San Francisco.
It wasn`t the big one. For just northern California, seismologists say, there`s a more than 60 percent chance that there will be an earthquake of
6.7 or higher in the next 23 years.
DAVID SCHWARTZ, PALEOSEISMOLOGIST: The Hayward is really our biggest concern.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The Hayward Fault.
SCHWARTZ: It`s geographically in the center of the region. And it`s the most heavily populated. 2 million people sit directly on top of the
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Stress from moving geological plates along faults cause earthquakes, and the Hayward is due for a big one.
SCHWARTZ: The Hayward had an earthquake in 1868. It moves on average every 150 to 60 years.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In other words, it produces a big tumbler (ph) about every century and a half. 1868 plus 150 is 2018.
SCHWARTZ: We are basically right there. And that`s an average. IT could wait 20-30 years, it could happen tomorrow.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And because it could happen tomorrow, the Bay Area has been preparing since 1989.
SCHWARTZ: We`ve done a lot. It really started the retrofitting going in this area.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Bridges have been retrofitted or replaced, utilities reinforced. There`s now a San Francisco law requiring owners strengthen
housing built on landfill with garages on the first floor.
And San Francisco`s high pressured water system is being upgraded.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Do I think we`ll see the big one in the Bay Area in my lifetime? I hope not. I fear we will. And I hope it`s ten, 20 years
from now, because we will have accomplished a lot more.
AZUZ: We are starting in the south and working all the way northwest to the far east. It will all make sense.
Hebron Middle School in Shepherdsville, Kentucky, welcome to the roll. Good to see the Panthers watching today. Pendleton High School in
Pendleton, Oregon, hello to the Buckaroos (ph). Awesome, mascot. And across the Pacific to Tokyo, Japan, we are shouting out the American school
in Japan. Great to see you.
Soccer is fine with the soccer ball, but it`s even awesomer with a bubble ball. Why? Because bubble ball. You just slipped your upper body into a
giant bubble with handles and then you take a game with sessions, possessions and divisions and add the fun of collisions.
Who said soccer wasn`t a contact sport? Bubble ball is best played like bumper cars. Sure, you can drive the car or the ball, but the fun is in
In bubble ball, everyone catches air, everyone gets a rebounce and everyone has a ball. It`s a great way to deflate and inflate an ego without
actually bursting anyone`s bubble.
I`m Carl Azuz. Hope you are around Monday when we bounce back your way. Have a great weekend.
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