CNN Student News with transcript August 18, 2014: Pope Francis Visiting South Korea; Curfew in St. Louis, Missouri; Font to Commemorate Hugo Chavez; Greenest City on Earth in Saudi Arabia
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Thank you for taking ten minutes for commercial free current events. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz, and I`m glad to see you.
We are kicking off the second week of our 2014-2015 coverage. And we are starting in Iraq. There was a battle going on as we put this show together. On one side, a terrorist group named ISIS that`s trying to take control of Iraq, on the other – Kurdish forces representing a group of people who live in northern Iraq. They are supported by U.S. military air strikes, and at the center of this battle, a dam near the Iraqi city of Mosul. It`s Iraq`s largest hydroelectric dam, it`s on the Tigris River, and it`s strategically important because ISIS extremists took control of it earlier this month. If the dam would have failed, experts say it could cause catastrophic flooding all the way to the Iraqi capital of Baghdad.
We are going to spin the globe now to take you to South Korea. That`s where Pope Francis, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church spent the weekend. It was the papal visit to South Korea in a quarter of a century. Roman Catholicism is the world`s largest denomination of Christianity. But that`s not the case among South Koreans. Most Christians there are protestant. The pope did speak to thousands of the country`s young Catholics, though, he held a mass for Asian Youth Day and encouraged the faithful to live a simple and humble life. Pope Francis also held a mass to address peace and reconciliation. The Korean Peninsula is divided. The armistice that ended the fighting in 1953 never officially ended the Korean War. And North Korea fired missiles into the ocean just before the pope arrived on the peninsula. So, the pope`s prayers included peaceful relations between North and South Koreans.
(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Breaking away from his prepared speech on Friday, he delighted the young crowd.
POPE FRANCIS: Are you ready to say yes? Are you ready?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is why Pope Francis came to South Korea. Only about ten percent of the population is Catholic, but the church is growing fast. And across Asia, the congregation is young. Surrounding himself with Asian youth, there was, of course, the inevitable selfie, which the Pontiff didn`t seem to mind. His transport from the airport, a Kia hatchback, it had to be South Korean. The next day, another Kia, modified into a Pope Mobil, though the open top end and the wind proved a tricky combination.
POPE FRANCIS: May the Lord welcome the dead into his peace .
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He offered words of sympathy and hope for the parents of schoolchildren killed in South Korea`s recent ferry sinking and for those who survived.
Pope Francis is making speeches in English on this trip for the first time. Officials say he`s been practicing so he can reach more people. He called for peace and reunification for the two Koreas.
AZUZ: From the Far East, we are jumping over to the central U.S. where St. Louis, Missouri suburb was under curfew last night.
Things in Ferguson have been unstable for more than a week now. On August 9, a white police officer shot and killed an unarmed African American man, but we don`t know exactly what happened right before that. It looks like there was some sort of scuffle between the officer and 18-year old Michael Brown. Witnesses say Brown was trying to surrender to police when he was shot. Police say Brown struggled with the officer and reached for his gun.
Protests began after the shooting, some of them have involved violence, looting, the burning of a convenient store. Last night`s curfew was scheduled from midnight to 5 a.m. It wasn`t the first one in recent days, but it had the same goal, aimed at helping restore calm to the troubled city.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Time for “The Shoutout.” Cambria, Magneto and Papyrus are all examples of what? If you think you know it, shout it out. Are they all plants, wheels, fonts or engine components? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Individually, the words all mean something different, but you can find them together on the list of fonts. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: It would have been easier if we`d gone with Aerial or Times New Roman. Harder if we`d gone with Chavez Pro. That recently invented font is how some supporters are remembering former Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. The controversial leader, a self-declared socialist died of cancer in early 2013. On what would have been his 60th birthday, a new type of tribute was introduced.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
FAREED ZAKARIA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A new font, Chavez pro was unveiled during birthday celebrations. The font mimics the commandante`s clear, bold block handwriting style. It`s a neat idea. If you`re shooting for the history books, you may not be able to get your face on a coin or dollar, but you might be able to get your handwriting in a typeface. We thought we tried out a few fonts of our own: the Secret Service might have something to say about Barack Obama oblique. Easy access to the president`s handwriting would surely invite forgeries. It`s a bit hard to read anyway. Our neighbors to the north might enjoy Steven Harper M.S. It`s immaculate cursive certainly easier on the eyes. If you thought a font fit for a queen would be even neater, think again. Queen Elizabeth`s distinctive handwriting is even more difficult to decipher, so Times New Royal is a bust, but I suppose the queen has her face on all the money anyway.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: This year, we are selecting “Roll Call Schools” from our transcript pages at cnnstudentnews.com. So you`re welcome to make a new request on each day`s transcript until your school is called. If you are located in Falcon country, say, Paton, Colorado and you are named Falcon High School, you know what your mascot ought to be. Next mention goes to Northwest High School in Clarksville, Tennessee. As the request itself stated, let`s go at that Viking Pride. And I think this is the first time we`ve ever had Cobras as a mascot. They are at Lee Early College in Centford North Carolina.
You probably haven`t heard of Masdar City. It`s located near the Persian Gulf in the United Arab Emirates, it`s basically this large scale experiment, a model for the city of the future. But its cost is $18 billion. Its success is uncertain. As Erin Burnett found out on the tour of Masdar City, part of the project`s value lies in what could be.
ERIN BURNETT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: About 20 miles outside Abu Dhabi, Masdar City is striving to be the greenest city on Earth.
TONY MALLOWS, CITY DIRECTOR: So, I think a city of the future is going to be based on people walking to where they live, to where they work and to where they play.
BURNETT: And if you aren`t walking, city director Tony Mallows says you can take a magnetically controlled car wherever you need to go.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Welcome to Masdar City.
BURNETT (on camera): This is a little car?
MALLOWS: Yeah, this is personal rapid transit. This is how you get around this city. It`s driveless, it`s electrical and the solar power. It comes when you want it and it takes you anywhere – you want to go and you leave it alone.
BURNETT: So it`s driveless.
BURNETT (voice over): Navigating the city`s 2.4 square miles is relatively easy.
(On camera): This is a dream of what the future could be, but is it really going to happen? I mean is this going to be anything more than a demo?
MALLOWS: It`s a model for open development that is really sustainable because it`s not only environmentally sustainable, socially and economically.
BURNETT (voice over): Fewer than 500 people live here. That falls far short of the original goal of 40,000 by next year. A goal set at the pick of the economic boom. Right now, about 1200 people work here every day, in buildings that are specially designed to help produce water and energy consumption, by as much as 40 percent, according to city officials. With more than 87,000 solar panels, the city produces its own electricity, of setting 15,000 tons of carbon emissions a year. City engineers say that`s the equivalent of taking about 3,300 cars off the road in Abu Dhabi. And walking around the city innovation can be seen everywhere.
(on camera): So, you are looking at a wind tower, which is a traditional Arabic designed, cool, right?
MALLOWS: Yes, absolutely. So, you take a traditional Arabic element on cooling, totally pass of energy, totally sustainable. And then you use modern technology to make it even more efficient.
BURNETT (voice over): The Masdar Institute is also partnered with MIT to develop new renewable energy sources, like making jet field from the seed of a weed that grows here, in the desert.
(on camera): So, this is obviously happening here.
BURNETT: In the middle of a desert. Your ambition on what you are trying to prove is much bigger.
MALLOWS: Absolutely. I mean globalization is a key issue for the future, not only because cities are going to attack global warming. We have to understand how to build cities that are low carbon, and that`s why Masdar City is such an important contribution to globalization and urbanization.
AZUZ: At a California hotel, room service is about to be automatic. This thing is named Butler. Get it? When a guest needs something simple, say, a bottle of water and a toothbrush, for instance, Butler can get the items, roll up to the rooms and make the delivery. The company that makes the robot won`t say how much it costs, but a hotel rep says it`s not intended to replace people, just enhance customer service. It`s not the fastest thing you`ve ever seen, but if you accuse room service of being robotic, remote, emotionless, cold-bloodied indifferent, dispassionate or just plain inhuman, well, it`s hardly an insult. Just remember, that guy is a machine. I`m Carl Azuz and CNN STUDENT NEWS delivers more puns and news
CNN Student News August 19, 2014: Public Unrest in Ferguson, Outbreak of Ebola Spreads around; Missouri; Five Cases Where Pope Frances Shows Toughness; Stepping on the Moon
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: CNN STUDENT NEWS is back in session. I`m Carl Azuz with ten minutes of commercial free current events. That includes what`s
happening in the town of Ferguson, Missouri. Five things to know about this.
One, the crisis started when a white police officer shot and killed an armed African-American man, that was on August 9, two, there are conflicting reports about what exactly happened. Witnesses say there was a scuffle between 18-year old Michael Brown and Officer Darren Wilson. They say Brown had his hands up, trying to surrender when he was shot. Police say Brown struggled with Officer Wilson and reached for his gun, one report says Brown was charging the officer when he was shot. Three, results for an autopsy requested by Brown`s family were announced yesterday. A doctor says there weren`t signs of a struggle on Brown`s body, and that he`d been shot at least six times. Four, protests have been violent. Several businesses have been vandalized and looted, protesters have thrown Molotov cocktails at police. Police have fired tear gas at crowds of protesters.
Five, the demonstrations got so violent Sunday night that Missouri`s governor called on the National Guard. It`s deploying to help restore peace to Ferguson.
An outbreak of the Ebola virus in West Africa is spreading. And there are fears that a recent attack in Liberia could make things worse. The outbreak started this spring, it`s sickened more than 2100 people in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone and it`s killed more than half of them. Borders and roads have been closed in the region, medical centers are overcrowded. In part of Liberia`s capital many residents are angry that Ebola patients were brought to the area for treatment, so some people attacked the medical center, looting items like sheets, beds and medical equipment, and it`s likely that some of the items were contaminated. No one was hurt in the attack, but some contagious patients fled the medical center, and there are concerns that the items that were stolen could further spread Ebola.
Heading northeast to the smallest country in the world, Vatican City, population 842 people. One of them is Pope Francis, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church. Earlier this spring, a year after he became pope, one poll found that 68 percent of Catholics had a favorable view of him.
One percent had an unfavorable view. So, what are some of the things he stands for?
DANIEL BURKE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Pope Francis has pretty much convinced the world he`s one of the nicest guys on the planet, but here are five ways he`s tougher than you think. Number one, politics. In many ways, this pope sounds like a typical political progressive. He`s pro-environment, pro-immigrant and anti-war. But that doesn`t mean his heart bleeds for every liberal cause. For instance, the Pope opposes abortion, same sex marriage, adoption by gay couples and legalizing drugs. He said he doesn`t want Catholics to focus too much on the culture wars, but that doesn`t mean he doesn`t back the church`s side in all the important battles.
Number two, women. Nobody really expected Pope Francis to overturn centuries of church teaching and (INAUDIBLE) women to become priests. But he has said they should have a larger role in the church. What kind of role, nobody really knows and some women in the United States are getting tired of waiting.
Number three, this pope fires people. He`s tired about hearing about the corruption and the turf wars inside the Vatican. So, he`s cleaning house.
In June, for example, he fired all five members of a board that oversees Vatican finances. Even though those guys had just been reappointed by his predecessor, Pope Benedict. He`s all about reform, and if you get in his way, he`s going to remove you.
Number four, this Pope has a sharp tongue, and he`s not afraid to cut loose. Case in point, he called previous popes “narcissists, flattered by yes-men.” Those yes-men, he said, he called them “the leprosy of the papacy.” One Catholic blogger even collected all the papal insults into a book that he satirically called “The Pope Francis Little Book of Insults.”
Number five, taking on the mafia. Some Italian experts have warned that this pope may be in trouble with the mafia, mainly because he`s reforming the Vatican Bank. But that didn`t stop him from driving to the mafia`s heartland in southern Italy and telling them all basically to their face that they are being kicked out of the church.
The last time a pope tried something like that, the mafia responded by bombing Catholic Churches in Rome including the pope`s home church.
AZUZ: So we`ve got this segment called “Roll Call.” It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There`s now only one way to submit a request, and you need to be at least 13 years old. Go to cnnstudentnews.com. Click words that says “Roll Call” and leave a comment at the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each days` transcript. You can make one request every day, but spamming will not help you. Please tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.
At the U.S. Supreme Court, there`s a basketball court. It`s located in the top floor of the gym, and it`s been nicknamed the highest court in the land. When real court`s in session, though, practice is not allowed. Now, that`s random.
Let`s say our next segment brings us back down to earth, but it doesn`t really. Two cosmonauts, at the International Space Station stepped out for a walk yesterday. They had a couple of things to do hundreds of miles above us. One was release a satellite, a miniature one. It`s a tiny four-inch box from Peru that will orbit the earth, take pictures and measure temperature and pressure. The other part of their mission was to replace some old equipment including science experiments on the Russian part of the International Space Station. Space walks make look slow and simple, but they are a dangerous part of any space mission, and that`s today. Imagine what one was like 45 years ago on the Moon.
MIKE LISA, RETIRED INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEER: We were glued to the television set, working on something that is going to just be a ground (ph) forever. This is absolutely incredible.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Go for a knocking.
LISA: When Aldrin and Armstrong had released themselves from the command module, they disengaged and come flying back down into the Moon and they were basically on their back. “Roger, Eagle`s Undocked.” When they ejected themselves from that command module, and they were on their way towards the Moon and they were on their back .
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: How does it look?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The Eagle has wings.
LISA: If they didn`t have that restrain on us that could have been some big trouble.
They didn`t have a lot of maneuverability.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Boy, I`ll tell you, this is much harder to do than it looked.
ROSS BRACCO, RETIRED MEDICAL ENGINEER: As you are looking, you lose the prospective how big is that boulder.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Big shadow.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Drifting to the right .
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Tranquility base here, the Eagle has landed.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Rocket going tranquility. We got here on the ground. You`ve got a bunch of guys about to turn blue. We are breathing again.
Thanks a lot.
LISA: The anticipation of him touching that Moon. It was absolutely incredible. We were all guessing, what is the ground going to be like, is he going to sink up to his knees?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The surface appears to be very, very fine grain. As you get close to it, it`s almost like a powder.
LISA: I felt a lot of pride that we`ve got there. The idea of helping humanity was the best thing I came at the program.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s one small step for man, but giant leap for mankind.
AZUZ: Time to take roll. Here are three schools we picked from Monday`s transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com. From Seneca High School, we are being stock by the Bob Cats. Good to have you watching next door in Seneca, South Carolina. From Cleveland, Ohio, watch out for the hornets. They are swarming at Cleveland School of Science and Medicine. And in Dubuque, Iowa, the Rams rock. We found them at Dubuque Senior High School.
Last story today includes a bit of a K9 conundrum. After leaving her toy outside, Lupa, Chihuahua and Dachshund mix watched a little ang (ph) rolly, as a wild fox showed up to toy around with it. The dog didn`t mean to be sharing, but the Fox didn`t seem to be caring. At least the video from Yukon, Canada, was shared. Almost 200,000 times on Facebook. You could say that fox was dogging her without foxing her, was toying with her emotions. We could see why the dog was angry, but we still don`t know what the fox say. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. We`ll be back tomorrow.
CNN Student News August 20, 2014: Burj Khalifa, Tallest Building in the World; Unique Velella Driven by Wind to U.S. Seashore; No Doggie Left Behind
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of current events from around the world. No commercials. I`m Carl Azuz. At the CNN Center. Welcome to the show. First up this Wednesday, a story out of Island. Scientists say conditions are getting dicey at the country`s Bardabunga Volcano. It`s the biggest one in Iceland. And there was an increased risk last night that it was about to erupt. How do researchers now? Earthquakes. One of them, the strongest in the region since 1996. They say it looks like there`s a lot of magma movement in the mountain.
It`s not located near a highly populated area, but one reason why people are concerned has to do with flight. When a different Icelandic volcano erupted in 2010, the ash-clouded spewed shut down a lot of European airspace. That affected more than 10 million people in the region and cost businesses billions of dollars.
A monsoon has brought chaos to South East Asia. This is a wind system that blows into India from the southwest during the summer, and it brings tremendous amounts of rain in June and July. This monsoon season has been particularly bad. The flooding and the landslides it`s caused have killed more than 50 people in India, and more than 100 in neighboring Nepal. Dozens are still missing. The rain has been so intent in some areas that it`s overwhelmed rivers and spilled out through nearby villages and flashfloods. There`s been damage to thousands of homes, tens of thousands of families have had to live their homes. In some areas, people had to wait for a rescue on rooftops or climb trees to stay above the rising waters.
Moving west from India, we`re taking you to the Middle East and stopping in the United Arab Emirates. Dubai is one of those emirates, and it`s where you`ll find the tallest building in the world. We`ve visited the Burj Khalifa before reporting on what it`s like to wash its windows. The building has broken a lot of records, but what keeps it running? What keeps it standing?
ERIN BURNETT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: At 2716 feet, the Burj Khalifa is the tallest structure ever built on earth. Towering over the city of Dubai, it has the highest observation deck and the highest restaurant in the skyscraper. And its owner say, it has the highest swimming pool in the world.
(on camera): Is there a room from tall buildings like this that aren`t just, you know, a landmark or something beautiful to look at, but that actually function efficient and profitable.
MOHAMED ALABBAR, CHAIRMAN, EMAAR PROPERTIES: I think there are. I think nowadays people are building smarter.
BURNETT (voice over): Smarter and more efficient. Mohamed Alabbar built the Burj at an estimated cost of 1.5 billion. Its doors opened in 2010.
(on camera): Today it was – I don`t know, 110 degrees. How do you keep this cool?
ALABBAR: Well, of course, it`s combination of good design to start with, good advance mechanical electrical system, of course, most advanced skin on the building, so to make up with the (INAUDIBLE) world type of glass we are using. The way it reflects heat or that it`s combination of advanced technologies and monitoring the building every single hour.
BURNETT (voice over): Using an innovative thermal ice storage system, the tower`s currently kept cool with the equivalent of 13,000 tons of ice. The Burj is monitored 24 hours a day in the main control room where engineers measure everything from power and water used to winds speed and seismic activity. On a windy day, the top of the tower can move up to six feet in either direction, and the base is designed to shift in the event of an earthquake.
(on camera): There`s an earthquake here?
ALABBAR: I used to, now I trust it so much, because recently, last week we had quite a good movement in town.`
BURNETT (voice over): Getting to the observation deck, on the 124 floor, takes only about 60 seconds, and one of the tower`s 57 elevators. Its specially designed lifts can move up to 12,000 people a day, and even act as a power source.
(on camera): They are actually creating power?
ALABBAR: Of course, they create power, and then the power goes back to the grid of the system that we have. Like in part of the building as well.
BURNETT (voice over): Alabbar explains, Burj Khalifa captures water from outside the building itself in Dubai`s sweltering humid air.
ALABBAR: We take great pride and the condensation that happens on the skin of the building that get collected, then we use it four our own irrigation system and the whole development. What we collect is, equivalent almost 20 million pool sizes of condensation on the skin of this building. And it`s very valuable when you live in the desert, of course.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the Shoutout. Along with hydras and corals, which organism would you find in phylum Cnidaria? Think you know it?
Shout it out!
Is it octopi, seaweed, sharks or jellyfish? You`ve got three seconds, go!
We`ll take this sting out of this one for you. Cnidaria includes jellyfish. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Also included in that phylum are velella. They have that awesome name. But unlike jellyfish, they are not harmful to people and they don`t propel themselves by swimming. They are sailors. And they are appearing by the millions on some U.S. beaches. What`s bringing velella velella to the American coastline? Blame it on the wind.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DAVID BADER, AQUARIUM OF THE PACIFIC: We have something amazing that`s washed up on the shores here in Oxnard, California. We have by the wind sailors, the scientific name velella velella. These are amazing creatures. They are jelly-like creatures. They are not exactly jelly fish. What`s amazing about them is they have absolutely no propulsions, they actually use this little piece right here to sale by the wind. And capture plankton on the surface of the ocean. Every now and then the currents of the winds will change, and these guys, well, instead of being pushed out to sea, they`ll actually wind up on the beach.
They are made up of actually lots of different individual organisms, all living in a colony together. They make the sail out of harder material, the rest of their body we can see as mostly, you know, 98 percent water. These by the wind sailors will sting to catch their food. On the underside of their body, the sort of jelly heart on the bottom, there`ll be tentacles than hang down into the water and if a fish egg or a small larvae fish or something like that runs into him, then they`ll – they`ll sting them. But that sting is not very – it`s nothing that could actually, you know, get through my skin.
A lot of people probably never new that organisms like this existed in the world. And, you know, the winds change and all of the sudden, they wash up on shore and we get to see, really, what the ocean is made of.
It`s time for the call of the roll. We are taking requests from each day`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com. So, from Tuesday, we`ve got the
commandos in charge.
They are at that Cleveland NJRTOTIC academy in St. Louis, Missouri. Jumping Tuesday`s east, we`ve got the panthers. These cats are from Perry Heights Middle School at Evansville, Indiana. And all of the way to the Southeast, at Oakleaf High School in Orange Park, Florida. It`s night time, Yo.
CNN Heroes, folks like you and me, who see the need for something and then take action to get it done. Pen Farthing is a CNN hero. He broke up a dog fight while on patrol in Afghanistan in 2006. One of the dogs followed Farthing back to his base and became his pet.
But getting the animal home to Britain, was much harder. So, Farthing started an organization to help solve that problem.
PEN FARTHING, FORMER ROYAL MARINE SERGEANT: In every single street corner in Kabul you will find stray dogs. Looking after dog or cat does relieve stress in daily lives. Since how it holds true for, you know, soldiers. One I was serving in Afghanistan, I actually thought it`s quit unique, looking after this dog, but I was wrong.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Once we came close to leaving, I knew that I didn`t want to leave them behind.
FARTHING: To date, now, the organization has actually rescued over 650 dogs or cats, serving soldiers from around the world.
And also, we have the stray animals out in the streets, there was a big problem with rabies. But not just helping the animal – or helping the Afghan people.
When we get a call from the soldier, we have to get a dog from wherever the soldier is in Afghanistan to our shelter in Kabul. We`ll neuter or spay the dog and we`ll vaccinate it against – diseases.
Then the Adam (ph) will start his journey from Kabul to the soldier`s home country.
FARTHING: When I pulled Kevin out of the crate, I was just so excited. I was even more excited that remembered me.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I can`t believe that they are here. She`s been such a help. She`s a huge part of the transition being easier for me.
FARTHING: If I never met – in the first place none of this would have happened. You know, Mike – Afghanistan state of life, because of now and that so, for me, and every time I look at him, this makes me small.
AZUZ: Want a Ferrari? Me too. On the cheap end, though, a new Ferrari California can set you back $200,000. So, you might think that a used one, particularly one that had been racked and rebuilt a couple of times, we`ll be a little cheaper. Wrong! This 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO recently rolled away for $38.1 million. The record high for any car ever sold in an auction. Why so much? Well, it`s rare, one of only 39 of these models ever made, and that in the auction, driving up (INAUDIBLE) where the rubber meets the road. Putting it up for sale wasn`t ingenious idea. The seller did really well. The buyer just took home two titles. CNN STUDENT NEWS revs up again. With more news and puns. You`re going to love it. We`ll see all then.
CNN Student News August 21, 2014: Gaza Devastated in Aftermath of Israeli-Palestinian Conflict; Kurdish Fighters Defeat ISIS in Fighting Over Largest Dam in Iraq; New Solutions for U.S. Trash Problem Help Save Money in Philadelphia
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: As your week winds down, we are glad you`re taking ten minutes to get up to speed on world events. I`m Carl Azuz with CNN STUDENT NEWS. Today`s show starts in the Middle East. Rockets launched across borders, airstrikes. This is the ongoing violence between Hamas and Israel. Hamas is a political party that controls the Palestinian territory of Gaza. The U.S. and European Union consider Hamas as terrorist group.
In the latest conflict that began in July Hamas has been blamed for firing 3500 rockets toward Israel. 67 Israelis have been killed, most of them Israeli soldiers. They`ve been involved in a ground operation to destroy secret tunnels that Hamas used to approach and attack Israel. Israel has also launched airstrikes aimed at suspected terrorists. More than 2,000 Palestinians have been killed.
ELISE LABOTT, CNN ANCHOR: Here`s the question facing Israel, Hamas and the international community. How do you prevent a repeat of the conflict? The reconstruction of Gaza seems to hold the key. The destruction is massive. Satellite images show entire city blocks and neighborhoods wiped out. The U.N. estimates about a quarter of all Gaza`s population has been displaced. Nearly 60,000 people lost their homes. Schools, hospitals, factories, all part of the rebel. And the sewage system is totally destroyed.
Palestinians in Gaza say life there is a prison, and to keep the peace Hamas is demanding an end to what it calls the blockade of Gaza. Now, Israel controls three of Gaza`s borders. But remains very wary of goods coming into Gaza without strict monitoring of the border with Egypt. They don`t want Hamas using materials brought into Gaza like cement to rebuild those tunnels and stage attacks against Israelis. If that were to happen, Israel would undoubtedly respond and we would see yet another cycle of violence.
That`s why Israel wants the Palestinian Authority run by President Mahmoud Abbas to take control over Gaza 7.5 mile border with Egypt. To prevent the smuggling of weapons. It also hopes that that could strengthen President Abbas`s hand in Gaza and help with their ultimate goal of full demilitarization of Hamas. And that could stop the rocket fire, which by now can reach almost anywhere in Israel. This all on the table at ongoing talks between Israelis and Palestinians in Cairo into the long term truce, up to ten years. Now, that`s how long the U.N. says it will take to rebuild Gaza to the tune of $4 to $6 billion. The U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon set a permanent solution must be found. Because this is the last time the said that the international community will rebuild Gaza only to have it torn down again by another war.
AZUZ: We`ve been talking a lot about ISIS or Islamic State this year. This is a murderous terrorist organization that`s been taking over parts of Iraq. ISIS wants to create a theocracy in the Middle East based on its strict interpretation of Islam. The group has been killing people who don`t share its extreme beliefs. That includes James Foley. He was a 40- year old American journalist. He disappeared in Northwest Syria in 2012. ISIS released information this week that it had brutally murdered James Foley. It said any U.S. attempt to fight ISIS would result in American bloodshed.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: They may claim out of expediency that they are at war with the United States or the West, but the fact is they terrorized their neighbors, and offered them nothing but an endless slavery to their empty vision. And the collapse of any definition of civilized behavior. And people like this ultimately fail.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: ISIS had taken over a dam near the Iraqi city of Mosul last month. It`s a strategic place on the Tigris River. If the dam were to fail, it could cause catastrophic flooding in a huge part of Iraq. A group of Kurdish fighters, people from northern Iraq were battling to regain control of the dam. And with support from U.S. airstrikes they did it. The Kurdish fighters are known as the Peshmerga.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the Shoutout. Every year, the U.S. produces about 250 million tons of what? If you think you know it, shout it out!
Is it soybeans, garbage, paper or cheese? You`ve got three seconds, go!
Environmental Protection Agency says Americans produce about 250 million tons of trash in a year. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: The EPA says a little over a third of that garbage is recycled, a lot of what`s left is compacted and shipped off landfills. Of course, it takes workers to get that done. And there`s a new type of trashcan being tested that aims to help make the process more efficient. Comes at a cost, though, in both the price of the cans and the jobs of those who manage them.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Trash is a problem that`s plagued humans since we moved into cities. And dealing with it is messy and expensive. America spends approximately $55 billion a year of managing waste. But in Philadelphia, a trashcan is revolutionizing waste management cutting down on air pollution and potentially saving the city millions in the process.
MICHAEL FELDMAN, VP OF ENGINEERING, BIGBELLY SOLAR: The concept was to marry solar technology, some wireless technology and some trash compaction.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The BigBelly Solar compactor automatically crashes down its trash, allowing it to hold five times the amount of garbage as a standard waste basket. When it`s full it sends its alert to website indicating it means to be empty. That little alert makes a bit difference.
DONALD CARLTON, DEPUTY CHIEF COMMISSIONER: Before BigBelly we have wide baskets (INAUDIBLE) city. They were serviced 17 times per week. The installation of the BigBelly units have allowed us to now only service the BigBelly four times a week, which is approximately a million dollar saving for the city of Philadelphia.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Most of that savings has come from cutting the size of collection crews.
FELDMAN: In Philadelphia`s case, they took a crew of 33 trash collection staff. And reoriented it into approximately nine guys now collecting trash and the rest of the guys have been working on the recycling effort.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A single compactor can operate for an entire year on the energy it takes to drive a garbage truck one mile. The city showed that a total of $4.7 million for the smart trashcans.
CARLTON: Well, you are talking about spending $3500 to $3900, one of (INAUDIBLE) that is sound. That great at first, but when you see the savings in reduction of the crew cost, you always want to pay for themselves within five years.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Major cities across the world from New York to London are also using these smart trashcans. But the Philly experiment is the largest. Trash will always be a part of our lives, but with smart technology it doesn`t have to be a total waste.
AZUZ: “Roll Call” is all about you. Who is watching? The three schools on today`s show were chosen from Wednesday transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com. We`ll start in a heartland. Manhattan, Kansas is where you`ll find Susan B. Anthony Middle School. Their mascot is the tornadoes. In Covington, Louisiana, say hello to the Hawks. They are watching tat Archbishop Hannan High School. And in Romney, West Virginia we`ve got the Trojans (ph) online. Hello to everyone at Hampshire High School.
You are probably watching this sitting down. I`m anchoring it sitting down. But chairs take up space. So, a company based in Switzerland came up with this: the chairless chair. People would wear it strapped to their wastes and legs. The company says you can walk in it, run in it, climb stairs in it, but when you need to have a sit, you`d already have one strapped to your seat. Probably, more useful on the job like in an assembly line than it would be at school, but if you are somewhere careless and you`re looking to get a leg up on tired people, this invention might sit the bill. Assuming your self-consciousness isn`t deep-seated. That`s something you`d have to take up with the chairman. I`m Carl Azuz. We hope you`ll have a seat again tomorrow for ten more minutes of commercial free CNN STUDENT NEWS.
CNN Student News August 22, 2014: Two U.S. Ebola Patients Have Been Cured; Michael Brown`s Shooting
CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome! Good to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz at the with CNN Center. Two American Ebola patients have survived the virus and left the hospital. Nancy Writebol and Dr. Kent Brantly seen here are American missionaries. They caught Ebola while helping other victims in the West African country of Liberia. They were evacuated earlier this month and treated at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia.
There`s no cure for Ebola. The vast majority of those who get it, die if they are not treated. Dr. Brantly and Ms. Writebol were treated and also given an experimental drug to help.
It`s not a proving drug, a Spanish priest who`ve got the same medicine died. But doctors say the Americans no longer have virus in their system and we are well enough to go home without any danger of transferring the virus to the public. Dr. Brantly says, it`s a miraculous day.
The rain helped keep things calm in Ferguson, Missouri Wednesday night. The town`s been on edge since an unarmed African-American man was shot and killed by a white police officer. Protests, some of them violent, have been almost constant since then. Most are in support of 18-year old Michael Brown. Eyewitnesses say he was trying to surrender when Officer Darren Wilson shot him on August 9. Some demonstrators have turned out to support Officer Wilson. Police say, Brown struggled with him and reached for the policeman`s gun before the shooting.
A grand jury has been assembled. This is a group of people who will look at the evidence and decide whether Officer Wilson should be charged with the crime. That process could take several weeks.
JEAN CASAREZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The St. Louis district attorney`s office tells me that there`s no timeline on this case. Now, that being said, this has begun to be already a very complicated case.
Eyewitness testimonials is always problematic, because different people see things in different ways. You`ve probably seen the eyewitnesses that have come and given interviews. Well, they probably gave at least one statement to police. They are giving interviews on television maybe even newspapers and then finally, testimony at trial. If there`s a trial. Different times can produce different variations of events, and that leads to inconsistencies, which does not help the prosecution.
Another big complication is, there is another side to the story. Officer Darren Wilson`s side. Now, we have heard from a friend of his who recounts the story in a vastly different way from eyewitnesses, and that can be a major complication to what is the truth.
A third complication can be the autopsy report. Forensics, ballistics, we do have a private autopsy report, preliminary in nature from Dr. Michael Baden, and there are drawings that show the entrance wounds, they appear to all be frontal entrance wounds, and this is contradictory to what some of the eyewitnesses have said on CNN.
There will be three autopsies in this case. We know the state autopsy, the private autopsy and federal autopsy. There may be different conclusions.
The first autopsy had access to the majority of the items. The clothes, X- Rays, witness statements, the car, maybe even a statement from the officer. The private autopsy didn`t have access to that. So, their conclusions may be very different from the state`s autopsy.
One critical question will be whether Michael Brown`s DNA is found on the gun, because one side to the story is that there was a struggle for the gun, and Michael Brown tried to grab the gun. That DNA will be critical. But remember, DNA isn`t always transferred. Even if somebody touches a gun, possible another complication of this case.
AZUZ: So, we`ve got this segment called “Roll Call.” It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There is now only one way to submit a request, and you need to be at least 13 years old. Got to cnnstudentnews.com. Click words says “Roll Call” and leave a comment at the bottom of our transcript page. We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript. You can make one request every day, but spamming will not help you. Please tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the “Shoutout.” Where would you find Nelson`s Column, the Cenotaph and the Duke of York`s Column. You know how this works, if you think you know the answer, just shout it out. Is it the Smithsonian Institution, Rome, Italy, the Parthenon or London, UK? You`ve got three seconds, go.
These are all landmarks and you can see them all in London. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.
AZUZ: Some of them have been standing around for a long time, hundreds of years in some case. So, to breathe new life in the old monuments, a public events company recruited writers, stage and screen actors and gave dozens of London landmarks a voice. Jim Boulden lands in near to a cause that goes well beyond these statues limitations.
JIM BOULDEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: They stand in our parks, in our train stations, on our streets. Often ignored and silent.
If you`ve ever walked along the Thames here on Blackfriars Bridge, you might have walked right past Queen Victoria. But now you can tap, type or scan, and get a phone call from Queen Victoria.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Hello, Victoria here. Queen of England for 63 years, seven months and two days, but who`s counting.
BOULDEN: Read by actors, 33 statues across London and Manchester now have a voice.
COLLETTE HILLER, CREATIVE DIRECTOR, SING LONDON: I think that in the world where we feel increasingly separate from our public spaces, how can we make people feel a sense of belonging? And the sense of ownership and the sense of fun? We can stop people from looking into their phones to looking out at the world around them.
BOULDEN: At Paddington Station, voicing great engineer Isambard Brunel is Downton Abbey`s Hugh Bonneville.
VOICE OF HUGH BONNEVILLE: My whole life was about trying to get somewhere.
BOULDEN: Patrick Stewart becomes the Unknown Soldier.
VOICE OF PATRICK STEWART: Come on, stand a while.
BOULDEN: And in Manchester, lending his voice to conductor Barbirolli is actor Timothy West.
(on camera): Do you know that statue as much or you are somebody who stops and takes looking even if you don`t know who the person is.
TIMOTHY WEST, ACTOR: Yes, I do. And I say, oh, Mr. Remember to Google, and when I get home and I forget. So that`s – what`s good about this? You just give some nail sketch or somebody that you can listen to.
BOULDEN (voice over): As these statues make their voices heard in the U.K., there are plans to expand this to American and other European cities.
So, you never know who you might get a call from next.
AZUZ: Walking away across the country. Here are three schools that requested a “Roll Call” mention in Thursday transcript at cnnstudentnews.com. At Abraxas One, Arlene Listener High School, take a spin with the Tornadoes. They are watching from Marionville, Pennsylvania.
Next up, Searcy, Arkansas. Good to see the Harding Academy Wild Cats are checking out CNN STUDENT NEWS. And in Mountain Home, Idaho, it`s all about the Tigers. Hacker Middle School is on today`s roll.
Now, if I were to tell you that our last segment was truck versus tortoise, you`d probably think it wouldn`t end well under the shell. But nothing to fear here. The truck may be a little faster, but the tortoise is bigger in this story, and despite what they say about turtles, this one can move. It makes you wonder why they are not as fast running across real roads in front of real trucks. I guess this is the safest way to see if one can outrun traffic. I know it seems the tortoise`s competition is always just a hair faster, that it`s even toying with the turtle, the outcome is certainly not a shellacking. That soups up another edition of our show. Be safe if you hit the road this weekend, and race back for more CNN STUDENT NEWS on Monday. I`m Carl Azuz.
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